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\\.f\.  lA  ..J.,, 

JUbrarp  of  £>lo  Mfyovs. 

IHeliqutae  ©earnianae : 










VOL.  II. 

ScconH  ©ttftfon,  ffinlatgeB. 




1715.    May  11. 

AST  Munday  came  to  Oxford  one  Henry 
Wild,  a  taylor  of  Norwich.     He  came 
on  foot,  and  brought  with  him  letters  of 
recommendation  from  Dr.  Tanner,  chan- 
cellor of  Norwich,  to  Dr.  Charlett,  mas- 
ter of  University  college,  and  to  one  or  two  other 
persons ;  and  as  he  came  along  he  called  upon  Browne 
Willis,  esq.  at  Whaddon  hall,  near  Fenny  Stratford, 
who  delivered  him  a  letter  to  me,  in  which  letter 
there  is  this  passage  relating  to  this  taylor :  "  Since 
'  I  wrote  this,  which  was  to  have  gone  by  this  post 
'  to  Mr.  Anstis  in  order  to  be  frankt  to  you,  here  is 
•  come  in,  one  Henry  Wild,  a  taylor  of  Norwich,  a 
'  person  that  Dr.  Tanner  gives  me  this  character  of 
'  in  his  letter  :  /  have  ordered  this  bearer  to  call  upon 
'  you,  toho  is  a  very  extraordinary  person,  and  I  believe 
'  will  appear  so  to  you,  when  you  shall  know  that  being 
'  only  taught  English,  and  apprenticed  to  a  country 
'  taylor,  and  forced  to  work  for  his  bread,  has  by  his 
'  industry  and  application  attained  good  knowledge  in 
'  Latin,  Greek,  Hebrew,  Samaritan,  Chaldee,  Arabic, 
-  Syriac,  and  Ethiopic.     He  has  hitherto  lived  in  great 

II.  B 

2  RELIQUIJE  [1715 

"  obscurity.  He  has  a  mighty  inclination  to  goe  among 
"  the  booty,  and  is  now  footing  it  to  Oxford,  where  I 
'•  should  be  glad  if  he  might  meet  with  encouragement; 
"for  by  the  helj)  of  books,  SfC.  1  don't  know  but  he  might 
"  be  as  eminent  as  Master  Stow  ivas  in  our  way.  How- 
"  ever  he  is  .  .  mul  disposed  to  return  to  his  trade, 

•■  if  nothing  better  offers."  This  taylor  is  now  about 
thirty  years  of  age,  and  was  sometime  agoe  examined 
by  Sim.  Okely,  the  professor  of  Arabic  in  Oxford,  who 
gave  him  a  testimonium  under  his  own  hand,  which  I 
saw  and  read,  signifying  that  this  person  had  attained 
a  competent  skill  in  those  languages  before  mentioned  ; 
and  Dr.  Prideaux,  dean  of  Norwich,  set  his  hand  to 
two  or  three  lines  in  the  same  paper,  signifying,  that 
he  thought  he  might  deserve  encouragement  upon 
account  of  his  genius  to  the  orientals,  though  he  did 
not  go  so  far  as  to  vouch  for  a  good  or  competent 
skill.  Nor  do  I  believe  Okely  a  good  judge  in  any 
but  Arabick.  Nor  do  I  think  that  Okely 's  probity  is 
so  great  as  to  be  relyed  upon  in  the  case,  tho'  he  were 
as  great  a  judge  as  he  would  fain  be  taken  to  be. 
However  allowing  that  this  taylor  hath  a  competent 
skill,  then  I  think  that 'tis  a  very  great  reproach  upon 
the  dignifyed  clergy,  particularly  those  of  Norwich, 
to  let  him  continue  without  their  particular  care;  but 
if  he  hath  not  these  qualifications,  then  'tis  withall  a 
reproach  to  them  to  characterize  him  for  them.1 

May  28.  This  being  the  duke  of  Brunswick,  com- 
monly called  king  George's  birth-day,  some  of  the 
bells  were  jamblcd  in  Oxford,  by  the  care  of  some  of 
the  whiggish  fanatical  crew  ;  but  as  I  did  not  observe 
the  day  in   the  least  myself,  so  it  was  little  taken 

1  See- under  the  year  17 21. 

1 7i  5]  UEARNIANjE.  3 

notice  of  (unless  by  way  of  ridicule)  by  other  honest 
people,  who  are  for  king  James  Hid.  who  is  the  un- 
doubted king  of  these  kingdoms,  and  'tis  heartily 
wished  by  them  that  he  may  be  restored. 

May  29.  Last  night  a  good  part  of  the  presbyterian 
meeting-house  in  Oxford  was  pulled  down.  There 
was  such  a  concourse  of  people  going  up  and  down, 
and  putting  a  stop  to  the  least  sign  of  rejoycing,  as 
can  not  be  described.  But  then  the  rejoicing  this  day 
(notwithstanding  Sunday)  was  so  very  great  and  pub- 
lick  in  Oxford,  as  hath  not  been  known  hardly  since 
the  restauration.  There  was  not  an  house  next  the 
street  but  was  illuminated.  For  if  any  disrespect  was 
shewn,  the  windows  were  certainly  broke.  The  people 
run  up  and  down,  crying  King  James  the  third  !  The 
true  kin//!  No  usurper!  The  duke  of  Ormond  !  &c.  and 
healths  were  every  where  drank  suitable  to  the  occa- 
sion, and  every  one  at  the  same  time  drank  to  a  new 
restauration,  which  I  heartily  wish  may  speedily 

In  the  evening  they  pulled  a  good  part  of  the 
quakers'  and  anabaptists'  meeting  houses  down.  This 
rejoicing  hath  caused  great  consternation  at  court. 
The  heads  of  houses  have  represented  that  it  was 
begun  by  the  whiggs,  who  met  at  the  King's  Head 
Tavern  on  Saturday  night,  under  the  denomination  of 
the  constitution  club,  and  being  about  to  carry  on  ex- 
travagant designs,  they  were  prevented  by  an  honest 
party  that  were  in  an  adjoyning  room,  and  forced  to 
sneak  away.  Some  of  these  fanatical  persons  shot  off 
guns  in  some  places,  and  had  like  to  have  killed  many. 
Two  or  three  were  wounded. 

June  5.  King  George  being  informed  of  the  pro- 

4  RELIQUIAE  [1715 

cecdings  of  the  cavaliers  at  Oxford,  on  Saturday  and 
Sunday,  (May  28,  29,)  he  is  very  angry,  and  by  his 
order,  Townshend,  one  of  the  secretaries  of  state,  hath 
sent  rattling  letters  to  Dr.  Charlett,  pro-vice-chan- 
cellor, and  the  mayor.     Dr.  Charlett  shewed  me  his 
this  morning.    This  lord  Townshend  says,  his  majesty 
(for  so  they  will  stile  this  silly  usurper)  hath  been 
fully  assured  that  the  riots  both  nights  were  began  by 
scholars,  and  that  scholars  promoted  them,  and  that  he 
(Dr.  Charlett)  was  so  far  from  discountenancing  them. 
that  he  did  not  endeavour  in  the  least  to  suppress  them. 
He  likewise  observes,  that  his  majesty  was  as  well 
informed  that  the   other  magistrates  were  not  less 
remiss  on  these  occasions.    The  heads  have  had  seve- 
ral meetings  upon  this  affair,  and  they  have  drawn  up 
a  programma,  (for  they  are  obliged  to  do  something.) 
to  prevent  the  like  hereafter  ;  and  this  morning  very 
early,  old  Sherwin  the  yeoman  beadle  was  sent  to 
London  to  represent  the  truth  of  the  matter. 

June  1".  This  being  king  James  the  Illd's  birth- 
day, he  being  now  compleat  27  years  of  age,  it  was 
given  out  that  there  would  be  the  same  rejoycings  in 
Oxford  as  there  were  on  the  29th  of  May.  And  'tis 
probable  there  had  been  very  great  publick  rejoycings 
here  amongst  some  people,  had  not  Dr.  Charlett,  who 
is  pro-vice-chancellor,  and  the  proctors  and  others, 
been  very  industrious  to  hinder  them.  Several  new 
officers  were  made  upon  this  occasion.  So  that  all 
honest  men  were  obliged  to  drink  king  James's  health, 
and  to  shew  other  tokens  of  loyalty,  very  privately  in 
their  own  houses,  or  else  in  their  own  chambers,  or 
else  out  of  town.  Fur  my  own  part  I  walked  out  of 
town  to  Foxcomb,  with  honest  Will.  Fullerton,  and 
Mr.  Sterling,  and  Mr.   Eccles,  all  three  non-juring 

1715]  HEARNIANjE.  5 

civilians  of  Balliol  college,  and  with  honest  Mr.  John 
Leake,  formerly   of  Hart  hall,  and  Rich.  Clements, 
(son  to  old  Harry  Clements  the  bookseller,)  he  being 
a  cavalier.     We  were  very  merry  at  Foxcombe,  and 
came  home  between   nine    and  ten.     Honest  Will. 
Fullerton  and  myself  (it  being  very  near  ten  o'clock) 
were  taken  to  by  the  proctor  (Dod  of  Braz-nose)  just 
on  this  side  Christ  Church,  as  we  were  coming   to 
Cairfax.     The  proctor  was  very  civil  to  Will,  and  did 
not  pretend  to  say  any  thing  to  me.     No  sooner  had 
we  got  from  him,  but  we  met  Dr.  Charlett,  with  Will. 
Rawlins,  the  yeoman  beadle,  before  him.     He  appre- 
hends Will.  Fullerton,  but  soon  dismissed  him,  as  soon 
as  he  understood  I  wras  with  him.     But  notwith- 
standing this   diligence,  there  was  illuminating  at 
Wadham,  tho'  'twas  soon  stopped  by  Charlett's  order 
and  contrivance.     The  bishop  of  Bristol  (Smalridge) 
invited  all  the  noblemen  and  gent,  commoners  of  his 
house  to  a  supper,  and  kept  them  in  his  own  lodgings  ; 
he  being  one  of  the  sneakers,  and  terribly  afraid  of 
disobliging  the  debauched  court  of  king  George. 

July  1.  Last  night,  between  seven  and  eight  o'clock, 
a  fellow  who  goes  by  the  name  of  Cornish  Tom,  who 
was  lately  a  soldier,  pretended  to  fly  from  Cairfax 
tower,  but  had  like  to  have  broke  his  neck. 

July  24.  There  is  just  come  over  a  very  fine  large 
print  of  king  James  Hid.  which  I  have  purchased 
for  half  a  guinea,  besides  half  a  crown  I  gave  for  the 

1  A  copy  of  verses  spoken  by  a  young  lady  on  the  sight  of  a 

What  Briton  can  survey  that  heavenly  face, 
And  doubt  its  being  of  the  martyr's  race  ? 

6  RELIQUI2E  [i7iS 

Last  week  we  were  alarmed  with  the  news  of  king 
James's  landing  in  Scotland.  All  good  men,  and 
such  as  are  guided  by  principles  of  loyalty,  were  ex- 
tremely well  pleased  at  the  news,  tho'  'tis  feared  that 
'tis  false. 

Aug.  1.  This  being  the  day  on  which  the  late  queen 
Anne  died,  and  on  which  George,  duke  and  elector  of 
Brunswick,  usurped  the  English  throne,  there  Mas 
very  little  rejoicing  in  Oxford.  For  tho'  it  be  ap- 
pointed a  publick  thanksgiving,  and  tho'  Dr.  Gardiner, 
our  present  pharisaical  vice-chancellor,  in  a  silly  pro- 
gramma  he  bath  published,  calls  it  a  just  occasion  of 
rejoycing,  yet  the  generality  of  people  turned  it  rather 
into  a  day  of  mourning.  The  bells  only  jambled, 
being  pulled  by  a  parcel  of  children  and  silly  people; 
but  there  was  not  so  much  as  one  good  peal  rung  in 
Oxford.  Many  shops  were  opened,  and  such  as  kept 
them  shut  (excepting  the  puritans)  did  it  more  out  of 
sorrow  than  joy.  There  was  a  sermon  at  St.  Marie's 
by  Dr.  Panting,  master  of  Pembroke ;  but  few  people 
were  at  the  thanksgiving  service.  For  my  own  part. 
I  did  not  stir  out,  but  kept  in  a  mourning  condition 

Sure  every  feature  doth  his  birth  declare, 

The  monarch  and  the  saint  are  reigning  there. 

His  looks  would  sure  the  blood-thirst  whigs  convince, 

And  shew  at  once  the  Stuart  and  the  prince. 

O,  glorious  youth  !   'tis  evidently  plaine 

By  thy  majestick  eye  thou'rt  borne  to  reign  1 

My  heart  bleeds  even  as  it  views  the  shade, 

And  grieves  it  cannot  bring  thee  better  aid. 

I  on  noe  other  terms  a  man  would  be, 

But  to  defend  thy  glorious  cause  and  thee: 

For  both,  my  life  I'de  bravely  chose  to  lose, 

But  now  can  only  stive  thee  with  my  muse. 

Oh!  were  my  pen  a  sword,  thy  foes  I'de  meet, 

And  lay  the  conquer'd  world  beneath  thy  feet. 

Vol.  liv.  28. 

1 7i  5]  HEARNIANjE.  7 

at  home.  Dr.  Panting  is  an  honest  gent.  His  ser- 
mon took  no  notice,  at  most  very  little,  of  the  duke  of 

Aug.  11.  Mr.  Tyrrell  being  intimately  acquainted 
with  Hen.  Neville,  of  Barks,  (uncle  to  the  present 
Mr.  Nevile,  of  Billingbear,)  informs  me,  that  he  had 
heard  the  said  Mr.  Nevile  more  than  once  in  conver- 
sation relate,  that  he  had  received  it  from  very  good 
hands,  that  king  Charles  the  first's  body  was  never 
put  into  that  coffin  that  was  buried  at  Windsor,  but 
that  this  coffin  was  filled  with  stones  and  other  trum- 
pery, and  that  the  body  was  really  buried  under  a 
dunghill  in  Scotland-yard,  near  to  the  place  where 
his  body  was  opened.1  The  said  Mr.  Tyrrell  farther 
informs  me,  that  Dr.  Walter  Charleton,  the  famous 
physitian,  was  one  of  those  physitians  that  were  pre- 
sent at  the  opening  of  king  Charles  the  first's  body, 
and  that  the  doctor  affirmed  that  all  his  vitals  were 
so  very  intire,  that  he  might  have  lived  in  all  proba- 
bility to  an  extreme  old  age,  (perhaps  an  100  years.) 
but  that  his  features  and  hair  were  much  decayed  and 
altered  by  reason  of  his  great  afflictions.  The  doctor 
also  told  him,  that  he  was  credibly  informed  that  the 
room  where  the  said  operation  was  performed  was  very 
much  haunted,  for  some  considerable  time  after,  in  so 
much  that  nobody  would  venture  to  lye  in  it. 

Mr.  Cherry,  of  Barks,  (I  mean  my  great  friend  Mr. 
Francis  Cherry,)  died  in  the  48th  year  of  his  age, 

1  This  is  sufficiently  refuted  by  the  examination  which  took 
place  by  order,  and  in  the  presence,  of  his  present  Majesty  king 
George  the  fourth,  in  the  year  1813.  See  a  very  interesting 
account  drawn  up  by  sir  Henry  Halford,  bart.  4to.  1813,  and 
Wood's  Athena  Oxon.  vol.  iv.  p.  40. 

8  RELIQULJ.  [1715 

which  was  the  same  age  that  king  Charles  the  first 
died  in.  I  remember  that  his  afflictions  had  made  a 
strange  alteration  both  in  his  hair,  which  was  turned 
grey,  (tho'  he  wore  a  wig,)  and  in  his  countenance) 
tho'  before  he  had  been  a  very  brisk,  vigorous  man. 
Nor  did  he  shew  any  discontent  to  the  last.  But  he 
was  in  a  perfect  concern  for  the  good  of  the  nation, 
and  of  his  family,  and  'twas  this  concern  that  brought 
the  change. 

Communicated  by  Mr.  Richard  Rawlinson,  of  St. 

Whilst  you,  C'adwallo,  most  supinely  great, 
Art  loosened  from  the  sour  fatigues  of  state  ; 
While  all  your  wishes  center  in  delight, 
By  day  inventing  what  may  please  at  night  : 
While  in  theatric  action  you  are  lost, 
And  love  to  hear  the  mimick  heroes  boast, 
Where  you  appear  majestically  dull, 
(For  nothing  dares  to  pierce  thy  royall  skull) — 
Tis  well,  'tis  well,  thick  ignorance  conceals 
Those  sad  examples  which  the  stage  reveals. 
What  anxious  thoughts,  what  labrings  of  the  mind. 
Would    you,    if  known,  from    Shakespear's   story 

find  ! 
When  curs'd  MACKnETn,  in  sad  variety, 
Discovers  an  ursurpers  misery. 
Mean-while  young  Malcolm, far  in  distant  shores 
Lives  banish'd.  and  his  scepter'd  right  deploi 
For  this,  the  miserable  tyrant  groans, 
For  this  he  weeps,  lor  this  he  often  moans. 
Not  all  the  pleasing  banquets  can  asswage 
The  sudden  gusts  of  overruling  rage  ; 
But  often  anxious  thoughts  and  strange  surprize 
Hurry  the  monarch  from  his  subjects'  eyes. 

i7i5]  EEARNIANjE.  o 

But  when,  0  when  !  young  Malcolm  does  return, 
And  captive  Scotland  lays  aside  her  moan  ; 
When,  back'd  with  strong  alliance,  he  appears 
More  glorious,  and  dispells  his  countrie's  fears  ; 
When  the  loud  din  of  unresisted  arms 
Frightens  the  tyrant,  and  dissolves  the  charms. 
Charms  which  had  kept  the  unwary  ruler  blind, 
And  thus  emboldened  his  deluded  mind ; 
Fain  would  he  rest ;  but,  ah  !  no  rest  can  be 
When  usurpation  claims  the  misery  ! 
Hence  timely  think,  how  transient  glory  flies 
Like  empty  clouds,  that  skim  along  the  skies. 
Think,  when  you  see  mock  majesty  appear, 
When  states  are  ruled  within  a  theatre, 
Think,  thus  you  reign  the  monarch  of  an  hour, 
And,  as  the  curtain  falls,  so  falls  your  power. 

Shakespear  basely  abuses  sir  John  Falstaffe,  who 
was  a  brave  and  a  good  man. 

Aug.  15.  The  verses  lately  printed  at  Oxford,  at 
the  Clarendon  press,  as  they  are  pleased  to  style  the 
new  printing-house,  upon  Dr.  Radcliffe  are  most  of 
them  looked  upon  as  vile,  poor  stuff,  and  they  are 
generally  laughed  at.  And  altho'  a  very  small  num- 
ber were  printed,  (under  two  hundred,)  yet  they  lye  as 
a  drug  upon  the  booksellers'  hands,  who  curse  them, 
especially  Mr.  Clements,  who  with  two  others  bought 
the  whole  impression,  and  now  complains  that  the 
vice-chancellor  hath  been  too  hard  for  them  by  draw- 
ing them  in  to  buy  them,  and  to  pay  ready  money 
for  them,  which  he,  Mr.  Clements,  did  very  readily, 
thinking  that  the  book  would  have  sold  extremely. 
But,  alas  !  Radcliffe  was  looked  upon  as  a  whimsical, 
humoursome  man,  and  therefore  people  do  not  give 
any  credit  to  the  encomiums  in  it. 

10  RELIQUIAE  [1715 

Aiuj.  1G.  We  have  had  of  late  great  expectation  of 
king  James's  coming  over.  And  what  hath  raised 
people's  wishes  is  this,  that  the  elector  of  Brunswick 
hath  acted  altogether  according  to  the  direction  of  the 
whiggs.  He  hath  turned  the  tories  out.  and  rilled  all 
places  with  those  of  the  whiggish  party.  This  hath 
justly  caused  abundance  of  discontent,  and  'tis  from 
hence  that  we  have  heard  of  so  many  tumults  and 
riots.  Those  that  were  before  against  king  James  are 
now  zealous  in  his  behalf.  The  song  called  The  king 
slut//  enjoy  his  own  again  is  in  the  mouths  of  all,  not 
excepting  even  women  and  children,  I  mean  of  all 
those  that  are  enemies  to  the  tyrannical  proceedings 
of  the  whiggs.  It  is  thought  that  Marlborough' hat li 
been  the  occasion  chiefly  of  the  duke  of  Brunswick's 
following  this  method.  Be  this  as  it  will,  'tis  certain 
that  we  had  had  much  better  times  had  it  not  been 
for  the  late  lord  treasurer  Harley,  who  is  a  villain, 
and  'tis  thought  will  suffer  as  he  deserves,  though 
people  do  not  like  the  method  of  proceeding  against 

Avg.  17.  On  Friday  last,  (Aug.  12,)  about  a  quar- 
ter before  six  of  the  clock  in  the  evening,  died  sir 
Hen.  St.  George,  kt.  garter  principal  king  at  arms, 
being  about  01  or  92  years  of  age.  He  is  succeeded 
by  John  Anstis,  esq.  b}r  virtue  of  a  patent  in  reversion 
from  her  late  majesty  queen  Anne.  As  for  old  sir 
Henry,  I  have  heard  very  great  and  very  bitter  com- 
plaints against  him,  he  being  not  only  a  very  incom- 
municative, sordid  man,  but  of  very  little  learning; 
at  least  he  had  very  little  besides  what  qualifyed  him 
to  act  as  herald.  But  as  for  Mr.  Anstis,  who  is  my 
jreat  friend  and  acquaintance,  he  is  a  man  of  very 
sweet  temper,  very  modest,  and  of  excellent  learning, 

1 7i  5]  HEARNIANJE.  11 

and  so  well  versed  in  heraldry,  that  he  is  hardly  ex- 
celled by  any  one  in  that  profession.  He  hath  pub- 
lished two  or  three  things  about  earl  marsb.aU,  and 
designs  many  other  things  for  the  publick. 

General  Monk  married  very  mean,  no  better  a  wo- 
man, it  seems,  than  one  that  had  been  a  sort  of  laun- 
dress to  him.  Nor  was  she  a  woman  of  any  beauty, 
but  was  a  nasty  slut.  In  so  much,  that  when  one 
heard  that  he  was  married  ;  Is  he  so?  (said  he;)  I 
pray  what  is  she  that  he  hath  married  ?  I  know  not 
(replied  the  other)  what  she  is ;  but  I  am  sure,  that 
he  that  will  come  to  what  she  hath,  must  go  through 
abundance  of  dirt  and  mire. 

When  king  Charles  lid.  entered  London,  on  the 
29th  of  May,  upon  his  restoration,  it  was  a  most 
lovely  fine  day,  and  there  was  a  prodigious  number  of 
people  that  flocked  to  see  the  entrance  from  all  parts. 
The  king  rid  upon  an  horse,  and  as  he  passed  along  he 
was  very  complaisant  and  pleasant  to  all  people,  and 
pulled  off  his  hat  to  all,  but  especially  to  the  ladies,  to 
whom  he  bowed  in  a  very  courteous  manner,  shewing 
a  particular  regard  to  that  sex,  which  gained  him 
much  esteem  likewise  from  them. 

Aug.  18.  Last  night  the  officer  being  beating  up  in 
Oxford  for  volunteer  dragoons,  he  was  hissed  all  round 
the  town.  When  he  came  against  Balliol- college,  and 
was  making  his  proclamation,  a  vast  crowd  of  people 
surrounded  him,  amongst  which  were  many  scholars 
of  Balliol-college,  and  some  too  of  other  colleges,  who 
hissed  him,  and  cryed  out,  an  Ormond,  an  Ormond. 
Down  ivith  the  Round-heads,  doicn  with  the  Round-heads, 
Down  ivith  them,  down  uith  them,  down  to  the  (/round. 

12  UELIQUIjE  [171 5 

This  made  the  poor  fellow,  and  his  drummer  to  look 
very  sillily.  However  they  went  forward,  and  after 
some  time  when  they  came  against  the  Angel  Inn  in 
St.  Peter's  parish  in  the  east  in  High  street,  the  south 
side  of  the  way,  a  gentleman  that  was  in  the  inn  came 
out  with  a  naked  sword,  and  challenged  the  officer, 
and  forced  him  to  cry  an  Ormond,  God  bless  tkeduke 
qfOrmond.  Which  the  fellow  did,  tho'  in  a  sheepish, 
poor-spirited  manner,  adding,  Sir,  I  am  for  the  duke 
of  Ormond.  I  believe,  as  much  us  you  are.  This  occa- 
sioned a  great  crowd  and  throng  of  people,  all  crying 
out  an  Ormond,  an  Ormond.  Down  with  the  Round- 
lands.  At  which  a  certain  noted  Roundhead,  com- 
monly called  my  lord  Shaftsbury,  came  out  of  his 
shop,  under  pretence  of  inquiring  into  the  occasion 
of  the  matter,  and  under  that  pretence  to  get  infor- 
mation against  honest  people.  As  soon  as  he  came  up 
they  fell  a-buffeting  of  him,  and  as  they  were  thrust- 
ing him  down  the  street,  just  as  they  came  to  East- 
gate  two  gentlemen  upon  horses  (who  were  strangers) 
came  into  the  town,  and  this  Shaftsbury  to  secure 
himself  from  falling  catched  hold  of  one  of  their 
bridles.  117/*//  a  devil,  says  the  gentleman,  is  the 
matter  here?  Can't  one  ridt  along  the  highway  without 
being  stopt?  At  which  both  of  them  began  to  whip 
Shaftsbury  very  eagerly,  and  when  the  people  said  he 
was  a  Round-head,  pray  lay  mi  sirs,  they  up  with  the 
other  ends  of  their  whips,  crying  is  he  a  Round-head? 
then  by  God  we  will  whip  him  the  more.  Accordingly 
they  did  so,  to  the  great  satisfaction  of  all  honest  men, 
and  much  to  the  discontent  of  the  whiggs;  and  he 
had  suffered  much  worse  had  lie  nut  got  into  a  mercer's 
shop.  This  Shaftsbury,  by  the  way,  is  a  poor,  sorry 
tailor  by  trade,  of  a  crooked  deformed  body  (which 
occasioned  his  name,  by  way  of  allusion  to  the  late 

i7i5]  IIEARNIANjE.  13 

deformed    earl    of   Shaftsbury,  sir  Anthony  Ashley 
Cooper,)  and  of  a  terrible  factious  temper. 

I  hear  four  of  the  fellows  of  New  college,  amongst 
which  is  Dr.  John  Ayliffe,  who  is  degraded  and  ex- 
pelled the  university  (tho'  not  the  college)  have  sold 
their  fellowships,  which  is  a  custom  here,  under  pre- 
tence of  resignation,  and  so  will  go  off. 

Aug.  22.  Thomas  Britton,  the  famous  small-coal- 
man, was  born  near  to  Wellingborough,  in  Northamp- 
tonshire. He  went  from  thence  to  London,  where  he 
bound  himself  apprentice  to  a  small-coal-man,  in  St. 
John  Baptist's  street.  After  he  had  served  his  full  time 
of  seven  years,  his  master  gave  him  a  sum  of  money 
not  to  set  up.  Upon  this  Thorn  went  into  Northamp- 
tonshire again,  and  after  he  had  spent  his  money,  he 
returned  again  to  London,  set  up  the  small-coal  trade, 
(notwithstanding  his  master  was  still  living,)  and 
withall  he  took  a  stable,  and  turned  it  into  a  house, 
which  stood  the  next  door  to  the  little  gate  of  St. 
John's  of  Jerusalem,  next  Clerkenwell-green.  Some 
time  after  he  had  settled  here,  he  became  acquainted 
with  Dr.  Garenciers,  his  near  neighbour,  by  which 
means  he  became  an  excellent  chymist,  and  perhaps 
he  performed  such  things  in  that  profession  as  had 
never  been  done  before,  with  little  cost  and  charge, 
by  the  help  of  an  amazing  elaboratory  that  was  con- 
trived and  built  by  himself,  which  was  much  admired 
by  all  of  that  faculty  that  happened  to  see  it ;  inso- 
much that  a  certain  gentleman  of  Wales  was  so  much 
taken  with  it,  that  he  was  at  the  expense  of  carrying 
him  down  into  that  country,  on  purpose  to  build  him 
such  an  other,  which  Thorn  performed  to  the  gentle- 
man's very  great  satisfaction,  and  for  the  same  he 

14  BELIQUIuE  [1715 

received  from  him  a  very  handsome  and  generous 
gratuity.  Besides  his  great  skill  in  chemistry,  he  was 
as  famous  for  his  knowledge  in  the  theory  of  musick  ; 
in  the  praetick  part  of  which  faculty  he  was  likewise 
very  considerable.  lie  was  so  much  addicted  to  it, 
that  he  pricked  with  his  own  hand,  (very  neatly  and 
accurately,)  and  left  behind  him  a  valuable  collection 
of  musick,  mostly  pricked  by  himself,  which  was  sold 
upon  his  death  for  near  an  hundred  pounds.  Not  to 
mention  the  excellent  collection  of  printed  books  that 
he  also  left  behind  him,  both  of  chemistry  and  musick. 
Besides  these  books  that  he  left  behind  him,  he  had 
some  years  before  his  death  sold  by  auction  a  noble  col- 
lection of  books,  most  of  them  in  the  Rosacrucian  fa- 
culty, (of  which  he  was  a  great  admirer,)  whereof  there 
is  a  printed  catalogue  exstant,  (as  there  is  of  those  that 
were  sold  after  his  death.)  which  catalogue  I  have  by 
me,  (by  the  gift  of  my  very  good  friend,  Mr.  Bagford. ) 
and  have  often  looked  over  witli  no  small  surprize  and 
wonder,  and  particularly  for  the  great  number  of  MSS. 
in  the  before  mentioned  faculties  that  are  specified  in 
it.  He  had  moreover  a  considerable  collection  of 
musical  instruments,  which  were  sold  for  fourscore 
pounds  upon  his  death,  which  happened  (as  I  think 
I  have  before  noted)  in  the  year  1714,  being  upwards 
of  threescore,  and  lyes  buried  in  the  church  yard  of 
Clerkenwell,  being  attended  to  his  grave  in  a  very 
.solemn  and  decent  manner  by  a  great  concourse  of 
people,  especially  of  such  as  frequented  the  musical 
club  that  was  kept  up  for  many  years  at  his  own 
charges,  (he  being  a  man  of  a  very  generous  and 
liberal  spirit,)  at  his  own  little  cell.  He  appears  by 
the  picture  that  is  done  in  mcttzotinto  of  him,  (whereof 
I  have  a  copy  hanging  in  my  room  amongst  my  old 
things,)  to  have  been  a  man  of  an  ingenious  counte- 

1 7i  5]  HEARNIANJE.  15 

nance,  and  of  a  sprightly  temper.  It  also  represents 
him  as  a  comely  person,  as  indeed  he  was,  and  withall 
there  is  a  modesty  expressed  in  it  every  way  agreeable 
to  him.  In  short,  he  was  an  extraordinary  and  a  very 
valuable  man,  much  admired  both  by  the  gentry,  even 
of  those  of  the  best  quality,  and  by  all  others  of  the 
more  inferior  rank  that  had  any  manner  of  regard  for 
probity,  ingenuity,  diligence,  and  humility.  I  say 
humility,  because  tho'  he  was  so  much  famed  for  his 
knowledge,  and  might  therefore  have  lived  very  re- 
putably without  his  trade,  yet  he  continued  it  to  his 
death,  not  thinking  it  to  be  at  all  beneath  him. 

Aug.  23.  To  enquire  particularly  who  was  the 
author  of  Majestas  Intemerata,  or  the  Immortality  of 
the  King*  which  was  printed  in  the  year  1649,  in 
12mo.  In  page  8,  he  tells  us,  that  Poncenac,  a  cap- 
taine  of  the  French  rebells,  fired  an  abbey  of  the 
Clugniacs,  so  full  of  all  manuscripts,  the  loss  is  never 
to  be  repaired.  In  p.  27,  he  notes,  that  all  pardons 
of  felony  or  treason  are  to  be  made  by  the  king,  and 
that  he  may  pardon  any  parliamentary  attainder.  In 
page  34,  he  blames  the  forgeries  of  the  monks,  and 
calls  the  book  intitled  Modus  tenendi  Parliamenta, 
"  larva  antiquitatis." 

Aug.  26.  Perizonius  is  dead  at  Leyden.     His  cata- 

'  It  is  the  general  report  that  Jno.  Cleaveland,  the  poet,  was 
the  author.  So  Hearne,  in  a  subsequent  note.  Of  Cleaveland 
the  best  account  extant  is  to  be  found  in  Nichols's  History  of 
Leicestershire,  vol.  iii.  part  2,  page  913:  but  neither  does  that 
author  nor  Wood  (Fasti  Oxon.  i.  499,  edit.  4to.)  appear  to  have 
seen  the  tract  in  question,  which  is  a  small  12mo.  containing 
148  pages,  besides  the  title,  a  quotation  from  Lidgate,  1.  iv.  c.  18, 
and  seven  leaves  of  introduction  :  there  is  a  copy  in  the  Bodleian 
library,  [8vo.  A.  29  Jur.] 

16  J!  ELI  QUI JE  [1715 

logue  of  books  is  printed.     He  was  a  learned,  but 
very  covetous,  ill-natured  man. 

Mr.  Xic.  Rowe  is  made  poet  laureat  in  the  room  of 
Mr.  Tate,  deceased.  This  Rowe  is  a  great  whig,  and 
but  a  mean  poet. 

Sept.  3.  The  king's  house,  called  Non  Such  House, 
in  Surrey,  was  built  by  king  Henry  VIII.  There  is 
a  great  character  of  it  in  Leland.  It  had  three 
courts;  in  the  first  whereof,  in  a  verge  under  the 
windows,  was  the  whole  story  done  in  stone,  in  basse 
relievo  work,  of  Ovid's  Metamorphosis,  and  between 
each  division  was  wonderful  fine  slat  work,  done  in 
the  form  of  portcullises,  roses,  and  flower-de-luces. 
In  the  farther  garden  were  formerly  some  very  fine 
statues  of  Diana,  &c.  This  house  was  kept  in  pos- 
sesion by  an  old  woman  during  all  the  time  of  the 
late  civil  wars.  Slie  could  not  be  got  out,  pretending 
that  she  had  a  title  to  it.  She  kept  it  till  such  time 
as  king  Charles  lid.  gave  it  to  the  countess  of  Castle- 
main,  who  sold  it  to  be  pulled  down.  Tbere  is  a 
view  of  this  house  in  Braunius's  Then! rum.  and  another 
in  Speed.  Quaro.  whether  Speed  did  not  make  use 
of  Bnumius's.  The  famous  Mr.  Hollar  also  took  a  view 
of  it,  which  view  was  much  the  best.  But  'tis  now 
so  scarse,  that  Mr.  Bagford,  who  hath  been  very  dili- 
gent and  succcssfull  in  collecting  things  of  this  nature, 
hath  not  been  able  to  meet  with  it  as  yet.  He  finds 
it  mentioned  in  the  catalogue  of  his  prints,  sold  by 
Peter  Stent. 

Sept.  10.  The  duke  of  Ormond,  chancellor  of  Ox- 
ford, having  been  impeached  of  high  treason,  and  of 
crimes  and  misdemeanours  by  the  Parliament,  and  he 
being  thereupon  gone  into  Trance,  and  the  Parliament 

1 7i  5]  HEARNIANjE.  17 

having  resolved  that  he  should  be  looked  upon  as 
guilty  and  as  a  traytor  unless  he  surrendered  himself 
by  the  tenth  of  this  month,  which  happens  to  be  this 
day,  the  university  became  sollicitous  about  a  chan- 
cellor. But  there  being  no  formal  resignation  that 
appeared,  they  seemed  to  be  very  perplexed.  They 
seemed  satisfyed  that  there  was  a  resignation,  but  that 
it  was  stopped  by  the  government.  However  last 
night  a  letter  came  from  the  duke's  brother,  Charles 
Butler,  baron  Butler  of  Weston,  in  the  county  of 
Huntingdon,  and  baron,  viscount,  and  earl  in  Ireland, 
by  the  name  and  stile  of  baron  of  Cloghream,  viscount 
Tullo,  and  earl  of  Arran,  signifying  that  his  brother 
had  resigned,  and  accordingly  the  university  patent 
was  returned  and  put  into  the  vice-chancellor's  hands. 
Hereupon  a  convocation  was  called  to  day  at  nine 
clock  for  a  new  election.  The  vice-chancellor  sig- 
nifyed  first  the  cause  of  it,  then  he  specifyed  that 
there  was  a  resignation,  then  the  earl  of  Arran's  letter 
was  read,  then  the  patent  of  the  duke  of  Ormond  was 
cancelled,  by  the  senior  proctor,  who  publiekly  before 
the  convocation  cut  off  the  seal,  then  (the  act  of  par- 
liament and  statutes  being  first  read)  they  proceeded 
to  election.  When  the  votes  were  cast  up,  the  earl 
of  Arran  appeared  to  have  an  hundred  and  fourty 
votes,  and  the  earl  of  Pembroke  three  only.  So  the 
earl  was  pronounced  by  the  senior  proctor  duly  elected, 
when  there  was  a  great  noise,  by  way  of  rejoicing,  in 
the  house.  After  this  the  patent  was  read,  and  a 
letter  was  carried  immediately  to  London  by  old 
Sherwin  the  yeoman  beadle  of  divinity. 

Sept.  14.   Mr.  William  Wright,1  of  London,  a  famous 

1  This  account  differs  widely  from  that  given  by  lord  Orford 
II.  C 

18  RELIQUIAE  [1715 

painter  and  antiquarie,  was  born  in  Shoe-lane,  in  the 
parish  of  St.  Andrew's,  Holborn.  In  his  youth  he 
was  seduced  and  perswaded  by  a  priest,  as  'tis  sup- 
posed, to  embrace  the  Romish  religion,  which  priest 
(if  he  was  such)  was  a  Scotch-man  (as  'tis  said)  by 
birth,  and  carried  him  with  him  into  Scotland,  where 
he  continued  for  a  considerable  time,  to  the  no  small 
grief  of  his  parents  and  other  relations,  who  were  not 
privy  to  the  intrigue.  Afterwards  he  travelled  into 
several  parts  of  Europe,  but  whether  or  no  the  priest 
accompanyed  him  is  uncertain.  This  however  we  may 
venture  to  assert,  that  the  priest  went  with  him  to 
Rome,  and  took  care  that  he  should  not  fly  back  from 
the  catholick  perswasion.  Being  settled  at  Rome,  he 
there  learned  the  art  of  painting,  but  I  cannot  tell 
whose  disciple  he  was,  tho'  without  doubt  he  was  in- 
structed in  this  art  by  some  eminent  man.  After 
this,  he  became  acquainted  with  the  best  painters 
in  Rome,  at  the  same  time  also  cultivating  his  genius 
to  antiquities,  and  making  himself  known  to  the  most 
celebrated  antiquaries  of  that  place,  who  had  a  re- 
spect for  him,  and  were  very  ready  and  willing  to 
communicate  their  knowledge  to  him.  What  ren- 
dered him  the  more  acceptable  to  these  famous  men 
was  this,  that  he  was  not  only  a  painter  and  a  bare 
antiquarie,  (I  mean  so  far  an  antiquarie  as  to  know 
no  more  than  what  he  got  by  natural  parts,)  but  was 
very  well  versed  in  the  Latin  tongue,  and  was  a  great 
master  of  the  Italian  and  French.    These  qualifications 

in  his  Anecdotes  of  Painting,  who  makes  Wright  a  Scotchman  by 
birth,  an  Englishman  by  education,  and  says  that  he  wrote  him- 
self Scotus,  although  lord  Orford  had  a  picture  by  him  on  which 
he  calls  himself  Jos.  Michael  Wright  Anglus.  I  think  it  very 
likely  that  he  changed  his  Christian  name  with  his  religion,  a 
practice  very  usual  with  converts  to  the  Romish  church. 

1 7i  5]  HEARNIANsE.  19 

made  him  so  much  taken  notice  of,  that  for  that 
reason  he  was  recommended  to  the  archduke  of 
Austria  to  be  his  antiquary,  and  to  collect  and  pick 
up  for  him  medals  and  other  curiosities  in  antiquity. 
So  that,  upon  this  recommendation,  he  left  Rome,  and 
went  into  Flanders,  where  the  archduke  then  was. 
After  some  years  spent  with  the  said  archduke  in 
Flanders,  he  went  into  Ireland,  (the  archduke  being 
then  dead,)  and  painted  there  the  effigies  of  most  of 
the  nobility  and  gentry  of  that  kingdom.  At  length 
he  returned  into  England,  and  then  began  to  paint 
most  of  the  judges  of  England  in  full  length,  on  pur- 
pose to  adorn  Guild  Hall,  where  they  now  remain. 
Upon  the  death  of  king  Charles  II.  James  duke  of 
York  (by  the  name  of  James  II.)  ascending  the  throne, 
Mr.  Wright  had  an  opportunity  of  going  again  to 
Rome.  For  king  James  haveing  a  particular  kindness 
for  him,  recommended  him  to  the  earl  of  Castlemain, 
whom  he  made  embassador  to  Rome.  The  earl  there- 
fore received  him  very  kindly,  and  made  him  his 
major  domo.  Being  now  the  second  time  in  Rome, 
he  proved  very  usefull  to  the  earl,  and  drew  up  an 
account  of  all  the  whole  entry,  and  of  all  the  enter- 
tainments that  happened  upon  this  solemn  occasion 
of  the  earl's  embassage,  which  account  is  published  in 
folio,  both  in  Italian  and  English,  and  is  a  great 
curiosity.  After  his  return  from  this  embassage,  king 
James  being  forced  away,  and  obliged  by  his  rebell 
subjects  to  leave  his  kingdoms,  Mr.  Wright  fell  into 
misfortunes,  as  many  other  honest  men  did.  For  his 
royal  master  being  now  gone,  he  soon  found  that  he  had 
lost  an  extraordinary  friend,  and  'tis  therefore  from 
that  time  that  he  dated  his  own  ruin.  However  he 
continued  very  chearfull,  notwithstanding  his  pover- 
ty, and  would  discourse  very  freely  and  facetiously 

20  RELIQUIAE  [1715 

amongst  his  acquaintance  of  the  former  part  of  his 
life,  and  particularly  about  the  curiosities  he  had 
happened  to  meet  with.  At  last  he  was  obliged,  to 
supply  his  necessities,  to  sell,  not  only  his  books, 
(which  were  curious,)  but  his  old  medals  and  seals, 
which  were  very  valuable,  by  which  means  he  got 
enough  to  pay  most,  if  not  all,  his  debts,  which  was  a 
great  satisfaction  to  him.  Some  time  after  the  sale, 
he  fell  sick,  and  continued  in  a  languishing  condition 
at  his  house  in  James-street,  in  Covent-garden,  till 
his  death,  which  happened  in  the  year  168  .. .  He 
was  buried  in  the  church  yard  of  St.  Martin's  in  the 
Fields,  being  attended  to  his  grave  by  many  of  his 
friends,  who  lamented  his  loss.  He  was  of  a  middle 
stature,  free  and  open,  and  innocently  merry  in  his 
conversation,  (especially  amongst  his  friends,)  of  great 
plainness  and  simplicity,  and  of  a  very  easy  temper. 

Sept.  16.  Lately  come  out  an  excellent  pamphlett, 
called  The  Church  of  England's  Advice  to  her  CkUdn  n. 
and  to  all  Kings,  Princes,  and  Potentates,  dated  Apr. 
26,  1715.  The  place  where  printed  not  mentioned, 
nor  the  printer's  name. 

P.  9.  And  thus  these  abused  prelates  (that  were 
sent  to  the  Tower)  were,  by  a  strange  paradox,  made 
instruments  of  mischief  to  me  and  their  king  ;  tho'  if 
their  lives  had  been  required  in  mine  or  the  king's 
service,  they  would  have  resigned  them  chearfully.1 

Ibid.  The  story  (of  the  prince  of  Orange's  being 
invited  over  to  settle  the  nation)  being  pretty  plau- 
sible, it  obtained  many  hands  to  an  instrument  by 

1  N.  B.  I  am  sure  Dr.  Lloyd,  then  bishop  of  St.  Asaph,  would 
not  have  dyed  for  king  James,  he  being  his  inveterate  enemy. 
Neither  would  sir  Jonathan  Trelawny,  then  bishop  of  Bristol. 
T.  II. 

1 7i  5]  HEARNIANjE.  21 

which  the  prince  was  invited  to  you  with  a  body  of 
military  men ;  but  the  inviting  a  foreigner  into  the 
nation,  with  men  in  arms,  without  the  sovereign's 
leave,  was  one  of  the  highest  breaches  of  their  duty 
towards  God  and  their  king.1 

Page  10.  The  lord  Churchill,  with  other  licentious 
persons,  took  oaths  of  fidelity  to  the  king,  upon  the 
four  gospels,  over  night,  and  deserted  to  the  prince 
the  next  morning. 

Page  26.  The  prince  of  Orange  was  so  regardless 
of  his  future  state,  as  to  sign  the  abjuration  act  in  the 
very  hour  of  his  death.  An  instrument  was  found  in 
his  strong-box,  by  which  it  appeared,  that  if  he  had 
lived  three  weeks  longer,  the  late  queen  had  been 
committed  to  the  Tower  of  London,  and  her  life  taken 
from  her  in  a  short  time  after,  as  the  present  John 
How,  esq.  publickly  affirmed,  having  seen  the  instru- 
ment. The  parliament  that  was  then  sitting  appointed 
a  day  for  his  coming  to  the  bar  of  the  commons'  house, 
to  receive  the  sentence  of  that  assembly,  if  he  could 
not  prove  the  truth  of  this  assertion  ;  but  they  found, 
before  the  day  came,  that  he  was  capable  of  making 
his  allegation  good.  All  proceedings  therefore  were 
dropped,  that  this  very  dark  account  of  the  prince 
of  Orange  might  not  reach  the  ear  of  the  publick. 
Those  who  had  the  administration  of  affairs  at  that 
time  assured  the  queen  that  it  would  be  her  interest 
that  the  utmost  respect  should  be  paid  to  the  memory 
of  the  prince  of  Orange,  and  advised  her  therefore  to 
require  Mr.  How's  silence,  and  under  that  precaution 
this  black  deed  was  smothered.  It  appears  that  these 
abominable  actions  were  to  cut  off  king  James  for 

1  N.  B.   The  dean  of  Worcester,  Dr.  Hickes,  is  charged  by 
Burnet  and  others  as  one  of  those  that  signed  this  instrument. 

22  RELIQUIAE  [171 5 

ever  from  his  own  inheritance,  and  to  destroy  the  late 
queen,  that  there  might  not  remain  a  Stuart  upon 
earth  to  interpose  between  the  throne  and  the  foreign 
family  that  now  fills  it. 

Oct.  5.  Last  week  a  gentleman  named  Mr.  Sefton, 
who  is  a  non-juror,  called  upon  me,  (at  the  request  of 
the  Rev.  Mr.  Sam.  Hawes,  of  London,  a  non-juror 
also,)  and  talked  many  things  with  me  about  king 
James  Hid.  We  were  together  many  hours,  at  dif- 
ferent times.  He  was  born  at  Chester,  and  was  taken 
care  of  by  lord  chief  justice  Herbert,  wTith  whom  he 
went  as  a  servant  beyond  sea  when  king  James  the 
lid.  was  driven  away  by  his  rebellious  subjects.  He 
was  with  the  king  in  Ireland,  and  was  present  at  the 
Boyn.  Afterwards  he  lived  at  St.  Germains,  and 
served  at  the  royal  table.  The  lord  chief  justice 
Herbert  died  in  1699,  and  was  buried  in  a  cellar  at 
St.  Germains  very  privately.  As  soon  as  the  king 
heard  of  it,  he  wept,  and  said,  he  had  lost  the  very 
best  of  his  subjects,  and  that  he  must  now  keep  the 
great  seal  himself ;  Herbert  having  been  made  keeper 
of  it  by  his  majesty  upon  the  death  of  Jeffrys.  After 
Herberts  death,  Mr.  Sefton  came  into  England,  and 
has  lived  there  ever  since  very  loyally,  not  complying 
at  all  with  the  usurpers.  He  kissed  the  king's  hand 
before  he  came  away,  and  the  queen's.  The  king 
spoke  very  affectionately  to  him,  and  bid  him  go  into 
England  privately,  and  to  live  quietly  'till  better  times. 
He  said  the  king  and  queen  and  the  young  princes, 
viz.  the  present  king  and  his  sister,  who  is  since  de- 
ceased, were  often  very  chearfull,  and  that  they  lived 
very  religiously.  The  lord  Herbert  left  500  libs,  to 
New  college,  (of  which  he  had  been  a  member,)  and 
500  libs,  to  Sefton,  but  neither  could  be  recovered  of 

i7 1 5]  HEARNIANJE.  23 

his  brother,  who  complyed  with  William's  government, 
and  denied  to  pay  any  thing  that  Herbert  left  by  will. 
He  added,  that  both  the  young  king  and  his  sister 
were  extreme  handsome,  and  of  a  wonderful  sweet 
disposition  :  and  that  their  mother  (who  had  been  an 
extraordinary  fine,  beautifull  lady)  continued  very 
handsome  still,  tho'  she  is  near  three-score  years  of 

Oct.  11.  Out  of  a  paper  communicated  to  me  by 
Mr.  Bagford. 

In  the  Pall  Mall,  at  London,  lives  one  Clark,  (called 
the  posture-master,)  that  has  such  an  absolute  com- 
mand of  all  his  muscles  and  joints,  that  he  can  dis- 
joynt  almost  his  whole  body  :l  so  that  he  imposed  on 
our  famous  Mullens,  who  looked  on  him  in  so  miser- 
able a  condition,  that  he  would  not  undertake  his 
cure.  Tho'  he  is  a  well-grown  fellow,  yet  he  will 
appear  in  all  the  deformitys  that  can  be  imagined,  as 
huncht-back'd,  pott-bellyd,  sharp-breasted.  He  will 
disjoynt  his  arms,  shoulders,  legs,  thighs,  that  he  will 
appear  as  great  an  object  of  pity  as  any;  and  he  has 
often  imposed  on  the  same  company,  where  he  has 
been  just  before,  to  give  him  mony  as  a  cripple,  he 
looking  so  much  unlike  himself  that  they  could  not 
know  him.     I  have  seen  him  make  his  hips  stand  out 

1  OfClark,  there  are  two  portraits  in  Tempest's  Cryes  of  London, 
folio  1711.  The  first  is  inscribed,  "  Josephus  Clericus,  posture 
"  raasterius,"  where  he  is  represented  exactly  as  described  by 
Bagford,  with  hump-back,  distended  belly,  feet  inverted,  and  his 
tongue  and  eyes  horribly  distorted.  In  the  second,  he  stands 
upon  one  leg,  with  the  heel  of  the  other  touching  the  back  of  his 
head,  and  a  monkey  before  him  in  the  same  position.  The  in- 
scription to  this  second  plate  is,  "  Clark,  the  English  posture 
"  master."  In  both  the  prints  he  has  a  key  suspended  by  a 
ribbon  from  his  button,  wliy,  or  for  what  purpose,  I  cannot 

24  RELIQUIAE  [1715 

a  considerable  way  from  his  loins,  and  so  high,  that 
they  seemed  to  invade  the  place  of  his  back :  in  which 
posture  he  has  so  large  a  belly,  as  though  one  of  our 
company  had  one  of  a  considerable  size,  yet  it  seemed 
lank  compared  with  his.  He  turns  his  face  into  all 
shapes,  so  that  by  himself  he  acts  all  the  uncouth, 
demure,  odd  faces  of  a  quaker's  meeting.  I  could  not 
have  conceived  it  possible  to  have  done  what  he  did, 
unless  I  had  seen  it ;  and  I  am  sensible  how  short  I 
am  come  to  a  full  description  of  him.  None  certainly 
can  describe  what  he  does  but  himself.  He  began 
young  to  bring  his  body  to  it ;  and  there  are  several 
instances  of  persons  that  can  move  several  of  their 
bones  out  of  their  joints,  using  themselves  to  it  from 

Oct.  12.  Dr.  Charlett  hath  a  curious  Album,  which 
I  have  twice  looked  upon  formerly,  and  this  day  he 
lent  me  the  book.     At  the  beginning  of  it  is  king 
Charles  the  first's  own  hand  writing,  viz. 
27  Oct.  1648. 

Si  vis  omnia  subjicere,  subjice  te  Rationi.1 

Carolus  R. 


Underneath  it  is  a  drawing  with  the  king's  own 
hand,  viz.  first,  Victory  standing,  holding  in  her  right 
hand  a  palm  branch,  and  in  her  left  hand  (which  is 
stretched  out)  a  crown.  2ndly,  there  is  our  Saviour 
rising  from  the  dead,  guarded  with  two  angels.  This 
drawing  is  excellently  well  done,  and  shews  the  king 
to  be  well  skilled  (as  he  hath  been  characterized  to 
be)  in  that  art. 

1  The  same  motto  was  written  by  him  in  the  matriculation 
book  of  the  university,  when  he  visited  Oxford  as  prince  of 

i7i5]  HEARNIANjE.  25 

In  page  3,  we  have  the  lady  Elizabeth's  hand- 
writing, one  of  the  daughters  of  that  king,  viz. 
16  $$  43. 
In  page  90. 

There  is  noe  maid  so  foul  or  old, 

But  shee's  made  f aire  and  young  with  gold. 

Mart  Gratiano. 
In  page  91. 
Scepe  evenit  peregre  agentibus,  ut  multa  hospitia  ha- 
beant,  nullas  amicitias. 

Antonio  Gratiano. 
In  page  163. 

Patvb  yn  y  Aruer. 
Peregrinacione  per  quamplurimas  Europae,  Africae, 
Asiae  majoris  et  Americas  (Dei  misericordia)  superata, 
D°.  Hen°.  Colthurst  hoc  amoris  testimonium  apposuit 

Tho.  Herbert. 

27  Octo.  1648. 

In  page  115. 

Intra  fortunes  sortem,  extra  imperium. 

Gttlielmus  Wallerxts. 
Page  103. 

Sola  solus  servire  Deo, 

Ccdera  nuga?. 
0  !  quatn  multos  dominos  habet, 
qui  UNUM  non  habet. 

Haec  ornatissimo  multorumque  arcanorum  experi- 
entissimo  domino  Henrico  Colthurst  in  benevolam 
sui  memoriam  scripsit  Fulco  Grevile,  serenissimo 
Magnas  Britaniae  regi  pocillator  Londini  Novembr. 
2,  An.  Do.  1647. 

Oct.  6.  The  famous  Dr.  Hammond  was  a  red-haired 

26  RELIQUIAE  [1715 

man.  He  was  the  first  man  in  England  that  had  copy 
money.  He  was  paid  such  a  sum  of  money  (I  know 
not  how  much)  by  Mr.  Royston,  the  king's  printer, 
for  his  Annotations  on  the  Testament. 

Oct.  31.  Mr.  John  Flamsteed,  the  astronomer,  was 
born  at  Darby.     His  father  was  a  wealthy  malster, 
and  this  gentleman  being  deformed,  and  therefore  the 
outcast  of  the  family,  was  imployed  by  his  father  to 
carry  out  malt  with  the  brewing  pan  ;  but  finding  this 
way  of  carrying  very  tiresome,  he  invented  and  made 
with  his  own  hands  a  wheel-barrow,  by  which  he 
thought  to  have  eased  the  trouble  and  pains  of  carry- 
ing it  on  his  back;  but  instead  of  ease,  he  found 
greater  trouble,  the  burthen  now  being  more  consid- 
erable than  before,  by  reason  he  had  a  much  larger 
quantity  to  convey  away  at  a  time.     This  inconveni- 
ence made  him  repent  that  ever  he  had  made  a  wheel- 
barrow, the  thought  of  which  he  could  never  after- 
wards endure.     At  leisure  times  he  studied  the  art 
of  astronomy,  and  became  eminent  in  it,  insomuch 
that  at  last  he  sent  to  Mr.  William  Lilly,  the  famous 
figure-flinger,  and  took  occasion  to  correct  many  of  his 
errors  and  mistakes.     Upon  which  Lilly,  sir  Jonas 
More,  and  sir  George  Wharton  agreed  to  give  him  a 
meeting,  appointing  the  place  for  the  conference  to  be 
the  middle  way  between  London  and  Derby.     Upon 
this  conference  the  said  gentlemen  were  so  well  satis- 
fied with  Flamstced's  skill  in  the  art  of  astronomy, 
that  at  their  return  to  London  they  recommended  him 
to  king  Charles  the  Hd.  as  a  man  of  great  abilities  in 
the  foresaid  profession.     Whereupon  the  king  erected 
him  an  observatory  at  Greenwich,  upon  the  hill,  where 
he  hath  continued  ever  since  to  make  observations, 
and  hath  promised  to  publish  a  very  large  book  in 

i7 1 5]  II  EARN  LAN  Al.  27 

folio,  containing  the  remarks  he  hath  made  in  astro- 
nomy from  the  first  beginning  of  his  observations  at 
Greenwich :  which  book  is  all,  or  at  least  most  of  it, 
already  printed  by  the  encouragement  of  prince  George 
of  Denmark.  It  hath  been  revised  by  Dr.  Halley,  and 
many  mistakes  found  in  it ;  but  I  do  not  hear  that  'tis 
like  to  come  out  as  yet,  Mr.  Flamsteed  endeavouring 
as  much  as  he  can  to  hinder  it's  publication,  being 
not  thoroughly  pleased  that  Dr.  Halley  should  dis- 
cover his  errours  ;  and  withall  he  thinks  that  he  ought 
to  have  more  and  better  rewards  then  he  hath  yet 
met  with,  before  his  works  appear,  tho'  'tis  very  cer- 
tain that  the  encouragement  he  hath  already  found  is 
much  beyond  his  merits,  if  we  may  credit  divers  in- 
genious persons  that  know  the  man,  and  his  principles, 
(which  are  republican,)  and  his  sniveling,  covetous 
temper.  By  the  way,  I  must  note,  that  he  hath  a 
very  great  aversion  to  a  wheele-barrow,  occasioned  by 
this  accident.  At  a  certain  time  at  Greenwich,  he 
happened,  as  he  came  out  of  the  Ship  tavern,  in  com- 
pany with  Mr.  Le  Peyper  and  Mr.  Latham,  the  latter 
a  good  carver  in  stone,  and  the  former  an  excellent 
painter  for  anticpies,  being  ceremonious,  he  happened, 
in  taking  leave,  to  go  backwards,  and  so  to  fall  into 
a  wheele-barrow,  which  moved  down  the  hill,  with 
Flamsteed  in  it,  and  caused  much  laughter  amongst 
the  spectators,  to  the  great  regret  of  Flamsteed  him- 
self, who  could  not  forbear  to  tell  them  the  reason  of 
his  aversion  to  a  wheel-barrow.  [He  died  in  the  latter 
end  of  the  year  1719.     T.  H.] 

Dec.  18.    Out  of  a  letter  I  had  from  Mr.  Bedford, 
dated  the  loth  instant. 

"  Dearest  sir, 
"  I  received  yours,  and  was  waiting  an  opportunity 

28  RELIQUIAE  [171 5-1 6 

"  to  return  the  16s.  for  the  four  subscriptions,  when 
"  I  was  obliged,  by  very  ill  news,  to  write  to  you  im- 
"  mediately,  before  I  could  get  that  little  bill.  It  is, 
"  sir,  to  acquaint  you,  that,  after  a  long  indisposition, 
"  from  which  we  hoped  he  was  now  rather  recovering, 
"  our  excellent  friend  the  late  dean  of  Worcester,1 
"  was,  at  about  12  last  night,  taken  speechless,  and 
"  dyed  this  morning  soon  after  ten.  I  pray  God 
"  support  us  under  this  great  loss,  and  all  our  afflic- 
"  tions,  and  remove  them,  or  us  from  them,  when  it 
"  is  his  blessed  will." 

1715-16.  Jan.  8.  Being  to-night  with  Dr.  Charlett, 
he  spoke  upon  occasion  of  Mr:  Lock,  of  whom  he  gave 
a  very  advantageous  character,  as  to  his  conversation. 
He  said  no  man  was  more  communicative,  and  that 
no  one  was  more  fair  in  the  way  of  disputation.  He 
said  he  would  discourse  upon  any  point  of  learning 
without  the  least  personal  reflection,  that  he  used  to 
come  to  the  coffee-house,  and  that  he  never  defended 
any  point  stiffly  and  positively,  and  that  he  appeared 
in  disputes  rather  as  a  learner  than  a  teacher. 

Jan.   18.    The  lordeships  and  badges  of  the  duke  of 

(From  MS.  Digby  lxxxij.) 

Thes  ben  the  names  of  the  lordeshipis  w*  the  bages 
that  perteynyth  to  the  duke  of  Yorke. 

Ffurste  the  dukeship  of  Yorke  w*  the  bages  ben  the 
ffawcon  and  the  ffetarlocke. 

The  bages  that  he  beryth  by  Conysbrow  ys  a  ffaucon 
w«  a  maydcn  ys  hedde  and  hur  here  hangyng  a  bowte 
here  shuldris  w*  a  crowne  aboute  hure  nekke. 

1  Dr.  George  Hickes. 

1715-16]  HEARNIANJE.  29 

The  bages  that  he  beryth  by  the  eastell  of  Clyfford 
ys  a  whyte  roose* 

The  bages  that  he  beryth  by  the  eerldom  of  the 
March  ys  a  whyte  lyon. 

The  bages  that  he  beryth  by  the  eerldom  of  Voolsfys 
a  blacke  dragon. 

The  bages  that  he  beryth  by  kyng  Edwarde  ys  a 
blewe  bore  wl  his  tuskis  and  his  cleis  and  his  mebrys 
of  golde. 

The  bages  that  he  beryth  by  kyng  Ri(f .  ys  a  whyte 
hert  and  the  sonne  shynyng. 

The  bages  that  he  beryth  by  the  hono  of  Clare  ys 
a  blacke  bolle  rowgh  his  homes  and  hs  cleys  and 
mebrys  of  gold. 

The  bages  that  he  beryth  by  the  fayre  mayde  of 
Kente  ys  a  whyte  hjmde. 

Feb.  5.  Being  this  morning  at  Dr.  Charlett's,  Mr. 
Ayres,  of  Magdalen  coll.  came  in,  and  amongst  other 
discourse  Dr.  Charlett  happened  to  talk  very  much  of 
Dr.  John  Hough,  formerly  president  of  Magdalen  coll. 
and  bishop  of  Oxford,  and  now  bishop  of  Lichfield  and 
Coventry.  He  commended  him  for  a  nice  carver,  and 
a  man  excellently  skilled  in  secular  affairs,  but  said 
not  a  word  either  of  his  learning  or  piety.  However, 
as  he  run  on.  in  his  commendations  of  him,  in  affairs 
of  eating  and  drinking,  I  happened  to  say,  that  this 
Dr.  Hough,  even  when  he  was  president  of  Magdalen 
college  and  bishop  of  Oxford,  used  to  make  Friday 
(which  is  a  fast  day  by  the  church  of  England  all  the 
year  round,  unless  Christmas  day  happens  to  fall  on 
it,)  his  great  day  for  treating  strangers  and  others. 
At  which  Mr.  Ayres  laughed,  and  turned  himself  to 
me,  "  Ay,  (says  he,)  this  is  one  of  your  malicious  ob- 
'•  servations."     "  And  (says  Dr.  Charlett)  this  is  no- 

30  RELIQUIJE  [1715-16 

"  thing  but  an  ill-natured,  malicious  story,  on  pur- 
"  pose  to  bring  a  disgrace  upon  him.  If  Tony  Wood 
"  had  had  this  story,  he  would  have  put  it  down,  and 
"  printed  it."  "  Sir,  (said  I,)  'tis  no  malicious  story. 
"  The  person  I  had  it  from  was  Dr.  Grabe,  a  man  of 
"  no  malice.  He  was  then  Mr.  Grabe,  and  being  in- 
"  vited  one  Friday  to  dine  with  the  bishop,  by  the 
"  bishop  himself,  that  day,  which  he  told  him  was 
"  his  day  for  treating,  and  that  he  was  to  have  many 
"  dine  with  him  that  day.  No,  my  lord,  (says  Mr. 
"  Grabe,)  I  must  desire  to  be  excused.  I  always  fast 
"  upon  Fridays."  This  story  Dr.  Grabe  (then  Mr. 
Grabe)  related  to  me  himself,  with  no  small  concern, 
that  the  prelates  of  the  church  of  England,  and  other 
dignified  clergymen,  should  give  such  ill-examples. 
When  I  mentioned  Dr.  Grabe,  Dr.  Charlett  said  no- 
thing about  him,  only  shewed  some  resentment,  at 
which  Mr.  Ayres  laughed,  and  particularly  when  the 
doctor  said  that  other  heads  of  houses  might  be  re- 
flected upon  as  justly  ;  which  is  very  true,  they  being 
generally  great  epicures  and  very  illiterate.  At  the 
same  time  Dr.  Charlett  happened  to  speak  of  Dr.  John 
Fitzwilliams,  who  was  a  non-juror,  and  had  been  for- 
merly fellow  of  Magdalen  college,  and  was  a  groat 
benefactor  to  the  college.  Says  Dr.  Charlett, "  This  Dr. 
"  Fitzwilliams  was  a  non-juror,  and  a  very  weak  man." 
I  said  nothing,  tho'  I  could  not  but  observe  that  this 
proceeded  from  Dr.  Charlett's  hatred  to  non-jurors. 
For  as  for  Dr.  Fitzwilliams,  'tis  well  known  that  he 
was  a  very  wise,  and  a  very  good,  as  well  as  a  learned, 
man.  Dr.  Charlett  continued  his  venom  against  non- 
jurors, and  observed  that  Dr.  Hickes  endeavoured  to 
make  as  many  as  he  could,  on  purpose  to  bring  a  dis- 
grace upon  others.  His  observation  is  true,  that  Dr. 
Hickes  did  all  he  could  to  make  men  honest  and  loyal ; 

171 5- 1 6]  HEARNIANjE.  31 

but  not  so,  to  say  that  'twas  with  a  design  to  disgrace 
others.  They  disgrace  themselves  sufficiently  by  their 
base,  pittifull,  sneaking  complyance.  Mr.  Ayres  struck 
in  with  the  doctor  about  Dr.  Fitzwilliams,  and  ob- 
served that  he  had  ruined  one  whole  family  at  Here- 
ford by  perswading  them  to  be  non-jurors,  that  is, 
the  family  of  the  Philipps's.  If  the  doctor  perswaded 
them  to  it,  he  did  a  very  good  and  a  very  laudable 
thing.  I  never  heard  before  that  it  happened  through 
his  perswasions.  I  am  sure,  however  it  happened,  they 
have  obtained  a  very  great  and  a  very  good  character 
by  it,  which  cannot  be  said  of  any  one  of  those  that 
have  comply'd,  who  are  ashamed  that  they  have  done 
so,  and  are  willing  it  should  be  kept  as  a  secret,  if  it 
could  be  done.  Two  of  these  Philipps's  are  now  in 
prison  at  Hereford,  as  is  likewise  Mr.  Brome,  for  their 

Feb.  19.  This  hath  been  such  a  severe  winter,  that 
the  like  hath  not  been  known  since  the  year  168A. 
In  some  respects  it  exceeded  that.  For  tho'  the  frost 
did  not  last  so  long  as  it  did  at  that  time,  yet  there 
was  a  much  greater  and  deeper  snow.  Indeed  it  was 
the  biggest  snow  that  ever  I  knew :  as  it  was  also  the 
severest  frost  that  ever  I  have  been  sensible  of.  It 
began  on  Monday  Dec.  5th,  and  continued  till  Friday, 
Feb.  10th  following,  which  is  almost  ten  weeks,  before 
there  was  an  intire  thaw.1  Indeed  it  began  to  thaw 
two  or  three  times,  but  then  the  frost  soon  began 
again  with  more  violence,  and  there  was  withall  a 
very  sharp  and  cold  and  high  wind  for  some  days. 
When  it  first  began  to  thaw,  and  afterwards  to  freeze 

1  This  exceeds  the  frost  called  "  the  great  frost,"  of  which 
Holinshed  gives  us  a  description.  That  began  on  the  21st  of 
December  1564,  and  lasted  till  the  3d  of  January  1565. 

32  RELIQUIAE  [171 5-16 

again,  it  made  the  ways  extreme  slippery  and  dan- 
gerous, and  divers  sad  accidents  happened.1 

Apiil  4.  Cicero  de  Legg.  1.  ii.  p.  344,  ed.  Rob. 
Steph.  1543,  Svo.  Hominem  mortuum,  inquit  lex 
in  duodecim  tabulis,  in  urbe  ne  sepelito,  neve  urito. 
Credo  vel  propter  ignis  periculum.  Quod  autem 
addit,  neve  urito,  indicat,  non  qui  uratur  sepeliri,  sed 
qui  humetur.  I  suppose  the  fires  were  very  large 
when  the  bodies  were  burnt,  and  that  the  streets  be- 
ing narrow  withall,  the  danger  of  firing  the  city  might, 
iq>on  that  account,  be  so  much  the  greater.  From 
Tully's  words  'tis  however  certain,  that  sepeliri  is  pro- 
perly to  be  understood  of  huma/ri.  As  sepeliri,  there- 
fore, is  not  to  be  understood  of  any  bodies  intra  urbem, 
so  neither  were  there  any  sepulchres  within  the  city. 
Sed  in  urbe  sepeliri  lex  vetat :  sic  decretum  a  ponti- 
ficum  collegio,  non  esse  jus  in  loco  publico  fieri  sepul- 
crum.     Ibid.  p.  344. 

Speeches  used  to  be  made  at  the  funerals  of  ho- 
nourable persons,  and  at  the  same  time  there  were 
musical  instruments  which  plaid.  These  funeral 
exercises  were  properly  called  Ncenioe,  there  being 
mournfull  songs  at  the  same  time :  honoratorum  vi- 
rorum  laudes  in  concione  memorantur,  easque  etiam 
ad  cantus  ad  tibicinem  prosequantur :  cui  nomen 
N;enia3 :  quo  vocabulo  etiam  Gracos  cantus  lugubres 
nominant.     lb.  p.  346. 

A  penalty  upon  such  as  violated  or  did  any  injury 
to  the  busts  or  tumbs :  pcenaque  est,  si  quis  bustum 
(nam  id  puto  appellari  tymbon)  aut  monumentum. 

1  For  printing  on  the  Thames,  &c.  at  this  period,  see  Nichols's 
Literary  Anecdotes,  vol.  i.  118,  ii.  464,  and  Dihdin's  Bibliogra- 
phical  Decameron,  iii.  p.  282.  Bagford  sent  Hearne  his  name 
printed  on  the  frozen  element  as  a  present. 

I7i6]  HEAENIANjE.  33 

inquit,  aut  columnam  violarit,  dejecerit,  fregerit.    lb. 
p.  347. 

May  3.  The  following  letter  of  Theodore  Beza's, 
communicated  to  me  to-day,  by  Mr.  J.  Bowles,  of  the 
publick  library.1 

Brevis  et  vera  ttarratio  eorum,  qua1,  Genevce  suntab 
Hwjone  Broughtkono  Anglo  patrata. 

Broughthonus  quidam,  nobis  ne  de  nomine  quidem 
antea  cognitus,  qualem  scse  Basileae  praebuerit,  nempe 
qualem  sese  ipso  vultu  testatur ;  malim  ex  alijs  ocu- 
latis  testibus,  quam  ex  me,  istic  intelligi.  Is  quum 
eo  venisset,  literis  quibusdam  Graece  conscriptis  me 
eompellavit,  sermone  quidem  non  inelegante,  sed  ar- 
gument (quantum  meminisse  possum)  plane  futilis  ; 
hominis  videlicet  nescio  quid  de  convertendis  ad 
Christum  Judaeis,  per  Hebraeae  lingua?  non  vulgarem 
usum,  et  per  nescio  quem  Judaeum  Constantinopoli- 
tanum,  sibi  pollicentis.  Quid  igitur  ad  ista  respon- 
derem,  sane  non  habui.  Offensus  ille  tamen  meo 
silentio,  sive  quod  ad  ilium  esset  (ut  audivi)  perlatum, 
quod  ipsum  ut  vanum  hominem  reprehendissem  (quod 
baud  satis  scio,  an  mihi  literas  ipsius  legenti  exciderit; 
sed  accidere  merito  potuit)  alteras  ad  me  expostula- 
torias  dedit,  quae  mihi  occasionem  amplius  de  ipso 
quaerendi  praebuerunt.  Inde  factum,  singulari  Dei 
providentia,  ut  melius  hie  nobis  innotuerit.  Ipsemet 
vero  postea  ad  nos,  nescio  quorsum,  adveniens,  totum 
sese  nobis  plus  satis  patefecit,  nescio  quae  statim  cum 
quibusdam  de  Christi  ad  inferos  descensu  collocutus, 

1  The  original  was  in  the  possession  of  Mr.  Jackson,  a  com- 
moner of  Hart  hall,  who  gave  it  to  the  Bodleian  library,  a  few 
clays  after,  viz.  May  5,  1716. 

II.  D 

34  RELIQUIAE  [1716 

idque  maxima  cum  intemperie;  et  mecum  quoque 
communicato  ejus  epistola?  cxemplo,  quam  hae  de  re, 
quum  adlmc  (ut  opinor)  esset  in  Anglia  adipsos  epis- 
eopos  dedisset,  eo  fortassis  animo,  ut  aliquod  inter 
nos  quoque  fyidcg  //.vihov  spargeret,  imprudenter  id  qui- 
dem  non  minus,  quam  impudenter  conatus,  quum  in 
eo  ipso  scripto  hrec  etiam  eeelesia  Genevensis  videri 
possit  accusata,  et  quidem  falso.  Nos  vero  illius  epis- 
tohe  barbare  et  nimis  arroganter  scripts  lectione 
graviter  (sicuti  deeuit)  offensi,  ne  verbum  quidem  de 
hac  aut  ulla  alia  controversia  cum  homine  isto,  qui  se 
aperte  phreneticum  esse  proderet,  commutandum  pu- 
tavimus:  sed  additis,  quae  Basilea  de  eodem  aceepe- 
ramus  testimoniis,  et  Uteris  ejusdem  ad  quendam  ex 
nostro  collegio,  eodem  plane  spiritu  scriptis,  freti, 
censuimus  ipsum  magistratum  nostrum  de  hac  re  tota 
interpellandum,  quum  ille  prsesertim  repente  exorto 
apud  nos  rumore  de  serenissima;  reginse  obitu  (falsis- 
simo  quidem  illo,  per  Dei  gratiam)  eo  summopere 
lajtatus  fuisse,  et  quiddam  etiam  (sed  de  quo  satis 
constare  non  potuit)  magis  sinistre  locutus  fuisse,  aut 
etiam  scripsisse  diceretur.  Vocatus  igitur  ille  a  ma- 
gistratu,  et  sigillatim  de  istis  interrogatus,  ita  re- 
spondit,  ut  tergiversari  quidem  ilium  appareret ;  sed 
magistratus  tamen  amplius  de  re  tota  inquirendum 
censuerit :  illo  tamen  graviter  admonito,  ut  si  adhuc 
ad  aliquod  tempus,  proficiendi  gratia,  sibi  in  hac 
schola  et  eeelesia  permanendum  putaret,  prudentius 
se  gcreret,  et  ne  verbum  quidem  effutiret,  quo  cujus- 
quam  existimatio.  nedum  serenissimse  reginse  majestas 
vel  levissime  offenderetur ;  non  minus  graves  alioqui 
po3nas  daturus,  quam  si  in  banc  ipsam  rempub.  et 
ecclesiam  capitaliter  peccasset.  111c  vero  testatus 
sese  mox  discessurum,  nee  fortasse  in  urbem  rever- 
surum,  vix  in  suum  hospitium  rcdierat,  quum  eo  pro- 

1716]  HEARNIAN^E.  35 

cessit  impudentise,  ut  pro  eo  quod  ipsum  potius  agere 
nostro  magistratui  de  hae  lenitate  gratias  oportuerit, 
literas  in  ipso  abitu  suo  miserit  magistratui  nostro 
inscriptas,  quibus  nihil  turpi  us,  maledicentius,  contu- 
meliosius  seribi  a  quoquam  possit.  Hac  demum  ergo 
injuria  provocatus  senatus,  unura  ex  ordine  suo,  sed 
paulo  quam  oportuit,  serius  delegit,  qui  fugientem 
ilium  persequeretur,  et  in  Bernensi  ditione  ubieunque 
inveniretur,  deprehensum  statim  curaret  ipsius  hujus 
reipub.  nomine  aceusatum  in  eareerem  detrudi.  Quod 
facturus  etiam  erat,  si  ante  fugam  a  magistratu  voca- 
tus  sese  judicio  stitisset.  Ille  igitur  nusquam,  utpote 
fugam  quantum  potuit  accelerans,  deprehensus,  sic 
nobis  quidem  evasit ;  sed  gravius  etiam  aliquod  for- 
tasse  judicium,  quocunque  pervenerit,  subiturus.  Rem 
autem  banc  totam  idcirco  tibi  perscribere  visum  est, 
ut  et  quam  mains  vir  iste  sit,  omnes  istic  melius 
etiam,  quam  antea  intelligant,  et  qua  reverentia  et 
observantia  turn  ipsam  serenissimaj  reginaj  majesta- 
tem,  turn  Angliearum  ecclesiarum  religiosissimos  an- 
tistites,  ipsam  denique  Angliam  Genevenses  prose- 
quantur.  Quod  ni  faciant,  non  modo  omnis  Chris- 
tianse  charitatis  obliti ;  verum  etiam  omnium  homi- 
nura  maxime  ingrati  (quod  absit)  videri  et  haberi 
merito  possint. 

Theodoeus  Beza  dictavi.1 

1  This  letter  may  be  considered  as  a  great  curiosity,  as  it 
throws  much  light  upon  Broughton's  history,  and  discovers  the 
original  foundation  of  his  dislike  to,  and  continual  abuse  of, 
Beza.  Of  Broughton  a  full  account  will  be  found  in  Bayle,  the 
old  Biographia  Britannica,  Chalmers's  Dictionary,  Strype's  Life 
of  Whitgift,  and  Gilpin's  Life  of  Bishop  Gilpin".  He  was  cer- 
tainly a  man  of  great  learning,  but  of  an  ungovernable  temper 
and  morose  disposition.  Archbishop  Whitgift,  who  had  reason 
to  know  him  well,  (for  no  man  could  have  been  more  rudely 
treated,  or  borne  such  rudeness  with  greater  mildness  than  he 

36  RELIQUIAE  [1716 

June  25.  Yesterday  preached  at  Magdalen  college 
Mr.  Lydall,  batchelor  of  divinity,  and  fellow  of  that 
college,  and  rector  of  Wightham,  in  Berks.  It  is 
customary  upon  this  day  to  preach  in  a  stone  pulpit 
in  the  quadrangle,  all  beset  with  bows,  by  way  of 
allusion  to  St.  John  Baptist's  preaching  in  the  wil- 
derness. But  this  being  a  damp  morning,  the  sermon 
was  preached  in  the  chapell,  as  "tis  always  when  the 
morning  proves  such. 

June,  26.  Upon  news  of  the  duke  of  Monmouth's 
rebellion  in  the  west  of  England,  in  the  year  1685, 
the  university  of  Oxford,  to  their  immortal  honour, 
shewed  themselves  on  that  occasion  very  loyal.  The 
chancellor  at  that  time  was  the  old  duke  of  Ormond, 
and  the  vice-chancellor  was  Dr.  Lloyd,  principal  of 
Jesus  college.  After  several  meetings  of  the  heads 
upon  this  important  affair,  they  came  at  length  to  a 
resolution  of  raising  a  troop  of  horse  and  a  regiment 
of  foot  to  oppose  the  rebells.  In  order  to  carry  on 
this  the  better,  a  special  commissioner  was  fixed  upon 
to  pass  to  and  from  London,  with  information  and 
instructions  to  and  from  the  duke  of  Ormond,  at  that 

did,)  gave  it  as  his  opinion,  that  if  Broughton  was  ever  preferred, 
he  never  would  submit  to  anything  in  the  world.  Bishop  Morton 
used  often  to  converse  with  him  whilst  in  Germany,  and  at  times 
when  he  did  not  readily  comprehend,  or  could  not  implicitly  sub- 
scribe to,  what  Broughton  advanced,  he  would  call  him  dolt, 
blockhead,  and  other  reproachful  names.  Morton,  at  length, 
when  Broughton  came  to  ask  him  any  question,  would  say,  "  I 
"  pray  you,  whatsoever  dolts  and  dullards  I  am  to  be  called,  call 
"  me  so  before  we  begin,  that  your  discourse,  and  mine  attention, 
"  be  not  interrupted."  This  was  good  naturedly  said,  and  as 
good  naturedly  taken.  Broughton's  first  work  was,  A  Concent 
of  Scripture,  1588,  of  which  there  are  two  curious  copies  in  the 
Bodleian;  one,  on  vellum,  formerly  Dr.  Rawlinson's;  the  other, 
on  large  paper,  purchased  by  Hearne  a  few  weeks  before  his 

i7i6]  HEARNIANsE.  37 

time  in  London.  The  person  fixed  upon  was  Mr.  William 
Sherwin,  who  was  afterwards  inferior  beadle  of  divi- 
nity. Mr.  Sherwin  was  a  brisk,  active  man,  and  he 
performed  his  commission  with  that  expedition  and  dis- 
patch, that  he  went  three  times  forwards  and  back- 
wards in  one  and  the  same  week.  By  this  means 
things  were  soon  settled  ;  and  by  his  grace  the  duke 
of  Ormond's  care  commissions  were  sent  down  to  the 
university,  and  his  grace  gave  the  said  Mr.  Sherwin 
his  Majestie's  warrant  to  receive  arms  at  Windsor 
castle  for  furnishing  the  before-mentioned  regiment 
with  arms.  By  virtue,  therefore,  of  his  warrant,  arms 
were  delivered  to  Mr.  Sherwin  at  Windsor,  he  giving 
his  hand  at  the  same  time  put  to  an  indenture  for 
the  safe  delivery  of  them  again.  The  troop  of  horse 
being  first  raised,  Dr.  Aylworth,  who  was  lieutenant 
of  the  said  troop  under  the  lord  Norris,  who  was 
collonell,  came  to  Windsor  (Mr.  Sherwin  having  first 
of  all  taken  care  to  see  all  the  arms  put  into  waggons) 
with  the  said  troop,  and  took  the  arms  under  their 
protection,  and  so  guarding  them  to  Oxford  they  de- 
livered them  into  New  college,  where  every  company 
were  furnished  with  them.  After  which  they  entered 
into  discipline,  and  were  daily  mustered. 

July  5.  The  glass  in  Fairford  church  was  taken  in 
a  ship  as  it  was  carrying  to  Rome.  Either  John,  or 
else  sir  Edm.  Tame  took  it.  These  Tames  were  mer- 
chants, as  it  is  said.  They  were  so  very  rich,  that 
there  is  a  report  current  now  at  Fairford  that  their 
money  was  brought  thither  in  barrells.  pitched  up, 
and  that  the  barrells  lay  in  the  streets  for  a  month 
together,  as  if  they  had  been  filled  with  something 
else.  The  church  being  then  building  when  the  ship 
with  the  glass  was  taken,  either  John,  or  else  his  son 

38  RELIQUIAE  [1716 

Edm.  Tame,  who  finished  the  church,  had  it  put  up 
in  the  windows.  I  cannot  but  admire  Leland's  ex- 
actness. I  found  a  strange  accuracy  about  Fairford 
and  the  places  thereabouts ;  yet  he  mentions  nothing 
about  the  painted  glass  at  Fairford. 

July  12,  Thursday.  On  Tuesday  night  last,  Christ 
Church  bell  rung  for  the  death  of  Dr.  South,  one  of 
their  canons,  a  very  old  man.  He  was  celebrated 
for  his  learning  and  charity,  and  was  looked  upon  as 
pretty  honest,  considering  he  was  a  complyer.  He 
hath  many  publick  works  exstant.  He  hath  founded 
a  school  at  Islip,  and  endowed  it  for  ever.  He  was 
rector  of  that  place,  as  prebendary  of  Westminster, 
and  ever  since  he  was  rector,  he  spent  the  whole  in- 
come of  that  rectory  (as  I  have  been  informed)  in 
charity.  Dr.  South  died  at  Caversham  or  Causham, 
near  Reading,  last  Sunday  morning,  July  8th. 

July  29.  Dr.  South  was  buried  in  Westminster 
abbey,  on  Monday  July  16,  1716.  He  made  a  very 
imprudent  will,  leaving  all  he  had,  as  well  an  estate 
of  at  least  three  hundred  pounds  per  an.  as  all  his 
money  and  effects,  to  a  widow  woman  that  lived  with 
him,  who  had  been  wife  to  one  Hamond,  a  sot,  com- 
monly called  Crony  Hammond,  who  was  his  curate  at 
Islip.  This  b  ...  .  insinuated  herself  into  the  favour 
of  the  doctor,  and  so  imposed  upon  him  as  to  make 
her  his  executrix.  But  after  her  death  the  estate  is 
to  come  to  Christ  Church  ;  which  is  well  enough  done 
of  the  doctor.1 

1  Though  Dr.  South  made  but  a  foolish  will,  yet  he  gave  an 
hundred  pounds  to  the  Bodleian  library,  which  ivas  paid  yester- 
day morning.  It  is  for  buying  books.  T.  H.  This  legacy  was 
intended  for  the  purchase  of  such  modern  books  as  the  vice-chan- 

i7i6]  HEARNlANsE.  39 

Aug.  18.  Yesterday  I  walked  over  to  Islip  with 
Mr.  Whiteside,  of  the  museum,  on  purpose  to  see  Dr. 
Atterbury,  bishop  of  Rochester,  who  is  there  keeping 
of  court.  We  were  received  with  abundance  of  kind- 
ness. The  bishop  told  me  some  Grub-street  people 
are  reprinting  my  edition  of  Leland's  Itin.  But  he 
said  it  would  only  make  mine  still  the  more  valuable. 

Aug.  23.  Sir  Christopher  Wren  says  the  way  of 
making  mortar  with  haire  came  into  fashion  in  queen 
Elizabeth's  time.  Sir  Christ,  says  there  were  no  ma- 
sons in  London  when  he  was  a  young  man.  Sir  Christ. 
is  about  85  years  of  age. 

Sept.  — .  Out  of  Mr.  Thomas  Rawlinson's  Note  Book 
R.  Of  Daniel  Rawlinson,  my  grandfather,  who  kept 
the  Mitre  tavern  in  Fenchurch  street,  and  of  whose 
being  sequestred  in  the  Rump  time  I  have  heard  much, 
the  whiggs  tell  this,  that  upon  the  king's  murder  he 
hung  his  signe  in  mourning.  He  certainly  judged 
right.  The  honour  of  the  mitre  was  much  eclipsed 
through  the  loss  of  so  good  a  parent  of  the  church  of 
England.  Those  rogues  say,  this  endeared  him  so 
much  to  the  churchmen  that  he  soon  throve  amain 
and  got  a  good  estate. 

Sept.  1.    Mr.  Hugh  Thomas,  being  in  town,  tells 

cellor  and  principal  librarian  should  judge  most  useful  and  most 
wanting.  After  leaving  an  estate,  and  several  sums  of  money, 
to  the  son  and  daughters  of  his  half-brother,  (which  he  affirms 
to  be  more  than  they  or  their  relations,  so  like  one  another  for 
their  constant  disregard  of  him,  did  or  could  pretend  to  deserve,) 
the  bulk  of  his  property  went  to  Margaret  Hammond,  his  house- 
keeper, the  widow  of  "the  Rev.  Edward  Hammond,  partly  in 
trust  for  charitable  purposes,  and  partly  for  her  own  use  and 
benefit,  with  remainder  to  the  dean  and  chapter  of  Christ 

40  RELIQUIJS  [1716 

me  that  he  was  sometime  agoe  a  prisoner  in  France, 
and  that  he  saw  king  James  Hid.  at  St.  Germans. 
He  says  the  king  spoke  to  him  several  times.  He 
says  the  king  hath  a  very  sharp  look,  and  a  very  fine, 
black,  piercing  eye ;  that  he  is  very  thin,  but  hand- 
some ;  and  that  he  is  the  finest  spoken  gent,  he  ever 
heard,  and  that  he  is  wonderfully  mild  and  sweet  in  his 
temper.  He  says  that  my  lord  Bullingbroke  hath  been 
a  great  villain,  and  ruined  all  the  measures  for  restor- 
ing the  king.  Bullingbroke  is  out  of  favour  with  the 
king  for  that  reason.  He  says  my  lord  Oxford  is  very 
honest,  and  that  he  had  managed  things  for  the  king's 
restauration,  but  that  Bullingbroke  hindered  every 
thing,  being  resolved,  if  possible,  to  get  Oxford  out. 
which  was  accordingly  done,  tho'  with  the  loss  of 
queen  Anne's  life.  He  says  that  queen  Anne  was  a 
friend  to  her  brother,  but  that  she  was  not  willing  to 
relinquish  the  crown  during  her  life. 

Sept.  7.  On  Tuesday  morning  last,  very  early  in  the 
morning,  I  walked  out  of  town.  I  stopt  at  Newnham, 
where  I  breakfasted.  Thence  I  went  to  Clifton,  so 
called  from  the  church  or  chapell's  standing  on  a  cliff. 
I  walked  thence  by  the  river  side  till  I  came  against 
Long  Witnam,  w-here  I  waded  over,  the  water  being 
very  low  and  shallow.  Thence  I  walked  through 
Didcote.  Thence  I  walked  to  Church,  or  East  Hack- 
burn,  where  I  dined.  After  dinner  I  went  into  the 
church  of  East  Hackburn.  From  Hagbourne  I  walked 
to  Blewbery,  which  is  said  to  have  been  a  market 
town  formerly.  Thence  I  walked  over  the  downs  to 
Aldworth,  where  I  would  have  lain  all  night,  but 
could  not.  Thence  I  walked  to  West  Compton,  where 
I  lay  all  night.  The  next  morning,  being  Wednesday, 
I  returned  to  Aldworth.  and  went  with  the  clarke 

i7i6]  HEAENIANJE.  41 

into  the  church,  the  oldest  I  ever  yet  saw,  unless  St. 
Peter's  in  the  East,  Oxford,  may  be  excepted.  After 
dinner  I  went  to  Stretely,  and  in  the  way  found  two 
stones  fastened  in  the  ground  of  a  prodigious  bigness. 
They  are  of  red  flint.  The  man  that  was  with  me 
told  me  they  were  many  yards  within  the  ground,  and 
that  they  could  not  be  got  up.  One  of  them  is  within 
a  mile  of  Stretely.  I  take  them  to  be  old  mile  stones, 
or  mercurial  stones.  The  Ikeneld  way  came  from 
Goring  on  the  other  side  the  water  to  Stretely,  which 
took  name  from  this  way  or  street.  Thence,  as  I 
take  it,  went  to  Aid  worth,  so  called  by  the  Saxons 
from  its  antiquity.  From  Stretely  I  went  by  Mouls- 
ford  to  Wallingford,  and  so  to  Dorchester,  where  I  lay 
all  night.  Next  morning  I  called  at  old  Mr.  Bannis- 
ter's, just  without  Dorchester,  and  went  with  him  up 
to  Sinnodun  castle,  and  took  a  view  of  it,  as  I  had 
done  formerly.  Then  I  returned  with  old  Mr.  Ban- 
nister, and  dined  at  his  house,  and  had  much  discourse 
with  him  about  antiquities,  after  which  I  went  home 
to  Oxford. 

Dec.  2.  My  lord  Strathmore  being  now  in  Oxford, 
I  had  the  honour  of  being  with  his  lordship  last  night. 
He  is  about  sixteen  years  of  age,  and  of  excellent 
sense  and  wonderfull  good  nature.  His  elder  brother, 
whom  he  succeeded  in  honour  and  estate,  was  killed 
last  year  in  the  battle  of  Dumblain,  having  received 
about  twenty  wounds.  It  was  done  in  a  cowardly 
way.  He  happened  to  be  under  age,  and  so  the  estate 
was  saved.  My  lord  told  me,  that  in  this  battle  there 
were  above  a  thousand  slain  of  the  duke  of  Brunswick's 
forces,  and  not  above  fifty  or  threescore  of  king  James's. 
My  lord  told  me,  that  the  king's  picture,  for  which  I 
was  prosecuted,  is  extremely  like  the  king.     He  said, 

42  RELIQUI^  [17.16 

that  the  king  lay  at  his  house,  and  that  he  is  very 
pious  and  chearfull,  and  of  great  and  uncommon  un- 
derstanding. He  said,  the  king  was  a  very  fine  gen- 
tleman, and  a  lover  of  dancing.  He  said,  the  king 
touched  many  for  the  evil  in  his  lordship's  own  house, 
and  that  they  recovered. 

Dec.  3.  In  Rudgwick  church  in  Sussex. 

This  epitaph  (communicated  by  Mr.  Porter,  S.  T.  B. 
and  fellow  of  Corpus)  -is  in  the  belfry  of  the  church, 
tho'  the  person  be  buried  without  side  in  the  church 

Without  this  wall 

Lyeth  the  body  of  Crandly  Dr.,  Edward  Haines, 

For  to  maintaine  his  family  spared  not  for  paines 

To  ride,  and  to  run,  to  give  releife 

To  those  which  were  in  pain  and  griefe. 

Who  the  30th  of  April  enter'd  death's  straite  gate, 

From  the  birth  of  our  Saviour  1708  ; 

And  about  the  age  of  33  : 

And  had  his  fother's  virtues  in  ev'ry  degree. 

And  left  behind  him,  when  he  left  this  life, 

Two  likely  sons,  and  a  loveing  wife. 

And  about  36  weeks  after 

His  wife  and  releck  was  brought  a  bed  with  a 
daughter ; 

Which  3  we  desire  may  live, 

Not  to  beg  but  to  give. 

His  eldest  son  Edward  was  then  6  years  and  10 
months  old, 

And  John  about  3,  both  dapper  and  bold. 

Amongst  all  the  doctors,  tho'  there  are  man}-. 

He  is  as  much  mised  as  any. 

Like  to  most  mortals,  to  his  practise  he  was  a  slave, 

He  eatched  the  small-pox  and  died,  and  is  here  in 
his  grave. 

1716-17]  ITEARNIANJE.  43 

In  mortem  Georgii  Allen. 
(At  Horsham  in  Sussex.) 

Quod  fuit  esse  quod  est,  quod  non  fuit  esse  quod  esse, 
Esse  quod  est,  non  esse  quod  est,  non  est,  erit  esse. 
Vita  malis  plena  est,  pia  mors  pretiosa  corona  est, 
Post  vitam  mors  est,  post  mortem  vita  beata  est. 

Dec.  13.  I  had  this  day  a  hint  given  me  as  if  the 
present  vice-chancellor  and  some  others  (to  be  sure 
some  of  our  heads  of  houses)  have  a  mind  to  force 
open  my  chamber,  and  to  seize  upon  my  papers. 

Dec.  14.  I  was  in  company  last  night  with  three 
or  four  honest  gentlemen,  who  advised  me  to  take 
great  care  to  secure  my  MSS.  books,  such  as  those 
that  these  remarks  are  contained  in  ;  there  being  some 
design,  as  they  had  good  reason  to  think,  of  the  vice- 
chancellor's  searching  for  them,  as  he  is  a  justice  of 

1716-17.  Last  night  I  was  in  my  lord  Strathmore's 
company  several  hours,  with  several  other  honest 
gentlemen.  My  lord  gave  instances,  which  were  very 
remarkable  ones,  of  the  king's  being  religiously 
punctual  to  his  word.  He  gave  instances  of  his  mo- 
desty and  chastity.  He  said,  that  his  very  looks 
shewed  him  to  be  a  king. 

There  are  just  published  some  posthumous  things 
of  Dr.  South,  in  8vo.  They  are  printed  by  one  Edm. 
Curly1  an  errant  knave.    This  Curl  was  lately  whipped 

1  Curll  printed  two  octavo  volumes  of  Dr.  South's  posthumous 
works  in  1717  :  the  first  containing  (besides  memoirs  of  his  life 
and  writings,  in  which  is  included  an  account  of  his  travels  into 

44  RELIQUIJE  [171.7 

by  the  Westminster  school-boys,  for  printing  the 
speech  that  one  of  the  school-boys  made  upon  the 
funeral  of  Dr.  South. 

April  24.  On  Sunday  morning  last,  (being  Easter- 
day,)  Dr.  Charlett,  master  of  University  college,  sent 
his  man  to  invite  me  to  dinner  that  day.  I  sent  him 
word  that  I  was  engaged,  as  indeed  I  was.  Yester- 
day he  sent  again.  I  sent  word  I  would  wait  upon 
him.  Accordingly  I  went  at  twelve  a'elock.  When 
I  came  I  found  nobody  with  him  but  Mr.  Collins,  of 
Magdalen  coll.  whom  he  had  also  invited.  The  master 
was  reading  to  him  a  passage  out  of  one  of  the 
volumes  of  sir  Richard  Blackmore's  Essays,  and  thence 
he  took  occasion  to  extoll  sir  Richard's  writings  in  a 
most  extravagant  manner,  and  to  condemn  that  ex- 
cellently good,  and  inched  great,  man,  Mr.  Jeremy 
Collier,  and  to  condemn  his  writings.  The  master 
run  him  down  as  much,  and  said,  he  had  just  now 
writ  a  little  thing  against  Dr.  Kennett's  Letters  about 
bishop  Merks.  /  wish,  says  the  master,  it  be  well  done, 
insinuating  as  if  it  was  poor  ;  as  indeed  this  malicious, 
invidious  prevaricator,  Dr.  Charlett,  will  not  allow 
any  thing  of  the  non-jurors  to  be  well  done ;  tho' 

Poland  with  the  earl  of  Rochester,  in  the  3-ear  1674,)  three  ser- 
mons; (1)  on  the  martyrdom  of  king  Charles,  Judges  xix.  30. 
(2)  Ecclesiastical  constitutions  to  be  strictly  maintained,  Gala- 
tians  ii.  5.  (3)  The  certainty  of  a  judgment  after  this  life, 
2  Cor.  v.  10,  and  his  last  will:  to  all  which  is  added,  Oratio 
funebris  in  obitum  reverendissimi  et  clarissimi  viri  Roberti 
South,  S. T.  P.  with  an  English  translation  of  the  same.  And 
this  I  conjecture  to  have  been  the  speech,  for  printing  which  the 
Westminsters  inflicted  summary  punishment  upon  the  publisher. 
The  second  consists  of  his  Latin  poems,  various  declamations, 
addresses  when  public  orator  of  the  university  of  Oxford  at  pre- 
sentations to  degrees,  and  other  small  pieces  of  a  similar  nature. 
The  two  volumes  are  now  rarely  to  be  met  with.    See  page  365. 

1717  \  HEARNIAN^E.  45 

indeed  it  is  of  no  moment  what  his  opinion  be,  he 
being  one  of  the  worst  judges  of  learning  in  the  world. 
I  told  him  it  was  excellently  well  written,  and  done 
in  a  very  genteel  manner,  and  withall  said,  that  an- 
other gentleman,  viz.  Mr.  Earbury,  had  also  admirably 
well  confuted  Dr.   Kennett,  and  shewed  him  to  be 
an  heretick,  schismatick,  prevaricator,  and  a  meer 
shuffler.     I  told  him,  that  Mr.  Earbury  had  discovered 
withall  his  blunders  and  misrepresentation,  as  well  as 
false  quotation,  of  authors.     He  is  a  furious  writer, 
says  the  master,  and  a  non-juror,     I  am  sure,  said  I, 
he  is  not  so  furious  a  writer  as  Dr.  Kennett,  who  in- 
deed deserves  such  treatment.     Then  the  master  fell 
upon  Mr.  Collier  again,  and  said,  his  Church  History 
was  mean,  purely,  I  suppose,  because  done  by  a  non- 
juror.    He   said,  Mr.   Collier  took   all  occasions  to 
speak  against  the  reformation,  and  king  Henry  VIII. 
king  Edward  VI.  and  queen  Elizabeth.     I  replyed, 
that  Mr.  Collier  had  spoke  very  well  himself  as  to  this 
charge  in  his  new  tract.     And  truly  the  master  suffi- 
ciently betrayed  his  malice  in  this  point,  as  if  those 
princes  were  altogether  free  from  evil,  when  'tis  well 
enough  known  that  the  first  was  one  of  the  wickedest 
princes  that  ever  reigned,  and  that  the  last  had  a 
great  deal  of  her  father's  fury  in  her,  which  spurred 
her  to  do  many  things  against  the  true  interest  of  the 
clergy.     I  said,  that  Mr.  Collier's  History  was  very 
well  done,  and  that   he   was  a  clear-headed   man. 
He  ivrites  without  records,  says  the  master,  and  does 
not  understand  them,  whereas  Dr.  Kennett  is  a  master 
in  these  things.     I  said,  that  there  was  no  comparison 
between  Dr.  Kennett  and  Mr.  Collier,  the  latter  being 
much  superior  to  him  in  learning  and  judgment ;  and 
as  to  his  History,  I  said  it  was  compiled  from  records 
and  the  best  authorities.     I  said,  that  Dr.  Aldrich, 

46  RELIQUIjE  [171 7 

the  late  most  excellent  dean  of  Christ  Church,  had  a 
mean  opinion  of  Dr.  Kennett's  writings ;  that  when 
his  Parochial  Antiquities  of  Ambrosdm  were  brought 
to  him.  he  threw  them  aside  as  wast  paper,  and  or- 
dered it  to  be  placed  amongst  his  refuse-books,  where 
I  found  it  lying  upon  the  ground,  and  unbound,  when 
I  looked  over  the  said  dean's  books  after  his  death. 
Said  the  master,  As  for  Dr.  Aldrich,  he  was  a  desp 
of  antiquities.     I  told  him,  that  I  knew  the  contrary 
to  be  true.     For  as  soon  as  the  first  vol.  of  Leland's 
Itinerary  came  out,  he  read  it  all  over,  both  my  im- 
provements, as  well  as  the  text,  and  highly  commended 
it,  and  spent  a  whole  afternoon  with  me,  (when  I 
dined  with  him,)  in  discoursing  for  the  most  part 
about  this  work  and  antiquities.     I  told  the  master, 
that  the  dean  was  a  truly  learned  man,  and  that  he 
must  therefore  be  a  lover  of  antiquity,  learning  being 
nothing  else  but  antiquity.     He  was  only  for  polite 
learning,  says  the  master.     Why,  said  I,  that  is  anti- 
quity.     From   this  discourse   I  gathered,   that   the 
master  was  one  of  those  inveterate,  malicious  enemies, 
that  were  against  my  edition  of  Roper's  Life  of  Sir 
Thomas  More,  tho'  he  be  not  willing  to  own  it.     After 
this  had  passed  between  us,  we  went  into  the  hall  to 
dinner,  and  when  dinner  was  done,  we  retired  to  the 
common-room,  where  the  master  stayed  some  time, 
and  then   went  to  his  lodgings,  taking  Mr.  Collins 
with  him.     But  as  for  my  own  part,  I  staid  in  the 
common-room  with  some  of  the  fellows,  one  of  which, 
viz.  Mr.  Bayncs,  took  occasion  to  abuse  me,  purely 
In  cause  I  said  that  I  did  not  believe  that  the  pre- 
tender (as  he  is  called)  is  a  papist.     lie  made  extra- 
vagant reflections  upon  this,  and  abused  that  unfor- 
tunate gentleman  in  a  most  intollerable  manner.     I 
bore  all  calmly.     He  seemed  pacifyed  at  last,  and 

1 7i  7]  HEARNIAN^E.  47 

went  off  before  I  did,  and  shewed  himself  then  civil 
enough  to  me.  After  all,  I  look  upon  this  invitation 
to  dinner  as  a  premeditated  design  to  insult  and 
affront  me,  upon  no  other  account,  that  I  know  of, 
but  because  I  will  not  give  up  my  conscience,  and  act 
contrary  to  my  understanding. 

May  6.  Mr.  Jo.  Addison,  formerly  fellow  of  Mag- 
dalen coll.  Oxon,  being  made  one  of  the  principal 
secretaries  of  state,  (the  earl  of  Sunderland  being  the 
other,)  he  hath  made  Mr.  Tickel,  fellow  of  Queen's 
coll.  Oxon,  his  under-secretarie. 

May  29.  I  walked  this  day  to  Woodstocke,  in 
company  of  another  person,  and  was  met  at  Bladen 
by  a  third  Oxford  man.  I  went  into  Begbrooke  church 
as  I  went  along,  and  took  what  is  there,  tho'  every 
thing  of  antiquity  is  gone.  It  is  a  very  small  church. 
It  is  said  to  be  mother  church  to  Yarnton.  It  is 
dedicated  to  St.  Michael.  We  viewed  the  old  ruins 
about  Rosamund's  well  in  Woodstocke  park.  These 
are  the  ruins  of  the  labyrinth  for  Rosamund.  This 
labyrinth  was  a  vast  thing.  It  joyned  with  the  palace. 
The  workmen  say,  that  the  old  palace  and  the  ruins 
of  the  labyrinth  exceed  the  foundations  of  the  present 
Blenheim  house.  So  that  they  very  well  conclude 
that  the  old  palace  was  a  bigger  thing  than  Blenheim 
house.  I  was  never  in  it  before.  It  is  grand,  but  a 
sad,  irregular,  confused  piece  of  work.  The  architect 
(if  a  blockhead  may  deserve  that  name)  was  Vanbrug. 
The  hall  is  noble.  The  painting  of  the  top  was  done 
by  Thornehill.  It  represents  Marlborough's  victory 
at  Blenheim.  There  is  one  room  in  which  lye  some 
antiquities.  There  are  two  bustos  in  it,  and  two  moors. 
But  the  greatest  piece  of  antiquity  I  saw  in  it  is  of 

48  RELIQUIsE  [1717 

white  marble,  like  your  Parian  marble,  in  which  are 
several  figures  of  pleasure  by  a  river.  The  duke  of 
Marlborough's  misses  are  represented  in  figures  (by 
way  of  statues)  on  one  side  of  the  front  of  the  house. 
The  new  bridge  (which  hath  cost  about  thirty  thousand 
pounds)  over  the  rivulet  below  the  house,  is  wonder- 
full,  particularly  upon  account  of  the  arch,  the  biggest, 
at  least  one  of  the  biggest,  in  the  world,  and  hath  a 
shew  of  antiquity.  This  arch  is  103  yards.  We 
went  into  the  gardens.  The  garden  of  pleasure  con- 
tains three-score  acres.  The  kitchen  garden  contains 
seven  acres.  These  gardens  are  fine,  and  indeed 
exceed  (if  we  consider  things  as  an}-  thing  perfect) 
the  house,  in  which  we  have  nothing  convenient,  most 
of  the  rooms  being  small,  pitifull,  dark  things,  as  if 
designed  for  panders,  w — s,  cl — e-st — s,  p —  p — ts, 
and  other  things  of  that  nature.  By  this  work  we 
sufficiently  see  the  genius  of  Vanbrugg. 

June  10.  This  (Monday)  being  king  James  Illd.'s 
birthday,  I  walked  out  very  early  in  the  morning, 
and  did  not  come  back  till  Friday  night  following, 
being  June  14th.  I  viewed  many  antiquities,  par- 
ticularly the  [ckneyway  in  Oxfordshire,  and  where  it 
passeth  over  at  Goring.  I  also,  amongst  other  re- 
markable things,  saw  the  ruins  of  the  nunnery  of 
Goring,  a  little  part  of  which  is  now  remaining,  tho' 
new  additions  have  been  made.  Mr.  Taylour  has  it 
now  in  possession,  as  lie  hath  the  estate,  being  pur- 
chased by  him. 

June  20.  Memorand.  That  the  princess  of  Hanover 
very  lately  went  on  board  one  of  the  Oxford  barges, 
and  eat  of  the  barge  meal  and  bread,  and  drank  out 
of  their  bowle,  and  gave  each  bargeman  two  guineas. 

i7r7J  IIEARNIANsE.  40 

The  said  bargemen  were  yesterday  in  Oxford,  with 
tokens  in  their  hats,  and  carrying  their  bowle  to 
Balliol  college,  were  made  drunk  there  by  the  care  of 
Dr.  Baron,  our  vice-chancellor. 

July  2.  Yesterday  my  lord  Oxford,  notwithstanding- 
all  the  noise  about  him,  was  set  at  liberty,1  not  so  much 
as  one  appearing  against  him.  The  house  of  lords 
insisted  upon  this,  that  matters  of  high-treason  should 
be  proceeded  on  first.  The  commons  dissented.  But 
at  last  they  were  forced  to  acquiesce.  There  were 
present  in  the  house  of  lords  yesterday  106,  and  every 
one  for  him.  Not  one  of  the  commons  appeared. 
Never  was  such  a  tryal  from  the  beginning  of  the  world. 

July  28.  Sir  Hans  Sloane  having  two  daughters, 
Mrs.  Jenny  Sloane,  which  is  one  of  them,  and  a  vast 
fortune,  is  married  to  collonell  Cadogan,  brother  of 
general  Cadogan,  a  loose  person,  and   of  no  great 


Aug.  1.  This  being  the  inauguration  of  king  George, 
(as  they  call  the  duke  of  Brunswick,)  the  sermon  was 
preached  at  St.  Marie's  by  Mr.  Farringdon,  of  Queen's 
college.  It  was,  as  I  hear,  a  party  per  pale2  sermon, 
viz.  both  for  the  whiggs  and  for  the  tories.  The  same; 
day  was  the  day  for  the  assize  sermon  before  baron 
Price  and  Mr.  Justice  Blencowe.  Accordingly,  Mr. 
Cotes,  principal  of  Magdalen  hall,  and  orator  of  the 
university,  was  appointed    to   preach.     But  in    the 

1  After  a  confinement  in  the  Tower  from  the  16th  of  Julv,  1715, 
to  July  I,  1717. 

2  An  expression  taken  from  heraldry,  where  the  coat  is  bisected 
from  the  chief  to  the  base,  each  partition  being  of  a  different 

II.  E 

50  RELIQTJIjE  [1717 

morning  Mr.  Justice  Blencowe  declared,  upon  men- 
tioning the  matter,  that  one  sermon  should  do,  and 
that  they  would  not,  by  any  means,  have  two,  that  of 
the  day  being  sufficient. 

Aug.  2.  The  bells  rung  a  little  yesterday  morning 
in  Oxford,  otherwise  there  appeared  little  or  no  manner 
of  rejoicing  all  day ;  only  in  the  evening  the  Consti- 
tution club  (a  company  of  rank  whiggs)  got  together 
at  the  Three  Inn  Tavern,  and  had  a  bonfire  and  illu- 
minations, which  were  the  only  bonfire  and  illumina- 
tions I  saw  in  High-street,  tho'  I  suppose  the  whiggs 
in  other  streets  shewed  the  like  tokens  of  joy. 

Aug.  7.  Mr.  Pope,  the  poet,  who  is  now  publishing 
Homer,  in  English  verse,  (three  volumes  of  the  Iliads 
in  4to.  being  already  come  out.)  was  born  in  the  parish 
of  Binfield,  near  Ockingham,  in  Berks.  He  is  a  papist, 
as  is  also  his  father,  who  is  a  sort  of  a  broken  merchant . 
The  said  Mr.  Pope  was  patronized  and  encouraged  by 
the  late  sir  William  Trumbull.  He  lived  in  Binfield 
parish  till  of  late,  when  he  removed  to  Chiswick,  in 
Surrey.1  He  is  most  certainly  a  very  ingenious  man. 
He  is  deformed. 

Aug.  13.  Going  this  day  through  Christ  Church,  I 
took  the  opportunity  to  view  distinctly  the  statue  just 
put  up  in  one  of  the  nitches  within  the  college,  by  the 
dean's  lodgings,  of  bishop  Fell.  The  statuary  was  at 
work.  All  people,  that  knew  the  bishop,  agree  'tis 
not  like  him,  he  being  a  thin,  grave  man,  whereas  the 
statue  represents  him  plump  and  gay.  I  told  the 
statuary  that  it  was  unlike,  and  that  he  was  made  too 

1   Middlesex. 

1 7i7]  HEARNIANJE.  51 

plump.  Oh,  says  he,  we  must  make  a  handsome  man. 
Thus  this  fellow.  Just  as  if  we  were  to  burlesque  the 
bishop,  who  is  put  in  episcopal  robes,  and  yet  by  the 
statue  is  not  represented  above  20. 

Aug.  16.  Mr.  John  Bridges  hath  bought  Pliny's 
Epistles,  in  nine  books,  of  Beroaldus's  edition  at 
Bononia,  1498,  with  part  of  the  10th,  published  by 
A  van  tins,  anno  1502,  (of  which  I  have  spoken  in  my 
preface  to  my  edition  of  Pliny.)  He  tells  me  he  gave 
thirty  shillings  for  it.  So  that  the  copy  I  have,  collated 
with  a  MS.  by  Jucundus,  and  the  10th  book,  supplied 
also  from  a  MS.  must  be  worth  any  money,  though  it 
cost  me  about  six  shillings  only. 

Aug.  19.  Jacobus  Gronovius,  I  hear,  hath  been 
dead  some  time.  So  hath  Gisb.  Cuperus.  The  cha- 
racters of  these  men  are  well  known.  The  former 
was  a  learned,  but  a  very  ill-natured  man,  and  his 
stile  so  very  intricate  and  obscure,  that  it  is  hard  to 
know  what  he  drives  at.  The  latter  was  a  very  learned 
and  candid  man.  The  former  hath  a  son  now  in 
Oxford,  a  very  forward,  pert  young  man. 

Aug.  23.  Last  week  was  published  a  sixpenny 
pamphlett,  written  in  verse,  by  one  (as  'tis  said)  of 
St.  John's  coll.  called  Merton  Walks,  or  the  Oxford 
Beauties.  Though  it  be  but  poor  stuff,  yet  it  was 
mightily  bought  up.  The  characters  are  so  far  from 
being  different,  that  there  is,  as  it  were,  but  one  and 
the  same  character  running  throughout,  and  that  is  in 
praise  or  commendation  of  the  ladies.  The  society  of 
Merton  college  have  since  ordered  the  garden  to  be 
kept  close,  and  the  steps  to  be  pulled  down.  One  of 
the  beauties  in  this  pamphlett  is  one  Mrs.  Fiddes,  that 

52  RELIQUIM  [1717 

lodges  against  the  Angel  Inn  at  Shipwey's  the  bar- 
ber's. She  is  daughter  of  Mr.  Fiddes,  S.  T.  B.,  and 
she  is  often  styled  by  the  name  of  the  Body  of  Divinity, 
from  her  father's  being  now  printing  and  publishing 
a  book  in  folio,  which  he  calls  a  Body  of  Divinity. 
This  young  lady  is  handsome,  but  very  conceited  and 
void,  as  it  were,  of  understanding.  The  said  pam- 
phlett  was  printed  at  the  Theatre,  and  was  looked 
over  by  our  vice-chancellor,  Dr.  Baron. 

Sept.  4.  From  Mr.  Tho.  Rawlinson's  note-book  0. 
Penes  me  in  8vo.  "  Anglorum  Proelia,  &c.  per  Oclan- 
"  dum.  Additur  Nevelli  Kettus,  15S2.  cum  privilegio 
"  Regiae  Majestatis;"  and,  what  is  more,  so  vain  was 
this  ambitious  woman,  that  by  order  of  her  privy 
councell,  this  book  was  to  be  read  in  all  grammar  and 
free  schooles,  through  England  and  Wales.  Good 
God  !  that  a  piece  of  moderne  stuff  should  be  obtruded 
upon  poor  scholemasters  and  boys,  instead  of  the 
correct  Virgil,  moral  Horace,  or  ingenious  Ovid.  'Twas 
well  young  gentlemen  early  read  English  history,  but 
why  tagg'd  in  verse,  forsooth  ?  She  ordered  it,  be- 
cause she  was  the  godess  of  the  greatest  part  of  the 
work.     If  tliis  was  not  vanity,  what  was  ? 

Sept.  8.  Ancient  exercises  for  degrees  in  Oxford.  Out 
of  a  4to.  book  called  "  An  Abstract  of  certain  Acts  of 
"  Parliament,"  page  56:  "This  maner  of  tryall  can 
"  not  better  appeare,  then  by  a  comparison  to  the 
"  proceedinges  and  commcnecmentes  in  Oxenforde  or 
"  Cambridge,  familiarlie  knowen  to  schoolemen  in  both 
"  .universities.  Whosoever  is  to  fake  any  degree  in 
•■  schoole,  either  bachelor,  maister,  or  doctor  in  any 
•■  facultie,  lie  must  firste  set  uppon  the  schoole  doores 
"  his  questions  where  in  he  is  to  answere :  he  must 

1 7i  7]  HEARNIANJE.  53 

••  publikely  aunswere  to  every  one  that  will  oppose 
"  him :  he  must  afterwarde  in  the  universitie  church 
"  submit  himselfe  privately  to  the  examination  of 
•'  every  one  of  that  degree,  whereunto  he  dcsireth  to 
"  be  promoted :  he  must  afterwards  be  brought  by 
"  his  presenter  into  the  congregation  house,  to  the 
"  judgement  and  tryall  of  the  whole  house,  and  if  he 
';  shall  there  have  a  sufficient  number  of  his  superiour's 
"  voyces  allowing  his  maners,  and  pleased  with  his 
■'  learning,  he  is  then  presented  by  one  of  the  house 
"  to  the  vice-chancellour  and  proctors,  and  by  them, 
"  as  judges,  in  the  name  of  the  whole  house,  admitted 
"  to  his  degree." 

Mr.  William  Faithorne  was  an  excellent  engraver 
for  heads.  His  own  was  engraven  very  well  by  Mr. 
John  Fillian.  I  have  it.  Fillian  was  a  disciple  of 
Wm.  Faithorne,  the  graver,  and  is  thought  to  have  had 
foule  play  from  his  jealous  master.  He  graved  The 
7  Lib.  Sciences,  penes  me.1 

Sept.  26.  Last  night  Dr.  Walker,  that  writ  the  folio 
book  about  the  sufferings  of  the  clergy,  called  upon 
me,  and,  amongst  other  discourse,  told  me  that  there 
have  been  dug  up  at  Exeter,  not  long  agoe,  about  half 
a  bushell  of  Roman  coyns,  most  silver  from  Antoninus 
Pius  to  Gallienus.     He  gave  me  one  of  them,  a  very 

1  This  from  Mr.  Tho.  Eawlinson's  note-book  F.  Of  Fillian  no 
particulars  have  been  hauded  down  to  us.  Strutt  and  Walpcle 
suppose  him  to  have  died  young,  from  the  very  few  plates  en- 
graved by  his  hand ;  the  suspicion  recorded  by  Mr.  Rawlinson 
(and  which  was  probably  only  the  vulgar  report  of  the  day)  does 
not  seem  to  have  reached  them.  Besides  the  head  of  Faithorne, 
he  engraved  Thomas  Cromwell,  earl  of  Essex  ;  and  Paracelsus. 
And  his  name  appears  on  the  frontispiece  to  a  folio  edition  of 
Heylin's  Cosmography. 

54  RELIQUIAE  [1717 

fair  one  of  Trajanus  Dccius,  with  dacia  on  it.  He 
says  most  of  them  are  fair.  He  says  Mr.  Reynolds, 
who  is  schoolmaster  of  Exeter,  and  hath  them,  designs 
them  for  the  university.  This  Dr.  Walker  is  a  worthy 
and  an  honest  man,  tho'  his  book  is  not  done  with 
that  judgment  which  could  be  Avished. 

Nov.  9.  Mr.  Jo.  Addison,  who  was  made,  about 
Easter  last,  secretary  of  state,  is  turned  out  of  office? 
and  made  one  of  the  tellers  of  the  exchequer.  His 
under-secretary  was  Mr.  Tho.  Tickell,  that  pretender 
to  poetry,  of  Queen's  college.  Mr.  Addison  was  by  no 
means  qualifyed  for  the  office  of  secretary,  being  not 
skilled  in  business,  and  not  knowing  how  to  speak. 
This  is  what  is  commonly  said. 

Nov.  10.  I  was  this  evening  at  the  chamber  of 
Dr.  Peirce  Dod,  fellow  of  All-Soul's  college,  and  a 
very  worthy,  honest  man.  Several  others  were  there, 
amongst  which  Dr.  Harrison,  a  very  honest  man, 
and  fellow  of  that  college.  Mrs.  Dawson,  one  of  those 
that  deposed  for  the  birth  of  the  prince  of  Wales,  now 
king  James  Hid.  wras  aunt  to  this  Dr.  Harrison.  She 
was  a  protestant.  The  Dr.  hath  her  deposition,  and 
he  says  'tis  much  fuller  and  more  complete  than  what 
is  printed.  He  hath  promised  a  sight  of  it.  He  says 
Mrs.  Dawson  warmed  the  queen's  bed,  and  that  no- 
body besides  had  the  warming-pan. 

Nov.  12.  Last  week  began  to  be  put  up  upon  the 
new  printing-house  in  Oxford,  a  parcell  of  heavy  leaden 
statues,  called  the  nine  muses.  The  leaden  statues  bad 
lain  at  the  wharf  above  two  years,  having  been  first 

1  Not  true,  of  his  being  turned  out.     T.  H. 

1 7i  7]  HEARNIAN^E.  55 

of  all  refused.  But  Baskett  at  last  prevailed  with  the 
delegates  to  take  them,  and  by  that  means  he  hath 
got  more  money  from  them,  these  statues  coming  to 
about  six  hundred  pounds. 

Dec.  14.  Mr.  Calvert,1  of  Christ  Church,  (with  whom 
I  walked  to  Headington  to-day,)  tells  me,  that  countess 
dowager  my  lady  Litchfield  hath  a  good  collection  of 
original  pictures,  particularly  of  the  court  of  king 
Charles  II.  whose  daughter2  she  is  by  the  dutchess  of 
Cleveland,  and  hath  been  a  very  great  beauty.  She 
is  a  very  good  and  virtuous  lady.  Mr.  Calvert  promises 
to  procure  me  a  list  of  the  curiosities  in  her  posses- 
sion, one  of  which  is  a  large  elbow  chair,  (now  kept 
at  Dichley,  near  Woodstock,)  in  which  king  Charles  II. 
(her  father)  used  constantly  to  sleep  after  dinner. 
The  said  lady  Lichfield  herself  (at  that  time  very 
j^oung)  got  this  chair  to  be  made  for  the  king,  which 
pleased  him  mightily.  The  said  king  had  a  greater 
value  and  love  for  this  lady  than  he  had  for  his  other 
children.  Mr.  Calvert  (from  whom  I  have  this  story) 
is  grandson  to  the  said  lady,  who  married  sir  Edward 
Henry  Lee.  who  thereupon  was  created  earl  of  Lich- 
field by  king  Charles  the  lid,  and  after  the  revolution 
was  a  non -juror,  and  (to  his  honour  be  it  said)  died 
so,  anno  1716,  aged  53,  being  (as  it  is  reasonably 
supposed)  much  grieved  at  the  iniquity  and  distrac- 
tion of  the  times.  The  foresaid  dutchess  of  Cleveland 
was  a  very  cruel  and  austere  mother,  one  instance  of 
which  I  learn  from  Mr.  Calvert,  who  tells  me,  that 
his  grand-mother,  the  lady  Lichfield,  being  in  her 

1  Benedict  Leonard  Calvert,  gentleman  commoner  of  Christ 
Church,  and  brother  to  the  lord  Baltimore. 

2  Her  name  is  Charlott.     T.  H. 

56  RELIQUIAE  [1717 

mother's  coach  in  the  park,  happened  to  break  the 
glass  of  the  coach,  and  thereupon  her  father  the  king- 
passing  by  in  another  coach,  happened  to  stop,  and 
asking  his  daughter  what  made  her  cry  so,  (for  she 
cryed  as  soon  as  the  glass  was  broke,)  she  answered, 
because  she  was  afraid  that  her  mother  would  beat 
her  soundly.     Upon  this  the  king  took  her  into  his 
own  coach,  and  shewed  a  particular   dislike  of  the 
dutchesses  ill  usage,  by  sending  an  express  message 
to  her  never  to  strike  her  more,  under  pain  of  loosing 
his  sight  and  favour  for  the  future,  if  she  should  offer 
any  such  thing.     It  must  be  here  likewise  remem- 
bered, that  the  above  mentioned  lady  Lichfield  used 
(at  the  request  of  his  majesty)  to  scratch  the  king's 
head,  when  he  slept  in  the  elbow  chair.     The  king's 
picture  (I  mean  king  Charles  the  lid's)  is  now  in  her 
hands,  and  done  in  miniature  admirably  well,  valued 
at  five  hundred  guineas.    The  dutchess  of  Portsmouth, 
when  she  made  a  visit  once  to   the  lady  Lichfield, 
offered  that  sum  for  it,  but  the  lady  Lichfield  would 
not  take  it.     The  countess  dowager  of  Lichfield  was 
one  of  those  that  deposed  for  the  legitimacy  of  king 
James   III.      She  can   tell  many  other  things  with 
reference  to  that  matter,  she  being  one  of  the  ladies 
of  the  bed-chamber. 

Dec.  18.  My  great  friend,  Dr.  Richard  Mead,  hath 
recovered  the  princess  of  Wales  (as  she  is  called )  when 
the  other  physicians  had  certainly  killed  her,  had  their 
prescriptions  been  followed.  This  hath  gained  Dr. 
Mead  a  great  reputation  at  prince  George's  court,  and 
Dr.  Garth  and  Dr.  Sloane  are  now  out  of  favour,  as 
well  as  others. 

1  717-18.  Jan.  29.  Tho'  this  winter  was  very  mild 

1717-1S]  HEARNIAN^E.  57 

till  Christmass,  yet  since  Christmass  it  hath  been  very 
severe,  and  it  was  observed,  that  on  Tuesday  night, 
the  21st  instant,  the  cold  was  more  violent  than  in 
any  one  night  of  the  great  frost  in  1683,  and  that 
it  froze  five  inches  and  a  quarter  of  solid  ice,  between 
eight  of  the  clock  that  evening,  and  seven  a'clock  on 
Wednesday  morning.  It  continues  freezing  still,  tho' 
there  hath  been  an  intermission  for  a  day  or  two  since 
the  21st.  This  frost  hath  very  bad  effects  upon 
human  bodies,  so  that  it  increases  the  numbers  of  the 
dead  much  more  than  before. 

Feb.  5.  Mr.  Calvert  tells  me,  that  the  occasion  of 
building  my  lord  Lichfield's  house,  at  Dichley,  near 
Woodstock,  was  this  :  sir  Henry  Lee  being  a  great 
favourite  of  Queen  Elizabeth's,  when  he  grew  into  age, 
happened  (as  was  usual  with  that  queen,  who  loved 
youth,)  to  decline  her  favour,  and  thereupon  settling 
in  the  country,  he  built  this  house  on  the  side  of  a 
hill.  Mr.  Calvert  had  this  account  from  the  present 
dowager  lady  Lichfield,  one  of  king  Charles  the  lid's 


Feb.  23.  Last  night  was  buried  at  Spelsbury,  near 
Woodstock,  the  right  honourable  Chariot  countess 
dowager  of  Litchfield,  and  natural  daughter  of  king 
Charles  the  lid.  by  Barbara,  then  countess  of  Castle- 
maine,  afterwards  dutchess  of  Cleveland.  She  was  a 
lady  of  very  great  sense  and  virtue.  She  died  at 
London,  on  Monday  last,  Feb.  17. 

Feb.  27.  The  present  lord  Baltimore  hath  an  original 
picture  of  the  beautifull  dutchess  of  Cleveland,  Barbara 
Villiers,  done  by  sir  Peter  Lilly,  who  used  to  say,  that 
it  was  beyond  the  compass  of  art  to  give  this  lady  her 

58  RELIQUIAE  [1717-18 

due,  as  to  her  sweetness  and  exquisite  beauty.  King 
Charles  II.  used  to  say  of  her,  that  if  she  had  had 
as  much  sense  and  wit  as  she  had  beauty,  she  had 
certainly  ruined  mankind.  By  this  king  she  had 
several  children,  one  of  which  was  George  cluke  of 
Northumberland,  who  died  in  July  1716,  an  honest, 
brave  man. 

March  2.  For  these  words  Mr.  William  Shippen  was 
sent  to  the  Tower  :l 

"  I  know  these  assertions  interfere  with  what  is  laid 
"  down  in  the  second  paragraph  of  his  majesty's  speech. 
"  But  we  are  to  consider  that  speech  as  the  composi- 
"  tion  and  advice  of  his  ministry,  and  are  therefore  at 
"  liberty  to  debate  every  proposition  in  it,  especially 
"  those  which  seem  rather  calculated  for  the  meridian 
"  of  German//  than  of  Great  Britain.  'Tis  the  only 
"  infelicity  of  his  majesty's  reign,  that  he  is  unac- 
••'  quainted  with  our  language  mid  constitution  ;  and  'tis 
"  therefore  the  more  incumbent  on  his  British  mini- 
"  sters  to  inform  him,  that  our  government  does  not 
"  stand  on  the  same  foundation  with  his  German 
"  dominions,  which  (by  reason  of  their  scituation,  and 

1  Mr.  Shippen  was  brother  to  Dr.  Shippen,  the  principal  of 
Brasennose,  and  in  parliament  tor  Newton.  After  speaking 
against  the  motion  for  a  standing  army  of  sixteen  thousand  and 
oild  men  during  peace,  and  using  the  words  given  by  Ilearne. 
the  solicitor-general,  Mr.  Lechmere,  moved,  that  the  words  be 
taken  down,  and  that  the  member  who  spoke  them  should  be 
sent  to  the  Tower.  Several  members  spoke  in  behalf  of  Mr. 
Shippen;  amongst  others,  Mr.  B.  Walpole,  in  order  to  give  him 
an  opportunity  of  explaining  or  retracting  what  he  had  said; 
but  Mr.  S.  refusing  to  do  either,  was,  after  a  long  debate,  voted 
to  the  Tower,  by  175  voices  against  81.  A  lesson  this  to  such 
gentlemen  as  BUppose  they  may  consider  the  king's  speech  as  the 
composition  of  ministers,  and  treat  it  accordingly. 

•i7 1 8]  HEARNIANjE.  59 

"  the  nature  of  their  constitution,)  are  obliged  to  keep 
"  up  standing  armies  in  time  of  peace." 

April  14.  The  Travells  of  Mr.  Henry  Maundrel, 
from  Aleppo  to  Jerusalem,  which  have  been  printed 
several  times  at  the  Theatre  in  Oxford,  is  a  very  good 
book,  written  in  a  good  plain  style,  which  shews  the 
author  to  have  been  a  clear-headed,  rational  man,  and 
a  very  good  scholar.  He  takes  notice  of  very  sub- 
stantial things,  such  as  will  make  his  book  esteemed 
amongst  all  curious  and  learned  men,  and,  unless  I 
am  much  mistaken,  the  longer  it  continues,  the  more 
it  will  be  admired. 

April  18.  Among  Anthony  a  Wood's  Ballads  is  A 
lamentable  Ballad  of  a,  Comitate  lately  performed  neer 
London  betwixt  Sir  James  Steward  and  Sir  George 
Wharton,  Knights,  who  were  both  slaine  at  that  time. 
The  tune  is,  Downe  Plumpton  Parke.1  Mr.  Wood  notes 
thus  :  "  The  much  lamented  sir  James  Stuart,  one  of 
"  the  king's  blood,  and  sir  George  Wharton,  the  prime 
"  branch  of  that  noble  family,  for  little  worthless 
"  punctilioes  of  honour,  (being  intimate  friends,)  took 
"  the  field,  and  fell  together  by  each  other's  hand. 
"  Sir  George  AArharton,  eldest  son  of  Philip  lord 
"  Wharton,  was  slaine  in  a  duel  by  sir  James  Stewart, 
"  kt.  8  Nov.  1609,  whereupon  the  estate  came  to  sir 
"  Tho.  Wharton,  father  of  Philip  lord  Wharton,  the 
"  eowardlie  rebell." 

April  19.  The  custom  of  hanging  up  the  armour 
of  kings  and  nobles  in  churches  came  from  Canute's 

1  For  an  account  of  some  other  ballads  in  this  curious  collec- 
tion, see  Appendix,  No.  XI.     See  also  page  226. 


placing  his  crown  upon  the  head  of  the  crucifix  at 
Winchester,  after  he  found  that  he  could  not  make 
the  waters  obey  him. 

There  was  slaine  of  Englishmen  (in  the  battel  be- 
tween Harold  and  William  the  Conqueror)  67,974, 
saith  J.  de  Taylor,  in  his  History  of  Normandy,  or 
47.04-1  after  other.  And  of  the  Normans  6013,  besides 
such  as  were  drowned. 

King  William  the  Conqueror's  beard  alwayes  shaven, 
for  so  was  the  custome  of  the  Norman.  Thus  were 
the  Englishmen  forced  to  imitate  the  Normans  in 
habit  of  apparell,  shaving  off  their  beards,  service  at 
the  table,  and  in  all  other  outward  gestures.  The 
English  before  did  not  use  to  shave  their  upper  lips. 

April  23.  Mr.  Bedford,  who  was  tryed,  fined,  and 
imprisoned  in  queen  Anne's  time,  for  the  excellent 
book  called  Hereditary  Right,1  is  freed,  and  his  fine 

1  The  Hereditary  Right  of  the  Crown  of  England  asserted ;  the 
History  of  the  Succession  cleared;  ami  the  true  English  Constitution 
vindicated  from  the  Misrepresentations  of  Dr.  Higden's  Vien 
Defence.  Wherein  some  Mistakes  also  of  our  common  Historians 
are  rectify ed\  and  several  Particulars  relating  to  the  Succession, 
and  to  the  Title  oj  tin  House  of  Suffolk,  are  now  first  published  from 
ancient  Becords  and  original  MSS.;  together  with  an  authentick 
Copy  of  King  Henry  I'lIInYs  Will.  By  a  Gentleman.  Lond. 
1713,  folio. 

In  St.  John's  college  library,  Oxford,  are  two  copies  of  this 
volume,  given  by  Dr.  Rawlinson.  In  the  first  is  the  following 
note  in  the  doctor's  own.  and  not  to  be  mistaken,  hand: 

"  In  usura  bibliotheeae  coll.  Di.  Jo.  Bapt.  Oxon.  obsequii 
"  tesseram  Ric.  Rawlinson  olim  ComVusalis  D.D.  D.  anno  1731." 

X.  I'.  The  introduction  to  this  book  was  wrote  by  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Thcophilus  Downes,  M.  A.  fellow  of  Baliol  college,  ejected 
from  his  fellowship  in  1690.  The  book  itself  the  labour  of  the 
Rev.  Mr.  George  Harbin,  M.  A.  of college,  in  Cambridge, 

i7i8]  HEARNIANsE.  61 

April  21.  King  George  hath  given  300  libs,  to  Mr. 
Laurence  Eaehard,  for  his  History  of  England,  which 

and  chaplain  to  Dr.  Turner,  the  deprived  bishop  of  Ely,  with 
whom  he  suffered,  tho'  the  Rev.  Mr.  Hilkiah  Bedford,  foimerly 
fellow  of  St.  John's  college,  in  Cambridge,  and  rector  of  Wittering, 
in  Northamptonshire,  (of  both  which  he  was  deprived,)  corrected 
the  press,  and  suffered  as  editor  and  author. 

In  page  3  of  Bishop  Kennett's  Letter  to  (Nicholson)  Bishop 
of  Carlisle,  Bond.  1713,  oct.he  is  pleased  to  grant,  that  whoever 
the  author  be,  "  he  writes  smoothly  and  artfully  enough,  with 
"  the  air  of  a  courtier,  and  all  the  appearance  of  a  scholar;"  a 
full  proof  from  this  book,  and  an  enemy,  that  the  clergy  are  no 
such  bunglers  in  politicks,  or  so  ignorant,  as  misrepresented.  In 
page  5  of  his  second  Letter  to  Bp.  Nicholson,  Lond.  1716,  oct. 
he  acquaints  us,  that  one  motive  of  writing  was,  "  that  he  had 
"  more  than  ordinary  indignation  at  the  hearing  from  an  eye- 
"  witness,  that  one  of  the  first  presents  of  this  book,  splendidly 
"  bound,  was  made  to  queen  Anne,  at  Windsor,  by  the  very 
"  gentleman  who  was  supposed  to  have  the  greatest  hand  in  it,  a 
"  gentleman  who  had  not  taken  the  oaths  to  her,  and  who,  at 
"  that  time,  would  not  have  gone  to  chapell  with  her,  and,  by 
"  principle,  could  never  pray  for  her." 

The  most  part  of  this  paragraph  is  false,  as  it  is  said  to  relate 
to  Mr.  Nelson,  who  neither  presented  the  book,  nor,  though  a 
non-juror,  would  have  refused  to  have  attended  queen  Anne  to 
chapell,  as  it  is  well  known,  that  on  the  death  of  bishop  Lloyd, 
of  Norwich,  he  returned  to  his  parochial  church. 

In  the  blank  leaf  of  the  second  copy  is  a  note  in  the  hand- 
writing of  Dr.  Derham,  president  of  St.  John's,  the  eldest  son  of 
the  author  of  Astro  and  Physico-Theology. 

"  Liber  coll.  S.  Joan.  Bapt.  ex  dono  Ric.  Rawlinson,  L.  L.  D. 
"  ejusdem  sup.  ord.  commensalis  1751." 

Dr.  Rawlinson  had  formerly  made  a  present  of  a  copy  of  this 
book  to  the  college  library,  in  the  blank  leaves  of  which  there  is 
some  account  of  the  authors,  &c.  This  copy  he  gave  fur  the 
sake  of  a  tract  at  the  end,  which  was  designed  as  a  part  of  the 
work,  but  is  very  rarely  to  be  found  with  it. 

The  tract  thus  alluded  to,  is  a  thin  folio  of  thirty-six  pages, 
besides  the  title-page,  and  one  leaf  of  advertisement  from  the 
bookseller  to  the  reader.  It  is  entitled,  A  Vindication  of  her 
Majesty's  Title  and  Government,  from  the  dangerous  Insinuations 
of  Dr.  Higden's  View  of  the  English  Constitution.  By  a  true  Lover 
of  his  Country.  London:  Printed  for  Richard  Smith,  &c. 

62  RELIQUIJS  [1718 

is  dedicated  to  king  George.  I  suppose  'tis  a  most 
roguish,  whiggish  thing,  much  such  as  what  Kennett 
writes.  I  have  not  read  it.  Such  writers  ought  to 
be  laid  aside.  Yet  I  hear  that  Dr.  Prideaux,  dean  of 
Norwich,  mightily  commends  this  Eachard's  Church 
History.  But  Prideaux  is  a  great  whig  himself,  tho' 
a  good  scholar.  Indeed  Eachard  hath  a  good  pen, 
but  he  does  not  look  into,  much  less  follow,  original 

May  7.  The  late  duke  of  Northumberland  (who 
was  one  of  king  Charles  the  lid's  natural  sons,  and 
the  only  son  who  did  not  degenerate  from  good  prin- 
ciples) was  created  duke,  not  only  upon  account  of  his 
birth,  but  his  good  parts  and  sense,  which  being  taken 
notice  of  by  king  Charles  II.  he  not  only  settled  all 
his  brother's  titles  on  him  in  case  of  failure  of  issue, 
(a  favour  not  granted  to  any  of  the  other  children,) 
but  also,  when  dying,  recommended  him  particularly 
to  his  royal  brother  the  duke  of  York,  saying,  I  desire, 
brother,  that  you  will  be  land  to  George,  as  I  am  sure  he 
will  be  honest  ami  loyal.  His  virtues  and  loyally  were 
accordingly  taken  notice  of,  and  made  him  courted 
both  by  king  James,  and  even  by  the  prince  of  Orange, 
and  the  princess  Ann  of  Denmark  ;  but  the  duke  of 
Brunswick,  (tin'  present  usurper,)  as  he  hath  in  all 
other  respects  acted  the  tyrant,  so  he  was  pleased  to 
shew  his  ill-nature  to  this  great  duke  of  Northumber- 
land, and  to  dismiss  him  of  all  his  places,  viz.  con- 
stable of  Windsor  castle,  collonell  and  commander  of 
the  royal  regiment  of  dragoons,  and  lord  lieutenant  of 
the  counties  of  Surrey,  &c.  and  ranger  of  Windsor 
forrcst,  &c.  It  was  whispered  among  friends,  that, 
among  other  things,  the  present  court  was  much  dis- 
gusted at  the  following  passage,  viz.  That  the  duke 

1 7i  8]  HEARNIANjE.  63 

coming  one  day  into  court,  happened  to  touch  the 
prince  as  he  passed ;  upon  which  the  prince,  turning, 
said,  What!  cant  a  man  stand  still,  for  a  bastard? 
Upon  which  the  said  duke  readily  and  aptly  replyed, 
Your  highness  is  the  son  of  no  greater  a  king  than  my 
father,  and  as  for  mothers — we  will  neither  of  us  talk 
upon  that  point. 

May  8.  Sir  Christopher  Wren  is  removed  from  his 
post  of  surveyor  general  of  king  George's  works,  which 
he  has  enjoyed  for  above  50  years  past,  upon  account 
of  his  known  abilities.  He  is  now  near  00  years  of 
age,  and  is  justly  esteemed  a  great  mathematician, 
and  the  best  architect  of  his  time.  When  he  was 
young,  he  wrote  a  little  tract  concerning  the  laws  of 
motion,  at  the  very  same  time  that  Mr.  Huygens  and 
Dr.  Wallis  published  theirs  upon  the  same  subject ; 
and  these  three  great  men,  without  knowing  any  thing 
of  one  another's  thoughts,  agreed  exactly  in  the  same 
propositions.  He  had  the  good  fortune  (which  no 
architect  ever  had  before)  to  begin  and  finish  so  vast 
a  work  as  the  church  of  St.  Paul.  He  built  all  the 
churches  in  London  after  the  great  fire.  These,  with 
Chelsea  college,  Hampton  court,  and  the  Theatre  at 
Oxford,  will  be  perpetual  instances  of  his  skill  and 
mastery  in  building.  He  is  now  succeeded  by  one 
Mr.  Benson,  who  has  writ  a  pamphlet  about  politicks, 
and  is  a  very  ignorant  fellow. 

June  9.  Being  to-night  with  my  ingenious  friend, 
the  honourable  Benedict  Leonard  Calvert,  esq.  and 
another  gentleman,  I  said  that  I  designed  to  go  out 
of  town  early  to-morrow  morning.  My  design  indeed 
was  to  visit  some  churches  and  a  piece  of  Roman 

64  RELIQUIAE  [1718 

antiquity,  and  afterwards  to  call  upon  an  ingenious 
friend,  who  is  well  versed  in  antiquities.  But  Mr. 
Calvert  importuned  me  to  go  to  Ditchley,  (beyond 
Woodstock,)  the  seat  of  his  uncle,  the  earl  of  Lichfield. 
He  promised  to  shew  me  the  place.  The  desire  I  had 
to  sec  the  place,  and  the  respect  I  have  (most  de- 
servedly) for  this  most  hopefull  young  gentleman, 
made  me  alter  my  design,  and  to  defer  my  other 
journey  to  another  opportunity. 

June  10.  Accordingly  therefore,  early  this  morning, 
(it  being  the  birth-day  of  king  James  III.  commonly 
called  the  pretender,  who  now  enters  into  the  31st 
year  of  his  age,)  I  walked  out  from  Oxford,  in  order 
to  visit  Ditchley. 

It  being  a  very  fine  morning,  I  walked  gently  on, 
and  made  observations. 

Aristotle  s  well  is  in  the  mid  way  between  Oxford 
and  YVolvercote.  Before  we  come  to  it,  is  another 
way  tailed  Walton-well,  from  the  old  village  of  Walton, 
now  destroyed.  I  have  mentioned  both  these  wells 
in  my  preface  to  John  Rowse.  Aristotle's  well  was 
so  called  from  the  scholars,  especially  such  as  studied 
his  philosophy,  going  frequently  to  it.  and  refreshing1 
themselves  at  it.  there  being  an  house  for  these  occa- 
sions, just  by  it.  Frequenting  wells  was  a  thing- 
much  in  vogue  in  former  times.  The  well  called  St. 
Edward's  well,  without  St.  Clement's,  in  the  east 
suburbs  of  Oxford,  hath  been  stopt  up  many  years. 
80  hath  Crowe,  or  St.  Cross's  well,  in  Hallywell.  which 
Hallywell  was  called  from  the  water,  which  was  looked 
upon  as  holy,  tho'  the  true  name  is  St.  Crosse's,  the 

1  Thev  used  to  drink  water  and  sugar  there.     T.  II. 

i7i8]  HEARNIANjE.  65 

church  being  dedicated  to  the  holy  cross,  and,  as  I 
take  it,  there  was  once  a  cross  in  Hallywell-street,  by 
Crowe  or  St.  Crosse's  well,  the  memory  of  which  well 
is  still  kept  up  by  the  inhabitants,  the  place  where 
the  well  was,  being  one  of  the  bounds  of  the  parish. 
As  for  Aristotle's  well,  it  was  most  of  all  frequented 
when  coursing  was  in  practice,  a  custom  put  down  by 
the  care  and  management  of  bishop  Fell.  After  dis- 
putations on  Ash-Wednesdays,  the  scholars  used  to  go 
out  into  the  fields  and  box  it.  The  places  chiefly  used 
for  boxing  were  on  the  north  side  of  the  city,  and 
such  as  came  off  victors  went  away  in  triumph,  and 
were  sure  not  to  let  Aristotle's  well  be  unsaluted  upon 
those  occasions,  where  trophies  of  their  victories  were 
sometimes  left.  I  think  that  this  well  was  most  of 
all  frequented  in  the  time  that  the  Carmelite  friery 
or  the  Beaumonts  flourished. 

From  Aristotle's  well  I  passed  over  pleasant  meadows 
and  other  ground  between  both  Wolvercotes.  The 
right  name  of  Wolvercote  is  Wolvescote,  so  called  from 
the  vast  number  of  wolves  that  were  here  formerly, 
at  which  time  the  country  was  overrun  with  woods. 
The  legend  of  St.  Frideswyde  particularly  mentions 
Binsey  or  Busney  to  have  been  full  of  wood.  The 
place  where  her  oratory  was  built  was  called  Thorney, 
from  the  number  of  thorns  that  were  there.  The  pre- 
sent church  or  chapell  of  Binsey  stands  on  the  right 
hand  of  the  old  oratory,  of  which  oratory  there  is 
nothing  now  remaining.  Binsey  is  a  very  small 
church,  and  belongs  to  Christ  Church.  It  is  a  con- 
siderable distance  north-west  from  the  town.  We 
have  a  view  of  it  as  we  go  to  Wolvercote,  on  this  side 
the  river.  I  observed  that  it  is  called  Busney  as  well 
as  Binsey.  Busney  I  take  to  be  the  truer  appellation. 
It  had  its  name  from  the  oxen.    The  old  town  or  city 

u.  f 

66  RELIQUIAE  [171S 

of  Oxford  stood  farther  north-west  than  it  does  now, 
and  I  believe  reached  almost  to  this  place.  Medley  is 
a  single  house,1  nearer  the  water  than  Binsey  is,  and 
not  so  far  quite  up  the  river.  This  house  is  much 
frequented  in  summer  time  by  scholars  and  others, 
there  being  good  accommodations  there,  and  it  being 
wonderfull  pleasant.  Both  the  Wolvercotes  are  plea- 
sant, but  lower  Wolvcrcote  is  chiefly  famous  for  the 
nunnery  of  Godstowe,  an  account  of  which  I  have 
given  upon  other  occasions.2  and  therefore  shall  not 
mention  it  now.  I  also  formerly  gave  an  account  of 
the  great  fair  that  was  kept  here  yearly  till  the  nun- 
nery was  destroyed.  I  must  now  note,  that  fairs  were 
much  more  common  during  the  monkish  times  than 
they  have  been  since,  and  they  brought  in  a  vast  in- 
come to  the  persons  engaged  to  keep  them  up.  who 
employed  much  of  it  to  the  common  uses  of  the  re- 
spective places,  and  a  good  part  to  the  support  of  the 
poor.  I  wish  the  same  open  sincerity  as  was  shewn 
then  were  restored. 

From  Wolvercofc  I  walked  over  low  meadow  ground 
to  Yarnton,  a  mile  from  Wolvcrcote,  and  three  miles 
from  Oxford,  and  had  the  spire  of  Cassenton  in  view 
on  my  left  hand.  These  low  meadows  in  winter-time 
are  often  so  much  overflowed,  that  there  is  no  passing 
on  foot  either  to  Cassenton  or  Yarnton.  Yarnton  is 
a  corruption  of  Erdington  or  Herdington,  so  called  from 
herds  of  cattle.  The  great  house  on  the  west  and 
south  sides  of  the  church  is  in  a  ruinated  condition. 
The  park  hath  lately  been  destroyed,  and  is  now  im- 
ployed  for  woade,  which  thrives  here  mightily. 

1  Since  the  writing  hereof,  Mr.  Sweet  hath  purchased  Medley, 
and  built  a  gentleman's  seat  here,  but  the  old  house  still  re- 
mains.    T.  II. 

2  See  Notie  et  Spicilegium  ad  Guilielmi  Neubrigensis  Historian), 
]>.  7'M,  &c. 

i7i8]  HEARNIANjE.  67 

From  Yarnton  a  mile  to  Begbrooke  or  Beckbrooke, 
being  upon  the  beck  of  a  brooke.  It  is  a  little  church, 
but  very  old.  Thence  I  went  through  a  barren  place 
to  Bladon,  a  mile  from  Begbrooke,  leaving  Campsfield 
on  the  right  hand.  In  the  horse  way  between  Beg- 
brooke and  Bladon  is  an  old  camp,  which  I  take  to  be 
Roman.  It  is  high,  and  commands  a  prospect  over 
the  country.  I  have  mentioned  it  in  my  preface  to 
Leland's  Collectanea. 

Campsfield,  a  large  stony  field,  was  so  denominated 
from  the  said  camp.  I  believe  there  were  other 
camps  also  on  this  great  field,  which  lies  on  the  south 
side  of  Woodstock. 

From  Bladon  a  mile  to  Woodstock.  I  went  from 
Bladon  the  horse-way,  and  stayed  at  Woodstock  about 
an  hour,  at  the  George  inn,  and  refreshed  myself. 
My  ingenious,  excellent  friend  told  me  last  night,  that 
he  would  ride  to  Ditchley,  and  stop  at  this  inn,  where, 
if  he  met  me,  he  would  leave  his  horse,  and  walk 
with  me  to  Ditchley.  I  staid  therefore  and  smoked 
a  pipe  here.  But  he  not  coming,  I  went  on  before, 
and  left  word  that  I  was  gone. 

I  went  through  the  east  part  of  Woodstock,  and 
came  to  Old  Woodstock,  just  opposite  to  the  old  man- 
nour  house  of  Woodstock.  This  old  Woodstock  joyns 
in  a  manner  to  New  Woodstock.  It  hath  been  a 
notable  thing,  and  flourished  I  believe  much  even  after 
the  park  was  made.  It  seems  to  have  been  fortified. 
For  ought  I  know  it  was  Roman. 

I  left  the  horse  way  at  old  Woodstock,  and  got  over 
a  stile  on  the  left  hand  into  the  park,  and  walked 
about  a  mile  north-west  over  the  park,  and  came  to  a 
farm  house,  where  I  discovered  the  Akeman  street, 
which  comes  on  this  side  Stunsfield.  I  was  going  to 
keep  that  street,  but  upon  inquiry  I  found  that  I 

68  RELIQUIAE  [1718 

must  leave  it,  and  keep  more  upon  the  north.  Then 
I  went  by  a  ditch  which  is  Roman,  and  comes  out  of 
the  Akeman  street  half  a  mile,  and  then  I  went  over 
the  wall,  and  saw  the  said  ditch  run  on  for  some  dis- 
tance on  the  other  side  of  the  wall,  but  Ditchley  lying 
more  westerly  from  it,  I  was  obliged  to  leave  it,  and 
so  I  walked  a  mile  and  an  half  through  a  very  pleasant 
country,  in  a  good  measure  adorned  with  marvellous 
pleasant  woods,  till  I  came  against  Ditchley  house, 
about  a  furlong  on  the  west  hand  of  the  road.  As 
soon  as  I  entered  in  at  the  great  gate,  I  observed  an 
old  ditch,  running  directly  by  the  house,  and  on  each 
side  planted  with  trees,  which  are  very  thick.  This 
ditch  goes  through  Ditchley  park,  and  I  was  so 
mightily  pleased  with  it,  that  I  designed  to  have  layn 
in  it,  till  Mr.  Calvert  came,  being  not  willing  without 
him  to  go  into  the  house.  As  I  was  gazing  at  this 
ditch,  and  admiring  the  situation  of  the  house,  which 
is  placed  on  the  side  of  an  hill,  and  on  the  right  hand 
of  this  ditch  that  I  have  been  speaking  of,  I  espyed 
an  elderly  man  going  to  work.  I  took  the  opportu- 
nity to  ask  him  the  name  of  this  ditch.  Why  master, 
says  he,  this  is  Gryme's  ditch,  and  it  runs  on  through 
the  park,  and  so  on  to  Cherlbury,  Cornhury,  and  Rams- 
den,  where  it  joyns  with  the  Akeman  street.  I  was  so 
pleased  with  this  account,  that  I  began  to  enter  into 
other  particulars  with  this  elderly  man  ;  but  whilst  I 
was  talking  with  him,  I  looked  back,  and  spyed  my 
ingenious  friend,  Mr.  Calvert,  come  riding  up  to  us, 
at  which  I  was  extremely  glad.  T  then  dismissed  the 
elderly  man.  and  Mr.  Calvert  and  I  walked  some  little 
time  by  the  said  ditch  ;  but  a  tempi  st  of  thunder  and 
lightning,  with  a  violent  rain,  arising,  we  wire  forced 
into  the  house  sooner  than  we  intended. 

This  old  house  is  a  very  notable  thing,  and  I  think 

i7i8]  HEARNIANJE.  69 

I  was  never  better  pleased  with  any  sight  whatsoever 
than  with  this  house,  which  hath  been  the  seat  of 
persons  of  true  loyalty  and  virtue.  The  front  on  the 
south  side  is  very  pretty,  considering  the  method  of 
building  at  that  time. 

We  passed  through  the  kitchen,  and  came  into  the 
great  hall,  which  is  above  nine  yards  in  length,  and 
is  eight  yards  and  an  half  in  breadth. 

I  was  mightily  delighted  with  the  sight  of  this  old 
hall,  and  was  pleased  the  more  because  it  is  adorned 
with  old  stag's  horns,  under  some  of  which  are  the 
following  inscriptions  on  brass  plates,  which  are  the 
only  inscriptions  I  ever  saw  of  the  kind. 

1608.     August  24.     Satursday. 

jfrom  jfojcebolc  coppice  roujU,  <S5rcat  Contains  king  1  Act) ; 
33ut  tofjat?  in  Iftiirtnngton  ponu  ije  otocrto&e  me  Bean. 


1608.     August  26.     Munday. 

Ring  James  matie  me  to  run  for  life,  from  Deathman's 

31  ran  to  (Soreil  pate,  inhere  Deatl)  for  me  teas  uttring. 


1608.     August  28.     Tuesday. 

'Sfje  fting  pursutie  me  fact  from  (Srange  coppice  Aging, 
%\>t  king  tiiti  ijunt  me  Jibing,  ti;e  queen's  par&e  i?a"D  me 


1610.     August  22.      Wednesday. 

3(n  E^enlj?  Snap  to  f)unt  me  king  Karnes,  prince  Ikenrp 

founti  me, 
Corncburp  par&e  riber,  to  enb  t|?eir  hunting,  tuotonU  me. 

ro  eeliquIjE  [i7is 

1010.     Augvst  24.     Friday. 

Zl)t  Bine  anti  prince  from  (Srange  matje  me  to  ma&e  tnp 

33ut  ueatf)  neere  tt>t  qucenes  par&e  cjarje  me  a  resting  place. 


1010.     August  25.     Satursday. 

JFrom  jfo^cijole  Uribcn,  tof?at  coulo  31  Hoe,  being  lame  ?  J 

33efore  tfje  Sing  anu  prince,  neere  SKojamono  fjer  toelf. 

Mr.  Calvert  tells  me,  that  the  present  park  of 
Ditchley  was  made  by  the  late  earl  of  Lichfield. 
This  park  is  two  miles  in  cumpaee.  However  this  be. 
it  appears  to  me  that  there  had  been  a  park  before, 
notwithstanding  it  might  be  destroyed.  For  we  have 
the  Queen's  park  mentioned  in  these  verses ;  and  I 
take  this  Queen's  park  to  have  been  nothing  else  but 
this  park  of  Ditchley.  Queen  Elizabeth  had  a  par- 
ticular delight  in  this  place ;  for  which  reason  she 
used  to  stay  here  weeks,  nay  months  together.  Here 
she  used  to  hunt,  and  to  enjoy  herself.  During  her 
residence  here  once,  her  picture  was  drawn  at  full 
length,  and  it  is  now  remaining  here  in  the  fine  long 
gallery  above  stairs,  which  gallery  is  at  least  20  yards 
in  length.  It  is  placed  at  the  north  end,  and  it  is  a 
very  good  picture  for  the  time.  The  length  is  two 
yards,  which  agrees  with  the  accounts  commonly  given 
of  this  princess,  that  she  was  very  tall.  This  gallery 
is  full  of  other  original  pictures,  and  indeed  the  whole 
house  hath  abundance  of  curious  pictures  in  it,  most 
of  which  I  look  upon  as  originals.  That  of  Archbishop 
Warham  in  the  gallery  is  excellent,  and  so  is  one  that 

i7i8]  HEARNIANjE.  71 

goes  by  the  name  of  the  king  of  Spain.      Neither  is 
that  of  King  Henry  VIII.  at  all  to  be  contemned, 
though  I  cannot  believe  it  to  be  any  thing  equal  to 
those  done  by  Hans  Holbein.     For  ought  I  know, 
this  of  Henry  VIII.  was  done  by  the  same  hand  that 
did  Anne  Bolein,  which  is  at  full  length,  as  the  king's 
is,  and  is  just  by  him.     If  we  give  any  credit  to  this 
picture  of  Anne  Bolein,  she  was  a  lady  of  neither 
spirit  nor  beauty.     Yet  she  had  both.     I  am  apt  to 
think  it  is  a  burlesque  upon  her.  It  may  be,  'twas  done 
at   the  expence  and  by  the  direction  of  a  Roman 
Catholic.     We  know  Roman  Catholics  hate  her  mor- 
tally, and  therefore  it  is  no  wonder  that  she  should 
be  represented  as  a  woman  of  no  beauty  or  accom- 
plishments.    The  room  in  which  Queen  Elizabeth  lay 
when  she  used  to  be  here,  is  still  shewn.     As  I  saw 
all  the  rooms  of  the  house,  so  I  took  especial  notice 
of  this.     It  is  far  from  being  large.     The  bed  is  still 
preserved,  in  which  she  lay;   low,  but  decent,  and 
agreeable  enough  to  the  humour  of  this  queen,  who 
affected  popularity,  and  tho'  proud  and  imperious, 
yet  would  not  seem  to  aim  at  high  things.     For  which 
reason  it  is  (as  I  take  it)  that  she  would  not  make  use 
of  a  larger  room  in  this  house  to  lye  in,  and  that  is  a 
fine  old  room,  in  which  we  have  the  pictures  most  admi- 
rably well  clone  of  Sir  Henry  Lee  and  his  four  brothers. 
I  looked  over  and  over  upon  these  pictures  of  the  five 
brothers,  and  I  look  upon  them  (all  things  considered  > 
as  equal  to  any  thing  I  ever  yet  saw ;  tho'  if  any 
thing  exceeds  them  here,  it  must  be  a  picture  of  the 
beautifull  Dutchess  of  Cleveland,  in  one  of  the  rooms 
of  this  old  house,  with  her  daughter,  the  late  countess 
dowager  of  Lichfield,  while  an  infant,  in  her  arms. 
This  picture  of  the  dutchess  of  Cleveland  was  done  by 
the  famous   sir  Peter   Lilly,  and   is   certainly  very 

72  RELIQUIjE  [1718 

charming,  tho'  not  so  good  as  some  other  pictures  of 
her  done  by  the  same  admirable  hand.  The  dutchess 
was  certainly  a  lad}-  of  admirable  beaut)*,  and  in  all 
other  respects  very  fit  for  so  accomplished  a  prince  as 
king  Charles  II.  was,  had  her  extract  been  equal  to 
his,  and  had  her  virtues  been  greater.  Yet  she  writ 
but  a  very  bad  hand,  nor  were  the  things  she  writ 
done  with  much  spirit.  She  was  so  little  versed  in 
the  art  of  inditing,  that  she  could  not  spell.  There 
is  a  difference  between  discourse  and  writing.  She 
would  talk  as  well  as  any  body,  and  write,  even  at 
best,  as  badly.  Her  thoughts  were  gone  when  she 
came  to  take  time  to  commit  them  to  writing,  but 
nothing  was  more  gay  and  pleasing  as  they  came  in 
discourse  from  her  mouth. 

Not  only  queen  Elizabeth,  but  some  other  princes, 
used  to  come  to  this  pleasant  seat.  King  James  and 
Prince  Henry  particularly.  There  is  the  picture  of 
a  young  prince  in  the  gallery,  which  we  take  to  be 
prince  Henry,  tho'  there  is  no  name  to  shew  it  to  be 
his.  I  take  it  to  have  been  a  present  of  king  James's, 
at  a  time  he  once  lay,  and  was  merry,  here.  The 
king  was  mightily  delighted  with  the  place,  as  well 
as  he  was  with  Woodstock,  and  to  shew  his  delight 
the  more,  he  would  often  come  a  hunting  (a  sport  he 
delighted  in)  this  way,  and  bring  with  him  many 
others  of  the  court. 

Now  as  I  was  pleased  with  the  pictures  that  I  saw 
at  this  old  house,  so  I  was  as  much  pleased  with  the 
chair  I  saw  here,  in  which  king  Charles  II.  used  to 
sit  after  dinner,  of  which  I  have  given  a  particular 
relation1  in  a  former  part,  as  I  had  it  from  the  mouth 
of  Mr.  Calvert,  who  received  it  from  the  countess  dow- 

1   See  page  56. 

1 7i  8]  HEARNIANJE.  73 

ager  of  Lichfield  herself,  a  lady  of  that  great  humility, 
that  she  lay  in  one  of  the  meanest  rooms  of  this  house, 
which  I  was  let  into,  and  could  not  but  look  upon  it 
with  great  concern  and  admiration,  especially  when 
I  saw  likewise  in  it  her  little,  small  bed,  which  to  me 
seemed  an  undenyable  argument  of  the  goodness  of 
that  great  lady.  There  is  another  bed  I  saw,  and 
that  is  one  in  which  the  present  dutchess  of  Nor- 
thumberland lay.  But  this  is  much  richer  than  the 
countess  dowager  of  Lichfield's,  tho'  the  dutchess  her- 
self is  a  lady  of  great  virtues,  and  would  be  willing, 
it  may  be,  upon  occasion,  to  shew  her  humility  as 
manifestly  as  the  countess  herself. 

But  is  there  nothing  of  learning  here  but  pictures? 
Are  there  no  books,  nor  medals,  or  coyns  here  to 
entertain  such  as  are  curious?  This  is  a  question  fit 
to  be  put  by  such  as  are  studious  of  antiquity.  Ac- 
cordingly, I  was  very  inquisitive  after  things  of  this 
kind.  I  saw  a  chest  which  I  was  told  is  full  of  coyns 
and  medals.  But  the  key  was  carried  away  either  by 
the  present  earl  of  Lichfield,  or  by  somebody  else  that 
he  intrusts.  I  peeped  thro'  the  key-hole  of  a  certain 
closet  in  the  house,  and  I  saw  several  books  lying  in 
it,  one  of  which  seemed  to  be  an  old  Chronicle. 

One  of  the  chiefest  things  I  saw  in  this  house  is 
an  epitaph  to  the  famous  sir  Thomas  Wyat,  in  Hen. 
Vlllth's  time,  who  died  in  the  38th  year  of  his  age. 
The  tablet  on  which  this  epitaph  is  done,  hangs  in 
the  long  gallery  of  this  house,  and  the  author  of  it 
was  sir  John  Mason.  Mr.  Wood  mentions  such  an 
epitaph  in  his  Life  of  Sir  Thomas,1  and  he  tells  us, 
that  he  had  seen  a  copy  of  it,  and  that  he  followed  it 
in  his  account  of  Thomas  as  to  some  things.      I  have 

1  Athenae  Oxon.  vol.  i.  col.  127,  ed.  4to. 

74  RELIQUIuK  [1718 

printed  Mr.  Wood's  account  in  the  second  vol.  of  Le- 
land's  Itinerary,  where  I  have  also  printed  Leland's 
Nenice  upon  the  death  of  sir  Thomas.  Had  I  been 
able  then  to  have  done  it,  I  would  have  published  a 
copy  of  this  epitaph  upon  sir  Thomas  by  sir  John 
Mason.  I  must  now  reserve  it  for  another  opportu- 
nity.1 In  the  mean  time  I  will  here  subjoin  a  copy 
of  it,  it  being  very  remarkable,  and  much  to  the  ho- 
nour both  of  sir  Thomas  and  the  author  of  it,  sir  John 

thomas  wiatus  ordinis  eqeestris  nobili  ex  il- 
lestri  in  agro  cantiano  ortes  familia,  omnibes 
cum  anthi,  teh  corporis  ac  fortenie,  dotibt7s 
cemelatissihe  ornates:  ik  qeo  cum  rerum  use 
ac  rei  militaris  perttia,  conjunct.^  erant  fa- 
cendia,  hoxestissnrarum  artiem  scientia,  et 
variarum  lingearejt  literatera :  et  idea1, 
(quod  pat/cis  contigit)  consieio  bones  esset,  et 
mantj  strenees  :  post  meltas  graves  legationes 
apud  externos  principes  predenter   et   magna 

1  I  <!o  not  believe  Hearne  printed  this  epitaph  :  certain  it  is, 
I  was  unable  to  discover  it  when  the  first  volume  of  1  he  Athene 
Oxoxienses  was  preparing  for  the  press,  although  I  made,  as  I 
then  fancied,  a  very  diligent  search.  Nor  was  Dr.  Nott  more 
fortunate  for  his  edition  of  the  works  of  Surrey  and  Wyatt, 
printed  in  two  volumes,  London,  1816,  4to.  He  mentions  the 
epitaph  at  pages  Ixxvi.  and  lxxxiij.  of  the  Memoirs  of  Wyatt; 
but  had  certainly  never  seen  it,  as  he  supposes  it  to  be  similar 
with  that  on  Thomas  duke  of  Norfolk,  preserved  in  VVeever's 
Funeral  Monuments.  This,  however,  is  rather  a  copious  epitome 
of  the  duke's  life,  and  an  enumeration  of  his  services,  than 
an  epitaph,  and  is  besides  in  English  prose,  whereas  sir  John 
Mason's  composition  is  a  concise  and  well  written  composition, 
in  elegant  Latin.  I  have  the  greater  pleasure  in  printing  it  in 
these  Rici.iqui.k,  as  it  proves  Anthony  a  Wood  to  have  used 
good  authority  in  giving  the  name  of  the  Spanish  ambassador 
differently  from  Leland,  and  it  entirely  confutes  Lloyd  and  other 
writers,  who  assert  that  Wyatt  diet!  as  he  was  going  ambassa- 
dor into  Spain. 

i7i8]  HEARNIAN^E.  75 


Above  the  inscription  is  a  death's  head,  with 


The  said  inscription  is  intirely  in  capital  letters. 

I  had  forgot  to  mention,  that  sir  Henry  Lee  is 
painted  with  his  right  hand  lying  upon  his  dog's 
head,  and  that  the  following,  verses  are  inserted  on 
the  same  side : 

Reason,  in  man  can  not  effect  such  love, 
As  nature  doth  in  them  that  reason  wante ; 
Ulisses  true  and  hinds  his  dog  did  prove, 
When  faith  in  better  frendes  was  very  scante. 

76  II  ELI  QUI  J5  [1718 

My  travailes  for  my  frendes  have  beene  as  true. 
Though  not  as  far  as  fortune  did  him  heave; 
No  f vend  my  love  and  faith  devided  knew, 
Though  neither  this  nor  that  mice  equal'd  were. 

Ont  11  my  (I<ii/  whereof  I  made  no  dove, 

I  find  move  love,  then  them  1  tended  more. 

On  the  left  side  of  the  picture  is 

Move  faithfuU  tht  n  favoured. 

It  is  reported,  that  sir  Henry  was  saved  by  his 
dog,  and  that  this  gave  occasion  to  his  being  painted 
with  his  dog. 

Inquire  when  and  how  this  accident  happened.1 
Over  Cecil  Lord  Burleigh's  picture,  I  saw  these 
verses : 

Vol  a  Dei  observans,  Cecili,  patrireque  secundans, 
Vive  pie  ut  solitus,  vive  diu  ut  meritus. 

I  saw  this  date  (1592)  upon  one  of  the  leaden 
spouts  of  the  house.  The  house  itself  was  built 
before  that  year.  But  I  cannot  tell  how  old  it  is.  It 
seems  to  have  been  done  in  the  time  of  king  Henry 

'  The  story  connected  with  this  picture  bas  been  thus  related  : 
A  servant  had  formed  a  design  to  rob  the  house,  and  to  murder 
his  master.  But  on  the  night  this  project  was  to  have  been 
put  in  execution,  the  dog,  although  no  favourite,  nor  indeed 
ever  before  taken  notice  of  by  his  master,  accompanied  him 
up  stairs,  crept  under  the  bed,  nor  could  he  be  enticed  or 
driven  from  his  post.  Sir  Henry  at  length  consented  to  the 
dog'B  being  suffered  to  remain;  and  in  the  dead  of  night,  when 
the  treacherous  servant  entered  the  room  to  execute  his  design, 
he  was  seized  by  the  faithful  and  affectionate  animal,  and  on 
being  secured,  confessed  his  intention.  See  more  of  sir  Henry 
Lee,  in  Appendix  No.  XII. 

2  Hearue  had  forgotten  what  Sir.  Calvert  told  him.  See 
page  57. 

i7i8]  II  EARN  IAN  jE.  77 

In  one  of  the  out-houses  I  saw  strange  armour, 
which  belonged  to  the  ancestors  of  the  earl  of  Lich- 
field :  some  of  the  armour  was  very  odd.  I  wonder 
how  the  heroes  and  warriors  in  old  time  could  bear 
such  a  weight  as  the  armour  certainly  was.  I  saw 
forked  arrows  or  darts  there.  These  were  such  as 
were  used  in  common  exercise,  when  the  art  of  ar- 
chery was  in  practise. 

After  we  had  dined,  we  went  into  the  park,  and 
traced  another  part  of  Gryme's  Ditch,  on  the  north 
side  of  the  house.  This  branch  falls  into  the  other 
at  some  distance  from  it  in  the  park.  By  Walling- 
ford  there  is  a  long  ditch  called  also  Gryme's  dike 
or  Gryme's  ditch.  The  country  people  will  tell  you 
that  this  Grymes  was  a  gyant,  and  that  he  made  the 
ditches  that  goe  under  his  name  ;  for  my  part,  I 
take  these  ditches  to  have  been  some  of  the  ancient 
grumce  or  gromce,  which  were  boundaries  of  pro- 
vinces. The  nature  of  the  ditches  or  dykes  about 
Ditchley  confirms  my  notion  :  my  opinion  is  likewise 
confirmed  from  the  accounts  given  of  the  ancient 
grumce  or  gromce  in  the  gromatical  writers.  Ditchley 
was,  without  doubt,  so  called  from  these  old  ditches 
or  dikes. 

About  four  o'clock.  Mr.  Calvert  and  I  returned 
home.  I  went  on  foot  the  horse  way,  Mr.  Calvert 
riding  my  pace,  and  sometimes  walking  with  me. 
As  we  returned,  he  shewed  me,  about  a  mile  from 
Ditchley  house,  a  great  ditch  or  trench,  of  a  vast 
extent,  which  he  said  parts  the  two  mannors  of 
Ditchley  and  Woodstock.  Mr.  Calvert  told  me,  that 
my  Lord  Lichfield's  estate  of  Ditchley  is  nine  thou- 
sand libs,  per  annum.  We  stopped  and  refreshed 
ourselves  at  Woodstock,  at  the  Bear  Inn,  which  is 
now  the  principal  inn  in  Woodstock. 

78  RELIQUIJ5  [i7i8. 

June  11.  Mr.  Edward  Prideaux  Gwyn  tells  me, 
that  Mr.  Bacon,  alias  Sclater,1  who  is  one  of  the  sub- 
scribers to  the  books  I  publish,  is  a  very  curious 
man,  and  that  he  puts  clown  things  in  the  same 
manner  that  I  do.  Mr.  Gwyn  says,  that  the  puri- 
tanical possessor  of  Glastonbury  is  very  busy  in  de- 
stroying the  goodlisome  ruins  of  that  place. 

June  16.  Whereas  Mr.  John  Le  Neve,  gent,  hath 
published  three  vols.  8vo.  of  what  he  calls  Monu- 
menta  Britannica,  being  a  collection  of  inscriptions  in 
churches  in  England ;  it  must  be  noted,  that  this 
collection  is  a  very  mean  one,  done  without  any  toler- 
able share  of  judgment.  The  publisher,  Mr.  Le 
Neve,  is  a  man,  tho'  an  Eton  scholar,  and  afterwards 
for  some  time  of  Cambridge,  of  very  little  learning ; 
and  he  depends  upon  stone-cutters,  and  mean  autho- 
rities, in  great  measure,  for  the  copies  of  inscriptions 
which  he  publishes ;  not  taking  the  pains  to  travell 
himself.     The  right  method  had  been  to  have  tra- 

1  Thomas  Sclater  Bacon  was  educated  at  St.  Paul's  school. 
He  became  member  of  parliament  for  the  town  of  Cambridge, 
and  died  without  a  will,  August  23,  1736,  leaving  an  immense 
fortune,  (some  said  two  hundred  thousand  pounds,)  a  consider- 
able portion  of  which  wa>-,  I  believe,  derived  from  sir  Thomas 
Sclater.  "  Nemo  nescit  Thomas  Bacon  quantum  in  literarum 
"  bonarum  .studio  versat us,  qua-m  diffusa fuerit  in  libris  cogno- 
"  scendis  scientia,  quam  perspicaci  in  diligendis  peritia,  quam 
"indefessa  in  iis  andecunque  conquirendis  industria,"  says  the 
prefacer  to  his  Sale  Catalogue,  8vo.  Loud.  1737.  His  books 
were  disposed  of  by  Cock,  the  auctioneer,  in  evening  sales,  from 
the  14th  of  March  to  the  29th  of  April  1737  ;  when,  as  people 
in  those  days  left  London  to  enjoy  the  spring  at  their  country 
residences,  the  sale  was  discontinued  till  their  return  to  town. 
It  re-comineiieed  on  the  31st  of  January,  and  finished  on  the 
30th  of  March,  1738.  As  a  proof  of  his  ardour  in  collecting, 
he  gave  twenty  guineas  to  Bateman,  the  bookseller,  for  the 
castrated  sheets  of  Holinshed's  Chronicle.     See  under  Aug.  30. 

i7i8]  HEARNIANA1.  79 

veiled  as  Mr.  Weever  did,  and  to  have  taken  the  old 
inscriptions,  and  only  some  of  the  modern  ones,  and 
to  have  digested  them  according  to  the  counties,  so 
as  at  one  view  one  might  have  seen  what  there  was 
of  value  in  any  church  in  each  distinct  county.  At 
the  same  time,  other  monuments  of  antiquity,  I  mean 
Roman  inscriptions,  or  things  of  that  nature,  should 
have  been  likewise  taken  notice  of.  This  method 
would  have  rendered  the  work  of  great  use  also  to 
foreigners,  and  to  all  antiquaries  in  general.  Nor 
should  some  short  remarks  about  the  antiquity  of 
each  church  have  been  passed  by.  Had  this  method 
been  followed,  it  would  have  required  good  learning 
and  judgment,  and  derived  great  credit  upon  the  un- 
dertaker ;  whereas  the  method  pursued  by  Mr.  Le 
Neve  is  what  might  have  been  followed  by  any  one  of 
no  learning.  Even  a  common  bookseller  or  school- 
boy might  have  clone  such  a  book  as  well  as  Mr.  Le 

June  17.  Dr.  Aldrich  used  to  say,  Claudius  Pto- 
lemy's Muslca,  published  by  Dr.  Wallis,  was  Dr. 
Wallis's  masterpiece.  Yet  Dr.  Wallis  understood 
nothing  of  the  practice  of  musick.  A  certain  gentle- 
man having  read  his  Ptolemy,  and  believing  that  the 
doctor  was  well  skilled  in  the  practice,  as  well  as 
theory,  of  musick,  went  one  day  and  intreated  the 
doctor  to  assist  him  in  obtaining  the  practice.  The 
doctor  ingenuously  confessed,  he  knew  nothing  of  it. 
In  the  same  manner  as  another  gentleman  went  to 
Dr.  Thomas  Hyde,  the  famous  orientalist,  to  be 
directed  in  the  game  of  chess.  The  doctor  told  him 
he  knew  nothing  of  it,  notwithstanding  he  had  writ 
a  book  about  this  game,  as  he  had  about  other  oriental 

80  RELIQUIJE  [1718 

Aug.  10.  Tho'  my  lord  Clarendon  excuses  Mr.  Ash- 
burnham  for  delivering  up  king  Charles  I.  to  collonel 
Hammond,  which  proved  fatal  to  that  excellent  prince, 
yet  from  an  impartial  and  unprejudiced  considera- 
tion of  the  circumstances,  I  think  that  gentleman 
mightily  to  blame  ;  it  being  in  his  power,  when  he 
had  conveyed  the  king  off,  in  all  probability,  to  have 
saved  his  life.  For  tho'  a  ship  was  not  at  that  time 
ready,  yet  he  might  have  had  him  concealed  from  his 
enemies  till  such  time  as  a  passage  over  sea  was 
obtained :  at  least,  he  should  have  done  all  that  pos- 
sibly he  could  for  his  preservation,  since  he  was  very 
apprehensive  that  his  murther  was  designed  ;  and 
'twas  for  that  reason  indeed  that  he  got  him  off.  It 
looks  to  me,  as  if  he  designed  at  first  to  have  him  put 
into  colonel  Hammond's  hands,  Hammond  being  sent 
to  the  Isle  of  Wight  but  a  very  little  time  before  the 
king  was  delivered  to  him.  Ashburnham  indeed  said, 
that  Hammond  was  honest ;  but,  alass!  he  was  other- 
wise, and  he  must  needs  know  so.  Nor  can  I  excuse 
him  for  advising  the  king  to  put  himself  into  the 
hands  of  the  Scots,  in  which  advice  I  am  afraid  Dr. 
Mich.  Hudson  had  also  his  share. 

Aug.  12.  On  Thursday,  the  31st  of  last  month,  in 
a  field  near  Old  Sarum,  called  Hurcott  field,  about 
two  miles  from  Salisbury,  there  happened,  about  three 
in  the  afternoon,  a  sad  accident,  occasioned  by  the 
terrible  thunder,  viz.  farmer  Condick,  with  two  ser- 
vants, his  wile,  and  a  son,  with  two  empty  waggons, 
viz.  three  horses  in  one  waggon,  and  two  horses  in  the 
other,  went  up  into  the  common  fields  of  Hurcott 
aforesaid,  to  fetch  home  two  loads  of  oats,  and  the 
land  not  being  already  in  cocks  or  pooks,  the  two 
waggons  being  set  in  the  same  field  side  by  side,  there 

i7i8]  HEARNIANJE.  81 

happened  a  violent  storm  of  thundringand  lightning, 
so  that  one  of  the  servants  run  himself  under  one  of 
the  waggons,  the  horses  being  all  fixed  to  the  two 
waggons.  All  the  five  horses  were  in  a  moment 
struck  dead.  The  master  and  the  other  servant  were 
pooking  in  part  of  the  land.  The  fellow  under  the 
waggon  first  cried  out,  Lord  I  the  horses  are  all  down  ! 
The  master  and  the  other  servant,  running  through 
the  weather  towards  the  houses,  were  both  struck 
dead.  The  master  came  just  to  a  pook  where  his 
wife  and  child  were  sitting  under,  and  fell  down  dead 
into  his  wive's  lap ;  and  the  servant  following,  he  was 
struck  dead,  and  the  wife  and  child  not  at  all  injured. 
The  horses  were  adjudged  to  be  worth,  one  with  an- 
other, 201.  each.  The  man  who  run  under  the  wag- 
gon, his  sinews  were  so  scorched,  that  he  is  quite 
disabled.  This  is  the  account  from  the  news-papers. 
Mr.  Davenant,  gent.  com.  of  Christ  Church,  is  just 
come  from  Salisbury,  and  tells  me  he  saw  the  men 
and  horses,  and  that  it  is  very  true. 

Aug.  23.  Mr.  John  Murray,  of  London,  among  other 
curiosities,  hath  got  a  very  odd  sermon  upon  the  fu- 
neral of  Walter  D'Evereux,  earl  of  Essex,  preached 
in  Wales,  and  printed  in  a  black  letter,  with  a  large 
genealogy  of  the  family  before  it.  It  consists  of 
about  three  or  four  sheets  of  paper.  It  is,  as  Mr. 
Murray  and  myself  take  it,  a  wonderfull  curiosity. 
Mr.  Murray  gave  about  10s.  for  it.1 

We  (Mr.  Murray  and  T.  H.)  were  yesterday  in  the 

1  Of  this  sermon  there  is  a  copy  in  St.  John's  college  library, 
with  the  autograph  of  Robert,  the  well-known  earl  of  Essex, 
son  of  him  on  whom  the  discourse  was  written. 

II.  G 

82  RELIQUIAE  [1718 

afternoon  at  Antiquity  Hall1  together.  Antiquity  hall 
is  a  little  house  on  the  other  side  of  High  bridge,  on 
this  side  Rewley  abbey.  It  is  on  the  south  side  of 
the  rode.  It  is  so  called  from  antiquaries  meeting 
there.  There  are  many  young  gentlemen  of  Christ 
Church,  with  whom  I  have  the  honour  of  being 
acquainted.  They  are  studious  of  our  antiquities, 
and  sometimes  I  meet  them  here.  This  house  some- 
time agoe  belonged  to  one  Geffery  Ammon,2  since 
deceased.  He  was  a  very  ingenious  man,  and  was 
looked  upon  as  the  very  best  in  England  for  ruling 
books.  He  understood  history,  geography,  and  he- 
raldry well.  He  was  a  merry  companion,  and  his 
conversation  was  much  courted  by  gentlemen  and 
others.  When  I  first  came  to  Oxford,  the  said  Geffery 
happened  to  kill  a  gentleman  (either  a  servitour  or 
battler)  of  Exeter  college,  by  throwing  a  bottle  at  him, 
which  struck  his  temples.     The  gentleman   imme- 

1  The  house  which  Hearne  here  calls  Antiquity  Hall,  from 
himself  and  other  honest  antiquaries  meeting  there  to  enjoy  the 
pipe  and  the  pot,  is  still  in  existence,  being  the  third  house  on 
the  left  hand,  after  you  have  passed  High  bridge,  going  from 
Worcester  college.  It  is  easily  known  from  its  resemblance  to 
the  satirical  print  published  afterwards  by  Rowe  Mores  and 
Wise,  the  antiquaries,  and  since  given  by  Mr.  Skelton,  in  his 
interesting  and  very  elegant  work,  entituled,  Oxonia  Antiqua 
Restaurata,  to  the  merit  and  fidelity  of  which  I  am  happy  in 
lending  my  testimony. 

2  Jeffery  Ammon  lies  buried  on  the  west  side  of  Binsey  church- 
yard, near  to  an  old  well  called  in  ancient  times  St.  Margaret's 
well.  He  wras  a  humourist,  with  little  or  no  sense  of  religion. 
Jeffery  fixed  upon  Binsey  as  the  place  of  his  interment,  because 
he  had  often  shot  abundance  of  snipes  near  that  spot ;  and  in 
order  to  moisten  his  clay,  (as  the  song  has  it,)  desired  his  friend 
Will.  Gardner,  a  boatman  of  Oxford,  who  was  accustomed  to 
rowe  him  down  the  river,  to  put  now  and  then  a  bottle  of  ale  by 
his  grave,  when  he  came  that  way:  an  injunction,  Hearne  tells 
us  in  another  place,  which  was  punctually  complied  with. 

i7i8]  IIEARNIANjE.  83 

diately  went  to  the  bog-house,  where  he  died.  The 
difference  arose  about  the  reckoning.  Geffery  was 
tryed  at  the  following  assizes :  it  was  brought  in  man- 
slaughter. When  Mr.  Murray  and  I  were  at  Antiquity 
Hall,  I  happened  to  tell  him  of  a  Hardyng's  Chronicle, 
which  I  had  seen  at  Wilmot's,  the  bookseller's,  and 
would  have  bought,  only  I  happened  to  be  furnished 
before.  As  soon  as  he  heard  this,  he  was  uneasy  'till 
we  had  been  at  the  shop,  where  he  got  it,  and  said 
'twas  the  perfectest  he  ever  saw.  This  Hardyng's 
Chronicle  is  wonderfull  rare. 

Aug.  29.  Mr.  Calvert  tells  me,  that  the  late  prin- 
cess of  Orange  (wife  of  him  that  they  call  king  Wil- 
liam III.)  had  fifty  thousand  pounds  per  annum  for 
pin  money,  (as  they  commonly  call  ordinary  pocket- 
money,)  out  of  which,  he  says,  he  was  informed  by 
his  grandmother,  the  late  excellent  countess  dowager 
of  Lichfield,  she  used  to  send  every  year  thirty  thou- 
sand pounds  to  her  father  king  James  II.  whom  she 
and  her  wicked  husband  (to  their  immortal  disgrace) 
turned  and  kept  out  of  his  kingdoms.  If  this  be  true, 
it  deserves  commendation,  but  still  'tis  infinitely  short 
of  making  attonement  for  that  most  abhominable 
wickedness  of  keeping  him  out  of  his  undoubted 
rights,  which  hath  involved  all  Europe  in  a  war 
ever  since,  and  ruined,  as  it  were,  this  poor  church 
and  nation.  Yet  there  are  a  vast  number  that 
applaud  these  proceedings,  and  think  they  can  never 
sufficiently  commend  the  prince  and  princess  of 
Orange  ;  which  will  be  no  wonder  to  those  who  con- 
sider that  the  proceedings  against  king  Charles  I. 
were  equally  commended  by  a  prodigious  multitude, 
and  the  arguments  for  such  actions  taken  from  Brad- 
shaw's  speech,  and  other  wicked  books  and  papers, 

84  RELIQUIAE  [1718 

have  been  most  industriously  published  and  spread 
about  by  the  party. 

Aug.  30.  Mr.  Thomas  Rawlinson,  when  he  was 
here  the  other  day,  told  me  that  he  had  sold  his 
HoUingshede  (which  hath  the  castrated  sheets)  for  25 
libs,  to  Dr.  Mead.  The  said  copy  of  HoUingshede, 
sold  by  Mr.  Rawlinson  to  Dr.  Mead,  and  that  in  Mr. 
Bridges's  hands,  are  the  two  only  ones,  with  the  cas- 
trated sheets,  that  I  ever  yet  saw.  They  both  exactly 
agree,  only  Mr.  Bridges's  hath  four  pages  which  he 
got  writ  out  of  Dr.  Moor's,  at  Cambridge,  which  are 
wanting  in  Mr.  Rawlinson's.  Dr.  Moor's  seems  in 
other  things  to  be  worse  than  both  these.  Mr.  Bridges 
told  me,  that  he  would  not  part  with  his  copy  for  50 
libs.  Mr.  Murray  acknowledged  to  me  that  his  copy 
is  incompleat.1 

Sept.  21.  Anno  1712  was  printed  at  London,  on 
one  side  of  a  half  sheet  fol.  A  Hue  and  Cry  after 
Dismal;  being  a  full  mid  true  Account  how  a  117//'-/ 
L — d  was  taken  at  Dunkirk,  in  the  habit  of  a  chimney- 
sweeper, and  earryed  before  General  Hill.  N.  B.  The 
lord  Nottingham  is  called  Dismal,  by  reason  of  his 
dark  and  dismal  countenance.  Mr. Thomas  Rawlinson 
lent  it  me,  who  notes,  that  it  is  "  a  merry  lye,  and 
"  perhaps  the  first  penny  which  ever  any  one  made 
"  by  the  Finch  family." 

Sept.27.  In  Wolvercote, or  rather  Wolvescote  church- 
yard, are  buried  several  of  the  children  of  John  and 
Elizabeth  Beckford.     The  said  John  Beckford  and  his 

1  See  Nichols's  Literary  Anecdotes,  vol.  i.  p.  250,  for  the  ac- 
count of  a  third  copy  of  these  castrations  purchased  by  Mr. 
Sclater  Bacon ;  of  whom  see  page  78  of  the  present  volume. 

1718]  HEARNIAN^E.  85 

wife  are  now  living  in  Wolvercote  paper-mill.  He  is 
famous  for  making  paper.  Some  of  the  best  paper 
made  in  England  is  made  at  Wolvercote  mill. 

Oct.  2.  It  is  very  remarkable  to  consider  the  methods 
by  which  the  ancients  acquired  their  great  learning. 
Printing  being  not  in  use,  they  were  forced  very  often 
to  travell  into  other  countries,  if  they  desired  the 
advantage  of  any  book.  And  where  there  were  no 
books,  they  were  obliged  to  make  use  of  old  stones, 
on  which  inscriptions  and  figures  were  ingraved. 
Pythagoras  travelled  into  Egypt,  and  staid  there  many 
years  before  he  could  be  admitted  to  a  knowledge  of 
their  mysteries.  But  then  he  returned  a  most  compleat 
scholar  and  philosopher.  For  ought  I  know  he  might 
understand  all  those  inscriptions  which  are  reported 
to  have  been  upon  one  of  the  pyramids.  But  then  that 
which  made  the  ancients  the  more  ready  and  expert 
was  the  arts  they  used  to  strengthen  their  memories. 
When  they  were  particularly  in  love  with  any  book, 
they  not  only  read  him  over  and  over,  but  would  be 
at  the  pains  of  transcribing  it  several  times.  Demos- 
thenes was  such  an  admirer  of  Thucydides,  that  he 
writ  him  over  eight  times  with  his  own  hand.  We 
have  other  instances  of  the  same  nature.  It  was  also 
for  this  reason  that  the  late  Dr.  Henry  Aldrich  used 
often  to  transcribe  the  authors  he  read,  especially 
when  he  was  to  print  any  thing.  Now  such  care  being 
taken  by  the  ancients,  it  is  heartily  to  be  wished  that 
we  had  those  transcripts  of  the  books,  which  were 
made  by  their  own  hands  ;  because  those  must  cer- 
tainly be  correct,  tho'  it  must  be  allowed,  that  other 
transcripts,  made  by  scribes,  were  in  those  times  like- 
wise correct,  being  examined  by  learned  men  them- 
selves, just  as  the  stones  were  by  the  'ETrifis^rnai. 

86  RELIQUIAE  [1718 

Oct.  8.  The  famous  Mr.  Henry  Stubbe  did  not  un- 
derstand French,  as  himself  confesseth  in  a  letter  I 
have  seen,  under  his  own  hand,  dated  Sept.  12, 1675, 
in  which  he  says,  that  his  great  uncle  was  he  that 
lost  his  right  hand  in  queen  Elizabeth's  time.  He 
says,  that  he  did  not  know  rightly  how  to  spell  his 

Oct.  10.  Mr.  Edward  Prideaux  Gwyn  tells  me,  that 
he  saw  lately  at  Poston  court,  the  seat  of  lord  Arthur 
Somersett,  the  three  volumes  of  Clarendons  Histoiy, 
with  the  heads  of  the  heroes  mentioned  in  that  work. 
Several  of  them  are  done  by  Hollar,  and  he  believes 
all  were  taken  from  original  pictures.  This  collec- 
tion was  begun  by  the  great  lord  Clarendon,  and 
finished  by  his  son,  who  presented  it  to  the  old  dut- 
chess  of  Beaufort,  and  she  bequeathed  it  to  her  son, 
the  present  possessor.  Several  of  them  are  done  in 
Indian  ink. 

I  am  informed,  that  the  Britannia  on  king  Charles 
the  second's  money  was  taken  from  the  dutchess  of 
Richmond,  before  Mrs.  Stuart. 

Oct.  15.  Mr.  Whiteside,  of  the  museum,  shewed 
me,  on  Saturday  last,  certain  letters  from  Dr.  James 
Garden,  professor  of  theologie  in  the  king's  college  at 
Aberdeen,  to  Mr.  John  Aubrey,  concerning  the  druids' 
temples.  They  are  learned  ones.  He  observes,  that 
these  temples  (as  he  calls  the  monuments  that  have 
any  resemblance  to  Stone-Henge)  in  the  high  lands  of 
Scotland,  where  the  Irish  tongue  is  spoken,  are  called 
caer,  which  signifies  a  throne,  an  oracle,  or  a  place  of 
address.  Some  of  them  arc  called  chapells  :  for  in- 
stance, there  is  a  place  in  the  shire  of  Aberdcne  and 
parish  of  Ellon  called  Fochell,  (?.  e. below  the  chapell,) 
from  one  of  these  monuments  that  stands  near  by  on 

1 7 1 8]  HEAR  NIA  NJE.  87 

a  higher  ground.  Others  are  called  temples.  In  the 
parish  of  Strathawen,  within  14  miles  of  Aberdeen, 
there  is  a  place  called  Temple  town,  from  two  or  three 
of  this  kind  of  monuments  that  stand  upon  the  bounds 
of  it.  And  these  two,  whereof  I  have  given  you  a 
particular  description,  are  called  by  the  people  who 
live  near  by,  law  stones,  (for  what  reason  I  know  not,) 
and  temple  stones.  Some  groves  now  in  Scotland  held 
sacred :  nor  will  they  permitt  the  trees  to  be  cut 
down  ;  stones  in  some  of  them.  Dra,  alias  Trou,  in 
the  German  and  British  tongue,  signifies  faith  ;  and 
the  old  Germans  called  God  Drutin  or  Trudin :  hence 
Drutin  signifies  a  divine  or  faithful  person. 

Dec.  17.  Mr.  Robert  Eyston  tells  me,  that  sir  Robert 
Throgmorton  is  a  man  of  about  5000  libs,  per  annum 
at  least.  This  sir  Robert  Throgmorton,  who  hath 
one  seat  at  Bucklands,  near  Farindon,  Berks,  is  a 
Roman  catholick,  and  a  very  worthy  man.  He  hath 
more  than  once  sent  for  me  to  come  over  to  him  at 
Bucklands.  The  person  told  him,  that  I  could  not 
ride.  "  I  will  send  (says  he)  a  coach  and  six  for 
"  him."  But  he  can  ride  no  way,  says  the  person : 
he  always  walks.  "  Why  the  duce  is  in  it,  (says 
"  sir  Robert ;)  so  all  antiquaries  use  to  dp.  I  have 
"  known  several,  and  they  have  all  walked,  Antony 
"  Wood  not  excepted.  They  are  men  that  love  to 
"  make  remarks,  and  they  prefer  walking  to  riding 
"  upon  that  account." 

Mr.  Eyston  mentioned  Mr.  Pope,  the  translator  of 
Homer,  as  a  man  of  about  30  years  of  age,  and  of 
about  three  or  four  hundred  libs,  per  an.  left  by  his 
father,  of  Binfield,  Berks. 

Dec.  29.  Out  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  Richard  Furney, 
dated  Nov.  29  last : 

88  RELIQUIAE  [1718-19 

On  Tuesday  last,  as  the  workmen  in  the  cathedral 
(of  Gloster)  were  pulling  down  a  piece  of  the  old 
wainscote,  they  found  a  very  ancient  picture  repre- 
senting the  day  of  judgment.  The  figures  are  at 
length,  and  well  drawn.  I  believe  this  was  an  altar- 
piece,  which  was  had  a  little  before  the  dissolution  of 
the  abbey.  'Tis  in  a  very  good  condition  considering 
its  age,  and  is  speedily  to  be  amended.  'Tis  with 
grief  that  I  acquaint  you  with  the  great  havock  that 
is  already  made,  and  will  shortly  be  done,  in  our 
cathedral.  A  very  beautifull  stone  arch,  with  a  little 
chapel  and  a  pretty  altar,  will  be  demolished  within 
few  days. 

1718-19.  Jan.  15.  Bacchus  used  to  quaffe  and 
carowse  in  an  home.  Hence  Nonnus,  K.a)  nspag  ayuu- 
/\ov  fi'%£  /3o'oj,  $£7ra,t;.  He  had  an  home  crooked,  for  a 
cup  ;  which  was,  saith  the  scholiast  of  Nieander,  an 
ancient  eustome.  Ol  apx,caoi'  HEpao-iv  exp^vro  'BV  TV 
7rocreif  avTt  7rorripiuv'  oQsv  xai  to  XEparai  eipyitcxi.  The 
ancients,  in  their  carowsings,  used  homes  (as  mad 
Toms  doe  now)  in  stead  of  caps  :  and  thence  to  powre 
out,  or  to  mingle  wine,  is  called  cerasai,  of  ceras,  an 

Jan.  27.  I  am  told  that  Mr.  Francis  Tallents,  who 
writ  the  Chronological  Tables  (which  are  good  ones) 
and  a  short  History  of  Schism,  was  a  Jesuit,  Avhereas 
I  thought  he  had  been  a  sort  of  presbyterian.  It 
appeared,  it  seems,  that  he  was  a  Jesuit,  after  his 
death,  when  his  study  was  broke  open,  and  his  papers 

Jan.  31.  Richard  Lacey,  Jesuit,  whose  true  name 
was  Prince,  was  born  at  Oxford.     He  died  in  prison 

171S-19]  HEARNIANjE.  89 

at  Newport,  11th  March,  1680,  aat.  32,  initae  societatis 
Jesu  12,  otherwise  he  had  been  hanged.  Quaere 
whether  Mr.  Win.  Prince,  late  mancipal  of  Edm.  Hall, 
and  now  living  in  Oxford,  having  lost  his  memory,  be 
not  of  the  same  family.  This  Mr.  Wm,  Prince  was 
first  a  papist,  and  I  have  heard  him  say  several  times 
that  he  was  converted  by  bishop  Barlow.  There  are 
of  the  Princes  now  papists,  living  at  Clifton,  near 
Dorchester,  in  Oxfordshire,  to  whom  Wm.  Prince  is 
related.  The  book  of  Mr.  E.'s  where  is  an  account 
of  Lacey,  alias  Prince,  says,  page  81,  that  he,  Lacey, 
was  editus  in  lucem  Oxonii  per  honestis  parentibus. 

Feb.  6.  On  Monday  morning  last,  Mrs.  Jenny  White, 
daughter  of  Alderman  White  of  Oxford,  was  married 
in  Merton  college  chapell,  to  Mr.  Willes,  of  Oriel 
coll.  who  is  king  George's  dccypherer,  and  hath  lately 
got  a  very  good  parsonage  in  Hertfordshire.  This 
gentleman  is  one  of  the  Constitutioners,  as  they  are 
called,  and  is  a  very  great  whig,  as  is  also  Alderman 
White,  whose  eldest  daughter,  Mrs.  Mary  White 
(looked  upon  as  a  great  beaut}',  as  Mrs.  Jenny  is  also 
handsome)  married  a  gentleman  of  University  coll.  who 
had  little  or  nothing  (though  he  hath  got  some  prefer- 
ment since),  at  the  same  time  that  she  might  have 
had  Mr.  now  Dr.  Robert  Clavering,  who  hath  got  about 
a  thousand  a  year,  as  her  father  would  fain  have  had 
her.  There  is  a  third  daughter,  who  is  the  youngest, 
and  is  about  14  years  of  age.  Mr.  Willes  and  Mrs. 
Jenny  took  coach,  and  went  out  of  town  immediately 
after  they  were  married. 

Feb.  26.  On  Tuesday  last,  being  St.  Matthias's 
day,  preached  at  St.  Marie's,  Mr.  Cuthbert  Ellison,  of 
Corpus  Christi  college,  a  sad,  dull,  heavy  preacher,  at 
which  time  a  very  great  disturbance  happened  in  the 

90  RELIQUI^  [1718-19 

church.  For  some  young  scholars  being  in  the  street, 
one  of  the  proctors  happened  to  see  them  into  church, 
which  put  them  into  such  a  fright,  that  they  imme- 
diately ran  up  into  one  of  the  galleries,  but  not  that 
which  was  agreeable  to  their  gowns.  This  caused  a 
great  noise,  and  some  crying  out  the  gallery,  and 
others,  that  the  church,  was  falling,  most  of  the  con- 
gregation was  immediately  dispersed,  and  was  in  a 
strange  confusion.  Some  leaped  out  of  the  galleries, 
very  many  were  trod  on,  &e.  The  preacher,  however, 
went  on,  and  finished  his  sermon.  I  remember,  that 
about  16  years  agoe,  in  the  afternoon,  on  a  Sunday,  it 
being  Lent  time,  at  which  time  the  university  sermons. 
in  the  afternoons  are  always  preached  there,  a  much 
greater  disturbance  happened  at  St.  Peter's  in  the 
East,  occasioned  by  some  unlucky  boys,  who  got  into 
the  tower,  and  threw  stones  down  upon  the  church, 
which  made  such  a  terrible  noise,  that  the  congrega- 
tion presently  cryed  out  that  the  church  was  falling, 
and  upon  that,  there  was  a  most  sad  confusion,  and 
the  preacher  and  all  went  out,  and  much  damage  was 
done.  The  preacher  was  Mr.  William  Stradling,  of 
Christ  Church,  and  he  was  got  into  about  the  middle 
of  his  sermon,  which  was  about  the  dissolution  of  the 
world.  This  Mr.  Stradling  is  student  of  Christ 
Church,  and  is  a  very  ingenious  scholar,  but  very 
rarely  comes  out. 

March  13.  There  were  fine  walks  about  Osney 
during  its  prosperity.  Some  of  them  may  be  traced 
now.  There  is  one  particularly  from  the  water  by 
the  castle  towards  the  abbey,  and  this  I  take  to  have 
been  that  in  which  sir  Robert  D'Oiley's  lady  walked 
when  the  pie  chattered,  which  gave  occasion  to  the 
foundation  of  the  abbey. 

1 719]  HEARNIAN^E.  91 

March  14.  There  was  never  any  picture  done  but 
one  of  Dr.  Henry  Aldrich,  dean  of  Christ  Church, 
and  that  was  by  sir  Godfrey  Kneller,  and  'twas  from 
thence  that  the  mezzotinto  print  was  taken.  The 
said  picture  was  done  gratis  by  sir  Godfrey,  and  was 
given  by  Dr.  Aldrich  (who  was  with  very  great  diffi- 
culty prevailed  with  to  let  it  be  taken)  to  Dr.  Rad- 
eliffe.  I  am  told  Mr.  Bromley  is  about  purchasing 
it  with  a  design  to  give  it  to  Christ  Church. 

March  25.  There  is  just  printed  in  fol.  two  vols, 
a  collection  of  Mr.  Kettlewell's  works,  to  which  is 
prefixed  his  Life,  written  by  Dr.  Hickes.  I  have 
just  looked  upon  the  Life,  as  it  lay  in  the  shop, 
and  I  perceived  several  material  mistakes  in  it ; 
as  he  makes  Dr.  Marsh  to  have  been  of  Edmund 
hall,  whereas  it  should  be  Mr.  March,  Mr.  John 
March  being  vice-principal  there,  and  author  of  se- 
veral things.  He  makes  also  Dr.  Mill  to  give  a  good 
character  of  Mr.  Kettlewell's  behaviour  while  under 
his  government,  whereas  Mr.  Kettlewell  had  left  the 
hall  long  before  Dr.  Mill  became  principal,  and  never 
was  under  the  government  of  Dr.  Mill.  There  are 
many  remarkable  things  in  this  Life.  The  author 
tells  us,  he  went  over  to  king  James  II.  soon  after 
the  revolution,  and  presented  to  him  the  names  of 
the  non-juring  clergy  ;  at  least  of  as  many  as  could 
be  got,  and  that  himself  and  Mr.  Thomas  Wagstaffe 
were  suffragan  bishops :  himself  (Hickes)  of  Thet- 
ford,  and  Mr.  Wagstaffe  of  Ipswich,  and  both  con- 

March  27.  There  is  a  paper  come  out,  which  I 
am  informed  is  a  very  good  one,  called  The  Plebeian. 
It   is  to  come  out  weekly.     Some  say  Mr.  Prior  is 

92  RELIQUIjE.  [1719 

author,  and  that  the  earl  of  Oxford  puts  him  upon 
it,  on  purpose  to  put  a  stop  to  the  bill  now  on  foot 
about  the  peerage. 

A  fable,  thought  to  be  wrote  by  Mr.  Prior. 
The  Old  Woman  and  her  Doctor. 


Dame  Briton,  of  the  Grange,  once  fam'd 
For  spinning  wool,  and  brewing  ale, 

Had  both  her  eyes  so  much  inflam'd, 
She  did  no  earthly  thing  but  raile. 


Patience  was  preach'd,  but  preach'd  in  vain, 
Nothing  could  pacify  her  clack ; 

So  Molly,  to  relieve  her  paine, 
Advis'd  her  to  a  foreign  quack. 

From  quality  and  grand  affairs, 

At  length  the  needy  Galen  came ; 
Molly  receiv'd  him  at  the  staires, 

And  whisper'd,  Sir,  let's  duste  my  dame. 


Agreed — a  plaister  straite  is  spread, 
With  anodynes  and  sleeping  potions  ; 

He  wraps  a  muffler  round  her  head, 

And  leaves  the  maid  to  watch  her  motions. 


Dame,  like  a  hooded  falcon,  sat, 

Thinking  her  peepers  mended  purely  ; 

Much  in  the  doctor's  praise  they  chat. 
For  Moll  knew  how  to  chatt  demurely. 

1719]  HEARNIANjE.  93 


He  visits  oft,  renews  his  fees, 

By  Molly's  kindly  care  inereas'd ; 

When,  doctor,  may  I  dare  to  see  ? 
Dear  madam,  not  this  month  at  least. 


Mean  time,  in  full  possession  told, 
And  trusted  with  the  master  keys  ; 

Goods,  chattels,  silver,  grandam's  gold, 
To  keep  all  safe,  they  kindly  seize. 


Without  her  leave  they  leas'd  the  Grange, 
The  parson's  starv'd,  the  tenant's  fin'd ; 

The  neighbours  cry,  'Tis  nothing  strange, 
Alas  !  poor  gossyp  Briton's  blind  ! 


By  good  Hutchin's  grave  advice, 

The  dame  at  last  would  view  the  day. 

Molly,  in  much  confusion,  cryes — 

'Tis  death  !  but  if  you'le  dye,  you  may. 

Then,  looking  round,  the  dame  reply'd, 

By  living  to  your  doctor's  rule : 
I  see,  what  all  may  see  beside — 

Myself  a  beggar  and  a  fool.1 

April  18.     A  present  hath  been  made  me  of  a 

1  Vol.  lxix.  p.  156.  This  ballad,  which  is  much  in  Prior's 
style,  does  not  occur  in  any  of  the  editions  of  his  works.  In 
another  place  Heaine  calls  him  "  a  man  of  excellent  sense,  and 
good  learning,"  and  tells  us  that  he  was  "  deservedly  admired 
for  his  poetry." 

94  RELIQUIAE  [1719 

book  called  The  Antiquities  of  Berkshire,  by  Elias 
Ashmole,  esq.  London,  printed  for  E.  Curll,  in  Fleet- 
street,  1719,  Svo.  in  three  volumes.  It  was  given 
me  by  my  good  friend  Thomas  Rawlinson,  esq.  As 
soon  as  I  opened  it,  and  looked  into  it,  I  was  amazed 
at  the  abominable  impudence,  ignorance,  and  care- 
lessness of  the  publisher,1  and  I  can  hardly  ascribe 
all  this  to  any  one  else  than  to  that  villain  Curll. 
Mr.  Ashmole  is  made  to  have  written  abundance  of 
things  since  his  death.  All  is  ascribed  to  him,  and 
yet  a  very  great  part  of  what  is  mentioned  happened 
since  he  died.  For,  as  many  of  the  persons  died 
after  him,  so  the  inscriptions  mentioned  in  this  book 
were  made  and  fixed  since  his  death  also.  Besides, 
what  is  taken  from  Mr.  Ashmole  is  most  fraudu- 
lently done.  The  epitaphs  are  falsly  printed,  and 
his  words  and  sense  most  horridly  perverted.  What 
Mr.  Ashmole  did  was  done  very  carefully,  as  appears 
from  the  original  in  the  museum,  where  also  are  his 
exact  draughts  of  the  most  considerable  monuments, 
of  which  there  is  no  notice  in  this  strange  rhapsody. 
I  call  it  a  rhapsody,  because  there  is  no  method  nor 
judgment  observed  in  it,  nor  one  dram  of  true  learn- 
ing. Some  things  are  taken  from  my  edition  of  Le- 
land,  but  falsely  printed,  and  I  cannot  but  complain 
of  the  injury  done  me. 

April  27.  To-night  I  was  at  the  lodgings  in  Christ 
Church  of  the  right  honourable  the  lord  George 
Dowglass,  who  is  brother  to  the  duke  of  Queensbury, 
and  is  about  a  fortnight's  standing  in  the  university. 
He  is  a  very  pretty,  ingenious,  good-natured  young 

1  Hearne  was  little   aware  that  this  was  his  very  good,  and 
notoriously  honest,  friend,  Richard  Rawlinson. 

1 7ig]  HEARNIANsE.  95 

gentleman.  I  met  there  with  Francis  Gwyn,  of 
Ford-abbey  in  Devonshire,  esq.  whom  I  had  never 
seen  before.  The  said  Mr.  Gwyn  is  a  man  of  great 
integrity  and  of  an  excellent  understanding.  His 
two  sons,  Edward  Prideaux  Gwyn  and  Francis  Gwyn, 
(both  gentlemen  commoners  of  Christ  Church,)  were 
with  him.  Mr.  Gwyn  told  me  that  some  years  agoe 
a  certain  gentleman  had  two  or  three  volumes  of 
Cardinal  Wolsey's  letters  and  other  papers,  but  that 
he  burnt  them,  for  which  he  was  afterwards  sorry, 
because  another  gentleman  offered  him  fifty  pounds 
for  them.  We  have  very  imperfect  accounts  of  the 
history  of  that  great  man.  Abundance  without  doubt 
might  have  been  discovered  from  these  papers. 

Mr.  Gwyn  said  that  Ford-abbey  is  certainly  one 
of  the  most  intire  in  England.  He  said  the  chapter- 
house is  above  stairs.  I  asked  him  about  it,  upon 
account  of  the  monks  being  buried  in  some  chapter- 
houses, which  could  not  be  in  this,  since  it  was  an 
upper  room.  We  talked  of  his  leiger  book  of  the 
abbey.  He  had  it  at  London,  from  whence  he  now 
came,  but  returned  it  into  the  country  another  way. 
He  hath  begun  to  make  an  index  to  it.  He  says 
the  family  of  Heyron  often  occurs  in  it,  and  that  it 
was  a  noted  family  in  Devonshire. 

May  7.  This  day  I  walked  to  Woodstock,  and 
took  a  fresh  view  of  the  old  foundations  of  Rosa- 
mund's bower,  which  are  just  by  her  poole.  After- 
wards I  viewed  the  new  house,  and  saw  the  lodgings 
in  it.  There  are  two  great  rooms,  the  hall  and  an- 
other, which  are  extreme  fine  and  august.  The  first 
was  painted  by  Mr.  Thornhill,  whose  work  is  exqui- 
site. The  other  was  painted  by  another,  a  Frenchman, 
I  think,  and  is  daubed  with  abundance  of  persons  of 

96  RELIQUIAE  [1719 

different  countries,  atheists,  infidels,  and  heathens 
being  mixt,  on  purpose  to  please  buffoons  and  good 
fellows  ;  whereas  had  the  painting  been  historical,  so 
as  to  represent  the  history  of  Rosamund,  and  the 
heads  of  many  great  persons,  it  would  have  answered 
the  nobleness  of  the  room. 

About  Printing. 

The  Psalter,  printed  in  Latin,  at  Mentz,  by  John 
Faust  and  Peter  Scheffer,  of  Gernshein,  (his  son-in- 
law,)  A"  D"1 1457. 

The  old  edition  of  Trithemiuss  Chronicle,  printed 
at  Mentz,  1515,  says,  this  art  was  began]  at  Mentz, 
anno  1450,  by  John  Fust,  and  that  it  was  brought 
to  perfection  by  him,  A°  1452. 

John  Faust  and  Peter  Scheffer  printed  a  large 
Latin  Bible  in  folio,  that  was  finished  A°  1462.  Some 
of  the  copies  in  vellam.1  They  were  so  near  the 
hand-writing  of  those  times,  that  John  Faust  sold 
some  of  them  at  Paris  (printing  at  that  time  being 
not  known  in  any  part  of  France)  for  MSS.  at  no 
less  than  sixty  crowns  each.  His  copies  fell  after- 
wards to  half  the  price.  This  caused  him  to  be  pro- 
secuted for  a  conjuror  and  necromancer.  Thence  he 
fled  to  Strasburg.  Faust  the  first  inventor  :  Gut- 
tenburg  only  his  assistant.  Some  make  Lawrence 
Coster  to  have  begun  printing  at  Harlem,  A°  1432. 

Guttenburg  printed  a  book  at  Harlem  between 
1462  and  1468,  entitled,  The  Spiegel,  or  Looking  Glass 
of  oar  Salvation,  or  the  Types  of  the  Old  and  New 
Testament,  which  had  been  first  printed  by  John 
Faust,  at  Mentz,  about  the  year  1455,  with  blocks  or 

1  My  lord  Sunderland  hath  a  copy  of  it  on  vellam,  which 
cost  him  an  hundred  and  ten  pounds.  T.  H.  Now  in  the 
library  at  Blenheim. 

1719]  IIEARNIANsE.  97 

moulds  of  wood,  much  like  those  made  use  of  by  card- 
makers,  for  stamping  or  printing  court-cards.  Lord 
Pembroke  hath  a  copy  printed  only  on  one  side,  and 
two  leaves  pasted  together.  Faust's  done  with  ex- 
cellent black  ink :  but  Guttenburg's  was  printed  with 
writing  ink,  very  feint  and  whiter.  Guttenburg  con- 
tinued printing  at  Harlem,  for  some  time,  first  with 
moulds  or  blocks,  and  afterwards  with  single  types  : 
where  he  received  Fred.  Corsellis,  a  native  of  that 
country,  into  his  service  ;  who  was  the  first  typogra- 
pher that  brought  this  art  into  England,  by  the  en- 
couragement of  archbishop  Bourehier,  who  procured  it 
to  be  first  settled  at  Oxford.  This  archbishop  had 
been  a  graduate  of  Nevil  hall,  in  the  parish  of  St. 
John  Baptist,  in  the  university.  He  moved  Hen.  Vlth 
to  procure  a  printing  mould  (so  'tis  called  in  a  MS. 
about  this  affair  in  Lambeth  library)  to  be  brought 
into  England.  Mr.  Robert  Tournour,  who  was  then 
of  the  robes,  and  a  great  favourite  of  the  king's,  and 
Mr.  Caxton,  a  citizen  of  London,  of  good  worth  and 
ability,  who  traded  much  to  Holland,  were  the  men 
imployed ;  and  accordingly,  with  much  difficulty,  at 
the  expenee  of  1500  marks,  300  of  which  were  allowed 
by  the  archbishop,  and  the  rest  by  the  king,  they  pre- 
vailed upon  Frederick  Corsellis,  one  of  the  workmen 
at  Harlem,  to  come  into  England,  conveying  him  pri- 
vately away.  The  archbishop  having  been  chancellor 
of  Oxford,  sent  him  thither  (it  being  not  thought  safe 
to  settle  him  at  London)  under  a  guard,  which  con- 
stantly attended  him  to  prevent  his  escape,  till  he  had 
made  good  his  promise  to  teach  this  new  art.  When 
Corsellis  had  performed  the  undertaking,  he  returned 
to  Flanders,  and  settled  at  Antwerp,  whither  he  'was 
followed  by  Caxton,  to  be  instructed  by  him,  which 
was   about   the   year  1470.      Hieronymi   Expositio, 

II.  H 

98  RELIQUIAE  [1719 

printed  at  Oxford,  A°  1468,  without  doubt  by  Cor- 
sellis,  tho'  no  name  be  added,  and  is  more  ancient 
than  any  Mr.  Bagford  hath  met  with  printed  with  a 
date,  either  at  Harlem,  Strasburgh,  in  France,  Spain, 
Flanders,  or  any  other  part  of  Europe,  (Italy  ex- 
cepted.) and  next  (with  this  exception)  to  those 
printed  by  John  Faust  and  Peter  SchfefFer.  Some  of 
the  Corsellis's  retired  into  England  in  queen  Eliza- 
beth's time,  where  they  have  continued  for  the  most 
part  merchandizing,  and  have  been  possessed  of  a 
plentifull  estate  in  the  county  of  Essex,  which  is  now 
enjoyed  by  John  Corsellis,  esq.  at  this  time  member 
of  parliament  for  Colchester,  in  the  same  county.1 
The  next  that  exercised  this  art  at  Oxford  was  Theo- 
dore Rood,  of  Colon.  After  they  had  sufficiently  in- 
structed them  in  the  art,  we  find  it  was  carried  on  at 
Oxford  to  the  year  1481,  but  from  that  time  discon- 
tinued, till  Winken  de  Word  came  and  re-established 
it  there,  which  was  about  the  year  1500.  He  carried 
it  on  in  St.  John's  parish  also,  in  a  street  called 
Grope-lane,  and  from  him  Winken-street,  and  after- 
wards (from  a  sign  now  standing)  Magpie-lane, 
(lxxvij.  1.) 

Letter  from  Oliver  Cromwell. 
Loving  Sir, 
Make  me  so  much  your  servant  by  being  godfather 
unto  my  child.  I  would  my  selfe  haue  come  ouer 
unto  you,  to  haue  made  a  more  formall  invitation, 
but  my  occasions  would  not  permitt,  and  therefore 
hold  me  in  that  excused.  The  day  of  your  trouble  is 
Thursday  next,  let  me  intreate  your  company 'on 
Wednesday.     By  this  tyme  it  appeares  I  am  more  apt 

So  in  Mr.  Bagford's  Notes.    T.  H. 

1719]  HEARNIANjE.  99 

to  incroch  upon  you  for  new  favours,  then  to  shew 
my  thankefullness  for  the  loue  I  haue  already  found, 
but  I  know  your  patience,  and  your  goodness  cannot 
be  exhausted  by 

Your  freind  and  servant, 

Oliuek  Cromwell. 

Hunt,  this  14  October,  1626. 

To  his  approved  good  friend  Mr.  Henry 
Downhale,  att  his  chamber  in  St.  John's 
colledye,  theise. 

I  copyed  this  (saith  Mr.  Ashmole)  5  March  16-i-g., 
from  the  originall,  being  then  in  the  said  Mr.  Downall's 
hands :  the  child  above  mentioned  was  named  Richard, 
who  came  to  be  lord  protector,  1658.     (lxxxii.  47.) 

May  17.  When  I  was  about  publishing  Lelancts 
Collectanea,  my  friend  Browne  Willis,  esq.  importuned 
me  to  print  a  Catalogue  of  the  Parliamentary  Mitred 
Abbats,  with  an  account  of  the  Abbeys  themselves. 
He  had  collected  the  Catalogue  from  Dr.  Hutton's 
papers.  Accordingly  he  sent  me  the  Catalogue,  which, 
upon  perusal,  I  found  very  jejune,  and  full  of  faults, 
upon  which  I  was  forced  to  examine  the  whole  with 
the  original  authors,  and  to  write  all  over  anew,  by 
which  I  made  it  for  his  credit,  and  afterwards  1 
printed  it.  After  this  he  undertook  the  reprinting  it, 
against  my  will  and  consent,  and  added  to  it  the  con- 
ventual cathedral  churches,  and  collections  about  other 
abbies ;  and  the  whole  is  just  come  out  in  two  vols. 
This  work  of  my  friend  is  a  most  strange  rhapsody, 
and  nothing  tolerable  in  it,  only  what  he  hath  taken 
from  Leland,  which  however  he  hath  strangely 
mangled  and  spoiled  ;  and  whereas  he  calls  the  second 
vol.  "  The  History  of  Abbies,  volume  II."  contrary  to 
the  title  in  the  first  vol.  it  is  so  far  from  deserving 

100  RELIQTJIJE  [1719 

that  title,  that  'tis  nothing  like  a  history,  being  nothing 
but  confused,  indigested  scraps,  done  without  the 
least  skill  or  judgment,  for  which  I  am  sorry. 

June  G.    Last    Sunday  died  Edmund   Dunch,1  of 

1  The  Dunehes  were  a  family  of  great  antiquity  in  the  counties 
of  Berks  and  Oxford,  where  they  possessed  a  very  valuable  pro- 
perty. William  Dunch,  in  the  time  of  Hen.  VIII.  was  auditor 
of  the  mint,  and  married  Mary,  the  daughter  of  John  Barnes, 
gentleman-porter  of  the  castle  of  Guysnes,  in  France.  He  died  in 
1597,  and  was  buried  at  Little  Wittenham,  in  Berkshire.  There 
are  several  inscriptions  to  them  in  Ashmole's  History  of  Berk- 
shire, vol.  i.  p.  59,  &c.  See  also  Le  Neve's  Mon.  Anglicana, 
from  1650  to  1679,  No.  496. 

In  the  church  of  Newington,  Oxfordshire,  are  the  following 
inscriptions  to  this  family,  which  I  do  not  believe  have  hitherto 
been  published: 


Walter  Dunch  Esq.  whose 
memory  is  presented  in  ye 
wall  lieth  bvried  vnder 
this  stone.     1644. 


Neare  this  place  lyeth  buried  the  body  of 
Walter  Dunch  late  of  this  Parish  Esq. 
who  deceased  January  the  sixth  1644. 
unto  whose  memory  his  beloved  wife  Mary 
out  of  hir  deare  affection  to  him  erected 
this  Monument  Anno  D~ui:   1650. 


Here  lyes  the  prop  and  glory  of  his  race; 
That  no  time  may  his  memory  deface, 
His  gratefvll  WIPE,  vnder  this  speaking  stone 
His  ashes  hid,  to  make  his  menu  knowne. 
Sprvng  from  an  Opulent  and  worthy  line 
W'hos  well  vsd  fortvn  made  their  vertvs  shine, 
A  rich  example  his  faire  life  did  giue, 
How  others  shovld  with  their  relations  liue ; 

1719]  1IEARN1ANJE.  101 

Little  Witenham,  in  Berks,  esq.  parliament  man  for 
Wallingford,  being  about  40  years  of  age.     He  was 

A  piovs  son,  a  hvsband,  and  a  friend : 
To  neighbovrs  to,  his  bovnty  did  extend 
So  far,  that  they  lamented  when  he  dyd 
As  if  they  all  had  been  to  him  allyd. 
His  cvriovs  yovth  wovld  men  and  maners  know, 
Which  made  him  to  the  sovthern  Nations  goe, 
Nearer  the  svn,  tho  they  more  ciuill  seem, 
Reueng  and  lvxvry  has  their  esteem ; 
Which  well  obseruing,  he  retvmd  with  more 
Valve  for  England  then  he  had  before. 
Her  trve  Religion  and  her  Statvtes  too 
He  practis  did,  no  les  then  seek  to  know; 
And  the  whole  Covntry  greiued  for  their  ill  fate 
To  loose  so  good,  so  jvst,  a  maiestrate. 
To  shed  a  tear  may  readers  be  inclind, 
And  pray  for  one  he  only  left  behind, 
That  shee,  who  does  inherit  his  Estate, 
May  Vertve  loue  like  him,  and  uices  hate. 
Bv  Edmund  Waller 

This  Epitaph  does  not  appear  in  any  edition  of  Waller's  works. 


H  :  S  :  E  : 

Henricus  Dunch  Arm : 

Filius  quartus 

Edmundi  Dunch  de  Wittenham  Arm  : 

Et  Bridgittae  fil :  &hsered:  Ant:  Hungerford  mil: 

De  Downamney  in  Agro  Glouc : 

Vir  qui  Deo  solum  ac  amicis  notus, 

Non  aliud  sibi  monumentum  exigere  voluit, 


Quod   omni   marmore    perennius, 

Bonorum  mentib4  inhaereret, 

Pia  tamen  conjux  hoc  posuit  posterorum  gratia, 

Ut  temporibus  malis  non  desit  exemplum 

Constantis  Viii ; 

Qui  erga  Deum  pietatis  officia  praestare, 

Necessitudinibus    Fidem    liberare, 

Pauperibus  benignius  subvenire, 

Omnesque  morum  probitate  ac  modestiu  sibi  devincire : 

102  RELIQUIAE  [1719 

a  very  great  gamester,  and  had  a  little  before  lost 
about  30  libs,  in  one  night  in  gaming.  He  had  other- 
wise many  good  qualities.  By  gaming  most  of  the 
estate  is  gone.  He  was  drawn  into  gaming  purely  to 
please  his  lady.  King  James  I.  said  to  one  of  the 
Dunches,  (for  'tis  an  old  family,)  when  his  majesty 
asked  his  name,  and  he  answered  Duneh,  "  Ay,  (saith 
"  the  king,)  Dunch  by  name,  and  dunce  by  nature." 

June  8.  Upon  one  who  was  bribed  while  he  was 

Spretis  et  aliorum  Illecebris  et  Re  sua, 

Ausus  est. 

Natus  est  \  .       ™      f  1649 

Obiit  /An:  Ch;l  1686 

In    Uxorem    duxit   Annam    fil  : 

Will :  Dormer  de  Ascott  in  agro  Oxon  : 

ex  qua 

Duabus  filiis  suseeptis, 

Elizubetham  haeredem 

Et  sibi  superstitem 



H.  S.  E. 

Anna  Dunch  Lectissima  Fcemina, 

Ac  digna  quae  memoriaj  hominum  tradatur. 

Animum  ejus  virtutes  plurimsa,  rariq  ;  exempli, 

Corpus  formse  decor  commendarunt. 

Religionis  illi  atq  ;  animae  servanda; 

Praccipuum  studium,  deinde  honestatis. 

[ngeninm  elegans,  Modestia  singularis. 

Maritum  habuit  HENRICUM   DUNCH, 

Severae  priscseq;  Virtutis  virum. 

Quocum  vixit  ijsdem  plane  moribus, 

Et  voluntate  nunquam  dissimili. 

Amisso  Viro,  reliquum  vitae,  quod  quadriennio 

Paulo  minus  fuit,  Vidua  transegit. 

A  Delicijs  et  licentia  sceculi  aliena. 

Obijt  in  Id:  Maij  A.D.  MDCXC. 

V.  A.  xxxiv.  M.  11. 

Tabulam  hanc  Sepulchralem  pientissima: 

Filise  moesta  mater  P.  C. 

1719]  HEAENIANjE.  103 

at  prayers  in  the  chapel,  to  vote  contrary  to  his  con- 

One  hand  and  eye  erect,  were  close  engag'd 
In  pray'r,  and  holy  war  with  heaven  wag'd  ; 
The  other  eye  obliquely  view'd  the  gold, 
Which  into  t'other  hand  was  slyly  told. 
What !  brib'd  within  the  consecrated  walls  ! 
Strange  magick  pow'r  of  gold  !  to  hush  the  calls 
Of  sacred  promises,  dissolve  the  ties 
Of  oaths  !    Was  this  thy  morning  sacrifice  ? 
Transcendent  knave !  who  could  have  closer  trod 
Thy  friend  Iscariot's  steps,  who  sold  his  God  ? 
Transcript  of  Judas  !  go,  refund  thy  pelf, 
Then,  like  thy  great  exemplar,  hang  thy  self : 
For  while  thou  liv'st,  the  world  will  be  surpriz'd 
To  meet  a  walking  hell  epitomiz'd. 

June  20.  King  James  is  a  great  instance  for  an- 
tipuritans,  and  a  great  prop  to  the  episcopall  cause. 
It's   alleadged  of  him,  that  hee  hated  puritans  for 

1  In  order  to  understand  these  verses,  the  reader  must  be 
told,  that  they  relate  to  an  election  at  Wadham  college,  for  a 
warden,  on  the  death  of  Dr.  Dunster.  The  two  candidates  were 
Mr.  Girdler,  a  very  honest  gentleman,  as  Hearne  would  have 
called  him,  and  Dr." Baker,  archdeacon  of  Oxford,  and  afterwards 
bishop  of  Bangor  and  Norwich.  Mr.  Girdler  had  three  votes 
including  the  subwarden ;  Dr.  Baker  five;  one  of  these  had 
before  promised  Girdler,  and  remained  firm  up  to  the  moment  of 
going  into  chapel,  where  the  election  took  place  after  morning 
prayers.  He  then,  to  the  surprise  of  all  present,  voted  for 
Dr."  Baker,  and  so  turned  the  election,  which  would  otherwise 
have  been  in  favour  of  the  tory  interest ;  for,  had  the  votes  been 
even,  the  subwarden's  casting  voice  would,  of  course,  have  given 
the  wardenship  to  Mr.  Girdler.  It  was  said,  that  this  abandon- 
ment of  promise  and  principle  was  occasioned  by  a  purse  con- 
taining fifty  guineas  being  put  into  Mr. 'a  hand,  by  an  agent 

of  Dr.  Baker's.     The  names  of  the  other  parties  I  purposely  omit. 

104  RELIQUIAE  [1719 

their  hatred  to  episcopacie,  and  loved  episcopacie  for 
it's  amity  to  monarchic :  his  aphorisme  was,  No 
bishop,  no  king.1 

June  28.  Mr.  Joseph  Addison,  the  poet,  dying 
lately,  on  Friday  last,  (June  26.)  his  corpse  lay  in 
state  in  Jerusalem  chamber,  and  at  night  was  interred 
in  Westminster  abbey. 

July  24.  Mr.  Lewis "  assures  me,  that  my  lord 
Bullingbrooke  is  a  great  villain,  and  that  king  James 
turned  him  out  of  his  court  for  being  a  spy,  and  be- 
traying his  secrets.  Indeed,  as  Mr.  Lewis  said,  he 
went  over,  by  Marlborough's  contrivance,  purely  to 
be  a  spy,  and  tho'  he  opposed  Oxford  in  England, 
yet  it  was  only  out  of  pretence  of  being  on  king 
James's  side,  not  out  of  honesty  ;  Oxford  indeed  being 
rather  of  that  king's  side,  which  is  the  true  reason, 
it  may  be,  why  Bullingbroke  so  much  hated  him. 
But  these  are  secrets.  'Tis  certain  Bullingbroke's 
father  is  great  in  George's  court,  which  'tis  believed 
would  not  be,  were  his  son  for  king  James. 

1  See  a  Discourse  concerning  Puritans,  p.  13.     Lond.  1641. 

2  John  Lewis  was  a  bookseller  in  Covent-garden,  and  a  papist. 
lie  was  for  many  years  servant  to  king  James  the  second  in 
France,  and  afterwards  to  the  pretender,  with  whom  he  sailed 
for  Scotland  in  queen  Anne's  time.  Soon  after  Hearne  saw  him 
at  Oxford,  Lewis  was  brought  into  trouble  for  causing  a  pamphlet, 
entitled  Vox  Populi  Vox  Dei,  to  be  printed.  This  was  judged  to 
be  a  treasonable  product  inn,  and  the  priuter  being  compelled  to 
disclose  his  employer,  Lewis  left  off  trade,  and  retired  into  Den- 
bighshire, his  native  country,  where,  1  fancy,  he  ended  his  days. 
The  printer,  Matthews,  was  tried,  and  being  convicted  of  high 
treason,  was  hung  at  Tyburn,  6th  Nov.  1719.  The  author  of  the 
pamphlet  in  question  was  supposed  to  be.  Mr.  Brewster,  a  bar- 
rister, and  formerly  a  member  of  Balliol  college,  who  died  about 
the  time  that  Lewis  absconded  into  Wales. 

1 719]  HEARNIAN^E.  105 

Aug.  25.  Mr.  Prynn's  books,  having  been  made 
use  of  for  wast  paper,  begin  now  to  be  scarce,  and 
to  be  got  into  curious  hands,  purely  for  this  reason, 
because  he  commonly  cites  his  vouchers  for  what  he 
delivers,  and  thereby  gives  his  reader  an  opportunity 
of  examining  the  truth  of  them.  Mr.  Baker,  of  Cam- 
bridge, believes  his  study  hath  more  of  Mr.  Prynne's 
books  than  any  one  of  that  university,  and  he  well 
remembers,  that  he  sent  up  his  Anti-Arminianism  to 
Mr.  Strype,  which  he  could  not  meet  with  at  London, 
when  he  was  writing  one  of  his  books,  and  yet  it  has 
two  editions. 

Sept.  8.  On  Saturday  (Sept.  5)  came  to  Oxford 
two  of  the  daughters  of  Richard  Cromwell,  son  of 
Oliver  Cromwell,  protector,  one  of  which  is  married 
to  Dr.  Gibson,  the  physician,  who  writ  the  Anatomy ; 
the  other  is  unmarried.  They  are  both  presbyterians, 
as  is  also  Dr.  Gibson,  who  was  with  them.  They 
were  at  the  presbyterian  meeting-house  in  Oxford 
on  Sunday  morning  and  evening ;  and  yesterday  they, 
and  all  the  gang  with  them,  dined  at  Dr.  Gibson's, 
provost  of  Queen's,  who  is  related  to  them,  and  made 
a  great  entertainment  for  them,  exspecting  something 
from  them,  the  physician  being  said  to  be  worth 
30,000  libs.     They  went  from  Oxford  after  dinner. 

Dec.  3.  Tho.  Morgan,  gent,  writ  a  little  thing, 
printed  in  4to.  called  The  Welchmen  s  Jubilee :  to  the 
honour  of  St.  David,  shewing  the  manner  of  that  solemn 
Celebration,  which  the  Welchmen  annually  hold  in  honour 
of  St.  David.  Describing  likewise  the  true  and  reall 
cause  why  they  wear  that  day  a  Leek  on  their  Hats. 
With  an  excellent  merry  Sonnet  annexed  unto  it.  He 
thinks  the  true  reason  of  wearing  the  leek  is,  be- 

106  RELIQUIAE  [1719-20 

cause  St.  David  always  when  he  went  into  the  field, 
in  martial  exercise,  carried  a  leek  with  him ;  and 
being  once  almost  faint  to  death,  he  immediately  re- 
membered himself  of  the  leek,  and  by  that  means 
not  only  preserved  his  life,  but  also  became  victorious. 
The  author  was  some  merry  fellow,  and  writ  it  to  get 
a  penny. 

1719-20.  Jan.  4.  Sir  Philip  Sydenham  tells  me 
that  he  hath  had  several  estates  belonging  to  the 
church,  and  that  he  hath  never  had  any  satisfaction 
or  comfort  with  them,  and  that  ever  since  their  fa- 
mily had  them,  they  have  been  decreasing,  but  be- 
fore flourishing  and  encreasing.  He  justly  observes, 
(in  a  letter  to  me,  Dec.  26,  1719,)  that  sacrilege  is 
certainly  a  canker  to  all  estates.  But  whereas  their 
bishop  (Dr.  Hooper,  bishop  of  Bath  and  Wells)  said, 
in  his  hearing,  that  time  wears  out  that  sin,  he 
rightly  judges  that  this  is  very  doating.  Mr.  Eyston 
was  told  by  a  man  that  lived  within  six  miles  of 
Glastonbury,  that  the  scite  of  the  said  abbey  of  Glas- 
tonbury had  not  continued  above  twenty  years  toge- 
ther in  the  same  family  since  the  dissolution.1 

Feb.  7.    This  day  sennight  died  Mrs.  Mead,  wife 

1  General  Monk  (Duke  of  Albemarle)  deemed  it  sacrilege  to 
possess  any  property  that  had  been  wrested  from  the  church. 
In  pa^e  33  of  Seth  Ward's  sermon  at  his  funeral,  entitled,  The 
Christian1 s  Victory over Death,L<md.  1670,  this  passage  :  "He 
"(the  duke)  was  a  great  detester  otsacr  Hedge;  he  hath  often  told 
"  me  with  joy  and  resolution,  that  he  never  had,  or  would  have, 
"  in  the  compass  of  his  estate,  any  part  that  had  ever  /urn  devoted 
"  to  pious  uses."  Hearne,  in  another  vol.  (lxxxvi.  p.  95)  makes 
a  very  singular  exception  to  his  general  rule  on  this  subject. 
"  Tis  an  observation  that  abbey  lands  thrive  in  the  hands  of 
"  Roman  Catholicks,  tho'not  in  the  hands  of  others ;  Mr.  Eyston 
"  says,  that  the  abbey  lands  in  his  own  family  have  prospered  !  " 

1719-20]  HEARNIANj®.  107 

of  ray  great  and  generous  friend  Dr.  Richard  Mead. 
Many  scandalous  stories  have  been  raised  of  this  lady, 
but  I  am  well  informed  they  are  malicious  and  false. 
For  thus  my  worthy  friend,  Thomas  Rawlinson,  esq. 
writes  to  me,  in  a  letter,  dated  yesterday.      '  Ever 
"  since  Monday  (for  on  Sunday  Mrs.  Mead  died)  I 
"  have  bin  with  the  doctor  from  morning  to  night, 
"  and  never  bin  once  at  the  coffee-house.     She  will 
"  be  buried  on  Tuesday  next,  about  which  time,  or 
"  thereabout,  I  hope  to  be  abroad  again.     Mrs.  Mead 
"  brought  the  doctor  a  very  good  fortune.    She  left 
"  him   five  children,  four  girls,  and  a  son  of  about 
"  a  yeare  and  a  half  old.     'Tis  now  a  pretty  many 
"  years  I  have  had  the  honour  to  be  intimately  ac- 
"  quainted  in  the  family,  where   I  remarked  him  a 
"  good  father    and  kind   husband,  and  her  a  good 
"  wife.     A  deal  of  scandal  ill  people  (Woodward  or 
"  such  fellowes)  have  uttered,  but  I  never  saw  any 
"  grounds  for  it,  tho'  so  constantly  there.     I  found 
"  her  an  honourable  friend  without  falsehood  or  dis- 
"  guise  ;  never  heard  worse  things  from  her  mouth, 
"  than  such  advice  as  a  wise  mother  might  give  to 
"  even  a  favored  son.     I  thought  this  due  to  her 
"  character  now  dead,  who  have  defended  it  while 
"  she  lived,  if  at  any  time  I  found  it,  or  barbarously 
"  attacked,  or  more  insidiously  whispered  away." 

Feb.  8.  It  is  a  custome  now  in  London  for  all  the 
tory  clergy  to  wear  their  master's  gowns,  (if  they 
have  proceeded  in  the  degree  of  master  of  arts  at 
either  of  the  universities,)  which  much  displeases  the 
whiggs  and  the  enemies  of  the  universities,  who  all 
go  in  pudding-sleeve  gowns. 

Feb.  18.  Out  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  Baker,  of  Cam- 

108  RELIQUIAE  [1720 

bridge,  dated  the  lGth  of  this  month.  "  It  will  be 
"  no  news  to  tell  you,  that  Dr.  Snape  (master  of 
"  Eaton)  is  chosen  provost  of  King's  college,  which, 
"  tho'  it  be  a  good  choice,1  yet,  1  doubt,  they  may 
"  loose  the  court  by  it,  and  their  hopefull  expecta- 
"  tions  of  a  new  building.  The  late  provost's*2  death 
"  was  an  unhappy  blow  to  them ;  all  things  were 
"  prepared  and  adjusted,  and  he  only  wanted  the 
"  ceremony  of  being  introduced,  when  his  sudden 
"  death  dasht  all." 

March  23.  Mr.  Eyston  told  me,  that  Dugdale's 
Baronage  cost  him  but  about  30  shillings,  whereas 
now  it  is  worth  about  five  libs.  I  gave  four  libs,  for 
one  myself.  He  said  he  bought  Dugdale's  Warwick- 
shire for  considerably  under  30  shillings.  The  cata- 
logue of  the  MSS.  of  England  and  Ireland  was  sold 
two  days  since,  in  an  auction  at  Oxford,  for  8s.  It  is 
worth  17s. 

June  26.  Paucis  abhinc  annis  Oxoniam  venit  sartor 
quidam  Norvicensis,  "Wilde  nomine,  commendatus  ab 
Humphr.  Prideaux,  et  Thoma  Tannero,  hoc  cancel- 
lario,  illo  decano  Norvicensi.  Homo  iste,  occupatione 
relicta,  nunc  lingua"  Arabicse  operam  dat,  quumque 
sit  plane  indefessus  mirum  est  quantum  in  eadem 
profecerit.  Atque  hoc  eo  magis  est  mirandum,  quod 
linguae  Latinos  et  Graccsc  sit  fere  imperitus,  uti  ct 
eruditionis  expers. 

1  Ilearne  says,  in  another  place,  "On  Thursday,  May  26  last, 
"  the  Rev.  Dr.  Andrew  Snape  resigned  his  place  of  head  school- 
"  master  of  Eaton,  upon  bis  being  elected  provost  of  King's 
"  college,  Cambridge,  at  which  time  he  made  a  most  affectionate 
"  speech  to  the  scholars,  which  drew  tears  from  their  eyes  " 

2  Dr.  Adams,  who  writ  of  self  murther  against  Dr.  Donne. 
T.  H. 

1720]  HEARNIANJU.  109 

June  27.  Brownus  Willis  mihi  retulit,  se  habere 
exemplar  Godwini  de  prsesulibus,  in  quo  perplures 
emendationes  ac  additiones  MSS.  Sunt  etiam  alia 
id  genus  exemplaria.  Horum  ope  editio  nobilissima 
posset  proferri,  una  cum  continuatione  ad  nostra  usque 
tempora.  Sed  prsesulum  aliquot  pravitas  obstat  quo 
minus  typis  ejusmodi  opus  mandetur. 

July  29.  A  friend  told  me,  that  being  once  with 
Dr.  Charlett,  the  doctor  told  him,  that  the  father  of 
one  Stanhope,  coming  to  Trinity  college,  Oxon,  to  enter 
his  son,  had  a  mind  to  talk  with  Anthony  a  Wood. 
Anthony  happened  to  be  in  the  college  at  that  time, 
and  Charlett  brought  him  to  him.  Stanhope  plaid 
upon  him,  and  grinned,  and  pretended  to  be  witty, 
especially  when  he  found  Anthony  thick  of  hearing : 
which  Charlett  minding,  told  him  secretly,  (there 
being  others  in  company,)  Have  a  care,  for  tho'  he 
pretends  to  be  deaf,  he  can  hear  sometimes  what  he 
pleases.  Stanhope  goes  on;  And  pray,  Mr.  Wood, 
says  he,  what  doe  you  remember  of  me  ?  Of  you, 
sir  ?  says  Anthony.  When  was  you  entered  of  this 
college  ?  Why,  about  such  a  time,  says  he.  Very 
well,  replyes  Anthony,  "  and  one  of  your  name  whis- 
"  pered  Ann  Green  in  the  ear,  when  she  was  hanged 
"  for  murthering  her  bastard  child."  Stanhope  was 
nettled  at  this,  and  acknowledged  that  he  was  met 
with  by  Anthony. 

Aug.  7.  Mr.  Collins,  of  Magdalen  college,  tells  me, 
that  Mr.  Joseph  Addison,  of  their  college,  (who  was 
afterwards  secretary  of  state,)  used  to  please  himself 
mightily  with  this  prologue  to  a  puppet-shew : 

A  certain  king  said  to  a  beggar,  What  has't  to  eat? 
Beans,  qicoth  the  beggar.     Beans  ?  quoth  the  king.     Yea, 

110  EELIQ  UI^E  [1720 

beans,  I  say,  and  so  forthwith  we  straight  begin  the  play. 
Strike  up,  player. 

Mr.  Collins  told  me  of  this  verse  about  drinking 
thrice  before  smoking  : 

Ter  bibito  primum,  post  osfac  esse  caminwn. 

Mr.  Collins  told  me,  that  he  hath  seen  Mr.  Josias 
Howe's  sermon,  printed  in  red  letters,  and  that  Mr. 
Jon.  Beaucham,  (commonly  called  Nie.  Beaucham,) 
late  of  Trinity  college,  had  a  copy.1 

Whereas  Mr.  Wood,  Ath.  Oxon.  vol.  ii.  col.  737,2 
saith,  that  Mr.  How  was  put  out  of  his  fellowship  of 
Trinity  college  by  the  parliamentarian  visitors  in  1618, 
Mr.  Collins  thinks  it  is  not  so  true.  For  he  saith, 
that  Mr.  How  was  then  bursar  of  Trinity  college ; 
that  he  carried  off  all  the  books,  and  went  to  an  estate 
in  Buckinghamshire,  where  he  staid  a  good  while ; 
that  Dr.  Harris,  who  was  then  put  in  head  of  Trinity 
college  by  the  parliamentarians,  when  they  wanted 
the  books,  sent  to  him,  to  return  to  the  college,  pro- 
mising to  secure  him.  But  an  expulsion  from  the 
powers  was  lodged  in  Harris's  hands,  and  Harris 
courted  How  so  long,  that  at  last  he  got  the  books 
out  of  his  hands,  upon  which  he  sighed  and  lamented 
that  he  could  not  keep  his  promise  to  him,  and  keep 
so  ingenious  a  man  in  the  college,  and  then  producing 
the  expulsion,  told  him,  he  must  leave  the  college 
immediately,  which  accordingly  he  did,  and  this  was 
some  time  after  1648. 

Aug.  8.  There  is  a  place  at  Chippenham  in  Wilts 
called  the  Place  House,  thought  by  some  to  have 
been  a  palace  of  one  of  the  Saxon  kings.     It   is 

1  See  Appendix,  No.  XIII. 

2  Fasti  Oxonknsts,  vol.  ii.  i>.  'JC,  ed.  4to. 

1720]  HEARNIANjE.  Ill 

certain  that  Chippenham  was  a  royal  vill,  being  men- 
tioned as  such  in  king  JElfrid's  will,  where  he  gives 
Villa  de  Chippenham  to  his  youngest  daughter. 

Aug.  26.  Account  of  the  death  of  Lionell  Walden, 
esq.  a  very  worthy  young  gentleman,  formerly  gen- 
tleman commoner  of  Christ  Church,  and  one  of  those 
that  were  taken  at  Preston,  and  afterwards  imprisoned 
at  London. 

Good  Mr.  Hearn, 
I  have  very  much  longed  for  some  pretence  of  giving 
you  the  trouble  of  a  letter,  but  must  express  my  deep 
concern  for  the  melancholly  occasion  offered  at  this 
time,  which  serves  to  acquaint  you,  that  your  friend 
Mr.  Walden,  formerly  gentleman  commoner  of  Christ 
Church,  and  nephew  to  Mr.  Cotton,  was  barbarously 
murthered  at  this  place  by  one  Forbes,  from  whom, 
in  the  heat  of  liquor,  he  had  received  very  abusive 
language,  upon  which  blows  ensued,  for  the  gentle- 
man in  whose  chamber  they  were  had  secured  their 
swords ;  but  Forbes  observing  that  one  of  the  com- 
pany who  sleep'd  upon  the  bed,  had  his  sword  by  his 
side,  in  a  treacherous  manner  laid  himself  down  upon 
the  bed,  without  the  least  suspicion  of  the  company, 
who  imagined  he  intended  to  sleep,  while  he  was 
intent  only  upon  stealing  softly  the  gentleman's  sword 
(who  sleeped)  out  of  the  scabbard,  with  which  he  in 
a  furious  manner  run  upon  Mr.  Walden,  and  gave 
him  five  wounds  before  any  of  the  company  could 
come  to  his  rescue,  of  which  wounds  he  dyed  in  a 
quarter  of  an  hour  after.  I,  being  the  only  acquaint- 
ance he  or  his  uncle  had  in  this  country,  thought 
myself  oblidged  to  look  after  his  body  and  effects, 
amongst  which  I  found  his  will,  dated  20th  last  July, 
which  I  have  just  transcribed,  and  sent  the  copy  over 

112  RELIQUIsE  [1720 

to  his  uncle,  in  which  will  he  has  left  you  a  legacy  of 
100/.  by  the  name  of  Mr.  John  Heron,  late  library- 
keeper  at  Oxford,  which  is  sufficient  in  law,  because 
you  are  described ;  he  has  given  Dr.  Welton  2001.  to 
the  Rev.  Mr.  Read,  of  Sheffield,  100/.  to  Mrs.  Stone, 
daughter  to  the  under-warden  of  the  Fleet  prison, 
100/.  and  1000/.  for  two  charity  schools,  one  in  the 
Isle  of  Ely,  another  to  be  built  in  Huntington.  *  *  * 
Angers,  29  Nov.  1719. 

Memorand.  That  after  the  receipt  of  this  letter,  I 
writ  to  Mr.  Cotton,  and  I  was  told  by  him  that  my 
legacy  would  be  paid  me.  Mr.  Walden's  body  was 
afterwards  brought  into  England,  and  interred  in 


Sept.  3.  This  morning  Mr.  Holdsworth,  lately  fellow 
of  Magdalen  college,  and  now  a  non-juror,  called  upon 
me.  He  is  a  right  worthy  man,  and  hath  been  lately 
at  Rome.  He  shewed  me  the  pictures  of  king  James 
III.  and  his  queen.  The  queen  is  a  very  fine  lady. 
The  king,  he  says,  is  a  prince  of  admirable  sense, 
eheerfull,  and  finely  shaped. 

Sept.  20.  Yesterday  was  a  great  foot-race  at  Wood- 
stock, for  1400  libs,  between  a  running  footman  of  the 
duke  of  Wharton's,  and  a  running  footman  of  Mr. 
Diston's,  of  Woodstock,  round  the  four  mile  course. 
Mr.  Diston's  man  being  about  25  years  of  age,  (and 
the  duke's  about  45,)  got  it  with  ease,  out  distancing 
the  duke's  near  half  a  mile.  They  both  ran  naked, 
there  being  not  the  least  scrap  of  any  thing  to  cover 
them,  not  so  much  as  shoes  and  pumps,  which  was 
looked  upon  deservedly  as  the  height  of  impudence, 
and  the  greatest  affront  to  the  ladies,  of  which  there 
was  a  very  great  number. 

i72o]  HEARNIANJE.  113 

Oct.  18.  My  friend  Thomas  Rawlinson,  esq.  writes 
me  word,  that  my  mentioning  the  desecration  of  holy 
bones,  puts  him  in  mind  of  the  care  his  grandfather 
Richard  Tayler,  esq.  took  at  Chiswick,  in  Middlesex. 
He,  as  the  ill  custom  now  is,  purchased  some  ground 
in  the  church  for  a  vault  for  his  family.  In  digging, 
it  appeared  they  dip'd  on  some  old  charnel  house,  or 
where  casualty,  or  in  the  plague  in  some  other  age, 
had  strewed  the  place  with  sculls,  and  other  bones. 
He,  with  all  the  piety  imaginable,  jussit  defodi.  He 
was  a  plain  man  of  little  learning,  the  son  of  a  yeoman 
of  Taunton  Dean,  in  Somersetshire,  but  of  good  pene- 
trating parts,  and  thought  the  flinging  the  bones  of 
the  dead  in  dunghills  or  such  vile  places,  (ut  ple- 
rumque  fit,)  the  highth  of  wickedness.  "  This  age 
"  (says  my  friend)  wants  monitors  to  goodness,  God 
"  knows,  nay,  ev'n  severe  ones,  to  scare  them  out  of 
"  ill  practises.  I  do  my  part  in  speaking,  you,  whose 
"  pen  is  happier,  by  your  immortal  writings."  My 
friend  writ  this  in  a  letter  to  me,  upon  occasion  of 
what  I  had  said  in  my  preface  to  Textus  Roffensis, 
which  he  had  read  with  pleasure.  "  I  have  read 
"  (saith  he)  your  preface,  which  I  like  for  being  long, 
"  for  with  Rutilius, 

"Nil  unquam  longum  est,  quod  sine  fine  placet." 

Nov.  11.  On  Wednesday  night  last  (Nov.  9)  died, 
in  St.  Giles's  parish,  Oxon,  Dr.  Hugh  Wynne.  This 
worthy  person,  who  took  the  degree  of  bachelor  of 
civil  law,  July  13,  1GG7,  and  that  of  doctor  in  the 
same  faculty,  May  11,  1672,  was  deprived  of  his 
fellowship  of  All  Souls  college,  and  of  his  chancellor- 
ship of  St.  Asaph,  upon  the  late  wicked  revolution, 
for  his  loyalty,  since  which  he  lived  privately,  for  the 
most  part,  in  Oxford.     He  was  a  learned  man,  but 

ii.  i 

114  RELIQUIAE  [1720 

never  published  any  thing.  He  was  carried  out  of 
town  this  morning  to  Blechingdon,  six  miles  from 
Oxon,  and  buried  in  the  church  there.  He  was  the 
first  deprived  in  Oxford  at  the  revolution,  and  the 
thing  was  done  about  midnight,  as  I  think  I  had  it 
from  himself.1  I  have  often  heard  him  complain  of 
the  ingratitude  of  the  present  warden  of  All  Souls, 
Dr.  Gardiner,  whom  he  assisted  very  much  in  his  en- 
counters with  the  fellows,  with  relation  to  his  negative 
voice,  the  warden  being  not  able  to  gain  his  point 
without  Dr.  Wynnes  directions,  for  which,  however, 
the  warden  afterwards  slighted  and  despised  him. 
This  worthy  doctor  was  the  man  also  that  put  a  stop  to 
the  selling  of  fellowships  in  All  Souls  college,  as  I 
have  often  heard  him  say  ;  and  I  have  as  often  heard 
him  likewise  say,  that  he  always  voted  for  the  poorest 
candidates  for  fellowships  in  that  college,  provided 
they  were  equally  qualified  in  other  respects ;  a  thing 
not  practised  now. 

Nov.  22.  About  a  fortnight  or  three  weeks  since 
died  at  London,  the  lady  Holford,  widow  of  sir  Wil- 
liam Holford,  baronett.  Her  maiden  name  was  Eli- 
zabeth Lewis,  being  the  daughter  of  one  Lewis,  a 
coachman,  of  Stanton  St.  John's,  near  Oxford.  Being 
a  handsome,  plump,  jolly  wench,  one  Mr.  Harbin,  who 
belonged  to  the  custom  house,  and  was  a  merchant, 
and  very  rich,  married  her,  and  dying,  all  he  had  came 
to  her.  For  tho'  she  had  a  son  by  him,  who  was 
gentleman  commoner  of  Christ  Church,  (and  the  only 

'  Dr.  Wynne,  the  non-juror,  tells  me,  that  he  was  ejected  his 
fellowship  on  the  1st  of  November,  in  1691,  at  eleven  clock  at 
night,  without  the  least  warning,  or  crime  alledged  against  him. 
He  said  he  made  no  resignation,  nor  gave  any  consent  to  the. 
tilling  up  his  place.  I  told  him  I  looked  upon  him  as  fellow- 
still,  and  that  they  owed  him  several  years  rent.  He  said  no- 
thing.    MS.  Col.xxxvij.  163. 

i72o]  HEABNIANjE.  115 

child,  as  I  have  been  informed,  she  ever  had,)  yet  he 
died  very  young,  to  her  great  grief.  After  this,  sir 
William  Holford  married  her,  chiefly  for  her  wealth, 
(her  beauty  being  then  much  decayed,)  he  being  but 
poor  himself,  but  dyed  before  her,  and  what  he  had 
came  to  his  son,  sir  William  Holford,  who  dyed  not  a 
year  agoe,  being  bachellor  of  arts,  and  fellow  of  New 
college,  a  rakish,  drunken  sot,  and  would  never  ac- 
knowledge his  mother  in  law,  for  which  she  allowed 
him  nothing,  and  so  he  dyed  poor.  This  woman  dyed 
very  rich,  (in  the  70th  year  or  thereabouts  of  her  age,) 
and  hath  left  a  vast  deal  to  several  charitable  uses. 
She  was  buried  on  Thursday  night,  (Nov.  17)  in  great 
state,  in  the  church  of  St.  Alhallows,  Stayning,  near 
that  of  sir  William,  her  late  husband.  The  blew-coat 
boys  belonging  to  Christ  Hospital  walked  before  the 
corps  in  procession,  singing  of  psalms ;  and  twenty- 
seven  clergymen  attended  at  the  funeral. 

Nov.  30.  The  twenty-seven  clergymen  who  at- 
tended, on  the  17th  inst.  at  the  funeral  of  the  lady 
Holford,  had  each  a  legacy  of  10Z.  left  by  her  ladyship. 
Besides  which,  she  has  left  eleven  exhibitions  of 
about  twenty  pounds  yearly  each,  to  be  bestowed  on 
Charter  House  scholars  only,  such  as  were  bred  on 
the  foundation,  and  sent  by  the  election  of  the  gover- 
nors of  the  Charter  House  to  the  university  of  Ox- 
ford. Five  of  these  exhibitions  are  to  be  in  Christ 
Church,  two  in  Pembroke  college,  two  in  Worcester 
college,  and  two  in  Hart  hall.  Any  scholar  bred  in 
the  Charter  House  foundation,  being  an  undergraduate 
in  what  college  soever,  is  capable  of  being  chosen ; 
and  these  elections  are  to  be  made  after  publick  ex- 
aminations of  the  candidates  in  the  halls  of  the  said 
colleges,  and  the  persons  thus  chosen  are  to  hold  the 
said  exhibitions  no  longer  than  eight  years. 

116  RELIQUIAE  [1720-21 

Dec.  28.  Edmund  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  com- 
monly called  St.  Edmund,  founded  the  Virgin  chapell ' 
in  Oxford,  as  I  find  by  a  letter  of  the  university  of 
Oxford  to  the  pope,  in  an  old  MS.  in  sir  Edward 
Deering's  library,  lent  me  by  Mr.  Anstis,  which  MS. 
contains  matters  about  Canterbury. 

1720-21.  Jan.  12.  Some  years  before  I  came  to 
Oxford,  there  was  at  Oxford  and  many  other  places 
of  England,  a  man  that  would  eat  all  manner  of  flesh, 
even  the  worst  carrion,  and  never  be  satisfyed.  Some 
of  Oxford  have  told  me  they  have  seen  him  take 
stinking  carrion  from  dunghills  and  devour  it.  Nor 
would  he  matter  whether  it  was  raw  or  not.  They 
say  that  they  never  heard  any  other  account  of  his 
coming  to  this  strange,  unnatural  habit,  (for  it  was 
not  natural,)  than  that  he  once  attempted  to  fast  like 
our  Saviour  all  the  40  days  of  Lent,  without  eating 
any  thing,  but  that  being  not  able  to  do  it,  he  was 
taken  with  this  unnatural  way  of  eating.2 

Jan.  19.  Last  night  1  heard  Mr.  Samuel  Parker 
say,  that  some  years  agoe  Mr.  Jer.  Collier  said  to  this 
effect,  That  we  must  come  as  near  the  papists  as  ive  can, 
that  they  may  not  hurt  vs. 

'  The  chapel  of  the  blessed  Virgin  Mary  is  the  second  house 
northwards  from  New  College  lane,  and  was  purchased  a  few 
years  since  by  the  delegates  of  the  Clarendon  press,  in  order  to 
increase  that  establishment.  Some  remains  of  its  antiquity  are 
still  visible,  particularly  the  sculptures  over  the  late  entrance 
(now  a  window),  representing  the  Virgin,  with  attendant  figures. 

2  There  is  a  very  curious  account  of  one  Nicholas  Wood,  whose 
propensity  to  devour  all  that  came  in  his  way  was  very  similar 
to  what  llearne  records;  this  man  was  called  "  the  great  eater 

"of  Kent."  and   his  life  was  written   by  Taylor,  the  water-) '. 

and  published  under  that  title  (Lond.  1630)  in  a  thin  quarto 
pamphlet,  to  be  found  in  St.  John's  college  library. 

1720-21]  HEABNIANjE.  117 

Jan.  21.  I  have  been  told,  that  in  the  last  great 
plague  at  London1  none  that  kept  tobaconist's  shops 

1  The  earliest  treatise  on  the  plague,  in  English,  that  I  have 
met  with,  is  a  quarto  of  twelve  leaves,  without  date,  place,  or 
printer's  name,  but  in  all  probability  printed  by  Machlinia,  A 
passing  gode  Utijll  Poke  necessarye  and  behouefull  azenst  the  Pesti- 
lence. It  is  a  translation  from  the  Latin  of  Ramicus,  bishop  of 
Arusiens,  in  Dacia,  Regimen  contra  Epidimiam  siue  Pestem,  of 
which  there  are  two  editions,  printed  in  the  Gothic  character,  in 
the  British  Museum.  The  translation,  printed  by  Machlinia,  has 
been  noticed  by  Mr.  Dibdin  in  his  Typographical  Antiq.  ii.  19, 
where  a  fac-simile  plate  of  a  second  title,  and  an  extract  from  the 
work,  are  given  :  from  this  there  appear  to  have  been  two  editions 
of  the  English  book  by  the  same  printer,  as  Mr.  Dibdin's  plate 
and  extract  differ  in  many  typographical  particulars  from  the 
copy  formerly  in  sir  Hans  Sloane's  collection,  and  now  in  the 
Museum.  Among  other  remedies,  cleanliness,  constant  washings, 
and  temperance  are  strictly  enjoined,  and  the  good  bishop,  well 
knowing  how  much  the  well-being  of  the  body  depends  upon  the 
ease  of  the  mind,  tells  his  patients,  that  "  to  be  men'  in  the  herte 
"  is  a  grete  remedie  for  helth  of  the  body :  therfore  in  time  of 
"  this  grete  infirmite  beware  yedrede  not  deth,but  lyue  merely 
"  and  hope  to  lyue  longe."  This  same  work  was  afterwards 
translated  by  Thomas  Payuell,  at  that  time  canon  regular  of 
Merton  abbey,  who,  in  addition  to  the  matter  to  be  found  in  the 
former  translation  of  Ramicus's  book,  gives  a  short  paragraph  on 
urines,  and  another  concerning  a  certain  disease;  the  whole 
printed  by  Berthelet  in  1 534,  small  8vo.  Another  early  writer  on 
this  subject  was  John  Vandernote,  sworn  physician  to  the  lord 
Suffolk,  and,  as  he  himself  boasts,  "  admitted  by  the  kinge  his 
"  highnes."  His  work  was  called  The  Goueraance  and  Preser- 
nation  of  them  ihatfeare  the  Plage :  "  now  newly  set  forth  at  the 
"  request  of  William  Barnard,  of  London,  draper."  Imprinted 
at  London  by  Wvllvam  How,  for  Abraham  Ueale,  156'J,  Svo. 
A  large  portion  of  Vandernote's  book  is  taken  from  Ramicus,  who 
seems  the  grand  source  from  which  all  succeeding  writers  drew 
their  information.  But  one  of  the  most  curious,  as  well  as  enter- 
taining, tracts  on  this  doleful  subject,  was,  A  Dialogue  bothe  plea- 
saunt  and  pietifull,  wherein  is  a  godlie  regiment  against  the  Feuer 
Pestilence.  This  was  licensed  in  1563,  and  was  probably  first 
printed  in  1564,  the  date  of  the  dedication,  although  no  earlier 
edition  of  it  is  as  yet  known,  than  one,  by  Jhon  Kingston,  in  1573, 
(erroneously  registered  by  Herbert  as  1578,)  small  8vo.  It  was 
written  by  William  Bullein,  a  physician  of  eminence,  practising, 

118  RELIQUIJE  [1720-21 

had  the  plague.     It  is  certain,  that  smoaking  it  was 
looked  upon  as  a  most  excellent  preservative.     In  so 

as  Mackenzie  says,  at  Durham,  though  I  can  find  no  evidence 
to  that  effect.  He  was  author  of  several  other  medical  books, 
most,  if  not  all,  of  which  are  written  in  dialogue,  and  enlivened 
by  poetical  digressions,  and  merry  stories,  together  with  much 
good  and  profitable  religious  instruction.  In  the  Dialogue  on 
the  Pestilence  is  a  curious  allusion  to  some  of  our  old  English 
poets,  who,  in  compan}'  with  Homer,  Hesiod,  Ennius,  and  Lucan, 
are  depicted  on  "  a  sweete  conduite  in  the  middest''  of  a  rich 
patient's  garden.  "  And  nere  theim  satte  old  Morall  Goore,  with 
"  pleasaunte  penne  in  hande,  commendyng  honesteloue  without 
"  luste,  and  pleasure  without  pride;  holinesse  in  the  cleargie 
"without  hypocrisie;  no  tyrannie  in  rulers,  no  falshode  in 
"  lawiers,  nousurie  in  marchauntes,  no  rebellion  in  the  commons, 
"  and  vnitie  emong  kyngdomes.  Shelton  satte  in  the  corner  of 
"  a  piller,  with  a  frostie  bitten  face,  frownyng,  and  is  scante  yet 
"  cleane  cooled  of  the  cholour  kindeled  againste  the  cankered 
"  cardinall  Wolsey;  writyng  many  a  sharpe  disticons,  with 
"  bloudie  penne,  againste  hym,  and  sente  theim  by  the  infernall 
"  riuers  Styx,  Flegiton,  and  Acheron,  by  the  feriinan  of  helle, 
"  called  Charon,  to  the  saied  cardinail. 

"  How  the  cardinall  came  of  nought, 

"  And  his  prelacie  solde  and  bought, 

'*  And  where  suche  prelates  bee 

"  Sprong  of  lowe  degree, 

"  And  spiritual  1  dignitee, 

"  Farewell  benignitee, 

"  Ferewell  simplicitee, 

"  Farewell  humanitee, 

"  Farewell  good  charitee. 

"  Thus  paruum  literatus 

"  Came  from  Rome  gatus, 

"  Doctor  Dawpatns 

"  Scante  a  bachelaratus  : 

"  And  thus  Skelton  did  ende 

"  With  Wolsey  his  frende. 

"  Wittie  Chaucer  satte  in  a  chaire  of  gold  couered  with  roses, 
M  writyng  prose  and  risme,  accompanied  with  the  spirites  of  many 
"  kynges,  knightes,  and  faire  ladies,  whom  he  pleasauntly  be- 
"  sprinkeled  with  the  sweete  water  of  the  welle,  consecrated  vnto 
"  the  muses,  ecleped  Aganippe,  and,  as  the  heauenly  spirite, 
"  commended  his  deare  Brigham  for  the  worthy  entobyng  of  his 

1720-21]  II EARN 1 -ANjE.  119 

much,  that   even  children  were  obliged   to   smoak. 
And  I  remember,  that  I  heard  formerly  Tom  Rogers, 

"  bones,  worthie  of  the  long  slepyng  chamber  of  moste 
"  famous  kinges.  Euen  so  in  tragedie  he  bewailed  the  sodaine 
"  resurrection  of  many  a  noble  man  before  their  time,  in  spoilvng 
"  of  epitaphes,  wherby  nlany  haueloste  their  inheritaunce.  And 
:'  further  thus  he  saied,  lamentyng, 

"  Couetous  men  do  catche  all  that  thei  maie  haue, 

"  The  felde  and  the  flocke,  the  tombe  and  the  graue. 

"  And  as  thei  abuse  riches  and  their  graues  that  are  gone, 

"  The  same  measure  thei  shall  haue  euery  one. 

"  Yet  no  buriall  hurteth  holie  men,  though  beastes  them 

"  Nor  riche  graue  preuaileth  the  wicked,  for  all  yearthly  power. 

"  Lamentyng  Lidgate,  lurking  emong  the  lilie  with  a  balde 
"  skons,  with  a  garlande  of  willowes  about  his  pate:  booted  he 
"  was  after  sainct  Benets  guise,  and  a  blacke  stamell  robe,  with 
"  a  lothlie  monsterous  hoode  hangyng  backwarde,  his  stoopyng 
"  forward  bewailyng  euery  estate,  with  the  spirite  of  prouidence. 
"  Forseyng  the  falles  of  wicked  men,  and  the  slipprie  seates  of 
"  princes,  the  ebbyng  and  flowyng,  the  risyug  and  falling  of  men 
"  in  auctoritie,  and  how  vertue  do  aduance  the  simple,  and  vice 
"  ouerthrow  the  most  noble  of  the  worlde.     And  thus  he  said, 

"  Oh  noble  princes,  conceiue  and  doe  lere 

"  The  fall  of  kynges  for  misgouernere, 

"  And  prudently  peisyng  this  matter, 

"  Vertue  is  stronger  then  either  plate  or  maile: 

"  Therefore  consider  when  wisedome  do  counsaile, 

"  Chief  preseruatiue  of  princely  magnificence 

"  Is  to  almightie  God  to  doe  due  reuerence. 

"  Then  Bartlet,  with  ahoopyng  russet  long  coate,  with  a  pretie 
"  hoode  in  his  necke  and  fine  knottes  vpon  his  girdle,  after 
"  Frances  trickes.  He  was  borne  beyonde  the  cold  riuer  of 
"  Twede.  He  lodged  vpon  a  swete  bed  of  chamomile  vnder  the 
"  sinamum  tree :  about  hym  many  shepherdes  and  shepe,  with 
"  pleasaunte  pipes :  greatly  abhorryng  the  life  of  courtiers,  cite- 
"  zeins,  usurers,  and  banckruptes,  &c.  whose  olde  daies  are 
"  miserable.  And  the  estate  of  shepherdes,  and  countrie  people, 
"  he  accoumpted  moste  happie  and  sure,  saiyng, 

"  Who  entreth  the  court  in  yong  and  tender  age 
"  Are  lightly  blinded  with  folie  and  outrage: 

L20  UELIQUIjE  [1720-21 

who  was  yeoman  beadle,  say,  that  when  he  was  that 
year,  when  the  plague  raged,  a  school-boy  at  Eaton, 
all  the  boys  of  that  school  were  obliged  to  smoak  in 
the  school  every  morning,  and  that  he  was  never 
whipped  so  much  in  his  life  as  he  was  one  morning 
for  not  smoaking. 


Jan.  29.  Mr.  Rich.  Baxter  writ,  at  the  request  of 
Edward  Stephens,  esq.  Additional  Notes  on  th  Life 
<ni<l  Death  of  Sir  Matthew  Hale,  printed  at  London, 
L682,  Svo.  in  which  are  some  remarkable  passages. 
The  said  Mr.  Stephens  was  the  publisher  of  sir  Mat- 
thew's Contemplations,  and  his  familiar  friend.1  In 
page  38,  he  observes,  that  sir  Matthew  had  a  great 
distaste  of  the  books  called  A  Friendly  Debate,  &c. 
and  Ecclesiastical  Polity.  Page  40,  he  notes  that  he 
greatly  valued  Mr.  Selden,  who  was  a  great  adver- 
sary to  Hobbs,  whom  he  (Selden)  would  oppose  so 
earnestly,  as  either  to  depart  from  him,  or  drive  him 
out  of  the  room.  Page  43.  What  he  was  as  a  lawyer, 
a  judge,  a  Christian,  is  so  well  known,  that  I  think 
for  me  to  pretend  that  my  testimony  is  of  any  use, 
were  vain.  I  will  only  tell  you  what  I  have  written 
by  his  picture,  in  the  front  of  the  Great  Bible  which 
1  bought  with  his  legacy,  in  memory  of  his  love  and 
name:  viz.  Sie  Matthew  Hale,  that  unwearied  student. 

"  But  suche  as  enter  with  witte  and  grauitie, 
"  Bowe  not  so  sone  to  suche  enormitie, 
"  But  ere  thei  enter,  if  thei  haue  learned  nought, 
"  Afterwardes  vertue  t he  least  of  their  thought." 
In  his   Gouemement  qf  Healthe,  8vo.  15r>8,  are  several  pieces 
of  Bullein's  original  poetry,  particularly  "  Verses  against  sur- 
"  feting,  contending  moderate  diet,"  which  abound  in  good  rules 
not  inelegantly  expressed ;  and  in  the  same  volume  is  an  ori- 
ginal wood-cut  portrait  of  the  author. 
1   See  page  G4,  vol.  i. 

1720-21]  11EABNIANJE.  121 

that  prudi  nt  man,  that  solid  philosopher,  that  famous 
lawyer,  that  pillar  and  basis  of  justice,  (wlio  would  not 
have  done  an  unjust  act  for  any  worldly  price  or  motive,) 
the  ornament  of  his  majestie's  government,  and  lionour  of 
England;  the  highest  faculty  of  the  soul  of  Westminster- 
hall,  and  pattern  to  all  the  reverend  and  honourable 
judges;  that  godly,  serious,  and  practical  Christian,  the 
lover  of  goodness  and  all  good  men;  a  lamenter  of  the 
clergie's  selfishness,  and  unfaithfulness,  and  discord,  and  of 
the  sad  divisions  following  hereupon;  an  earnest  desirer  of 
their  reformation,  concord,  and  the  churclic's  peace,  and 
of  a  reformed  act  of  uniformity,  as  the  best  and 
necessary  means  thereto;  that  great  contemner  of  the 
riches,  pomp,  and  vanity  of  the  world;  that  pattern  of 
honest  plainness  and  humility,  who,  while  he  fled  from  the 
honour  that  pursued  him,  was  yet  lord  chief  justice  of 
the  king's  bench,  after  his  being  long  lord  chief  baron  of  the 
exchequer ;  living  and  dying,  entring  on,  using,  and 
voluntarily  surrendring  his  place  of  judicature,  with  the 
most  universal  love,  and  honour,  and  praise,  that  ever 
did  English  subject  in  this  age,  or  any  that  just  history 
doth  acquaint  us  with,  fyc.  §c.  $-c.  This  man,  so  wise, 
so  good,  so  great,  bequeathing  me  in  his  testament  the 
legacy  of  forty  shillings,  meerly  as  a  testimony  of  his 
respect  and  love,  I  thought  this  book,  the  testament  of 
Christ,  the  meetest  purchase  by  that  price,  to  remain  in 
memoried  of  the  faithful  love,  which  he  bare  to  his  in- 
feriour  and  unworthy,  but  honouring  friend,  who  thought 
to  have  been  with  Christ  before  him,  and  waiteth  for  the 
day  of  his  perfect  conjunction  with  the  spirits  of  the  just 
made  perfect.  Richard  Baxter. 

Feb.  1.    My  friend  the   hon.  Ben.   Leonard   Cal- 
vert,1 esq.  writes  me  word  in  a  letter,  (Jan.  17  last,) 

1    Heame's  great  friend,  the  honourable  Benedict  Leonard 

122  RE LI QUI JE  [1720-21 

that  a  gentleman  of  his  acquaintance  lately  shew'd 
him  an  Otho's  coyn  which  was  surreptitiously  taken 
from  a  collection  abroad.  It  seems  to  have  had  a 
greenish  rust  upon  it,  which  is  much  worn  off  by  the 
gentleman's  carrying  it  in  his  pocket.  On  one  side 
is  Otho's  head  with  the  inscription :  imp.  otho. 
caesae.  atjg.  tei.  pot.  On  the  other  an  altar  with 
soldiers  joyning  hands,  with  a  priest  or  some  other 
person  in  a  long  robe.  The  inscription  secveitas.  p.  e., 
at  the  bottom  s.  c.  About  the  size  of  half  a  crown. 
It  is  very  fair  and  well  struck. 

Feb.  9.  This  morning  died  young  squire  Baskervile 
of  Bayworth  near  Sunningwell  in  Berkshire,  son  of 

Calvert,  was  second  son  of  Benedict  Leonard  George,  fourth  lord 
Baltimore,  by  his  wife  the  lady  Charlotte,  eldest  daughter  of 
Edward  Henry  Lee,  earl  of  Litchfield,  and  Charlotte  Fitzrov,  one 
of  the  natural  (laughters  of  king  Charles  the  second,  by  Barbara 
Yilliers,  duchess  of  Cleveland.  He  was  born  Sept.  7,  1700, 
appointed  governor  of  Maryland  in  1727,  and  died  on  his  passage 
home,  June  1,  1732. 

In  June  1718,  Mr.  Calvert,  with  his  brother  lord  Baltimore, 
made  a  short  tour  in  France.     Previously  to  sailing  from  Wool- 
wich, he   wrote  a  few  lines  to  his  brother  antiquary,  which 
Hearne  stuck  into  one  of  his  pocket-books,  with  the  following 
note:   "  I  preserve  this  letter  out  of  the  great  respect  I  have 
"  for  him,  upon  account  of  his  quality,  his  virtues,  and  his  skill 
"  and  diligence  in  antiquities.     It  is  an  addition  to  my  troubles 
"  to  lose  the  conversation  of  so  accomplished  a  person.     But  I 
"  believe  the  journey  may  be  for  his  benefit,  and  for  that  reason 
"  I  am  very  content,  lxvii.  86."     Mr.  C.  returned  to  England 
in  August.     "This  night  (Aug.  16)  returned  to  Oxford  very 
"  safe   (for  which   I    bless  God)  my  dear,  excellent  friend,  the 
"  honourable  Benedict  Leonard  Calvert,  esq.     He  hath  been  at 
"  Callais,  Diep.'and  other  places.   He  hath  made  many  pertinent 
"  remarks  in  his  journey."  In  1725,  Mr.  Calvert  visited  Paris. 
He  drew  up  an  exact  pedigree  of  his  family,  with  their  arms 
tricked    by  his  own   pen,  which  he   gave  to  Hearne.      He  ad- 
dressed  also  some  half-dozen  metrical  epitaphs  to  him,  (none  of 
them  worth  preservation,)  which  will  be  found  in  vol.  lxxxii. 
130.     See  more  under  Aug.  7,  1732. 

1 72o-2i]  HEARNlANsE.  123 

the  late  squire  Baskervile  of  that  place,  who  was  com- 
monly stiled  the  king  of  Jerusalem,  which  young 
Baskervile  being  the  only  child  left  by  his  father,  was 
a  beautifull  handsome  person,  but  most  miserably 
debauched,  and  so  great  a  spendthrift  that  he  soon 
wasted  a  brave  estate,  being  turned  by  him  into  an 
annuity  of  four  score  libs,  per  annum  to  sir  John 
Stonehouse  of  Radley  near  Abbington.  The  father 
was  so  whimsical  a  man  as  to  call  himself  by  the  said 
title  of  king  of  Jerusalem,  and  he  would  ramble  about 
all  the  country  and  pick  up  all  strange,  odd  things, 
good  and  bad,  which  he  had  written  fair  in  two  large 
folios,  which  he  designed  to  have  printed,  and  for 
that  end  had  his  picture  engraved,  which  was  to  have 
been  prefixed  as  a  frontispiece,  and  he  had  agreed 
with  Lichfield  about  the  whole  impression,  but  dyed 
before  it  moved  further  than  the  agreement.  The  son 
(who  was  never  married,  but  hath  left  behind  him 
eighteen,  if  not  more  bastards,  as  they  say)  had  the 
books,  but  was  shy  of  shewing  them.  This  young 
Baskervile  died  in  the  thirty-third  year  of  his  age.1 

Feb.  14.  Copy  of  an  authentick  MS.  paper  com- 
municated to  me  to-day  by  Mr.  John  Leak  the  non- 
juror : 

«  D.  J.  "  Paris,  January  25,  1721. 

"  The  Chevalier  de  St.  George's  lady  began  to  have 
"  pains  and  approaches  from  the  27th  of  Decr.  N.  S., 
"  but  they  discontinued,  and  went  off  till  the  30th  : 
•'  from  that  morning  she  was  in  hard  labour  till  the 
"  next  evening,  at  5  a  clock,  that  she  was  brought  to 
"  bed  of  a  son.     Great  numbers  of  people  of  quality, 

1  He  was  buried  in  Sunningwell  church,  Saturday  night, 
Feb.  11th. 

124  RELIQUIAE  [1720-21 

"  and  amongst  others  the  governour  and  magistrates 
"  of  the  city,  waited  and  were  present  all  those  two 
"  days.  The  child  was  christned  an  houre  after  by 
"  the  bishop  of  Montefiesconi,  who  had  married  the 
'•  parents.  The  pope  had  no  meddling  in  the  matter. 
"  The  names  of  the  child  are  chiefly  four,  Charles, 
"  Louis,  Edward,  Casimir.  This  last  in  regard  to  John 
"  Casimir  Sobietzki,  king  of  Poland.  John  would  have 
"  lookt  as  an  English  name,  and  the  Johns  both  of 
"  England  were  but  unfortunate.  The  first  of  these 
"  four,  Charles,  is  the  name  he  is  to  goe  by.  This  is 
"  reckon'd  prudent  enough.  Charles  the  first  is  accept- 
"  able  to  the  high  church  of  England,  and  Charles  the 
"  second  to  the  gay  and  free  spirited. 

"  He  is  said  to  be  a  healthy,  beautifull,  and  vigorous 
"  child.  All  letters  from  there  speak  with  rapture. 
"  And  the  Jacobites  in  this  country  are  transported. 
"They pretend  that  this  answers  the  common  objec- 
"  tion  that  was  in  Brittain,  both  among  tories  and 
"  whigs,  Who  will  risk  his  all  for  a  siuijle  person  or  a 
"  single  life  ? 

"  The  rejoicings  have  been  great  in  many  places  of 
"  Italy  and  Savoy,  and  France.  In  Lyons,  Avignon, 
"  Orleans,  extraordinary.  At  St.  Germains  no  wonder 
"they  should.  The  burgers' there,  I  mean  the  French, 
"  came  under  armes  to  the  bonfires,  to  the  number  of 
"  3000,  and  the  troop  of  guards,  of  the  due  de  Noailles, 
'•  which  is  the  Scotish  troop,  went  about  and  fir'd  till 
"  three  in  the  morning.  The  due  lives  there.  The 
"  news  came  first  to  the  court  of  France.  When  the 
"  mareschall  de  Villeroy  read  an  account  to  the  young 
"  king,  the  king  jump'd  and  clap)  his  hands  ;  and  when 
"  the  mareschall  read  on,  and  came  to  that  part,  that 
"  the  child  was  strong  and  vigorous,  the  king  said, 
"  Ah,  voila  le  bun  endroit, 

1720-21]  IIEARNIAN^E.  125 

"  The  regent  said  little,  but  even  all  his  court  were 
"  joyfull.  The  due  de  Chartres  drank  the  prince  of 
"  Wales's  health  to  the  princess  of  Conte,  where  he 
"  supt  that  night  that  the  news  came.  Enfin,  I  can- 
"  not  express  the  joy  that  is  in  this  country. 

"  Severall  communities  have  had  Te  Deums.  The 
"  Scotts  college  a  very  handsom  one ;  where  many 
"  ladies  and  others  went,  some  no  doubt  out  of 
"  curiosity,  and  to  wait  on  the  ladies.  Protestants, 
"  you  know,  are  not  obligd  to  join  in  any  words  in 
"  worship  but  what  they  approve  of,  and  Christians 
"  go  to  the  mosques  in  Constantinople. 

"  I  am  telling  you  what  these  neutral  people  here 
"  say,  for  their  curiosity  to  hear  musick  and  see  fire- 
"  works,  and  gallante  ladies,  so  you  need  not  be  scan- 
"  daliz'd  to  hear  of  any  body's  being  there. 

"  The  princess,  the  mother  of  the  child,  was  in  a 
"  very  good  way,  tho'  she  had  sufFer'd  much.  She 
"  was  brought  to  bed  upon  chairs,  if  that  is  not  a 
"  bull." 

Feb.  15.  Wednesday  night,  the  8th  instant,  died 
Mr.  Timothy  Child,  a  bookseller  in  St.  Paul's  church- 
yard, brother-in-law  to  Dr.  Hoadley,  bishop  of  Bangor, 
whose  sister  the  said  Child  married.  This  Child  was 
a  translator  from  French,  and  a  writer  of  several  books. 

Feb.  19.  The  former  part  of  this  winter  was  the 
warmest  that  ever  I  knew  in  my  life,  insomuch  that 
it  was  just  like  midsummer,  and  much  beyond  what 
'tis  generally  at  spring.  Things  sprung  and  blossom'd 
most  strangely,  beans  and  pease,  as  well  as  other  things : 
insomuch,  that  a  friend  hath  writ  me  word  from  Berk- 
shire, that  at  Christmas  last  there  was  a  pear  tree 
not    far    from    Bracknell   near    Ockingham    in    that 

126  RELIQUIAE  [1720-21 

county,  that  was  in  full  bloom,  as  white  as  a  sheet, 
and  a  winter  pear  too.  After  this  unseasonable  warm 
weather,  it  began  to  freeze  very  hard  on  Jan.  30th 
last,  and  so  continued  without  intermission  till  yes- 
terday, Feb.  18.1 

Feb.  24.  On  Thursday  the  16th,  about  five  in  the 
evening,  died  Mr.  Secretary  Craggs,2  of  the  small-pox. 
This  is  the  gentleman  that  put  Dr.  Mead  upon  writing 
his  excellent  book  about  the  plague,  and  the  Dr.  hath 
dedicated  it  to  him. 

Feb.  26.  Dr.  Steward,  on  Thursday  night,  said  that 
Father  Innys,  at  Paris,  is  about  50  years  of  age,  and 
a  very  great  antiquarie,  and  that  some  years  agoe 
being  in  England  and  Scotland,  he  lost  his  papers  in 
Scotland  (being  an  excellent  collection  made  and 
written  by  himself,  a  work  of  10  years,)  where  the 
house  was  beset  upon  account  of  his  being  a  priest, 
whereupon  he  leapt  out  of  window,  and  his  papers 
were  seized  and  burnt,  they  being  left  behind.  He 
bore  this  loss  with  great  patience,  being  a  man  of  an 
excellent  temper. 

March  1.  On  Thursday  last  (Feb.  23)  the  barons 
of  the  exchequer  gave  judgment  in  a  cause  which  had 
been  several  years  depending  between  the  duke  of 
Marlborough,  and  a  number  of  masons,  carpenters, 
joiners,  &c.  on  a  demand  of  7300/.  and  upwards,  for 
work  done  to  Blenheim-house  in  Oxfordshire.  It  ap- 
peared by  the  papers  produced,  that  the  duke  had  above 

1  On  Thursday,  Feb.  23,  it  freez'd  very  hard  again,  and  so 
continued  till  Thursday, March  '•>.     T.  II. 

'l  He  was  buried  in  Henry  VIl's.  chapel  in  Westminster 
abbey,  March  2,  1720. 

1720-21]  HEARNIANjE/  127 

230,000/.  impass'd  to  him  from  her  late  majesty  to 
defray  the  expenee  of  building  the  said  house.  There 
were  eight  council  on  a  side.  The  barons  of  the  ex- 
chequer gave  it  as  their  opinion,  that  his  grace  ought 
to  pay  the  money,  and  not  the  crown,  the  workmen 
having  not  any  legal  pretence  to  demand  their  wages 
of  any  but  his  grace. 

March  2.  This  day  I  walked  over  to  Bayworth  in 
the  parish  of  Sunningwell,  near  Abbington  in  Berks, 
and  took  a  view  of  Mr.  Baskerville's  house,  which  indeed 
is  a  brave  old  thing,  full  of  all  conveniences,  and  as 
pleasant  a  place  as  need  be  desired.     What  I  chiefly 
went  for  was  to  see  the  two  folio  MSS.  written  by  old 
Baskerville,  which  I  have  before  mentioned.1     I  was 
shew'd  them  by  Mrs.  Giles,  wife  of  one  Mr.  Giles,  a 
farrier  of  Oxford,  which  Mr.  Giles  was  left  executor 
by  young  Mr.  Baskerville.     'Tis  a  medley  of  merry 
stuff,  which  shews  the  collector  to  have  been  a  mad- 
man ;  but  I  cannot  think  he  was  quite  so  mad  as  to 
have   printed   it,  whatever  he  might  give  out.     All 
Sunningwell  and  Bayworth  belonged  to  Baskerville, 
as  did  also  the  presentation  to  the  parsonage  of  Sun- 
ningwell, but  now  all  is  come  to  sir  John  Stonehouse, 
and  God  knows  how  long  it  may  continue  with  him. 
For  being  abbey  land,  I  do  not  doubt  but  a  curse  will 
go  with  it  as  long  as  it  continues  in  lay-hands.     'Tis 
true,  old  Baskerville,  (who  made  the  said  collection,) 
tho'  a  whimsical  man,  yet  mightily  improv'd  the  estate, 
but  then  his  son  spent  all,  died  heart-broken,  (occa- 
sion'd  by  thinking  what  he  had  done,)  and  now  the 
family  is  exstinct. 

1  Sec  some  account  of  one  of  these  volumes  in  the  Appendix, 
No.  XIV. 

L28  RELIQUIJE  [i72I 

March  28.  It  always  grieves  me  when  I  go  through 
Queen's  college,  to  see  the  ruins  of  the  old  chapell  next 
to  High-street,  the  area  of  which  now  lyes  open  (the 
building  being  most  of  it  pull'd  down)  and  trampled 
upon  by  dogs,  etc.  as  if  the  ground  had  been  never 
consecrated.  Nor  do  the  Queen's  coll.  people  take 
any  care  to  hinder  or  preserve  it  from  prophanation, 
but  rather  laugh  at  it  when  'tis  mention'd,  tho'  'tis 
certain  that  much  greater  men  are  buried  there  than 
ever  will  be  buried  in  their  new  chapell. 

April  22.  This  day  sc'nnight  between  six  and  seven 
in  the  evening,  the  pretended  princess  of  Wales  was 
safely  delivered  of  a  prince  (as  he  is  called)  at  Leices- 
ter-house ;  the  news  of  which  was  immediately  pro- 
claimed by  discharging  the  park  and  tower  guns  ;  the 
people  in  several  parts  of  the  town  express'd  their 
joy  by  bonfires,  illuminations,  and  ringing  of  bells, 
and  on  this  occasion  three  or  four  hogsheads  of  wine 
were  given  away  at  the  gate  of  the  said  Leicester-house. 

Monday.  Humphrey  Parsons,  esq.  alderman  of Port- 
soken-ward,  and  William  Billers,  of  the  sheriffs 
for  London  and  Middlesex,  waited  on  his  [pretended] 
royal  highness  with  the  city's  compliment  of  congra- 
tulation, on  account  of  the  birth  of  his  son.  And  in 
the  evening  his  [pretended]  majesty  [K.George]  visited 
her  [pretended]  royal  highness  and  the  [pretended] 
young  prince. 

The  next  day  the  house  of  commons  waited  on  the 
pretended]  king  at  St.  James's,  with  an  humble  ad- 
dress, to  congratulate  his  [pretended]  majesty  on  the 
birth  of  his  grandson.  As  did  also  the  lord  mayor 
and  court  of  aldermen.  The  house  of  commons  like- 
wise sent  a  congratulatory  letter  to  their  [pretended] 
royal  highnesses  on  this  occasion. 

1 72 1  ]  HEAR  Nl A  NJE.  129 

May  14.  Being  last  night  with  Dr.  Halley,  he  said 
that  he  could  wish  to  live  seven  years  longer  (if  he 
could  be  easy)  that  he  might  finish  a  work  he  had 
begun,  which  he  believed  he  could  do  in  that  time. 
Being  somewhat  lame,  he  said  he  wished  to  have  his 
health  perfect  to  the  last  without  infirmities,  and  that 
he  would  willingly  die  if  such  infirmities  came  on. 
For  why,  said  he,  should  a  man  live  to  be  uneasy  both 
to  himself  and  those  about  him  ? 

What  the  work  above  mentioned  is  neither  my  self 
nor  the  other  person  with  him  asked. 

The  Dr.  took  occasion,  as  he  did  the  time  before  I 
was  with  him,  and  so  I  believe  he  does  frequently,  to 
vilify  the  queen  of  Scots,  as  if  what  Buchanan  had 
said  was  true,  and  that  which  Camden  hath  said  false. 

May  15.  Out  of  a  letter  I  received  last  night  from 
Mr.  Anstis : 

"  Pray  was  not  the  famous  sir  John  Fastoff  a  bene- 
"  factor  to  your  university  in  general,  or  at  least  to 
"  Magdalen  college  ?  If  you  know  any  thing  thereof, 
"  pray  impart  the  same." 

This  day  I  went  to  Mr.  Collins  of  Magdalen,  and 
mentioning  the  said  querie  to  him,  he  told  me  he  had 
heard  that  sir  John  gave  1500  libs,  per  an.  in  Norfolk 
and  Suffolk  to  the  college. 

This,  he  said,  is  certain,  that  he  gave  to  the  seven 
senior  demies  a  penny  a  week  for  augmentation  of 
their  vests,  which  being  nowadays  but  a  small  pittance, 
those  that  have  it  are  call'd  by  such  as  have  it  not, 
Fastoff' s  buckram  men.1 

May  21.    From  the  prints  of  last  night :    "  On 

1  See  p.  131,  under  June  2. 
II.  K 

130  EELIQUIjE  [1721 

"  Tuesday  last,  (May  16,)  the  right  hon.  the  house  of 
"  lords  heard  a  cause  that  had  been  long  depending 
"  between  the  lord  bishop  of  Rochester,  appellant,  and 
'•  Dr.  Friend,  respondent,  about  the  place  on  which 
'•  the  dormitory  belonging  to  Westminster  school  shall 
"  be  rebuilt :  and  their  lordships  gave  it  in  favour  of 
"  the  former." 

I  am  told  the  bishop  of  Rochester  had  twenty-eight, 
and  Dr.  Friend  twenty-six.  It  is  very  remarkable, 
that,  a  considerable  time  since,  Dr.  Friend  himself 
was  of  the  bishop's  opinion  in  this  case,  and  that  he 
quite  came  over  to  the  bishop,  but  the  bishop  of 
Chester  and  Dr.  Stratford  (who  cannot  endure  the 
bishop  of  Rochester)  perswaded  him  to  alter  his  mind, 
and  to  push  the  matter  on  against  the  bishop,  which 
now  is  very  justly  given  for  the  bishop,  to  the  great 
regret  of  the  bishop  of  Chester,  Dr.  Stratford,  and 
sonic  others. 

May  23.  Dr.  King,  principal  of  St.  Mary  hall,  told 
me  yesterday,  that  Jordanus  Bruno's  book,  which  went 
at  such  a  prodigious  price  in  Charles  Bernard's  auc- 
tion, is  translated  into  English,  that  he  is  acquainted 
with  the  translator,  (who,  he  said,  is  now  in  Oxford, 
and  is  a  Scotchman,  as  I  think  he  added,)  but  that  he 
had  not  liberty  of  telling  his  name.  He  said  the  trans- 
lator had  presented  him  with  a  copy  of  it,  and  that 
there  were  not  above  forty  copies  printed.1 

1  The  book  here  alluded  to  was  the  Spaceio  <!<//nBesta  Triom- 
fante  of  Jordan  Bruno,  printed  in  8vo.  1584,  which  was  sold  to 
Mr.  Walter  Clavel,  (Mr.  Crynes  says,  "  against  Burnett")  for 
twenty-eight  pounds.  It  was  bound  with  another  tract  by  the 
same  author,  and  stands  No.  1005  of  Bernard's  Catalogue,  8vo. 
1711.  Bruno's  work  was  (.ailed  into  notice  by  a  letter  from 
Toland  to  Bayle  ;  Toland  discovered  a  copy  of  it  in  1696,  which 

i72i]  HEARNIANJE.  131 

•  May  26.  Mr.  John  Murray  of  London  being  in 
Oxford,  he  told  me  last  night,  that  he  hath  an  edit, 
of  Fabian's  Chronicle  with  wooden  cuts,  and  that  this 
edit,  was  suppress'd  by  card.  Wolsey.  He  told  me, 
that  he  hath  got  C'axton's  Aurea  Legenda,  and  that  it 
cost  him  above  four  pounds.  He  told  me  he  gave  a 
guinea  for  Percie  Enderbie's  Hist,  of  Wales,  which  he 
met  with  now  since  he  was  in  Oxford.  This  is  but 
a  poor  book.  He  told  me  he  gave  three  guineas  for 
Dugdale's  Warwickshire.  I  bought  two  for  fifty  shil- 
lings a-piece.  He  told  me  he  gave  a  most  noble  copy 
of  the  Bishops'  Bible  to  Mr.  Baker  of  Cambridge,  and 
that  Mr.  Baker  in  lieu  of  it  gave  him  the  Decern 
Scriptores,  which  cost  him  20s.,  tho'  'tis  now  worth 
three  libs. ;  and  that  Mr.  Baker  let  my  lord  Harley 
have  this  Bible  afterwards,  with  many  other  curious 

he  shewed,  he  says,  to  several  persons,  but  never  gave  a  copy  of 
it.  Having  represented  it  to  be  "  as  dangerous  as  impious,  and 
"  proper  only  for  such  persons,  who,  by  their  good  sense  and 
"  strength  of  reason,  are  proof  against  all  sophisms,"  it  was  natu- 
rally diligently  inquired  after,  and  eagerly  coveted  when  found. 
It  seems  however,  that  the  extreme  danger  apprehended  by 
Toland  from  the  diffusion  of  Bruno's  principles  was  unfounded, 
for  Brucker  has  clearly  proved,  that  although  his  opinions  were 
fanciful  and  extravagant,  they  were  in  no  degree  atheistical. 
His  crime  indeed  was  Lutheranism,  a  crime  too  atrocious  to  admit 
of  any  clemency  from  the  severity  of  a  popish  inquisition,  and  the 
author  was  accordingly  burnt  at  the  stake,  and  his  writings  pro- 
hibited. From  the  time  that  the  innocence  of  Bruno's  book  was 
made  public,  its  value  has  decreased  in  proportion,  and  at  Dr. 
Mead's  sale  in  1754,  it  produced  only  from  four  to  five  guineas. 
It  had  been  sold  for  fifty.  The  curious  reader  will  find  a  long 
account  of  it,  with  several  extracts,  in  the  English  Bale,  under 
the  article  Bruno,  and  a  very  masterly  examination  of  the  author's 
principles  and  opinions  in  Brucker's  Historia  Critica  Philosophies, 
Lips.  1767.  The  English  translation  mentioned  by  Hearne  was 
printed  in  1713,  under  the  title  of  The  Expulsion  of  the  triumphant 
Beast,  a  copy  of  which,  at  Mr.  Perry's  sale  in  1822,  produced 
only  nine  shillings  and  sixpence.     See  vol.  i.  page  233. 

132  RE  LIQUIDS  [172  i 

books,  being  much  importuned  to  do  so.  Mr.  Murray 
tells  me  that  Thomas  Jett,  of  London,  esq.  hath 
Rich.  Whyte  de  Basingstoddo's  Hist.  Angl.  in  ten  books, 
whereas  I  never  heard  before  but'  of  nine.  He  gave 
two  guineas  for  it.  Mr.  Granger's  copy  of  London 
hath  only  nine  books,  and  he  gave  15s.  for  it. 

June  2.  The  reason  why  they  cannot  give  so  good 
an  account  of  the  benefaction  of  sir  John  Falstolf  to 
Magd.  coll.  is,  because  he  gave  it  to  the  founder,  and 
left  it  to  his  management,  so  that  'tis  suppos'd  'twas 
swallow'd  up  in  his  own  estate  that  he  settled  upon  the 
college.  However,  the  college  knows  this,  that  the 
Boar's  Head  in  Southwark,  which  was  then  an  inn, 
and  still  retains  the  name,  tho'  divided  into  several 
tenements,  (which  bring  the  college  150  libs,  per 
ann.)  was  part  of  sir  John's  gift.  They  also  know, 
that  Caldecot  mannour  in  Suffolk  was  another  part 
of  his  gift ;  and  some  say,  that  he  gave  an  estate  in 
the  same  county,  now  called  Lovingland,  but  anciently 

June  3.  Mr.  Laurence  Eachard  having  published 
the  History  <>(  England  in  three  volumes  fob,  and  a 
new  edition  being  called  for,  hath  put  out  a  separate 
appendix  for  the  use  of  such  as  have  the  former  edi- 
tion. In  which  appendix,  bearing  date  in  Jan.  1  7 
he  notes,  that  he  began  to  be  a  publisher  of  books  in 
the  eighteenth  year  of  his  age,  and  that  he  was  then 
forty-eight;  and  he  tells  us  withall,  that  he  is  so 
regardless  of  fame,  that  lie  is  very  desirous  that  his 
own  books  should  be  utterly  destroyed  and  forgotten, 
upon  condition  better  may  appear  in  their  places. 

1  The  said    account  I  had  this  morning  from  Mr.  Collins  of 
Magd  coll.     T.  11. 

1 72i]  HEABNIANjE.  133 

This  History  of  England  is  dedicated  to  king  George. 
'Tis  but  a  slight  performance,  (tho'  there  are  some 
remarkable  things  in  it  as  to  later  times,)  as  all 
Mr.  Eachard's  things  are,  being  done  chiefly  to  please 
novices,  and  not  adapted  to  such  as  search  deeply 
into  our  histories  and  antiquities.  The  author  hath 
always  made  use  of  common  printed  books,  and  not 
taken  care  to  make  himself  acquainted  with  our  old 
MSS.  and  records. 

June  17.  We  learn  from  the  publick  prints,  that 
Dr.  Fiddes,  who  is  publishing  the  life  of  Cardinal 
Wolsey,  by  subscription,  has  this  week  put  out  a  true 
copy  of  the  duke  of  Buckingham's  epitaph,  with  a 
vindication  of  it.  The  said  epitaph,  from  the  said 
paper  or  book  of  the  doctor's,  is  thus  inserted  in  the 
prints : 

Pro  rege  ssepe 
Pro  republica  semper. 
Dubius,  sed  non  improbus,  vixi  : 
Incertus  morior,  sed  inturbutus. 
Humanum  est  errare,  et  nescire. 
Christum  adveneor,  Deo  confido 
Omnipotenti,  benevolentissimo. 
Ens  entium  miserere  mei. 

Much  for  the  prerogative, 

Ever  for  my  country. 
I  liv'd  irregular,  not  abandon'd. 
Though  going  to  a  state  unknown, 
I  die  resign'd. 

Frailty  and  ignorance  attend  on  human  life. 
Religiously  I  worship  Christ :  in  God  confide 

Almighty,  and  most  merciful. 
0  !  thou  Principle  of  all  Beings,  have  pity  on  me  ! 

L34  RELIQUIsE  [1721 

June  18.  I  thought,  at  first,  that  the  said  account 
of  Dr.  Fiddes's  performance  had  been  a  banter ;  but 
upon  inquiry  I  found  it  true,  a  gentleman  telling  me, 
that  the  Doctor  had  certainly  published  such  a  thing, 
that  he  was  a  trifler,  and,  as  he  believes,  put  upon  it 
by  Dr.  Charlett. 

July  7.  I  bought  some  years  agoc  the  Scotch  Black 
Acts  of  Fletcher  the  bookseller,  for  17s.  for  my  friend 
John  Bridges,  esq.1  I  understand  that  'tis  worth 
at  least  10  libs,  tho'  Mr.  Bateman,  whom  I  take  to 
be  the  most  understanding  bookseller,  (and  he  is  a 
man  too  of  great  honesty,)  tells  me,  (he  being  now  in 
Oxford,)  that  'tis  not  worth  above  5  or  6  libs.  Rymer's 
Fcedera  is  now  look'd  upon  as  cheap  at  100  libs. 

July  23.  Yesterday  a  man  was  whipped  at  the 
cart's  tail  from  Cairfax  to  East  Gate  in  Oxford.  He 
was  a  perfect  stranger,  and  some  time  since  came 
into  Brasen-nose  college  common  room,  and  into  some 
chambers  of  the  same  college,  uninvited  and  against 
all  people's  wills,  took  up  the  glass,  and  propos'd  and 
drank  the  healths  of  king  James,  the  duke  of  Or- 
mond,  &c.  on  purpose  to  trepan  gentlemen,  upon 
which  a  complaint  being  made  to  the  vice-chancellor 
he  was  apprehended  and  committed  to  the  castle,  and 
being  tryed  this  assizes  he  was  sentenced  to  be  whipt, 
and  'tis  found  that  he  is  a  rogue,  that  goes  about  to 
ensnare  men. 

Aug.  17.  I  am  told  that  Dr.  Robinson,  the  pre- 
sent bishop  of  London,  was  of  very  mean  parentage  ; 
that  he  went  for  some  time  to  plough ;  that  after- 

1  See  the  Appendix,  No.  XV. 

i72i]  HEARNIAN^E.  135 

wards  he  was  put  to  a  trade,  but  his  master  rinding 
him  more  inclin'd  to  books  than  business,  got  him 
to  Oxford  to  Brasennose  college,  where  he  was  ser- 
vitour  to  sir  James  Astrey,  who  was  extremely  kind 
to  him.  Afterwards  he  became  fellow  of  Oriel  col- 
lege, was  agent  and  envoy  in  Sweden,  made  bishop 
of  Bristol  and  a  plenepotentiary  in  Queen  Anne's  time, 
which  Queen  also  made  him  bishop  of  London.  This 
bishop,  out  of  gratitude  to  sir  James  Astrey,  hath 
made  Dr.  Astrey  (son  to  sir  James,  and  late  fellow  of 
Merton  college)  his  chaplain,  and  given  him  two 
livings.  It  must  however  be  known,  that  notwith- 
standing this  bishop  when  young,  as  is  said,  was  so 
bookish,  yet  he  is  no  great  scholar,  his  head  lying 
really  more  to  secular  affairs  than  to  learning.  By 
his  imployments  and  preferments  he  hath  heaped  up 
vast  riches.  He  hath  founded  some  scholarships  at 
Oriel  college,  and  put  up  a  piece  of  building  there 
for  those  scholars. 

Aug.  18.  There  is  just  come  out  a  little  thing  in 
8vo.  about  Inoculating  the  Small  Pox,  it  being  the 
opinion  of  some,  that  such  as  have  it  by  inoculation 
are  nothing  near  so  dangerously  sick  as  otherwise. 
Experiments  are  to  be  made  upon  some  malefactors 
in  Newgate. 

Sept.  1.  Yesterday  morning,  about  seven  clock, 
died  in  the  49th  year  of  his  age,  John  Keil,  M.D. 
and  Savilian  professor  of  astronomy  in  the  university 
of  Oxford.  He  died  at  his  house  in  Holywell,  having 
taken  coach  to  go  to-day  with  his  wife  to  the  Bath. 
Some  months  since  he  happened  to  have  a  fall  in  his 
house,  and  very  much  hurt  his  right  arm :  since 
which  time  he  hath  not  been  right  well.      But  that 

L36  RE  LIQUID  [1721 

which  immediately  contributed  to  his  death  (as  is 
said)  was  drinking  late  on  Saturday  night  last  at  his 
own  house,  where  he  entertained,  with  wine  and 
punch,  the  vice-chancellor,  sir  Tom  Gifford,  and  some 
others.  He  was  at  Holywell  church  with  his  wife 
on  Sunday  last,  and  invited  the  minister  home  with 
him  to  dinner.  On  Monday  he  was  about  the  town, 
but  was  taken  extremely  ill  on  Tuesday,  and  so  con- 
tinued. This  Dr.  Keil  (who  was  incorporated  M.A. 
as  a  member  of  Balliol  college,)  from  Edinborough 
on  Feb.  2,  1694,  was  an  ingenious  man  and  an  ex- 
cellent mathematician,  and  succeeded  Mr.  John  Cas- 
well in  the  astronomy  professorship.  He  married 
Moll  Clements,  who,  tho'  of  mean  education,1  yet 
proved  a  very  good  wife  to  him,  as  he  also  proved  a 
good  husband.  He  hath  left  a  son  behind  him  by  the 
said  Moll  Clements,  and  dying  worth  a  great  deal  of 
money  (which  came  to  him  chiefly  by  his  late  brother, 
who  practis'd  physick  at  Northampton,)  there  is  no 
question  but  there  is  good  provision  enough  for  both, 
tho'  'tis  said  he  hath  left  no  will,  and  his  widow 
being  young,  airy,  and  handsome,  'tis  probable  may 
meet  with  another  fortune.  This  Dr.  John  Keil  hath 
written  and  published  many  things,  among  which 
are  two  books  against  Whiston,  (both  printed  at  the 
theatre,)  Euclid's  Elements,  Lectures  on  Astronomy, 
&c.  The  said  Dr.  Keil  was  buried  in  St.  Marie's 
church,  on  Saturday-night  (at  nine  clock)  Sept.  2, 

Sept.  6.  In  the  year  1 702  Queen  Anne  was  at  Ox- 
ford, lay  at  Christ  Church,  and  the  next  day  dined  in 

1  She  was  daughter  of  James  Clements,  a  book-hinder  in  Oxford, 
and  some  five  and  twenty  years  younger  than  her  husband. 

1 72i]  HEARNIANjE.  137 

the  theater  with  prince  George,  (her  husband,)  the 
duke  and  dutchess  of  Marlborough,  &c. ;  Dr.  Maunder 
was  vice-chancellor.  She  was  very  merry,  and  eat 
most  heartily.  After  dinner  she  passed  through  the 
Ashmolean  Museum,  took  coach,  and  so  went  out  of 
town  for  the  Bath.  Humphrey  Wanley  was  at  the  same 
time  in  Oxford,  as  I  well  remember,  and  then  wore  a 
long  wig,  (tho'  now  he  wears  his  own  hair,)  and 
strutted  mightily  about.  This  Wanley  hath  reported 
since  he  hath  been  now  in  Oxford,  (a  thing  I  had  not 
heard  of  before,)  that  he  was  sent  for  at  that  time  on 
purpose  to  shew  the  queen  the  curiosities  of  the  Bod- 
leian Library,  had  she  went  up  thither,  as  she  did  not. 
Thus  this  vain  coxcombe.  I  suppose  Arthur  Charlett 
might  send  for  him,  he  being  weak  enough  to  do  so. 
But  Wanley  had  no  business  then  to  shew  any  thing 
in  the  library.  For  tho'  some  time  before  he  did  some 
little  matters  there,  by  consent  of  the  curators,  (which 
however  was  doing  more  hurt  than  good,  for  he  plaid 
odd  tricks,)  yet  he  never  had  any  post  in  the  library, 
and  was  at  that  time  quite  discarded,  Dr.  Hudson 
being  head  librarian,  who  therefore,  and  the  second 
librarian,  and  the  janitor,  had  all  the  power  of  shewing 
things  in  the  library,  and  'twas  the  height  of  impu- 
dence for  Wanley  to  pretend  to  any  authority,  unless 
imploy'd  (as  he  was  not)  either  by  Dr.  Hudson  or  the 
curators.  It  must  be  farther  noted,  that  this  Wanley 
gives  out  that  he  was  the  man  that  put  up  Mr.  Wallis 
of  Magd.  coll.  to  stand  to  be  librarian,  against  Dr. 
(then  Mr.)  Hudson,  and  that  many  would  have  had 
himself  stood  for  it,  but  that  he  declin'd  it,  as  not 
thinking  it  beneficial  enough  ;  which  is  another  of  his 
saucy  stories.  For  it  cannot  be  supposed  that  he  should 
be  fixt  upon  as  librarian,  being  an  undergraduate,  (for 
indeed  he  never  took,  even  to  this  day,  any  degree  in 

138  RELIQUIAE  [1721 

any  university,)  and  was  therefore  altogether  in- 
capable of  standing ;  tho'  'tis  likely  enough,  that  he 
might  be  so  impudent  as  to  urge  Wallis  to  appear  for 
it,  and  to  do  him  what  service  possibly  he  coidd,  in 
hopes,  it  may  be,  of  having  some  considerable  power 
in  the  library.  The  said  Humphrey  Wanley,  who 
hath  belonged  many  years  to  the  earl  of  Oxford,  by 
way  of  pensioner,  hath  drawn  up  six  vols,  in  folio  of 
the  Harley  library,  and  is  going  on  with  others ;  but 
he  takes  such  a  method,  (with  no  true  judgment,  as  I 
am  told,)  that  'tis  probable  he  will  never  live  to 
finish  it. 

Sept.  10.  Mr.  Charles  Eyston,  of  East  Hendred,  in 
Berks,  told  me  yesterday,  that  Mr.  Ravenscroft,  who 
died  about  ten  years  since,  had  the  best  library  for 
Roman  Catholick  books  of  any  Roman  Catholick  in  Eng- 
land. Being  a  Catholick,  he  was  seized  upon  the  score 
of  the  Popish  plot,  and  being  to  be  tryed,  he  told  them 
that  he  requested  the  favour  to  defend  himself  in 
Latin,  because  he  had  lived  for  the  most  part  out  of 
England ;  and  so  signing  himself  with  the  cross,  he 
made  a  most  elegant  speech  in  Latin,  to  the  astonish- 
ment and  confusion  of  the  court,  who,  finding  them- 
selves incapable  of  managing  him  in  that  language, 
told  him,'twas  a  tiling  out  of  their  way,  and  contrary 
to  the  course  of  the  court,  and  told  him  he  must  pro- 
ceed in  English.  Yet,  after  all,  he  was  brought  off. 
He  was  a  great  scholar,  and  well  verst  in  Latin. 

Sept.  25.  Out  of  a  letter  from  Mr.  Baker,  of  Cam- 
bridge, dated  Sept.  19  last.  "Mr.  Math.  Prior,  sen. 
"  fellow  of  St.  John's  college,  died  yesterday,  (Sept. 
"  18th.)  at  my  lord  Harley's  house  atWymple,  and  is 

(as  1  am  told)  to  be  buried  at  Westminster  amongst 


I72i]  HEARNIAN^E.  139 

"  the  poets,  where  he  deserves  a  place.  I  believe  he 
"  dies  somewhat  richer  than  is  usuall  with  poets,  for 
"  he  was  beginning  to  build  a  house  in  Essex." 

Oct.  4.  Yesterday  I  was  told  by  an  honest  Scottish 
gentleman,  a  captain,  one  of  those  taken  at  Preston, 
that  fought  for  king  James  III.  that  there  was  no 
treachery  in  general  Foster,  or  any  of  the  rest,  but 
cowardice,  Foster  being  a  timorous  man,  and  unwilling 
to  fight,  or  to  shew  the  least  part  of  a  general,  and  so 
surrendered  his  men  ;  whereas,  had  he  been  at  all 
courageous,  the  business  had  been  certainly  done  for 
the  king.1  The  same  gentleman  told  me,  that  Mr. 
Ruddiman,  keeper  of  the  advocates  library  at  Edin- 
burgh, is  not  only  a  learned,  but  a  very  honest  man ; 
but  that  Mr.  Anderson,  the  antiquary,  who  writ  about 
the  independency  of  Scotland  upon  England,  is  a  pres- 
byterian,  and  no  friend  to  the  king. 

Oct.  8.  Early  on  Sunday  morning,  (Oct.  1,)  the 
earl  of  Rochester's  fine  house  at  Petersham,  in  the 
county  of  Surry,  was  burnt  to  the  ground,  and  several 
persons  (we  hear)  were  destroyed,  either  in  the  flames, 
or  by  leaping  from  the  windows  to  escape  them.  So 
the  news  papers.  I  am  told  that  'tis  thought  this  dismal 

1  Thomas  Foster,  the  person  to  whom  the  pretender  sent  his 
commission  of  general  of  the  forces,  was  son  of  sir  William 
Foster,  of  Balmsbury  castle,  Northumberland,  and  at  the  time  of 
Preston  fight  was  member  for  that  county.  He  was  seized  in 
consequence  of  a  message  from  the  king,  committed  to  Newgate, 
expelled  the  house  of  commons,  and  would  undoubtedly  have 
suffered,  had  he  not  contrived  to  escape  from  prison,  and  reached 
the  continent  in  safety.  Lord  Crewe,  bishop  of  Durham,  married 
a  sister  of  this  Foster,  who  survived  him.  She  was  one  of  the 
most  beautiful  women  of  her  age,  and  known'in  her  own  neigh- 
bourhood as  "  pretty  Dolly  Foster." 

140  BELIQUf/E  [1721 

fire  was  occasioned  by  some  charcoal,  the  servants 
having  been  ironing  the  clouts  for  my  lady  Essex's 
lying-in  at  my  lord  Eochester's,  where  she  now  was, 
and  it  being  customary  to  drink  (or,  as  they  call  it, 
to  liquor  the  clouts)  upon  such  occasions,  they  were 
all  much  disordered,  and  went  to  bed  without  taking 
care  of  the  fire.  The  said  lady  Essex  is  daughter  to 
the  earl  of  Rochester,  and  since  the  fire  she  is  brought 
to  bed  of  a  daughter.  Among  other  tilings  was  burnt 
a  fine  collection  of  books,  many  of  w^hieh  had  been 
brought  from  my  lord's  fine  library  at  Cornbury,  near 
Woodstock.  And  I  am  told  my  lord  Clarendon's 
History  of  his  own  Life  was  burnt  also,1  (a  work  never 
printed,)  and  his  Exposition  upon  the  Psalm,*,  which 
Mas  likewise  never  printed. 

Oct.  18.  Mr.  Trap's  translation  of  Virgil  into  blanck 
verse  being  scouted,  and  justly  looked  upon  as  a  poor 
performance,  when  the  first  volume  (for  it  is  in  two) 
came  out,  Dr.  Evans,  of  St.  John's  college,  was  (as 
'tis  said)  pleased  to  express  himself  thus : 

Keep  the  commandments.  Trap,  and  go  no  further, 
For  it  is  written,  that  thou  shalt  not  murther. 

Oct.  19.  Last  night  I  was  many  hours  in  company 
with  Mr.  Hump.  Wanley.  He  told  me  many  things 
about  the  Harley  library,  and  of  the  MSS.  and  rare 
printed  books  in  it. 

He  was  born  at  Coventry,  being  son  of  Mr.  Nath. 

1  This  was  a  false  rumour,  for  the  MS.  was  preserved,  and 
presented  to  the  university  by  lord  Clarendon's  heirs,  as  has  been 
before  noticed.  His  lordship's  Contemplations  and  Reflections 
upon  the  Psalms  qf David,  applying  those  Devotions  to  the  Troubles 
of  the  Times,  (dat«d  Jersey,  Dec.  26, 1647,)will  be  found  in  the 
collection  of  his  Tracts,  printed  at  London,  iu  folio,  1727. 

i72ij  HEARNIAN^E.  141 

Wanley,  M.  A.  of  Trinity  college,  in  Cambridge,  and 
a  minister  in  Coventry  ;  which  Mr.  Nath.  Wanley  writ 
and  published  The  History  of  Man,  in  folio,  and  trans- 
lated into  English  a  piece  of  IApsius.  And  this  is  all, 
I  think,  he  printed.  But  Humphrey  told  me  he  left 
many  MSS.  behind  him  :  but  he  knows  not  what 
became  of  them,  only  one,  viz.  Divine  Poems,  he  had 
himself,  but  gave  it  to  Mr,  Brewster,  a  barrister  of 
law.  Humphrey  said,  he  is  of  opinion  that  the  story 
about  Godiva's  riding  naked  through  Coventry  is  all 
fiction.  But  he  gave  poor  reasons  for  his  opinion. 
He  said  he  did  not  take  the  university  of  Oxford  to  be 
older  than  Hen.  I.  But  this  is  so  ridiculous  a  notion, 
that  it  needs  no  confutation.  Humphrey  Wanley  also 
said,  that  he  was  the  main  instrument  in  getting  Mr. 
Bagford's  papers  for  lord  Harley,  and  that  he  laboured 
hard  for  them,  and  had  like,  nevertheless,  to  have 
missed  of  them.  This  was  roguery.  For  they  were 
most  certainly  designed  for  me.  But  since  they  have 
got  them,  they  ought  to  digest  those  about  printing, 
and  to  publish  them.  This  I  mentioned  to  Wanley. 
But  he  said  his  accounts  were  very  imperfect,  and  so 
put  off  the  discourse,  and  seemed  to  declare  that 
nothing  of  that  nature  would  be  done ;  himself,  he 
said,  being  taken  up  with  other  affairs.  I  told  him, 
had  the  papers  come  to  me,  I  would  have  methodized 
them,  and  published  a  book  from  them,  for  the  ser- 
vice of  the  publick,  and  the  honour  of  Mr.  Bagford. 

Oct.  23.  Last  night  I  was  several  hours  in  company 
of  Mr.  Martin  Benson,  archdeacon  of  Berks.1  There 
were  many  besides  with  us.     This  Mr.  Benson  is  a 

1  Student  of  Christ  Church:   afterwards,  in  1734,  bishop  of 

142  RELIQUIAE  [1721 

most  vile  whig.  He  travelled  lately  into  France  and 
Italy  with  my  lord  Lemster,  as  his  tutor  and  gover- 
nour.  He  hath  spoiled  his  lordship;  and  indeed  Mr. 
Benson's  chief  design  of  travelling  (besides  lucre) 
seems  to  have  been  as  a  spy,  and  to  find  out  faults. 
He  spoke  last  night  with  the  utmost  disrespect  of  the 
pope,  and  the  whole  college  of  cardinals,  and  called 
all  the  antiquaries  of  Rome  asses,  and  the  cardinals 
either  fools  or  blockheads.  Nay,  he  would  hardly 
allow  that  there  was  a  learned  man  in  all  Italy  or 
France,  except  Bianchini  and  Monfaucon. 

Nov.  1.  Out  of  Mist's  Journal,  dated  Saturday, 
Oct.  28,  1721.  Whereas  a  pretended  Vindication 
of  John  Wickleff  has  been  published,  under  the  name 
of  one  Lewis,  of  Margate,  by  the  incitement,  as  the 
preface  asserts,  of  the  archbishop  of  Canterbury,  and 
in  the  same  I  am  injuriously  reflected  upon  as  a 
scurrilous  writer.  This  is  to  inform  the  publick, 
that  I  shall  reserve  the  author  for  a  more  serious 
whipping  in  my  leisure  hours ;  and,  in  the  mean 
time,  give  him  a  short  correction  for  his  benefit,  if 
he  has  grace  and  sense  to  take  it.  He  charges  me 
■with  the  errors  of  the  translator  and  blunders  of  the 
author,  with  which  I  am  by  no  means  concerned, 
who  only  wrote  the  preface ;  and  when  it  comes  out 
afresh  in  the  edition  of  my  works,  my  vindication 
will  be  as  clear  as  the  sun  at  noon  day. 

He  insists  upon  charging  me  with  falshood,  in  re- 
lation to  one  Grimwood,  whom  he  asserts  to  have 
died  infamously  in  his  harvest,  with  a  bursting  forth 
of  his  bowels;  Mr.  Lewis,  with  equal  modesty,  sup- 
ports the  story,  with  affirming  it  to  be  true. 

But  to  shew  how  well  this  gentleman  is  furnished 
with  learning  and  abilities   to  write,   and  censure 

i72i]  HEARNIANjE.  143 

others,  Grimwood  himself  lived  many  years  after, 
even  to  an  old  age,  and  brought  his  action  against  a 
minister,  who,  in  his  presence  in  the  church,  related 
this  story  from  him,  as  a  remarkable  instance  of 
God's  judgment ;  for  evidence  whereof,  see  Danver's 
Abridgment,  163 ;  Croke  Car.  91  ;  Coke,  Mich.  3. 
Jac.  Agreed  by  Popham.  and  Rolle's  Abridgment, 
Action  sur  Case,  p.  87. 

I  appeal  to  the  world  if  this  is  not  sufficient  evi- 
dence on  my  side  of  the  question. 

Lastly,  why  does  this  author  perswade  the  world, 
the  late  archbishop  of  Canterbury  could  have  any 
veneration  for  the  memory  of  one  who  asserts,  God 
ought  to  obey  the  devil ;  or,  that  he  could  be  de- 
sirous to  open  the  impure  fountains  from  whence  the 
filth  of  Bangorianism  has  been  conveyed  to  us. 

M.  Earbukt.1 

1  Earbery  was  a  political  writer  of  some  renown.  He  was 
born  July  11,  1690,  educated  at  St.  John's  college,  Cambridge, 
and  exercised  his  pen  with  great  spirit  and  courage  in  defence 
of  the  Stuarts  and  the  torv  cause.  The  following  is  the  most 
complete  list  of  his  works  I  have  been  able  to  procure:  Prin- 
ciples of  Church  Unity  considered.  Lond.  1716.  8vo.  An  An- 
swer to  Mr.  WTiiston's  Dissertation  on  the  Ignatian  Epistles. 
Lond.  1716,  8vo.  History  of  the  German  Reformation,  founded 
upon  Heresyeof John  Wickliffe,  John  Huss,  and  Jerome  of  Prague, 
1720.  8vo.  History  of  the  Clemency  of  our  English  Monarchs. 
Lond.  1717  ;  1720,  second  edition.  This  was  accounted  a 
seditious  libel,  upon  which  the  author  retreated  into  France,  and 
published,  A  Vindication  of  die  History  of  Clemency,  with  Reflec- 
tions upon  the  late  Proceedings  against  the  Author.  Lond.  1720, 
8vo.  Upon  Earbery's  absconding  from  the  kingdom,  sentence 
of  outlawry  was  pronounced  against  bim,  which  was  reversed  in 
the  court  of  King's  Bench,  Dec.  2,  1725.  An  Admonition  to 
Dr.  Kennet,  appended  to  the  earl  of  Nottingham's  Answer  to 
Whiston.  Lond.  1721.  8vo.  Tho.  Burnett  of  the  State  of  the 
Dead,  and  of  those  thai  are  to  rise.  Translated  from  the  Latin. 
With  Remarks  upon  each  Chapter,  and  an  Answer  to  all  the 
Heresies  therein.    Lond.  1727.  8vo.      The  Occasional  Historian, 

144  RELIQUIAE  [1721 

Nov.  9.  On  Sunday  morning  died  Charles  Eyston, 
of  East  Hendred,  in  Berks,  esq.  a  gentleman  of  emi- 
nent virtues,  and  my  great  acquaintance.1  He  was 
a  Roman  Catholick,  and  so  charitable  to  the  poor, 
that  he  is  lamented  by  all  that  knew  any  thing  of 
him.  Insomuch,  that  on  Saturday  last,  being  the 
day  immediately  before  his  death,  I  heard  a  woman 
of  Hendred  say,  that  she  had  rather  all  the  people  in 
Hendred  (excepting  her  husband)  should  die,  than 
this  gentleman.  He  Avas  a  man  of  a  sweet  temper, 
and  was  an  excellent  scholar,  but  so  modest,  that  he 
did  not  care  to  have  it  at  any  time  mentioned.  The 
last  time  I  saw  him  was  on  Sept.  18  last,  when  he 
rode  on  horseback  from  Hendred  on  purpose  to  see 
me,  and  to  converse  with  me  a  few  hours.  We  dined 
together  at  the  Mitre,  and  Mr.  Kimber,  of  Hallywell, 
with  us.  Mr.  Eyston  was  as  well  as  I  have  known 
him,  and  returned  home  that  evening,  but  it  seems 
some  time  after  he  was  seized  with  a  diabetes,  of 
which  he  died,  and  was  buried  in  Hendred  church 

This  worthy  gentleman  lent  me,  on  Saturday, 
Sept.  23d  last,  a  printed  book,  entitled,  Memoires  of 

No.  1.  Lond.  1730;  Nos.  2  and  3,  1731  ;  No.  4  and  last,  1732. 
This  was  written  against  the  Craftsman,  in  pursuance  of  an  ad- 
vertisement inserted  in  the  London  Evening  Post  of  Sept.  26, 
1730.  "  Whereas  the  Craftsman  has  for  sometime  past  openly 
"  declared  himself  to  be  a  root  and  branch  man,  and  has  made 
"  several  in  just  and  scandalous  reflections  upon  the  family  of 
''  the  Stuarts,  not  sparing  even  king  Charles  the  first:  this  is 
"  to  give  notice,  that  if  he  reflects  further  upon  any  ONE  of  that 
"  line,  I  shall  shake  his  rotten  common-wealth  principles  into 
"  atoms.  Matthias  EAKBERT."  lie  died  October  3,  1740. 
There  is  a  neat  small  portrait  of  him  in  gown  and  band,  "jam 
"  politico  denatus,  postea  resurrecturus  cum  patria,"  J.  Cole, 
sculp,  from  a  picture  by  J.  Fry. 

1  Mr  Eyston  was  fifty-four  years  old  at  the  time  of  his  death. 

1 72i]  HEARNIANJE.  145 

the  Family  of  the  Stuarts,  and  the  remarkable  Provi- 
dences of  God  towards  them  ;  in  an  Histoncal  Account 
of  the  Lives  of  those  his  Majesty  s  Progenitors  of  that 
name,  that  were  Kings  of  Scotland.  Lond.  1683,  8vo. 
Mr.  Eyston  bought  this  book  out  of  Mr.  Ravenscroft's 
study,  and  at  the  beginning  of  it  he  hath  written, 

"  Charles  Eyston, 

"  1709. 

"  Quaere,  whether  this  book  was  not  written  by  sir 
"  George  Mackensie,  notwithstanding  what  is  insi- 
"  nuated  in  the  preface,  as  if  it  had  been  written  by 
"  a  Scotch  minister?" 

At  the  same  time  he  sent  me  a  letter,  (being  the 
last  I  received  from  him,)  dated  at  East  Hendred, 
Sept.  22,  which  I  shall  here  insert  at  large : 

East  Hendred,  Sept.  22,  1721. 
Honrd  Deare  Sir, 
I  most  humbly  thank  you  for  affording  me  so  much 
of  your  good  company  when  I  was  last  in  Oxford.  I 
know  how  precious  time  is  with  you,  so  am  the 
more  obliged  to  you  for  spending  so  much  of  it  with 
me.  I  also  thank  you  for  the  loane  of  Robinson's 
Anatomy.  I  herewith  retourne  it  to  you,  and  in  it 
you  will  find  Mr.  Latton's  paper,  which  I  can  make 
nothing  of.  I  also  send  you  the  Memoires  of  the 
Family  of  the  Stewarts;  which  is  the  booke  I  men- 
tioned to  you,  to  have  bought  out  of  Mr.  Ravenscroft's 
library,  whose  catalogue,  I  feare,  I  have  lost ;  for  I 
have  made  a  most  diligent  search  after  it,  and  cannot 
find  it.  In  the  life  this  authour  gives  us  of  king 
Robert  the  second,  you'll  not  find  he  mentions  any 
children  begotten  by  him  extra  matrimonium.  Some 
acquaintance  of  mine,  of  whom  I  had  opinion,  (but 
who  it  was,  I  cannot  call  to  mind,)  told  me  it  was 

II.  L 

146  RELIQUIAE  [1721 

written  by  sir  George  Maekensy,  which  moved  me  to 
put  the  querie  you  will  find  under  my  name  in  the 
first  leafe  of  the  booke.  I  have  also  examined  Spot- 
wood  and  Heylin,  and  find  they  take  no  notice  of  any 
such  thing.  So  I  humbly  offer  to  your  considera- 
tion, whether  it  may  not  be  proper  for  you  to  make 
a  marginal  remarke  upon  that  passage  in  Fordone, 
where  he  speakes  of  children  begotten  by  king  Robert 
the  second  upon  the  body  of  Elizabeth  More,  extra 
matrimonium.  For  many,  prejudiced  to  the  family  of 
the  Stewarts,  may,  from  the  report  of  so  famous  an 
authour  as  Fordoune  is,  poyson  the  world  with  a  no- 
tion, that  king  James  the  first  and  his  whole  poste- 
rity (not  excepting  the  illustrious  house  of  Hanover) 
are  of  a  spurious  and  illegitimate  descent.  Would 
you  please  to  come  over,  I  could  enlarge  on  this  dis- 
course, but  doe  not  think  proper  to  doe  it  by  way  of 
letter.  My  whole  family  present  you  with  theyr 
best  respects,  and  would  bee  heartily  glad  to  see  you. 
I  am,  with  affection  and  sincerity, 
Deare  sir, 
Your  most  faithfull  and  obliged  humble  servant, 

Charles  Eyston. 

I  herewith  send  you  Burnett's  Record,  and  the 
note  you  gave  me  of  the  History  of  Glastonbury. 

I  told  my  friend,  in  my  answer  to  this  letter,  that 
whatwassaid  by  the  Scotch  historians  about  Robertlll. 
being  illegitimate,  is  altogether  false,  and  that  I 
should  have  many  things  in  my  edition  of  Fordun  to 
confute  this  assertion.  I  told  him  I  designed  to  walk 
over  to  Hendred,  (as  indeed  I  did  speedily,  had  he 
lived,)  and  desired  him  to  get  what  he  could  against 
my  coming,  that  might  be  of  use  to  me  in  this 
very  material  affair.     Upon  Mr.  Eyston's  suggesting 

1 72 1]  HEARNIANjE.  147 

that  the  abovementioned  book  was  written  by  sir 
George  Mackenzy,  I  have  made  some  inquiry  as  to 
that  point,  but  cannot  find  it  true.  Nor  indeed  does 
Mr.  Wood  mention  any  such  thing  in  his  Athence 
Oxon.  or  in  the  MSS.  additions  and  corrections  under 
his  own  hand  (many  of  which  are  not  in  the  second 
or  spurious  edition  of  the  said  Athence)  in  the  Ash- 
molean  museum.  Bishop  Nieolson,  in  p.  153  of  his 
Scottish  Historical  Library,  mentions  some  such  book, 
printed  in  1683.  "To  this  king's  (Robert  II.'s) 
"  reign,"  saith  he,  ("  he  having  been  the  first  that 
"  bore  the  name  of  Steward,)  we  may  refer  R.  Wat- 
"  son's l  Memoirs  of  the  Family  of  the  Stewards : 
"  with  his  Historical  Account  of  the  Lives  of  the  Kings 
"  of  that  Name.  The  author,  as  his  work  sufficiently 
"  shews,  was  a  peevish  and  discontented  writer;  having 
"  been,  a  little  before  his  publishing  of  it,  turned 
"  out  of  his  ministry  at  Edinburg."  But  I  take 
this  to  be  a  different  book  from  the  former,  in  which 
there  is  nothing  peevish ;  but  as  the  author  takes  no 
notice  of  Robert  Illd's  being  illegitimate,  (which  he 
knew  was  a  false  report,)  so  he  speaks  honourably 
of  Mary  queen  of  Scots,  and  not  like  those  peevish, 
malapert  writers,  who  have  so  maliciously  asperst  her. 

Nov.  20.  Money  is  so  extreme  scarce  at  present, 
(occasioned  by  the  South  sea  bubble,)  that  the  like 
was  never  known  in  this  kingdom  ;  insomuch  that  the 
news  informs  us,  that  London  was  never  known  to  be 
so  thin  within  the  memory  of  man  ;  not  half  of  the 
members  of  parliament  being  come  up,  and  a  bill  is 
seen  upon  almost  every  door.2 

1  "  8vo.  Lond.  1683." 

2  This  is  corroborated  by  the  following  extract  from  the  publick 

148  EELIQUIJE  [1721-22 

Dec.  24.  An  English  divine,  in  a  sermon  at  St. 
Marie's,  in  Cambridge,  on  1  Sam.  xvii.  7,  once  enter- 
tained his  auditory  with  a  discourse  concerning  the 
dimensions  of  Goliah's  beame,  which  extorted  this 
expression  from  one  then  present,  "  The  man  hath 
"  not  divinity  enough  to  save  the  soul  of  a  gnat." 

1721-22.  Jan.  28.  Out  of  a  letter  to  me  from 
John  Bridges,  esq.  Jan.  25,  1721-22. 

"  Mr.  Murray,  with  other  of  your  friends,  are  very 
"  pressing  with  me  to  print  the  draught  of  your  face, 
"  which  Mr.  Tillemans  bjr  stealth  took  for  my  satis- 
"  faction ;  but  I've  no  inclination  to  doe  it  without 
"  your  consent ;  and  if  that  be  had,  I  would  readily 
"  be  at  the  charge  of  its  being  taken  again  :  for  tho' 
"  under  the  disadvantages  Tillemans  was,  he  has  made 
"  so  lovely  a  representation,  that  every  body  knows  it 
"  to  be  yours  ;  yet  I  think  'tis  capable  of  being  much 
"  improved ;  and  'tis  also  my  opinion  the  world  should 
"  knowsomewhat  of  thefigure  of  one,  to  whose  industry 
"  and  learning  our  British  antiquaries  are  so  much 
"  obliged." 

"  To  John  Bridtjes,  esq. 
«  Honrd  Sir, 
"  I  thank  you  for  your  well  penned  letter  of  the 
"  25th  inst.  but  I  humbly  beg  leave  to  be  excused 

papers  of  Dec.  9.  ;'  Those  who  seem  to  know  the  town  (London) 
"  very  well,  tell  us,  there  cannot,  upon  a  moderate  computation, 
"  be  allowed  less  than  30,000  people  difference,  between  what 
"  are  now  in  town  and  what  were  here  this  time  twelvemonth. 
"  We  perceive  the  town  to  grow  thinner  daily,  and  several 
"  families  will  fly  into  the  country,  under  a  pretence  of  keeping 
"  Christmas,  who  will  not  appear  here  again  till  next  winter 
"  at  soonest.  We  shall  not  be  thought  to  reckon  extravagantly, 
"  if  we  allow  20,000  more  for  this  decrease." 

1721-22]  HEARNIAN^E.  149 

"  from  giving  my  consent  to  what  you  so  kindly  pro- 
"  pose  in  it." 

Feb.  5.  Dr.  Robert  Harris,  formerly  head  of  Trinity 
college,  Oxon,  being  asked  about  the  best  editions, 
used  to  say,  that  what  was  said  of  Homer  was  true  of 
the  fathers  and  the  first  popish  writers,  viz.  That  was 
the  best  still,  which  was  least  corrected. 

Feb.  10.  Whereas  the  university  disputations  on 
Ash  Wednesday  should  begin  exactly  at  one  o'clock, 
they  did  not  begin  this  year  'till  two  or  after,  which  is 
owing  to  several  colleges  having  altered  their  hour  of 
dining  from  eleven  to  twelve,  occasioned  from  people's 
lying  in  bed  longer  than  they  used  to  do. 

March  21.  The  parliament,  which  hath  continued 
seven  years,  being  dispersed,  and  writs  out  for  a  new- 
one,  yesterday  sir  John  Walters  and  young  Tom 
Rowney  (for  his  father  hath  desired  to  be  excused 
from  any  longer  being  elected)  were  chosen  burgesses 
for  the  city  of  Oxon,  in  opposition  to  counsellor 
Wright  and  counsellor  Hawkins,  who  made  just  no- 
thing at  all  of  it. 


March  22.  Yesterday  morning,  at  nine  o'clock,  was 
a  convocation  for  electing  burgesses  for  the  university. 
The  candidates  were  the  two  old  members,  Mr.  Bromley 
and  Dr.  Clarke  ;  but  many  having  a  mind  to  get  Clarke 
out,  Dr.  King,  principal  of  St.  Mary  hall,  was  put  up 
against  him.1     The  convocation  continued  'till  about 

1  Upon  its  being  known  that  Dr.  King's  friends  intended  to 
nominate  him,  in  case  of  a  general  election,  against  Dr.  Clarl<e, 
the  supporters  of  the  sitting  member  were  so  angry,  that  a  letter 
was  drawn  up,  signed  by  most  of  the  heads  of  houses,  and  for- 

150  RELIQUIJE  [1721-22 

half  an  hour  after  four  in  the  afternoon,  when  it  ap- 
peared  that  Dr.   King  had  lost  it  by  a  very  great 
majority,  the  poll  standing  thus,  the  number  whereof 
on  the  right  hand  signifies  dubious  votes  : 
Bromley        ..     337     —     60 
Clarke      ...     278     —     49 
King        ...     159     —     36 
Upon  which  the  election  was  declared ;  tho'  a  scru- 
tiny being  desired,  the  compleating  of  the  business 
was  put  off  till  this  morning,  when  there  was  another 
convocation.     But  there  being  such  a  vast  dispropor- 
tion, the  throwing  out  the  bad  votes  signified  nothing 
to  the  interest  of  Dr.  King,  who  thereupon  acquiesced, 
and  Mr.  Bromley  and  Dr.  Clarke  are  declared  duly 
elected.     I  heartily  wish  Dr.  King  had  succeeded,  he 
being  an  honest  man,  and  very  zealous  for  king  James, 
whereas  Clarke  is  a  pitifull,  proud  sneaker,  and  an 

warded  to  the  chancellor,  lord  Arran,  in  which  King  was  cha- 
racterized as  "  a  fomentor  of  differences,  a  disturber  of  the  peace, 
"  and,  (continues  Hearne,)  I  know  not  what.  Upon  which  some 
"  passages  passed  between  my  lord  Arran  and  Dr.  King,  and  the 
"  doctor  resigned  his  secretaryship,  (worth  above  100  guineas  a 
"  year,  as  I  heard  the  doctor  say,)  and  Mr.  Henry  Watkins, 
"  M.  A.  senior  student  of  Christ  Church,  is  made  his  lordship's 
"  secretary."  I  may  be  allowed  to  give  my  own  opinion,  that 
Dr.  King's  resignation,  and  the  "  passages"  that  preceded  it,  did 
not  arise  in  consequence  of  the  letter  alluded  to  above,  but  from 
an  attempt  on  the  part  of  the  chancellor  to  dissuade  Dr.  King 
from  opposing  the  old  members,  a  proceeding  totally  at  variance 
with  the  reputation  and  established  usage  of  the  university.  But, 
as  Dr.  Gibson  tells  us,  in  a  letter  addressed  to  a  noble  lord,  and 
printed  on  the  occasion,  "  the  secretary  chose  rather  to  resign 
"  his  employment  than  desist."  His  friends  became  the  more 
zealous  in  consequence  of  this  forced  resignation,  and,  as  well  as 
himself,  resolved  to  persevere  in  their  attempt,  with  what  suc- 
cess will  be  seen  from  Hearne's  account  of  the  election.  The  poll 
was  afterwards  printed  in  4to.  Oxford,  172-2,  under  the  super- 
intendence of  Joseph  Bowles,  M.  A.  keeper  of  the  Bodleian,  who 
was  writer  for  Mr.  Bromley  and  Dr.  Clarke. 

1 722]  HEARNIANJE.  151 

enemy  to  true  loyalty,  and  was  one  of  those  that 
threw  out  the  bill  against  occasional  conformity  in 
queen  Anne's  time,  and  not  only  so,  but  canvassed  the 
court  to  lay  the  bill  aside,  he  being  then  member  of 
parliament  for  East  Lowe,  in  Cornwall,  for  which 
reason  he  was  afterwards  put  by  for  that  borough. 
Dr.  King  had  82  single  votes  in  this  election.  One 
hath  told  me  since  the  election,  that  he  could  mention 
fifty  (or  thereabouts)  that  had  failed  the  doctor. 

March  23.  This  week  I  bought  Taylor  the  water 
poet's  little  thing,  called  The  Old,  Old,  very  Old  Man, 
being  the  Life  of  Thomas  Par  ;  but,  tho'  unbound,  it 
cost  me  two  shillings,  and  is  a  very  great  rarity. 

April  20.  Last  night  I  was  in  company  of  Dr. 
Halley  and  Mr.  Bradley,  our  two  Savilian  professors. 
Dr.  Halley  hath  a  strange  odd  notion,  that  Stonehenge  is 
as  old,  at  least  almost  as  old,  as  Noah's  floud.  Dr. 
Halley  hath  also  an  odd  notion,  and  he  is  very  posi- 
tive in  it,  that  Silchester,  in  Hampshire,  is  Antoninus's 
Catteva.  But  when  he  is  possessed  of  a  notion,  he 
very  hardly  quits  it. 

June  3.  On  Friday  last  was  pulled  down  the  famous 
Postern-Gate,  in  Oxford,  called  the  Turl  Gate  com- 
monly, (being  a  corruption  for  Thorold  Gate,)  which 
was  done  by  the  means  of  one  Dr.  Walker,  a  physician, 
who  lives  by  it,  and  pretends  that  'twas  a  detriment 
to  his  house. 

June  9.  Yesterday,  in  my  walks,  I  called  upon  my 
friend  John  Powell,  of  Sandford,  esq.  who  told  me, 
that  the  prioress  and  nunns  of  Littlemore  used  to 
demand  of  the  abbey  of  Abbington  a  good   piece  of 

152  RELIQUIAE  [1722 

roast  beef  for  every  Sunday  in  the  year.  Mr.  Powell 
told  me,  Ant.  a  Wood  used  sometimes  to  call  at  his 
house,  on  purpose  to  inquire  of  him  about  antiquities. 
Old  Ralph  Sheldon,  of  Beoly,  esq.  (commonly  called 
Great  Sheldon,)  was  Ant.  a  Wood's  great  friend,  and 
Anthony  used  sometimes  to  go  and  lye  at  his  house. 
When  he  was  there  one  time,  some  young  ladies 
there,  having  a  mind  to  make  sport  with  Anthony, 
put  some  antimony  and  something  else  into  his  liquor, 
which  made  him  so  sick,  that  it  was  thought  he  would 
"have  died ;  at  which  Mr.  Sheldon  was  confounded 
angry  with  the  ladies,  who  did  it  out  of  a  frolick, 
Anthony  being  looked  upon  by  them  as  a  quere 

June  24.  Last  night  I  was  in  company  of  Mr. 
George  Vertue,  the  ingraver,  who  is  come  from  London 
chiefly  upon  account  of  the  Oxford  almanack,  that  is  to 
be  for  the  year  1723. 

He  shewed  me  a  draught  that  he  hath  taken  of 
the  picture  of  archbishop  Sheldon,  lately  given  to  the 

He  also  shewed  me  copies  that  he  hath  taken  of 
king  Alfred's  picture  in  the  study  of  Dr.  Charlett, 
(nothing  near  so  good  as  that  I  printed  in  Spelman's 
life  of  that  king.)  of  Junius 's  picture  by  Van  Dyck  in 
the  Bodleian  library,  &c. 

He  said,  he  hath  also  copied  sir  Peter  Lilly's  pic- 
ture of  Selden  in  the  Bodleian  library. 

He  is  collecting  the  heads  of  all  the  famous  painters 
and  ingravers,  in  order  to  set  out  a  book  of  them. 

Aug.  8.  Yesterday  morning  called  upon  me  Mr. 

Calamy,  a  young  gentleman,  son  to  Edm.  Calamy,  D.  D. 

This  young  gentleman  is  in  Oxford  for  the  sake  of 

1722]  HEARNIANyE.  153 

the  Bodleian  library,  and  is  a  companion  of  a  forreign 
gentleman,  who  is  here  also  for  the  sake  of  his  studies. 
He  told  me  the  said  forreign  gentleman  hath  tran- 
scribed a  large  MS.  chronicle  in  the  Bodleian  library, 
never  yet  printed.  I  suppose  'tis  that  among  arch- 
bishop Laud's  MSS.  which  I  have  mentioned  in  my 
edition  of  Eutropius.  I  wish  it  maybe  printed.  The 
said  forreign  gentleman,  who  is  very  industrious,  hath 
consulted  all  fryar  Bacon's  pieces  in  Bodley,  and  yes- 
terday he  went  to  Merton  college,  to  get  access  to  the 
fryar 's  pieces  that  are  there.  He  hath  a  design  of 
transcribing  and  printing  what  hath  not  yet  been 
published.  I  have  often  heard  Dr.  John  Mill  say  that 
bishop  Fell  intended  to  have  printed  all  fryar  Bacon's 
pieces  in  two  vols,  in  folio. 

Aug.  14.  On  Thursday  last  the  duke  of  Marlborough 
was  buried  in  Westminster,  with  the  greatest  pomp 
and  splendour  ever  any  prince  was  buried  there. 

Mist,  the  journalist,  had  began  to  print  an  account 
of  the  life  of  that  compleat  villain,  the  said  duke,  con- 
taining many  very  remarkable  things  about  his  kna- 
very, which  so  vexed  the  party,  that  they  hindred 
him  from  going  on,  seized  his  papers  and  materials, 
and  put  what  he  had  into  the  utmost  confusion. 

Aug.  20.  Wednesday  last,  (Aug.  15,)  a  proclama- 
tion offering  a  reward  of  1000/.  for  apprehending  Mr. 
Thomas  Cart,  a  non-juring  clergyman,  was  issued  out 
by  the  government,  information  being  given  against 
him  for  high  treason.1     This  Mr.  Cart  is  a  very  in- 

1  Carte  made  his  escape  into  France,  where  he  remained  under 
the  assumed  name  of  Philips,  till  queen  Caroline,  who  was  an 
universal  patroness  of  learned  men,  obtained  leave  for  him  to 

154  RELIQUIAE  [1722 

genious  man,  and  was  of  Brazen-Nose  college  in  this 
university.1  Many  persons  are  taken  up,  and  orders 
given  to  take  up  others,  a  plot  being  to  be  laid  before 
the  parliament  at  their  meeting. 

Aug.  24.  Great  Marlow,  in  Bucks,  tho'  a  poor 
market,  and  but  a  poor  town,  is  yet  very  pleasantly 
situated  upon  the  Thames.  There  is  plenty  of  fish, 
corn,  and  wood  there.  Whence  the  people  there 
commonly  say :  Here  is  fish  for  catching,  com  for 
matching,  and  wood  for  fetching. 

Sept.  3.  Several  persons,  whose  disaffection  is  much 
suspected,  are  putting  themselves  into  mourning  for 
the  death  of  the  consort  of  prince  James  Sobieski, 
mother-in-law  to  the  chevalier  de  St.  George. 

At  the  latter  end  of  last  week  a  servant  maid  to  a 
distiller  in  London  was  committed  to  bridewell  for 
wishing  that  her  hairs  were  so  many  dragoons  to  fight 
for  the  chevalier. 

Oct.  9.  Dr.  Stukley,  fellow  of  the  Royal  Society,  is 
making  searches  about  the  Roman  ways.   He  is  a  very 

return  home,  which  he  did  before  1730.  It  is  singular,  that  the 
proclamation,  as  advertised  in  the  Gazette,  gave  a  description  of 
Carte's  person  which  was  almost  in  direct  contradiction  to  the 
truth  ;  "  About  32  years  of  age,  a  middle-sized,  raw-boned  man, 
"  goes  a  little  stooping,  sallow  complexion,  with  a  full  grey  or 
"  blue  eye,  his  eye-lids  fair,  inclined  to  red,  and  commonly 
"  wears  a  light  coloured  peruque :  descriptio  eujus  pene  contra- 
"  rium  est  verum,"  says  Dr.  Rawlinson  (in  some  of  his  own 
Latin),  who  knew  him  well,  and  has  been  at  some  pains  to  collect 
materials,  for  writing  his  Life,  in  the  MS.  continuation  to  the 

1  He  was  matriculated  of  University  college,  at  the  age  of 
twelve,  July  8,  1608,  "Tho.  Cart  12  Sam.  C.  Clifton  super 
"  Dunmore,  cler.  f."     Reg.  JHatric.  Univ.  Oxon.  AZ. 

1722-23]  HEARNIANJE.  155 

fancifull  man,  and  the  things  he  hath  published  are 
built  upon  fancy.  He  is  looked  upon  as  a  man  of  no 
great  authority,  and  his  reputation  dwindles  every  day, 
as  I  have  learned  from  very  good  hands.  He  hath 
published  a  draught  of  Old  Verulam,  with  strange, 
fancifull  things.  He  hath  published  a  draught  of 
Waltham  Cross,  all  fancy,  yet  the  cross  is  standing, 
and  Mr.  Bridges  hath  published  a  true  draught  of  it. 

1722-23.  Jan.  18.  Last  Monday,  the  14th  inst.  (the 
14th  being  always  the  day,)  was  All-Souls  college 
Mallard,  at  which  time  'tis  usual  with  the  fellows 
and  their  friends  to  have  a  supper,  and  to  sit  up  all 
night  drinking  and  singing.  Their  song  is  the  mal- 
lard, and  formerly  they  used  to  ramble  about  the 
college  with  sticks  and  poles,  &c.  in  quest  of  the  mallard, 
but  this  hath  been  left  off  many  years.  They  tell  you 
the  custom  arose  from  a  swinging  old  mallard,  that 
had  been  lost  at  the  foundation  of  the  college,  and 
found  many  years  after  in  the  sink. 

Feb.  13.  The  first  catalogue  of  books  sold  by  auction 
was  the  library  of  Dr.  Seaman  ;  the  second  was  that  of 
the  Rev.  Mr.  Thomas  Kidner,  A.M.  rector  of  Hitchin, 
in  Hartfordshire,  beginning  Feb.  6,  167f -1 

Feb.  21.  Ant.  a  Wood  hath  no  account  of  Edw. 
Halle,  that  writ  the  "  Chronicle"  2  in  his  Athena  Oxon. 

1  On  the  progress  of  selling  books  by  catalogues,  see  an  article 
by  the  late  Mr.  Gough,  in  Nichols's  Literary  Anecdotes,  vol.  iii. 
p!  608;  and  Dibdin's  Bibliomania,  402,  408,  418,  &c.  Dr. 
Lazarus  Seaman's  books  sold  for  seven  hundred  pounds.  Calaray, 
Ejected  Ministers,  ii.  17. 

2  "  The  said  Edward  Halle's  Chronicle  is  a  book  that  hath 
"  been  sold  for  seven  guineas  or  seven  pounds."  Jan.  21, 

15(3  RELIQUIAE  [1722-23 

but  in  the  spurious  edition  of  these  Athena?  there  is 
an  account  of  him,  and  there  are  two  editions  of  that 
Chronicle  there  mentioned,  one  in  1548,  the  other  in 
1550.  I  have  this  Chronicle,  and  it  bears  the  latter 
date.  Bishop  Nicholson,  in  the  folio  edition  of  his 
English  Historical  Library,  gives  a  poor,  paultry,  false 
account  of  this  Chronicle,  and  makes  it  to  be  dedi- 
cated in  a  very  flattering  epistle  to  king  Hen.  VIII. 
but  all  the  copies  (which  indeed  are  but  three)  I  have 
yet  seen  are  dedicated  to  Edw.  VI.  and  the  dedication 
is  far  from  being  flattering.  The  materials  of  this 
Chronicle  are  excellent,  and  the  style  masculine.  One 
would  think  bishop  Nicholson  had  never  seen  the 
book,  at  least  not  read  it. 

Feb.  27.  It  hath  been  an  old  custom  in  Oxford  for 
the  scholars  of  all  houses,  on  Shrove  Tuesday,  to  go  to 
dinner  at  ten  clock,  (at  which  time  the  little  bell, 
called  pan-cake  bell,  rings,  or  at  least  should  ring,  at 
St.  Maries,)  and  at  four  in  the  afternoon ;  and  it  was 
always  followed  in  Edmund  hall,  as  long  as  I  have 
been  in  Oxford,  till  yesterday,  when  they  went  to 
dinner  at  twelve,  and  to  supper  at  six,  nor  were  there 
any  fritters  at  dinner,  as  there  used  always  to  be. 
When  laudable  old  customs  alter,  'tis  a  sign  learning 

J[ai*ch  20.  Last  Sunday,  in  the  afternoon,  preached 
at  St.  Peter's  in  the  East,  Oxon,  before  the  university, 
Mr.  Will.  Pcche,  fellow  of  St.  John's  college.  It  was 
remarkable,  that  his  sermon  was  not  above  jiv^  ni'iani,,< 
long,  or  very  little  more,  and  that  it  was  shorter  than 
his  prayer.  This  Mr.  Peche  is  a  very  good  scholar, 
and  was  formerly  a  studious  man. 

April  6.  My  friend  Mr.  Murray,  the  curious  col- 

1723]  HEARNIANyE.  157 

lector  of  books,  tells  me  he  is  53  years  old.  He  tells 
me,  one  Mr.  Aynsworth  (who  will  not  take  the  oaths) 
understands  our  English  coyns,  he  believes,  as  well, 
if  not  better,  than  any  man  in  England ;  that  he  is 
a  mighty  modest  man,  an  excellent  scholar,  and  hath 
been  about  seven  years  about  a  Dictionary,  in  the 
nature  of  Littleton's.  He  was  author  of  the  Cata- 
logue (which  is  printed)  of  Mr.  Kemp's  Rarities,  a 
thick  8vo.  But  most  of  the  said  Rarities  were  a 
cheat.  He  is  a  married  man,  and  lives  at  Hackney, 
near  London. 

April  7.  I  heard  Mr.  Bagford  (some  time  before  he 
dyed)  say,  that  he  walked  once  into  the  country  on 
purpose  to  see  the  study  of  John  Bunyan.  When  he 
came,  John  received  him  very  civilly  and  courteously, 
but  his  study  consisted  only  of  a  Bible  and  a  parcell 
of  books,  (the  Pilgrim's  Progress  chiefly,)  written  by 
himself,  all  lying  on  a  shelf  or  shelves. 

April  13.  Mr.  Murray  told  me  t'other  day,  that  my 
collection  of  books  was  the  oddest  that  ever  he  saw ; 
and  he  said,  if  I  were  to  sell  them  by  auction,  they 
would  bring  as  much  money,  (for  the  number  of  them,) 
he  believed,  as  ever  any  collection  sold  in  England  ; 
nay,  said  he,  I  believe  much  more,  considering  the 
character  you  have  established. 

Castelio,  that  very  great  and  good  humble  man, 
had  nothing,  when  he  dyed,  to  bury  him,  but  a  most 
excellent  study  of  books,  and  he  was  carryed  to  his 
grave  by  his  own  scholars,  who  could  not  but  admire 
the  excellencies  of  their  master,  who  was  so  great  a 
despiser  of  money. 

158  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

April  20.  What  is  said  about  Lamb-day,  in  page 
149  of  Blount's  Tenures,  as  belonging  to  Kicllington,  in 
Oxfordshire,  is  a  mistake  for  Kirtleton ;  unless  the 
same  custom  also  belonged  to  Kidlington  formerly, 
and  is  discontinued  since.  It  seems,  on  Monday  after 
Whitson  week,  there  is  a  fat  live  lamb  provided,  and 
the  maids  of  the  town,  having  their  thumbs  tyed 
behind  them,  run  after  it,  and  she  that  with  her 
mouth  takes,  and  holds,  this  lamb,  is  declared  lady  of 
the  lamb,  which  being  dressed  with  the  skin  hanging 
on,  is  carried  on  a  long  pole  before  the  lady  and  her 
companions  to  the  green,  attended  with  musick,  and 
a  morisco  dance  of  men,  and  another  of  women,  where 
the  rest  of  the  day  is  spent  in  dancing,  mirth,  and 
jollity.  The  next  day  the  lamb  is  part  baked,  part 
boyled  and  rost,  for  the  ladies'  feast,  where  she  sits 
majestically,  (and  much  respect  is  shewed  to  her,)  at 
the  upper  end  of  the  table,  and  her  companions  with 
her,  with  musick,  and  other  attendants,  which  ends 
the  solemnity.  Mr.  Blount  does  not  tell  us  the  reason 
of  this  custom,  but  I  am  told  'tis  upon  account  of  the 
inhabitants  being  toll  free  in  Oxford  and  other  places. 
I  was  told  yesterday,  that  the  same  custom  belonged 
formerly  to  Wighlham,  in  Berks. 

April  22.  The  editions  of  classicks  of  the  first  print, 
(commonly  called  Editiones  Principes,)  that  used  to 
go  at  prodigious  prices,  are  now  strangely  lowered ; 
occasioned,  in  good  measure,  by  Mr.  Tho.  Rawlinson, 
my  friend's,  being  forced  to  sell  many  of  his  books, 
in  whose  auction  these  books  went  cheap,  tho'  English 
history  and  antiquities  went  dear :  and  yet  this  gen- 
tleman was  the  chief  man  that  raised  many  curious 
and  classical  books  so  high,  by  his  generous  and 
couragious  way  of  bidding. 

1723]  HEARNIANvE.  159 

April  30.  On  Wednesday  last  the  sessions  began  at 
the  Old  Baily,  when  Sally  Salisbury  was  tryed  for 
an  assault  upon  the  hon.  Mr.  Finch,  with  an  intent 
to  murder  him :  she  was  found  guilty  of  the  former, 
and  acquitted  of  the  latter.1     This  Sally  Salisbury 

(now  32  years  of  age)  is  the  greatest  w in 

England.     She  is  extreme  handsome,  and  of  a  fluent 

May  1.  I  am  informed,  that  my  friend  Dr.  Mead 
hath  lately  purchased  the  head  of  a  very  old  statue  of 
Homer.  It  is  very  fine,  and  represents  him  blind, 
and  is  said  to  have  been  part  of  the  Arundel  collection. 
What  is  become  of  the  lower  part,  I  know  not.  It 
was  valued  at  300  guineas,  but  the  doctor  had  it  for 
50  guineas.2 

1  Sally  Pretteyn,  alias  Sally  Salisbury,  having  been  convicted 
of  assaulting  and  wounding  the  hon.  John  Finch,  esq.  was  to 
pay  100/.  to  sutler  twelve  months  imprisonment,  and  to  find 
securities  for  her  good  behaviour  for  two  years  after.  Mist's 
Journal,  Monday,  29th  April,  1723.  In  a  subsequent  place, 
Hearne  says,  "  There  are  two  books  in  8vo.  come  out  about  the 
"  Life  of  Mrs.  Sally  Salisbury,  one  of  half  a  crown  price,  (with 
"  her  picture  before  it,)  the  other  of  I2d.  price,  without  her  pic- 
"  ture.  In  the  latter  'tis  said  the  celebrated  poet,  Matthew 
"  Prior,  esq.  had  to  do  with  her,  and  that  one  of  her  admirers 
"  was  the  lord  Bullingbroke,  who  indeed  is  noted  for  an  amorous 
"  man."     Vol.  xcv.  p.  127.     See  under  October  12,  1724. 

2  This  valuable  bronze  is  now  in  the  British  Museum,  and 
has  been  engraved  in  the  second  part  of  the  ancient  marbles 
preserved  in  that  national  gallery,  plate  XXXIX.  It  was  pur- 
chased at  Dr.  Mead's  sale,  in  1755,  by  the  earl  of  Exeter,  and 
presented  to  the  Museum  by  that  nobleman  in  1760.  Although 
long  considered  as  a  bronze  of  Homer,  Mr.  Taylor  Combe  has 
clearly  shewn  that  it  was  intended  for  some  other  poet,  and  he 
inclines  to  suppose  it  a  portion  of  the  statue  of  Pindar,  placed 
before  the  portico  at  Athens,  and  existing  in  the  time  of  Pau- 
sanias.  The  poet  is  represented  as  in  extreme  old  age,  the  head 
inclining  forwards,  with  a  short  beard,  hollow  eyes,  and  crowned 
with  a  narrow  diadem. 

160  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

May  13.  A  sham  plot  having  been  contrived,  and 
the  bishop  of  Rochester  (Dr.  Francis  Atterbury)  being 
accused  as  one  in  it,  (they  having  forged  three  letters 
in  his  name  in  cipher,  which  Wills,  the  decipherer, 
hath  interpreted.)  last  week  his  lordship  was  upon 
his  tryal,  but  was  hindered  making  his  defence.  How- 
ever, he  spoke  a  most  excellent  speech  of  more  than 
two  hours  long,  in  delivering  which  he  is  said  to  have 
fainted  twice,  having  been  strangely  harrassed  and 

Charles  Aldrich,  D.  D.1  rector  of  Henley  upon 
Thames,  on  the  thanksgiving  day,  (for  preserving  us 
from  the  plague,)  on  the  25th  of  April  last,  preached 
before  the  house  of  commons,  and  his  sermon  (by 
their  order)  is  just  printed  ;  but,  which  I  am  sorry 
for,  'tis  poor  canting  stuff,  altogether  whiggish  and 
flattering,  against  the  poor  king  (James  III.)  and 
honest  men,  and  as  much  in  praise  of  the  duke  of 
Brunswick  and  his  government,  and  those  that  are  for 

1  Charles  Aldrich,  nephew  of  the  dean  of  Christ  Church,  was 
educated  at  Westminster,  elected  to  Christ  Church  as  a  student 
in  1699,  took  the  degrees  of  B.A.  April  23,  170.3,  M.  A.  Mareji 
12,  1705.  B.  D.  May  7,  1715,  D.D.  Oct.  13, 1722.  He  died  of 
apoplexy  in  the  rectorial  house  of  Henley  upon  Thames,  Nov. 
8,  1737,  and  was  buried  within  the  rails  of  the  communion  table, 
in  that  church,  on  the  I Oth  of  the  same  month.  Bv  his  la^t  will 
he  left  his  library  to  his  successors  at  Henley  for  ever,  in  these 
words :  "  I  give  and  bequeath  all  my  study  of  books  to  the  rec- 
"  tory  of  Henley,  being  desirous  to  lay  the  foundation  of  a  paro- 
•'  chial  library,  begging  my  successor,  or  the  parish,  to  provide 
"  a  room  for  them,  if  God  should  not  spare  my  life  to  do  so." 
The  books  were  originally  deposited  in  the  rectorial  house,  but 
being  placed  in  a  damp  room,  sustained  considerable  injury,  on 
which  account  they  were  removed  to  the  vestry,  about  the  year 
1777,  where  they  now  remain.  There  is  no  monument  or  in- 
scription to  Dr.  Aldrich  in  the  church,  but  a  small  stone  in  the 
pavement  of  the  chancel  marks  the  spot  of  his  interment. 

1723]  HEARNIANjE.  161 

him.  But  poor  Charles  hath  a  bad,  vexatious,  furious 
wife,  that  pushes  him  on  to  these  things,  being  angry 
that  he  is  not  preferred.  There  is  also  false  history 
in  the  sermon.  For  whereas  he  dates  the  firm  esta- 
blishment of  the  Protestant  religion  from  the  very 
beginning  of  queen  Elizabeth's  reign,  it  is  manifestly 
wrong.  For  the  popish  religion  continued  for  a  con- 
siderable time,  her  counsellors  were  popish,  and  the 
liturgy  too  popish  for  several  years.1 

May  26.  Some  time  last  night  died  Dr.  John  Ham- 
mond, canon  of  Christ  Church,  Oxford,  aged  about 
84  years.  He  took  the  degree  of  M.A.  Nov.  23, 1664, 
that  of  B.  D.  Nov.  27,  1679,  and  that  of  D.D.  May  8, 
1680.  He  went  out  grand  compounder  for  both  these 
last  degrees.  He  dyed  of  a  dropsy,  and  desired  (for 
he  had  his  senses  to  the  last)  to  be  buried  next 
Tuesday,  between  seven  and  eight  clock  at  night.2 
When  he  was  a  young  man,  he  was  very  weak  and 
infirm,  and  'twas  not  exspected  he  would  live  long. 
His  physician  advised  him  to  use  a  horse,  which  he 
submitted  to,  but  was  so  very  ill,  that  at  first  he  could 
hardly  go  through  Christ  Church  quadrangle,  (for  in 
those  times  horses  and  coaches  were  not  suffered  to 
come  into  the  quadrangle,  tho'  it  be  otherwise  now,) 
and  was  not  able  to  get  up  the  horse  of  himself ;  but 
after  a  little  use,  he  grew  strong  and  healthy,  and  so 
continued  ;  tho'  it  was  exercise  that  did  it,  (for  he  was 
a  very  great  rider  and  hunter,)  which  he  was  obliged, 

1  It  was  singular  that  Aldrich  sLould  preach  a  sermon  of  this 
description,  as  he  had  been  appointed  chaplain  to  bishop  Atter- 
bury  not  more  than  a  fortnight  before  that  prelate's  apprehen- 
sion, and  was  besides  under  considerable  obligations  to  him. 

2  Accordingly  he  was  buried  in  the  cathedral  of  Christ  Church 
on  Tuesday  night.    T.  H. 

II.  31 

162  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

through  old  age,  to  leave  off  for  some  time  before  he 
died,  otherwise  he  might  have  held  out  much  longer. 
Tis  probable  that  his  distemper,  when  young,  might 
be  a  dropsical  humour,  which  was  expelled  by  exercise, 
and  returned  when  he  gave  over  exercise.  He  was  a 
man  that  did  not  read  much,  and  was  not  noted  for 
any  learning.  When  I  came  first  to  Oxford,  I  re- 
member I  heard  him  preach  at  Christ  Church,  (and  I 
do  not  know  that  he  hath  preached  since,)  when  'twas 
said  it  was  the  best  sermon  he  ever  preached  in  his 
life.  His  wife  (who  was  a  mighty  fine  woman)  hath 
been  dead  many  years,  I  think  near  thirty.  She  was 
a  great  gamester. 

June  2.  On  Monday  morning  last,  (May  24.)  died 
at  his  house  at  Godwood,  in  Sussex,  Charles  Lenox, 
duke  of  Richmond,  knight  of  the  most  noble  order  of 
the  garter.     He  was  begotten  by  king  Charles  the 
second  on  the  body  of  Lovisa  de  Querovall,  a  lady  of 
French  extraction,  and    an  attendant  on  Henrietta 
dutchess  of  Orleans,  when  she  came  into  England  to 
give  a  visit  to  the  king  her  brother,  an.  1670.     She 
was  afterwards  made  dutchess  of  Portsmouth.     This 
duke  of  Richmond,  whom  I  saw  some  years  agoe,  and 
conversed  with  in  Oxford,  was  a  man  of  very  little  un- 
derstanding, and  tho'  the  son  of  so  great  a  king  as  king 
Charles  II.  was  a  man  that  struck  in  with  every  thing 
that  was  wliiggish  and  opposite  to  true  monarchical 
principles.     He  is  succeeded  in  his  honour  and  estate 
by  his  son,  Charles  earl  of  March. 

June  4.  A  pardon  passed  the  seals  last  week  for 
the  late  lord  Uolinbroke.  By  which  it  appears,  that 
what  I  formerly  heard  asserted  by  several,  that  this 
lord  is  not  a  man  of  integrity,  but  a  traitour,  and  that 

1723]  IIEARNlANsE.  163 

he  was  one  of  those  that  hindered  the  restauration  of 
king  James  III.  is  true. 

June  15.  The  late  bishop  Smalridge,  when  he  was 
dean  of  Christ  Church,  (for  'twas  before  he  was  bishop,) 
being  one  night  at  the  play,  to  hear  Cato  acted,  there 
was  great  notice  taken,  that  a  man  of  his  order  and 
dignity  should  be  there  ;  and  sitting  near  some  ladies 
that  laughed  upon  this  occasion,  the  dean  thereupon 
spoke  to  one  or  two  of  his  acquaintance  that  were  by 
him,  and  told  them,  that  the  ladies  laughed  at  him, 
adding.  "  Sure  the  ladies,  by  laughing  so,  think  them- 
"  selves  to  be  at  church  ;"  which  being  heard  by  them, 
they  continued  silent  all  the  time  after. 

June  17.  Mr.  William  Baxter  died  lately,  in  the 
73d  year  of  his  age.  He  was  nephew  of  the  famous 
presbyterian,  Mr.  Richard  Baxter,  and  was  himself 
also  first  a  presbyterian,  but  afterwards  a  pretended 
convert  to  the  church  of  England,  tho'  hardly  any  one 
looked  upon  him  as  sincere  on  that  account.  He  was 
a  learned,  but  whimsical,  man.  He  published  one 
book  against  Mr.  Dodwell,  in  defence  of  laymen's 
administering  the  communion.  He  writ  and  published 
notes  upon  Horace,  but  not  very  much  esteemed  by 
the  most  curious  men,  tho'  I  have  heard  it  commended 
by  some.  He  published  also  critical  notes  upon 
Anacreon,  but  for  that  was  taken  to  task  by  the  famous 
Mr.  Joshua  Barnes.  When  he  did  these  two  books, 
he  was  a  schoolmaster,  which  profession,  I  think,  he 
followed  to  the  last.  He  hath  written  and  published 
other  things,  but  the  last  that  he  printed  (which  wras 
done  at  London  in  1719,  with  his  picture  in  a  hat  at 
the  beginning)  was  Glossarium  Antiquitatum  Britanni- 
carum,  an  8vo.  book,  dedicated  to  Dr.  Mead.    In  this 

164  RELIQUI^)  [1723 

book  he  brings  all  names  of  places  from  the  British 
language,  and  strangely  indulges  his  fancy,  which 
makes  his  book  therefore  not  much  regarded  by  judi- 
cious men. 

June  22.  On  Tuesday  last,  (June  18,)  between 
twelve  and  one,  the  deprived  bishop  of  Rochester,1  set 
out  from  the  Tower,  in  the  navy  barge,  attended  by 
Mr.  Morris,  (the  bishop's  son  in  law,)  and  his  lady, 
(the  bishop's  daughter,)  having  a  sign  manual  for  that 
purpose.  Collonel  Williamson,  who  had  warders  with 
him,  conducted  him  aboard  the  Aldborough  man  of 
war,  lying  in  Long  Reach.  Two  footmen  attended 
his  lordship  in  purple  liveries,  himself  being  clad  in  a 
lay  habit  of  grey  cloth.  Great  numbers  of  people  went 
to  see  him  take  water,  and  to  take  their  leave,  many 
of  whom  accompanied  him  down  the  river  in  barges 
and  boats.  We  hear  that  two  messengers  went  on 
board  the  man  of  war  to  see  him  landed  at  Ostend, 
from  whence,  'tis  said,  he  will  proceed  to  Aix  la 
Chapelle,  after  staying  two  or  three  months  at  Brus- 
sels. The  duke  of  Wharton  made  a  present  to  the 
late  bishop  of  Rochester,  before  his  departure,  of  a 
rich  sword,  with  the  following  mottoes  on  the  blade, 
viz.  on  one  side.  Draw  me  not  uithottt  reason ;  and  on 
the  other,  Put  me  not  up  without  honour. 

June  29.  Beyond  High  Bridge,  (in  the  suburbs  of 
Oxford,  by  Rewly,  is  a  little  house,  called  Antiquity 
Hall,  which  one  Wise,  of  Trinity  college,  and  one 
Tristram,  of  Pembroke  college,  (both  of  them  very 
conceited  fellows,  and  of  little  understanding,  tho' 
both  are  masters  of  arts,)  have  had  a  draught  taken 

1  Dr.  Atterbury. 

1 723]  HEARNIANJE.  165 

of,  and  printed,  with  very  silly,  ridiculous  things  and 
words  in  it,1  for  which  they  are  much  laughed  at  by 
all  people,  who  cannot  but  look  upon  it  as  one  of  the 
weakest  things  ever  done. 

July  1.  On  Saturday  morning  last  called  upon  me, 
Mr.  George  Parker,  the  figure  flinger,  in  his  journey 
out  of  Worcestershire,  whither  he  had  went  about 
three  weeks  before  from  London  to  see  friends  and 
relations.     This  Mr.   Parker  was   born    at   Shipton 
upon  Stour,  in  Worcestershire,  and  was  apprenticed 
to  a  cutler  in  London,  (I  think  in  or  about  Fetter-lane,) 
but  being  much  addicted  to  astrology,  he  gave  over 
his  trade,  and  set  up  the  trade  of  figure  flinging,  and 
publishing  of  almanacks,  and  used  in  his  almanacks  to 
make  brave  sport  with  John  Patridge,  a  great  repub- 
lican, where  as  George  Parker  is  an  honest  man,  and  a 
great  cavallier,  and  much  superior  to  Patridge,  who 
hath  been  dead   several   years.     In   queen  Anne's 
time,  George  happened  to  print,  in  his  almanack,  the 
pretender  (as  they  call  the  chavallier  de  St.  George) 
and  his  sister  (who  is  now  dead)  among  the  sovereign 
princes  of  Europe,  for  which  he  was  prosecuted,  and 
fined  fifty  libs,  and  hindered  from  printing  almanacks. 
Upon  which  he  printed  only  an  annual  Ephemeris, 
with   the  saints  days,  without  doing  it  in   the  na- 
ture of  an  almanack,  tho'  now  the  stationers  let  him 
go  on  again  (if  he  pleases)  as  he  did  before.     His 

1  The  silly  things  and  words  which  gave  Hearne  so  much  of- 
fence, were  inserted  in  order  to  ridicule  some  of  his  own  plates, 
in  which  he  has  given  explanations  of  the  objects,  or  what  they 
were  intended  to  represent.  Wise  and  Tristram  have  done 
the  same,  and  have  introduced  Tom  himself  as  entering  at  the 
court-yard,  holding  up  his  gown  behind,  according  to  his  usual 
manner  of  walking. 

166  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

Ephemerides,  and  the  account  of  the  ecclipses,  are  the 
best  that  come  out,  having  in  these  matters  the  as- 
sistance of  Dr.  Halley.  Some  years  agoe  he  sold 
drink,  and  many  honest  and  ingenious  men  used  to 
frequent  his  house,  among  the  rest,  Mr.  Edward 
Thwaites,  late  fellow  of  Queen's  college,  when  he 
was  in  London  a  considerable  time  about  his  lame- 
ness, and  had  his  leg  then  cut  off  by  Charles  Ber- 
nard the  great  chirurgeon,  used  George's  house  much, 
and,  I  think,  lay  there  for  some  time,  and  learned 
astrology  from  George,  who,  after  Mr.  Thwaites  re- 
turned to  Oxford,  came  over  to  Oxford,  and  stayed 
there  three  weeks  at  least,  and  lodged  in  Queen's  col- 
lege, in  one  of  Mr.  Thwaites's  rooms,  who  did  this  out 
of  gratitude  to  George,  who  had  been  very  civil  to  Mr. 
Thwaites  in  London.  At  this  time  I  remember  (al- 
tho'  'tis  many  years  agoe)  George  was  on  foot,  and 
walked  from  Oxford  into  Worcestershire ;  the  night  be- 
fore which  journey,  Mr.  Thwaites  and  he  and  I  being 
together,  (and  none  else  with  us,)  George  would  often 
go  out  of  the  room  on  purpose  to  observe  the  heavens, 
and  he  told  us  'twould  rain  the  next  day,  at  such  a 
time.  Accordingly,  there  was,  at  the  time  he  said, 
a  sharp  shour,  and  George  was  in  it  himself,  being 
then  footing  it  into  Worcestershire,  which  being 
noised  about  Oxford,  made  his  name  famous  there. 
He  is  a  married  man,  and  his  wife  living,  being  at 
this  time  his  companion  in  his  journey.1 

1  Parker,  the  astrologer,  was  originally  in  business  as  a  cutler, 
and  professed  the  principles,  and  adopted  the  habits,  ofaquaker. 
Mis  wife,  however,  being,  at  the  time  of  her  marriage,  a  zealmts 
member  of  the  church  of  England,  laboured  hard  to  convert  her 
husband,  whilst  he  as  strenuously  endeavoured  to  bring  her 
ever  to  his  own  persuasion.  The  result  was  equally  strange 
and  unintentional.    Each  was  convinced  by  the  other,  George 

1723]  HEARNIANJE.  167 

July  9.  They  have  reprinted  at  London  the  cas- 
trated sheets  of  Holinshead's  Chronicle,  but  done  so 
as  there  is  a  great  quarrell  between  some  of  the 
London  booksellers  on  this  score,  some  of  them  having 
one  impression,  and  some  another ;  so  that  there  are 
two  new  impressions  of  these  sheets,  in  one  impres- 
sion of  which  Fletcher  Gyles,  a  bookseller,  is  con- 
cerned, and  he  was  urgent  with  me  to  correct  them, 
but  I  declined  it,  being  sensible  that  the  reprinting 
them  might  disoblige  some  gentlemen,  who  had  given 
great  prices  for  their  books,  as  it  seems  it  hath  done. 
But,  however,  the  booksellers  are  not  like  to  be  very 
great  gainers  by  this  work,  the  castrated  Holling- 
sheads  being  now  like  to  be  dearer  than  those  that 
are  perfect. 

July  10.  There  are  two  fairs  a  year  at  Wantage, 

became  a  firm  church-man,  whilst  his  wife  turned  rigid  quaker, 
and  so  they  continued  to  the  last.  I  have  this  anecdote  on 
very  good  authority,*  and  it  will  not  fail  to  remind  the  reader 
of  a  similar  discussion,  attended  with  a  similar  double  conver- 
sion, recorded  of  the  two  Rainolds's,  and  thus  celebrated  by  Dr. 

Bella  inter  geminos  plusquam  civilia  fratres 

Traxerat  ambiguus  religionis  apex : 
Ille  reformats  fidei  pro  partibus  instat, 

Iste  reformandam  denegat  esse  fidem. 
Propositis  causae  rationibus,  alterutrinque 

Concurrere  pares,  et  cecidere  pares. 
Quod  fuit  in  votis,  fratrem  capit  alteruterque, 

Quod  fuit  in  fatis,  perdit  uterque  fidem. 
Captivi  gemini  sine  captivaute  fuerunt, 
Et  victor  victi  transfuga  castra  petit. 
Quod  genus  hoc  pugni  est !  ubi  victus  gaudet  uterque, 
Et  tamen  alteruter  se  superasse  dolet ! 

Wood,  Hist,  et  Antiq.  Oxon.  lib.  ii.  p.  139. 

*  Mr.  Wallis,  an  acquaintance  of  Parker's,  and  brother  to 
Dr.  Wallis,  keeper  of  the  archives,  who  related  it  to  Hearne. 

168  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

in  Berks,  the  first  on  July  7,  being  the  translation 
of  St.  Thomas  a  Becket,  and  the  second  on  the  6th 
of  October,  being  St.  Faith's  day.  But  this  year, 
the  7th  of  July  being  a  Sunday,  the  fair  was  kept 
last  Monday,  and  'twas  a  very  great  one ;  and  yes- 
terday it  was  held  too,  when  there  was  a  very  great 
match  of  backsword  or  cudgell  playing  between  the 
hill-country  and  the  vale-country,  Barkshire  men 
being  famous  for  this  sport  or  exercise.  And  'tis 
remarkable,  that  at  Childrey,  by  Wantage,  lives  one 
old  Vicars,  a  farmer,  who  hath  been  very  excellent 
at  it,  and  hath  now  five  sons,  that  are  so  expert  in  it, 
that  'tis  supposed  they  are  a  match  for  any  five  in 
England.  They  always  come  off  victors,  and  carry 
off  the  hat,  the  reward  of  the  conquest,  so  that  they 
have  not  bought  any  hats  since  they  have  been  cele- 
brated for  this  exercise.  There  is  also  another  fair 
at  Wantage,  (which  is  not  above  two  years  standing,) 
called  the  Constable's  fair,  being  granted  by  the  high 
constable,  upon  the  town  of  Wantage's  chosing  him 
out  of  Wantage. 

July  12.  Yesterday,  at  one  clock,  was  a  convoca- 
tion about  a  poetry  reader,  or  professor,  who  is  to  be 
elected  every  five  years,  but  the  same  person  cannot 
have  it  above  ten.  Mr.  Trap,  therefore,  when  five 
years  were  expired,  was  elected  without  opposition, 
but  now  there  was  a  great  struggle.  For  Mr.  Warton 
of  Magdalen  college's  five  years  being  expired,  Dr. 
Gardiner,  of  All  Souls  college,  and  the  constitution 
club,  and  many  others,  were  resolved,  if  possible,  to 
hinder  his  re-election  ;  and  accordingly  Mr.  Randolph, 
follow  of  All  Souls  college,  who  hath  written  and 
published  some  time  agoe  a  poem  in  Latin,  printed 
at  the  Theater,  about  the  South  sea,  was  put  up, 

1 723]  HEARNIAN^E.  169 

which  Mr.  Warton's  enemies  thought  might  do,  be- 
cause this  Randolph  was  formerly  of  Christ  Church, 
which  might  be  likely  to  gain  all  Christ  Church  for 
him.  But  when  they  came  to  vote,  several  of  Christ 
Church  were  for  Mr.  Warton,  and  several  of  Christ 
Church  did  not  appear  at  all,  insomuch  that  Randolph 
lost  it  by  36,  Mr.  Warton  having  215,  and  Mr.  Ran- 
dolph 179  votes,  at  which  honest  men  are  pleased, 
Mr.  Warton  having  the  character  of  a  very  honest, 
ingenious,  and  good-natured  man  ;  and  nobody  looks 
upon  Mr.  Randolph's  being  put  up  to  be  any  thing 
else  besides  spight. 

July  25.  Yesterday,  going  into  a  shop,  I  saw  an 
8vo.  book  just  published,  intitled,  Alfred,  a  poem  in 
xii.  books,  the  a/uthor  sir  Richard  Blackmore,  a  great 
writer  upon  all  subjects,  so  that  he  is  looked  upon  as 
a  sort  of  madman.  He  formerly  writ  a  poem  in  fol. 
called  Prince  Arthur,  to  flatter  the  prince  of  Orange, 
and  then  he  writ  one  called  Eliza,  to  flatter  queen 
Anne,  and  now  this  is  to  flatter  the  Hanover  family  ; 
such  is  the  poor  spirit  of  the  man,  who,  however, 
when  of  Edmund  hall,  (where  he  had  his  education,) 
was  a  great  tutor,  and  much  respected,  as  I  have 
often  heard,  for  he  had  left  that  place  some  years 
before  I  was  matriculated. 

July  28.  Yesterday  I  saw  Mr.  Freebairne,  of  Scot- 
land, who  hath  been  several  years  with  king  James, 
at  Rome,  being  turned  out  of  his  printer's  place  at 
Edinburgh,  and  for  his  honesty  forced  to  go  beyond 

He  told  me,  that  for  three  years  together  he  was 
every  day  with  the  king. 

He  said,  the  young  prince  is  a  mighty  lively  brisk 

170  RELIQUIJE  [1723 

He  said,  the  king  is  very  chearfull. 

He  said,  the  queen  is  the  finest  lady  living,  and 
that  none  of  the  prints  of  her  do  her  justice,  she  being 
much  handsomer  than  represented  by  them. 

Mr.  Freebairne  had  the  use  of  the  Vatican  library 
as  he  pleased,  and  transcrib'd  a  great  many  excellent 
papers  from  thence  relating  to  the  English  reforma- 
tion, not  taken  notice  of  by  our  publick  writers. 

July  30.  Some  years  agoe  came  out  at  Oxford,  a 
poem,  called  Merton  Walks,  the  walks  in  the  garden 
of  that  place  being  every  Sunday  night,  in  the  plea- 
sant time  of  the  year,  thronged  with  young  gentlemen 
and  young  gentlewomen,  which  growing  scandalous, 
the  garden  gate  was.  at  last,  shut  up  quite,  and  there- 
upon the  young  gentlemen  and  others  betook  them- 
selves to  Magdalen  college  walk,  which  is  now  every 
Sunday  night  in  summer  time  strangely  filled,  just 
like  a  fair,  which  hath  occasioned  a  printed  letter, 
giving  an  account  of  an  accident  that  happened  there 
between  a  young  gentleman  and  a  young  woman. 

Aug.  7.  Dr.  Jasper  Mayne  was  minister  of  Cassing- 
ton,  near  Oxford,  which  he  kept  after  he  was  canon 
of  Christ  Church,  giving  this  reason  for  it,  Cassington 
kept  me,  (that  is  in  the  bad  times,)  and  I  now  will  keep 

Aug.  15.  This  morning  this  right  rev.  Dr.  Thomas 
Wilson,  bishop  of  Man,  called  upon  me,  and  staid  with 
me  some  time,  at  Edmund  hall.  He  is  a  most  worthy, 
ingenious,  learned,  honest  man.  I  never  saw  him 
but  once  before.  He  told  me,  he  had  given  my  lord 
Tlarley  some  historical  MSS.  This  bishop  hath  done 
abundance  of  good  in  his  diocese,  having  lived  there, 
and  instructed  the  inhabitants  in  the  principles  of 

1723]  HEARNIANsE.  171 

the  Christian  religion,  and  published  a  book  in  the 
Manks  and  English  language  upon  the  subject  of  the 
Christian  religion,  being  the  first  book  ever  printed 
in  the  Manks  language.  He  is  a  most  excellent,  good 
natured,  pleasant  man,  and  hath  a  son,  a  commoner 
of  Christ  Church,  a  pretty  young  gentleman.  The 
said  bishop  of  Man  hath  written  an  account  of  the  isle 
of  Man,  which  is  printed  in  the  second  edition  of 
Gibson's  English  Camden. 

Sept.  5.  Yesterday,  at  two  clock  in  the  afternoon, 
was  a  smoaking  match  over  against  the  Theater  in 
Oxford,  a  scaffold  being  built  up  for  it  just  at  Fin- 
more's,  an  alehouse.  The  conditions  were,  that  any 
one  (man  or  woman)  that  could  smoak  out  three  ounces 
of  tobacco  first,  without  drinking  or  going  off  the  stage, 
should  have  twelve  shillings.  Many  tryed,  and  'twas 
thought  that  a  journyman  taylour,  of  St.  Peters  in  the 
East,  would  have  been  victor,  he  smoaking  faster  than, 
and  being  many  pipes  before,  the  rest ;  but  at  last  he 
was  so  sick,  that  'twas  thought  he  would  have  dyed  ; 
and  an  old  man,  that  had  been  a  souldier,  and 
smoaked  gently,  came  off  conquerour,  smoaking  the 
three  ounces  quite  out,  and  he  told  one,  (from  whom 
I  had  it,)  that,  after  it,  he  smoaked  four  or  five  pipes 
the  same  evening. 


Sept.  12.  A  matter  of  law  being  in  debate  between 
two  considerable  tradesmen  of  Oxford,  and  it  being  to 
be  ended  by  a  trial  by  a  jury  of  twelve  men,  after  the 
jury  had  been  many  hours  about  the  matter,  and  sent 
back,  and  locked  up  together  more  than  once,  and 
after  all,  being  not  unanimous,  but  seven  against  five  ; 
at  last  they  agreed  to  end  it  by  ballotting,  so  that  he 
should  have  it,  who  had  that  side  to  which  the  paper, 
marked  with  such  a  dot,  fell.     Accordingly  it  fell  to 

172  EELIQUIJE  [1723 

the  party  of  five,  so  that  they  all  gave  in  their  evidence 
for  that  side.  Afterwards  one  Williams,  who  was  one 
of  the  jury,  and  was  the  person  that  proposed  this 
method,  talking  of  it,  the  thing  took  air,  and  a  pro- 
secution was  designed  to  be  carried  on  against  them, 
which  one  Brazier,  another  of  the  jury,  understanding, 
he  was  so  terrified,  that  he  presently  answered  upon 
oath  to  interrogatories  that  were  put  to  him,  and  con- 
fessed that  he  was  forsworn,  as  indeed  all  the  twelve 
were,  in  acting  so  contrary  to  all  manner  of  jus- 
tice ;  it  being  against  the  method  of  our  laws,  de- 
structive of  all  methods  of  judicature,  and  indeed 
utterly  to  the  prejudice  of  the  person  that  had  seven, 
who  certainly  ought  to  have  had  the  cause.  The  thing 
being  so,  the  suit  is  as  it  was,  and  these  perjured 
persons'  verdict  stands  for  nothing. 

Sept.  13.  Tho'  the  late  Mr.  Millington,1  of  London, 
bookseller,  was  certainly  the  best  auctioneer  in  the 

1  "  Edward  Millington  will  never  be  forgotten  while  his  name 
"  is  Ned,  or  he  a  man  of  remarkable  elocution,  wit,  sense,  and 
"  modesty — characters  so  eminently  his,  that  he  would  be  known 
"  by  them  among  a  thousand.  Millington  (from  the  time  he 
"  sold  Dr.  Annesley's  library)  expressed  a  particular  friendship 
"  to  me.  He  was  originally  a  bookseller,  which  he  left  off,  being 
"  better  cut  out  for  an  auctioneer.  He  had  a  quick  wit,  and  a 
"  wonderful  fluency  of  speech.  There  was  usually  as  much 
"  comedy  in  his  '  once,  twice,  thrice,'  as  can  be  met  with  in  a 
"  modern  play.  '  Where,'  said  Millington,  '  is  your  generous 
"  'flame  for  learning?  Who,  but  a  sot  or  a  blockhead,  would 
"  'have  money  in  his  pocket,  and  starve  his  brains?'  Though, 
"  I  suppose,  he  had  but  a  round  of  jests,  Dr.  Cave  once  bidding 
"  too  leisurely  for  a  book,  says  Millington,  '  Is  this  your  Primi- 
"  '  the  Christianity  ?'  Alluding  to  a  book  the  honest  doctor  had 
"  published  under  that  title.  He  died  in  Cambridge,  and  I 
"  hear  they  bestowed  an  elegy  on  his  memory,  and  design  to 
"  raise  a  monument  to  his  ashes."  Dunton's  Life  and  Errors, 
p.  236,  ed.  Nichols,  Loud.  1818,  8vo. 

1 723]  HEABNIANjE.  173 

world,  being  a  man  of  great  wit  and  fluency  of  speech, 
and  a  thorough  master  of  his  trade,  tho',  at  the  same 
time,  very  impudent  and  saucy,  yet  he  could  not,  at 
the  end  of  auctions,  be  brought  to  give  an  account  to 
the  persons  that  employed  him,  so  that  by  that  means 
he  allowed  what  he  pleased,  and  no  more,  and  kept  a 
great  number  of  books,  that  were  not  sold,  to  himself. 
Whence  arose  that  vast  stock  of  books,  tho'  most  of 
them  but  ordinary,  that  he  had  when  he  dyed,  and 
which,  after  his  death,  were  sold  by  auction. 

Sept.  21.  They  wrote  from  Dover,  Sept.  14,  that 
the  day  before,  col.  Churchill,  with  two  other  gentle- 
men, arrived  there  from  Calais,  by  whom  they  received 
the  following  account,  viz.  that  on  Thursday  morning 
last,  Mr.  Sebright  and  Mr.  Davis  being  in  one  chaise, 
and  Mr.  Mompesson  and  a  servant  in  another  chaise, 
with  one  servant  on  horseback,  pursuing  their  way  to 
Paris,  were,  about  seven  miles  from  Calais,  attacked 
by  six  ruffians,  who  demanded  the  three  hundred 
guineas,  which  they  said  were  in  their  pockets  and 
portmanteaus.  The  gentlemen  readily  submitted,  and 
surrendered  the  money  ;  yet  the  villains,  after  a  little 
consultation,  resolved  to  murder  them,  and  thereupon 
shot  Mr.  Sebright  thro'  the  heart,  and  gave  the  word 
for  killing  the  rest  :  then  Mr.  Davis,  who  was  in  the 
chaise  with  him,  shot  at  one  of  them,  missed  the 
fellow,  but  killed  his  horse ;  upon  which  he  was  im- 
mediately killed,  being  shot  and  stabb'd  in  several 
places.  Mr.  Mompesson  and  the  two  servants  were 
likewise  soon  dispatched  in  a  very  barbarous  manner. 
During  this  bloudy  scene,  Mr.  John  Locke  coming 
down  a  hill  within  sight  of  them,  in  his  return  from 
Paris,  the  ruffians  sent  two  of  their  party  to  meet  and 
kill  him  ;  which  they  did  before  the  poor  gentleman 

174  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

was  apprized  of  any  danger  ;  but  his  man,  who  was 
a  Swiss,  begging  hard  for  his  life,  was  spared.  This 
happening  near  a  small  village  where  they  had  taken 
their  second  post,  a  peasant  came  by  in  the  interim, 
and  was  also  murdered.  They  partly  flead,  and 
otherwise  mangled,  the  horse  that  was  killed,  to  pre- 
vent it's  being  known  ;  so  that  'tis  believed  they  did 
not  live  far  from  Calais.  The  unfortunate  gentlemen 
afore  mentioned,  not  being  used  to  travel,  had  un- 
warily discovered  at  Calais  what  sums  they  had  about 
them,  by  exchanging  their  guineas  for  louis  d'ors, 
which  is  supposed  to  have  given  occasion  to  this 
dismal  tragedy.  On  Monday  the  Junior  arrived  in 
the  river  from  Calais,  having  on  board  the  bodies  of 
these  unfortunate  gentlemen,  which  were  carried  out 
of  town,  to  be  interred  in  Hertfordshire,  the  servants 
that  were  killed  at  the  same  time  being  buried  in 

'  The  following  account  appeared  in  one  of  the  public  papers 
of  the  day,  (Mist's  Journal  for  Saturday,  Nov.  2,)  and  is  the 
rather  to  be  relied  on,  as  it  was  written  by  Mr.  Sebright's  ser 
vant,  Richard  Spindelow,  who  recovered  from  his  wounds,  and 
returned  to  England  in  the  latter  end  of  the  following  October. 

"  On  Tuesday,  Sept.  10,  about  three  in  the  afternoon,  we  set 
"  out  from  Calais  for  Bologne,  in  our  way  to  Paris:  my  master 
"  Sebright  (the  best  of  masters)  and  Mr.  Davies  being  in  one 
"  chaise,  and  Mr.  Monpesson  and  myself  in  another,  and  his  own 
"  servant  on  horseback.  About  three  quarters  of  a  mile  beyond 
"  tlic  second  post,  being  near  seven  miles  from  Calais,  we  were 
"  set  upon  by  six  highwaymen,  who  having  stopped  the  postil- 
"  lions,  came  up  to  the  chaises,  and  demanded  our  money,  and 
"  the  same  was  readily  surrendered  to  them  ;  for  we  had  no  fire- 
"  arms  with  us  to  make  resistance,  and  even  the  gentlemen's 
"  swords  were  taken  from  them.  Then  taking  us  out  of  our 
"  chaises,  we  were  all  commanded  to  lie  down  upon  our  faces, 
"  as  were  the  postillions  tooj  which  was  presently  obeyed.  Upon 
"  which,  one  of  the  rogues  came  and  rifled  our  pockets,  and  nar- 
"  rowly  searched  the  wasts  and  linings  of  our  breeches.  This 
"  being  done,  I  was  ordered  to  get  up  and  open  the  portmanteaus ; 

1 723]  UEABNIANJE.  175 

The  said  Mr.  Sebright  was  the  only  brother  of  my 
friend  Sir  Thomas  Sebright,  of  Beaehwood,  in  Hart- 

"  and  as  I  was  going  to  do  it,  I  saw  one  of  them  pull  the  dead 
"  body  of  Mr.  Locke  out  of  the  chaise  in  which  he  had  been 
"  killed,  in  his  return  from  Paris,  at  some  small  distance  from 
"  us.  This  was  a  sad  presage  of  what  was  like  to  follow.  Mr. 
"  Locke's  servant,  who  was  a  Swiss,  was  spared  ;  but  made  to  lie 
"  on  his  face  at  the  place  where  they  met  him.  In  rifling  Mr. 
"  Sebright's  portmanteau,  they  found  some  things  wrapped  up, 
"  which  they  suspected  I  endeavoured  to  conceal,  which  made 
"  them  cut  me  with  a  sword,  very  dangerously,  on  the  head. 
"  When  they  had  done  with  my  master's  portmanteau,  they 
"  ordered  Mr.  Monpesson  to  open  his;  who  desired  Mr.  Sebright 
''  to  tell  them  in  French,  that  his  servant  was  gone  before,  and 
''  had  the  key  with  him.  This  servant  they  had  met  not  far 
"  off,  and  had  shot  him  in  the  back ;  but  he  not  being  dead,  was 
"  ordered  to  lie  down  on  his  face ;  and  now  they  fetched  him  to 
"  open  his  master's  portmanteau. 

"  When  they  had  finished  their  search  of  the  portmanteaus 
"  and  cloak-bags,  shaking  every  piece  of  linnen,  for  fear  of  mis- 
"  sing  any  money :  then  the  barbarous  ruffians  gave  the  word 
"  to  kill;  whereupon  one  stabbed  me  in  five  places  in  the  body, 
"  and  left  me  for  dead ;  and,  with  the  same  sword,  he  struck  at 
"  Mr.  Davies  several  times,  and  cleft  his  skull.  Who  was  but- 
''  chered  next,  or  what  immediately  followed,  I  cannot  tell,  being 
"  stunned  by  one  of  the  villains,  who  came  up  to  me,  and 
"  stamped  three  times  upon  my  head,  as  I  was  lying  upon  my 
"  face.  As  scon  as  I  came  a  little  to  myself,  I  perceived  by  his 
"  groans  that  they  were  murdering  Mr.  Monpesson,  whose  throat 
"  they  cut,  and  otherwise  wounded  him ;  but  he  survived  his 
''  wounds  for  some  time. 

"  About  that  time  a  peasant  that  was  accidentally  passing  by, 
"  was  brought  in  amongst  us,  and  made  to  lie  with  his  face  to 
"  the  ground ;  who,  perceiving  what  sort  of  work  they  were 
"  upon,  got  up,  and  attempted  to  run  away  ;  but  they  rode  after 
"  him,  and  shot  him  dead.  After  this,  they  visited  me  once 
"  more  ;  and  having  turned  me  about  to  see  if  I  had  any  life  re- 
"'  maining,but  observing  none,  they  left  me  there,  weltering  in  my 
"  blood.  The  bloody  scene  being  then  ended,  they  packed  up  their 
"  booty,  carrying  away  two  cloak-bags  filled  with  the  best  of  the 
"  things;  and  having  ahorse  that  was  small  and  poor,  they 
"  shot  him  themselves,  and  took  away  a  better  out  of  the  chaises 
''  iu  his  room. 

"  About  a  quarter  of  an  hour  after  they  were  gone,  we  heard 

176  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

fordshire,   and  was  gentleman   commoner  of  Balliol 
college,  and  had  his  master  of  arts  degree  given  him 

"  the  peasants  talking  over  the  dead  bodies  ;  and  Mr.  Monpesson 
"  and  myself,  lifting  up  our  heads  as  well  as  we  could,  perceived 
"  they  were  earning  away  what  things  were  left.  We  desired 
"  them  to  help  us  into  the  chaise,  but  they  refused  to  do  it;  so, 
"  with  much  difficulty,  Mr.  Monpesson  got  himself  in,  and  I 
"  crawled  up  to  it,  and  got  my  body  in,  while  my  legs  hung  out ; 
•'  and  in  that  posture  we  were  carry  ed  to  a  little  house  three 
"  quarters  of  a  mile  from  the  place,  and  one  of  the  peasants  was 
"  so  kind  as  to  lead  the  chaise  ;  the  people  of  the  house  brought 
"  us  some  straw,  and  laid  us  upon  it,  and  there  we  lay  in  great 
''  misery  that  night.  Mr.  Monpesson  took  notice  in  the  night, 
"  that  he  thought  the  rogues  were  but  indifferently  paid  for  the 
"  drudgery  of  butchering  so  many,  (five  persons  being  then 
"  murthered,  and  himself,  who  died  soon  after,  made  the  sixth,) 
"  For,  saith  he,  besides  watches,  rings,  linnen,  &c.  they  had  but 
"  120  guineas  amongst  us  all ;  and  the  payment  of  the  bills  will 
"  be  stopt  at  Paris. 

"  Mr.  Sebright  had  changed  at  Calais  about  25  guineas  into 
"  silver,  (not  300,  as  was  given  out,)  to  be;ir  our  expences  upon 
"  the  road.  And  whereas  it  was  reported,  that  he  said  to  the 
"  ruffians  he  knew  one  of  them;  which  expression  is  supposed 
"  by  some  to  have  occasioned  the  sad  catastrophe,  which  it  might 
"  have  done,  had  it  been  true;  but  the  said  report  is»absolutely 
"  false  and  groundless,  and  highly  injurious  to  the  memory  of 
"  that  worthy,  tho'  unfortunate  gentleman.  The  murther  was, 
"  doubtless,  pre-concerted  among  them, and  resolved  upon;  and 
"  they  tell  us  in  that  country,  that  some  time  before,  a  certain 
"  company  had  drank  at  a  house  upon  the  road  an  uncommon 
"  quantity  of  brandy,  who  are  supposed  to  be  this  wicked  gang, 
"  in  order  to  work  themselves  up  to  a  sufficient  rage  for  the  com- 
:'  mitting  of  so  much  barbarity. 

"  Next  morning  we  were  carried  from  our  little  cottage  upon 
"  the  road  back  to  Calais,  where  several  of  the  most  able  surgeons 
"  of  the  place  were  sent  for  to  take  care  of  us  and  dress  our 
"  wounds.  They  sowed  up  Mr.  Monpesson's  throat,  and  finding 
"  he  had  a  fever,  bled  him,  but  he  died  a  few  hours  after. 

''  Another  report  was  spread  here,  and  transmitted  to  France, 
•'  which  in  justice  to  truth  and  the  injured  person,  I  think  mv- 
"  self  obliged  to  contradict,  viz.  that  the  woman's  son,  at  the 
"  Silver  Lyon  inn  at  Calais,  was  taken  up  on  suspicion  of  having 
"  a  hand  in  that  horrid  action,  upon  which  account  they  have 
"  since  been  great  sufferers  at  that  house :  but  the  said  report  is 

1723]  HEAENIANJE.  177 

this  last  summer  by  the  university.  He  had  a  very 
good  estate  left  him  lately  by  an  uncle.  He  was  a 
sweet  natured  gentleman,  and  had  been  at  Paris  more 
than  once. 

Sept.  29.  Roger  Bacon  guilty  of  a  great  error  in 
affirming,  that  Christians  ought  to  keep  fairs,  ferientcr, 
and  work  upon  the  Sabbath  day,  as  is  shewed  by 
Picus  Mirandula  Advers.  Astrol.  1.  ii.  c.  5.  For  ought 
I  know,  Bacon's  notion  might  be  the  occasion,  in  some 
measure,  of  fairs  being  so  much  kept  on  Sundays. 
He  thought  Saturday  should  be  a  day  of  rest,  because 
Saturn  is  a  star  not  agreeable  to  labour,  stella  rebus 
agendis  parum  commoda  etfelix. 

Oct.  3.   Notwithstanding  the  abominable  wicked- 


as  false  as  any  thing  can  be  true ;  on  the  contrary,  these  people 
"  bear  the  best  of  characters. 

"  I  have  here  given  the  substance  of  the  report  I  made,  more 
'•'  at  large,  to  the  president  at  Calais,  when  I  waited  on  him  some 
"  days  before  I  left  that  place,  to  thank  him  for  the  great  care 
"  he  had  taken  in  this  unhappy  affair,  and  at  the  same  time 
"  described  to  him  the  features  of  two  of  the  rogues  who  had 
"  some  things  remarkable  in  their  faces.  What  account  the 
"  postillions  gave  of  the  matter,  I  know  not ;  but  'tis  said  to  be 
"  little,  and  next  to  nothing. 

"  A  person  was  some  time  since  taken  up  at  Lisle,  and  said  to 
"  be  the  old  man  that  was  among  them,  for  such  there  was  in 
"  the  gang;  but  upon  his  trial  he  did  not  appear  to  be  the 
:'  same :  however  he  was  broken  upon  the  wheel  for  a  robbery 
"  committed  by  him  four  years  ago. 

"  Auother  person  is  taken  up  near  Bologne,  who  is  in  gaol 
"  there,  on  account  of  some  words  that  he  spoke,  as  'tis  said,  in 
"  a  drunken  frolick;  so  that  'tis  much  doubted  that  he  was  a 
"  person  concerned,  tho'  he  hath  got  a  stone  doublet  by  the 
"  bargain.  But  it  is  hoped  that  the  perpetrators  of  so  much 
"  wickedness  will  be  apprehended,  and  in  that  case  I  expect  to 
"  be  sent  for  to  France.  Richard  Spindelowe."  See  under 
July  19,  1724. 

II.  N 

178  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

ness  of  the  abjuration  oath,  it  is  incredible  what  num- 
bers of  all  kinds  run  in  to  swear ;  abundance  pre- 
tending, that  as  'tis  a  forced  oath,  they  may  do  it, 
especially  since  the  imposers  have  no  right  to  advance 
such  an  oath,  and  they  think  therefore  that  all  the 
crime  will  fall  upon  them.  But  this  reason  wili  bring 
off  any  wickedness  ;  and  as  the  writer  of  these  mat- 
ters can  by  no  means  commend  it,  so  the  best  of  men 
abhor  and  abominate  such  evasions,  which  any  pro- 
fligate wretch  may  pretend  on  any  other  occasion.1 

1  In  addition  to  the  oaths  of  allegiance  and  supremacy,  the 
following  was,  by  a  late  act  of  parliament,  to  be  taken  by  all 
persons,  as  well  men  as  women,  above  the  age  of  eighteen  :  "  I, 
"  A.  B.  do  truly  and  sincerely  acknowledge,  profess,  testify,  and 
"  declare,  in  my  conscience  before  God  and  the  world,  that  our 
"  soveraign  lord  king  George  is  lawful  and  rightful  king  of  this 
"  realm,  and  all  other  his  majestie's  dominions  and  countries 
"  thereunto  belonging  :  and  I  do  solemnly  and  sincerely  declare, 
"  that  I  do  believe  in  my  conscience,  that  the  person  pretended 
••  to  be  the  prince  of  Wales,  during  the  life  of  the  late  king  James, 
"  and  since  his  decease,  pretending  to  be,  and  taking  upon  him- 
"  self  the  stile  and  title  of  king  of  Ei  gland,  by  the  name  of 
"  James  the  third,  or  of  Scotland,  by  the  name  of  James  the 
"  eighth,  or  the  stile  or  title  of  king  of  Great  Britain,  hath  not 
"  any  right  or  title  whatsoever  to  the  crown  of  this  realm,  or  any 
•'  the  dominions  thereto  belonging.  And  I  do  renounce,  refuse, 
••  and  abjure  any  allegiance  or  obedience  to  him  :  and  I  do  swear 
"  that  I  will  bear  faith  and  true  allegiance  to  his  majesty  kin? 
"  George,  and  him  will  defend  to  the  utmost  of  my  power  against 
"  all  traiterous  conspiracies,  which  I  shall  know  to  be  against 
'*'  him,  or  any  of  them  ;  and  I  do  faithfully  promise  to  the  utmost 
"  of  my  power,  to  support,  maintain,  and  defend  the  succession 
"  of  the  crown  against  him  the  said  James,  and  all  other  per- 
"  sons  whatsoever;  which  succession,  by  an  act,  entituled,  An 
"  Act  fur  farther  Limitation  of  the  Crown,  and  better  securing 
"  the  Rights  and  Liberties  of  the  Subjects,  is  and  stands  limited 
"  to  the  princess  Sophia,  electressand  dutchess  dowager  of  Han- 
••  over,  and  the  heirs  of  her  body,  being  protestants.  And  all 
"  these  things  I  do  plainly  and  sincerely  acknowledge  and  swear, 
"  according  to  these  express  words  by  me  spoken,  and  according 
"  to  the  plain  and  common  sense  and  understanding  of  the  same 

1723]  HEARNIANJS.  179 

Oct.  4.  An  epitaph  in  Banbury  church  yard  upon 
a  young  man,  who  dyed  by  a  mortification  which 
seized  in  his  toe,  (his  toe  and  leg  both  being  cut  off 
before  he  died :) 

All !  cruel  death,  to  make  three  meals  of  one, 
To  taste,  and  eat,  then  eat  till  all  was  gon. 
But  know,  thou  tyrant,  wn  th'  last  trump  shall  call ; 
He'll  find  his  feet  to  stand,  when  thou  shalt  fall. 

Oct.  19.  Yesterday,  in  the  afternoon,  died  in  War- 
wickshire, of  the  small  pox,  after  five  days  illness,  the 
honourable  Mr.  Craven,1  brother  to  the  right  honour- 
able the  lord  Craven,  to  the  great  reluctance  of  all 
that  knew  any  thing  of  him,  he  being  a  nobleman  of 
Magdalen  coll.  and  one  of  the  most  beautifull  youths 
that  have  been  seen,  and  his  other  qualities,  with 
respect  to  virtue  and  probity,  were  agreeable.  The 
female  sex  were  in  love  with  him,  and  many  of  them 
used  to  say  he  was  too  handsome  for  a  man.  He 
died  in  the  19th  year  of  his  age. 

Oct.  21.  The  word  jiseb,  in  the  Saxon  tongue,  sig- 
nifies counsel  or  advice,  as  'tis  used  in  some  places  to 
this  day :   and  fiaeb  artebian  with  the  Saxons  was  to 
iittrice,  and  reade  thy  reade  with  us  is,  to  take  thy 
counsel,  as  in  these  rhymes  :" 

"  words,  without  any  equivocation,  mental  evasion,  or  secret 
"  reservation  whatsoever;  and  I  do  make  this  recognition,  ac- 
"  knowledgment,  abjuration,  renunciation,  and  promise,  heartily, 
"  willingly,  and  truly,  upon  the  true  faith  of  a  Christian.  So 
"  help  me  God." 

1  Robert,  third  son  of  William  second  lord  Craven,  by  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  Humberston  Skipwith,  esq.  sun  and  heir 
of  sir  Fulwar  Skipwith,  bart.  of  Newbold  hall,  Warwickshire : 
his  mother  died  in  child-birth  of  him,  Ma}'  16,  1704. 

2  Kay's  English  Proverbs,  p.  293,  ed.  2d. 


180  RELIQUIAE  [1723 

With  a  red  man  reade  thy  read ; 
With  a  brown  man  break  thy  bread  : 
At  a  pale  man  draw  thy  knife ; 
From  a  black  man  keep  thy  wife. 

Thomas  Sternhold,  therefore,  in  his  translation  of 
the  first  Psalm  into  English  meeter,  hath  wisely  made 
use  of  this  word  : 

The  man  is  blest  that  hath  not  bent, 

to  wicked  reade  his  eare  : 
Nor  led  his  life  as  sinners  doe, 

nor  sate  in  seorner's  chaire. 

I  say  spurious  editions,  because  not  only  here,  but 
quite  throughout  the  whole  book  of  Psalms,  are 
strange  alterations,  all  for  the  worse.  And  yet,  not- 
withstanding, the  title-page  stands  as  it  used  to  do, 
and  all  (which  is  abominable  in  any  book,  much  more 
in  a  sacred  work.)  is  ascribed  to  Thomas  Sternhold. 
John  Hopkins,  and  others.  And  yet  I  am  confident, 
were  Sternhold,  Hopkins,  and  the  other  translators 
now  living,  they  would  be  so  far  from  owning  what  is 
ascribed  to  them,  that  they  would  proceed  against  the 
innovators  as  cheats,  especially  too  since  the}'  have, 
in  several  places,  changed  the  very  initial  letters  that 
were  to  represent  the  several  parts  of  the  Psalms,  that 
every  one  turned  into  meeter.  This  will  very  easily 
be  perceived  from  comparing  the  spurious  edition 
printed  at  London,  1723,  (to  be  bound  up  with  the 
Oxford  edition  of  the  Bible  printed  the  same  year. ) 
with  the  old  editions,  which  ought  carefully  to  be 
sought  after,  and  kept  as  curiosities.  Mr.  Wood  ob- 
serves,1  that  Thomas  Sternhold  (who  died  in  1549) 

1  Athena:  Oxon.  vol.  i.  col.  62,  ed.  folio,  1691. 

1723]  HEARNIANJE.  181 

turned  into  English  meeter  51  of  David's  Psalms,  and 
caused  musical  notes  to  be  set  to  them,  and  that  all 
those  Psalms  which  he  put  into  rhime  have  the  letters 
T.  S.  set  before,  to  distinguish  them  from  others. 
Then,  saith  he,  contemporary  with  Sternhold  was  Joh. 
Hopkyns,  who  is  stiled  to  be1  Brittannicorum  poeta- 
rum  sui  temporis  non  infimus,  as  indeed  by  the  gene- 
rality living  in  the  reign  of  Edward  VI.  he  was  so,  if 
not  more,  esteemed.  He  turned  into  meeter  58  of 
David's  Psalms,  which  are  to  this  day  sung  in  churches ; 
and  in  all  editions  of  the  said  Psalms  (it  seems  Mr. 
Wood  had  observed  no  innovations)  his  (which  he 
translated)  hath  set  before  them  two  letters  J.  H. 
And  a  little  after,  (col.  62.)  he  tells  us,  that,  besides 
these  two,  he  found  others  to  have  had  hands  in 
making  the  said  Psalms  to  run  in  meeter,  as  Will. 
Whittyngham,  afterwards  dean  of  Durham,  and  Thomas 
Norton,  of  Sharpenhaule  or  Hharpenhoe,  in  Bedford- 
shire, who  seems  to  have  been  a  barrister,  made  27 
of  the  said  Psalms  of  David  to  run  in  rhime.  Mr. 
Wood  afterwards  gives  (col.  152,  &c.)  a  full  and  dis- 
tinct account  of  the  said  Whittyngham,  and,  among 
other  things,  hath  these  words :  "  At  the  same  time 
"  also  that  Whittyngham  and  others  at  Geneva  trans- 
"  lated  the  Bible  into  English,  he  (Whittyngham) 
"  turned  into  meter  those  Psalmes  that  we  to  this 
"  day  sing  in  our  churches,  inscribed  with  W.  W.  : 
"  they  are  in  number  five,  of  which  the  119th  psalme 
"  is  one,  as  large  as  22  other  psalmes,  as  also  the  ten 
"  commandments,  and  a  prayer  at  the  end  of  the  book 
"  of  Psalmes."  But  now  if  you  look  into  what  the 
innovators  have  done,  you  will  find  that  they  have 
ascribed  the  cxixth  psalm  to  W.  L.  and  not  to  W.  W. ; 

1   Baleus  in  Script.  Maj.  Britan.  p.  113,  inter  cent.  12  et  13. 

L82  EELIQUIjE  [1723 

to  particularize  no  more  of  their  intolerable  alterations, 
( and  to  say  nothing-  of  their  omissions,)  a  liberty  which 
ought  by  no  means  to  be  permitted  or  approved  of  by 
such  as  are  for  uniformity,  and  have  any  regard  for 
the  old  English- Saxon  tongue,  of  which  there  are 
several  words  in  the  old  editions  of  the  singing  Psalms, 
notwithstanding  changed  by  such  as  were  not  at  all 
versed  in  Saxon. 

Oct.  22.  Sunday  last,  being  the  coronation  of  the 
duke  of  Brunswick,  commonly  called  king  George, 
Mr.  Streat,  of  Merton  college,  who  is  the  senior  head 
proctor  of  the  university,  and  his  pro-proctor,  Mr. 
Briton,  of  the  same  college,  Avere  with  others  at  a 
tavern  in  Oxford,  at  an  unseasonable  hour.  The  vice 
chaneellour  walked  that  evening,  and  going  into  the 
tavern,  found  them  there,  and  dismissed  them  all 
forthwith,  to  the  great  reluctance,  to  be  sure,  of  Streat 
and  his  friends. 

Nov.  5.  This  being  the  powder  plot,  which  is  to 
be  observed  as  a  thanksgiving,  and  the  prince  of 
Orange's  landing  being  joyned  with  it,  tho'  that 
happened  the  day  before,  abundance  of  people  seemed 
very  indifferent  in  the  observance  of  it.  Nor  were 
there  in  the  evening  so  many  bonfires  as  used  to  be, 
many  people  beginning  to  disbelieve  this  plot,  from 
the  sham  plots  that  have  been  since,  and  looking 
upon  the  prince  of  Orange's  coming  as  an  invasion. 
and  a  monstrous  injury  (as  it  hath  proved)  to  the 

Nov.  7.  Field's  Bibles  have  always  been  looked 
upon  as  very  correct.  I  mean  those  printed  at  Cam- 
bridge ;    but  then  they  were   counterfeited  both  at 

1723]  HEARNIANjE.  183 

London  and  beyond  sea :  which  counterfeits  may 
easily  be  discovered  by  the  letter  (not  so  beautifull 
as  that  of  Cambridge)  and  the  correctness.1 

Nov.  12.  The  book  called  Festival!,  printed  by 
Winken  de  Worde,  which  is  very  scarce,  makes 
Whitsontide  to  be  so  called  from  the  wit  and  wis- 
dome  sent  down  that  day  by  the  Holy  Ghost  upon 
the  apostles ;  and  indeed  the  old  way  of  writing  the 
word  agrees  to  this  derivation.2 

1  Field,  however  correct  in  his  large  and  more  splendid  edi- 
tion, was  not  entirely  free  from  the  errors  which  Hearne  attri- 
butes to  the  counterfeits  alone.  In  1656  he  was  examined  before 
the  sub-committee  for  religion,  touching  an  impression  in  24mo. 
1653,  of  which  he  acknowledged  to  have  printed  to  the  number 
of  two  thousand,  but  of  which  no  less  than  seven  thousand  nine 
hundred  were  secured  by  the  committee.  In  this,  among  other 
omissions  and  misprinting*,  were  the  following:  for  ''  the  un- 
"  righteous  shall  not  inherit  the  kingdom  of  God,"  the  unrigh- 
teous shall  inherit:  for  "  neither  yield  ye  your  members  instru- 
"  ments  of  unrighteousness  unto  sin,"  instruments  of  righteousness, 
besides  other  omissions  and  false  readings.  See  Journals  of  the 
House  of  Commons,  vol.  vii.  page  554,  5.  William  Kilburne,  (in  his 
tract,  entituled,  "  Dangerous  Errours  in  several  late  printed 
"  Bibles,"  4to.  printed  at  Finsbury,  1659,  p.  7,)  says,  that  the 
first  error  above  quoted,  "is  the  foundation  of  a  damnable  doc- 
"  trine;  for  it  hath  been  averred  by  a  reverend  doctor  of  divi- 
"  nity  to  several  worthy  persons,  that  many  libertines  and  licen- 
"  tious  people  did  produce  and  urge  this  text  from  the  authority 
•'  of  this  corrupt  Bible,  against  his  mild  reproof's,  in  justification 
"  of  their  vicious  and  inordinate  conversations."  Lilburne 
enumerates  various  errors  in  other  Bibles  bearing  Field's  name, 
particularly  those  printed  at  London  in  1655  and  1656,  at  Cam- 
bridge in  1657,  "in  8vo.  volume,  which  sels  very  much  and 
''  very  dear,  at  least  for  8s.  6d.  per  book."  See  also  Cotton's 
List  of  Bibles,  8vo.  Oxford,  1821,  page  33. 

2  "  Gode  frendis  as  ye  know  well  a  saterday  nexte  comyng 
"  is  Wytson  euyn,  &  amonge  the  peple  for  to  gete  hem  mete  & 
"  drvnke.  But  yet  as  criste  bad  theym  in  his  ascencyon.  they 
"  wente  in  to  the  cite  of  Jherusalem  1  and  there  they  were  in  a 
''  halle  of  stage  |  and  there  they  sat  togyder  |  preyeng  vnto  god 

184  EELIQUI^E  [1723 

Nov.   18.    Last  Sunday  night  (Oct.  27)  died  sir 
Godfrey  Kneller,  knight,  at  his  house   in  Queen's- 

"  wyth  hole  herte.  and  one  spiryte  |  of  helpe  &  socour.  and  some 
"  comforte  in  their  diseace  |  Thenne  as  they  were  th9  preyenge 
"  togyder  |  sodeynly  there  was  a  grete  clowde  made  in  thaire 
"  like  a  blast  of  thondre.  And  euvn  therewyth  the  holy  ghost 
"  come  emong  hem  |  Et  apparuerut  illis  dispertite  lingue  tan- 
"  quam  ignis.  And  lighte  come  downe  emonge  hem  in  liknesse 
"  of  tonges  brenyng.  and  not  smertyng  |  warmyng  |  and  not 
"  harmyng  |  lightenvng  |  and  not  fly tervng  Etrepleti  sunt  omnes 
"  spiritu  sancto  And  f  died  hem  ful  of  gostly  wit.  For  as  they  were 
,:  to  fore  but  lewde  men  of  sighte  |  and  vnlettred  &  very  ydeottes 
"  I  as  of  conning,  and  noo  thyng  cowde  of  clergy.  Suddenly  they 
"  were  the  wyseste  men  in  the  worlde  |  And  anone  they  spake 
"  all  maner  langages  vnder  the  sonne  |  And  there  as  before  her 
"  hertes  weren  colde  for  drede  and  fere  of  dethe.  Thenne  were 
'•  they  soo  comforted  of  the  holy  goost  in  brennyng  loue  |  that 
"  the}'  wente  and  preched  |  and  taughte  the  worde  of  god  | 
"  Sparvng  for  noo  drede  |  but  redy  to  take  the  dethe  for  cristis 
"  sake."" 

The  above  is  extracted  from  a  copy  of  The  Festival,  (liber  qui 
vocatur  festialis,)  printed  by  Caxton,  (Caxton  me  fieri  fecit,)  in 
folio,  sign,  e  iij.  rev.  The  passage  affords  but  slight  ground 
for  Ilearne's  conjecture:  on  the  contrary,  this  festival  of  the 
Christian  church  is  called  Whitsunday,  or  Whitesunday,  be- 
cause on  this  day,  being  one  of  the  stated  times  for  baptism  in 
the  primitive  church,  those  who  were  baptized  put  on  white 
garments  as  typical  of  that  spiritual  purity  received  in  baptism. 
These  garments  were  afterwards  laid  up  in  the  church,  that  they 
might  be  evidence  against  such  persons  as  violated  or  denied 
the  faith  they  had  previously  owned  at  the  celebration  of  the 
ceremony.  Of  this  there  is  a  remarkable  instance  related  by 
Victor  Uticensis,  (De  Persecutione  Vandalorum,  in  Bibliotheca 
1'atium,  torn.  V.  pars  3,  pag.  662,  edit.  1618.)  Elpidophorus, 
a  citizen  of  Carthage,  had  long  lived  in  the  communion  of  the 
church,  but  apostatizing  afterwards  to  the  Arians,  became  a 
most  bitter  and  implacable  persecutor  of  the  orthodox.  Among 
several  whom  he  sentenced  to  the  rack  was  one  Murittas,  a 
venerable  old  deacon,  who  had  himself  received  the  apostate 
from  the  font,  and  who,  being  ready  to  be  placed  on  the  rack, 
pulled  out  the  white  garment  with  which  Elpidophorus  had 
been  cloathed  at  his  baptism,  and  thus  upbraided  him :  "These, 
••  Elpidophorus,  thou  minister  of  error,  these  are  the  garments 
"  that  shall  accuse  thee,  when  thou  appearest  before  the  majesty 

1723]  HEARNIANJE.  185 

square.  He  was  principal  painter  to  his  majesty  ;  to 
which  place  a  salary  of  two  hundred  pounds  a  year 
is  annexed. 

Dec.  18.  Mr.  William  Stone,  LL.B.  and  principal 
of  New  Inne  hall,  was  so  wise  a  man,  and  of  so  much 
learning,  knowledge,  and  probity,  that  Dr.  Mill  used 
to  say,  "  Now  there  are  many  men  that  think  them- 
"  selves  fit,  and  would  fain  be  archbishops  of  Can- 
"  terbury,  but  I  know  no  one  so  well  qualifyed  as 
"  Mr.  Stone,  tho'  he  thinks  himself  fit  for  no  high 
"  station."  He  had  been  a  traveller,  and  was  founder 
of  St.  Clement's  hospital,  on  the  east  side  of  Oxford.1 
He  lies  buried  in  St.  Michael's  church  in  Oxford,  his 

"  of  the  great  Judge  ;  these  are  they  which  girt  thee,  when  thou 
"  earnest  pure  from  the  holy  font ;  and  these  are  they  which  shall 
"  bitterly  pursue  thee,  when  thou  shalt  be  cast  into  the  flaming 
"  gulph,  because  thou  hast  cloathed  thyself  with  cursing  as  with 
"  a  garment,  and  hast  cast  off  the  sacred  obligation  of  thy  bap- 
"  tismal  vow." 

1  Stone's  hospital,  on  the  east  side  of  the  road  leading  through 
St.  Clement's  to  Headington  hill,  was  originally  intended  for 
eight  clergymen's  widows,  each  of  whom  was  to  have  apart- 
ments, a  stipend  of  eight,  since  advanced  to  twelve,  pounds 
yearly,  together  with  a  ton  and  a  half  of  coals,  and  a  plot  of 
garden  ground.  The  income  of  the  hospital  arises  from  an 
estate,  and  about  200/.  in  the  three  per  cents.  On  the  front  of 
the  building  is  this  inscription: 

"  This  Hospital,  for  the  poor  and  sick,  was  founded  by  the 
"  Rev.  William  Stone,  Principal  of  New  Inn  Hall,  in  hopes  of 
"  thy  assistance,  Anno  Dom.  1700." 

The  old  inscription  being  decayed  and  rendered  illegible,  a 
worthy  native  and  eminent  medical  practitioner  in  Oxford, 
Mr.  Richard  Curtis,  repaired  and  restored  it  two  vears  since, 
having,  as  he  himself  told  me,  always  regarded  the  words,  in 
hopes  of  thy  assistance,  as  peculiarly  judicious  and  well  chosen. 
At  the  same  time,  in  order  to  lend  his  aid  to  the  benevolent  in- 
tention of  the  founder,  he  bestowed  a  benefaction,  sufficient  to 
provide  certain  comforts  for  the  inmates  of  the  hospital,  to  he 
distributed  at  the  festival  of  Christmas,  for  ever. 

186  RELIQUIAE  [1723-24 

lows : 

monument  being  in  the  college  chancel.     'Tis  as  fol 

H.  S.  E. 

GUILM9  STONE  Dorsetensis  LL.  Bacc.  Erudi- 
tione,  Iudicio,  Pietate  eximius,  Ingenio  vero  adeo  su- 
pra fidem  praecoci,  ut,  Juramento  suscipiendo  nondum 
maturus,  Gradum  Academicum,  quera  abunde  meruit, 
difFerre  cogeretur.  Egregiam  hanc  Adolescentiae  so- 
lertiam  pari  profectu  ad  Senectutem  usque  praestitit. 
Et  quamprimum  per  aetatem  licuit,  Ecelesia*  Wln- 
burnensi,  loco  natalitio,  summo  cum  Popidi  Deside- 
rio  praeficiebatur.  Glissente  jam  bello  civili,  Perdu- 
ellium  injurijs  opportunus,  in  Exercitum  Regium  se 
recepit.  Ubi,  per  multos  Labores,  Damna,  et  Pericula, 
Officio  suo  strenue  functus  est.  Suecumbente  tan- 
dem Causa  optima,  exteras  Regiones,  insigni  Pruden- 
tiae  et  Doetrinae  compendio,  peragravit.  Post  feli- 
cem  Caroli  2(h  reditum  WinburruB  suae  restitutus 
est,  de  amplioribus  minimc  solicitus.  Dein,  aetate 
morbisque  ingravescentibus,  Oxoniam  remigrans,  Re- 
quiem qualem  qualem  in  Aulse  Nov.  IIosp.  pra?fectura 
(|u;i'sivit,  Ubi  din  corpore  infirmo  contlietatus,  me- 
nioria  tamen  et  judicio  ad  cxtremum  vegetus,  Opes 
Egenis,  Animam  Coclo,  tradidit  X  Kal.  Vles.  A.  D. 
MDCLXXXV.     iEtatis  LXX. 

1723-24.  Jiiti.  21 .  The  wor&marry,  for  an  assevera- 
tion or  assertion,  used  very  commonly ;  as,  /  marry, 
sir,  or  ah  marry,  sir,  is  nothing  but  Marie,  or  an  in- 
vocation on  the  Virgin  Marie,  and  so  'tis  writ  in  an  old 
passage  that  I  have  published  from  Lidgate's  Life 
of  the  Virgin  Mary,  a  MS.  neatly  written  on  vellam, 
in  a  little  folio,  in  the  hands  of  my  friend  Thomas 
Rawlinson,  esij.  in  my  Glossary  to  Rob.  of  Glouc. 

1723-24]  HEARNIANSE.  187 

This  clarke  also,  this  wise  Plinius, 

Seith  in  Tauriche  ther  is  an  erth  founde, 

That  of  nature  is  so  vertuouse, 

That  woll  cure  euery  maner  wounde. 

Rjo-ht  so  Marie  was  the  eurth  founde 

That  oute  chese  God  bi  eleccion, 

To  bere  the  fruyte  of  oure  redeinpcioun. 

Jan.  22.  When  Borstal  house  was  a  garrison  for 
the  king,1  at  the  time  it  was  surrendered  to  the  par- 
liament forces,  all  happened  to  go  out  according  to 
articles,  excepting  one  person,  who,  being  asleep  in 
a  chair  in  a  little  upper  room,  knew  nothing  of  the 
matter,  but  awaking  as  the  enemy  came  up,  and  being 
not  apprised  that  the  place  was  so  surrendered,  and 
thinking  that  the  enemy  was  got  in  by  force,  or  else 
by  some  treachery,  he  takes  up  his  halberd,  and 
knocks  15  or  16  down,  so  that  they  were  killed,  which 
makes  the  enemy  fall  back,  and  the  king's  forces,  that 
were  marched  out,  understanding  the  matter,  return 

1  Borstal  house,  in  Buckinghamshire,  but  immediately  upon 
the  borders  of  Oxfordshire,  was  a  strong  station  at  the  com- 
mencement of  the  civil  wars.  Anthony  a  Wood  was  there  in 
1646,  and  represents  it  as  "  a  garrison  with  high  bulwarks  about 
"  it,  deep  trenches,  and  pallisadoes."  It  was  quite  altered  in 
1668,  when  he  again  visited  it;  ''now  (he  adds)  it  had  pleasant 
"  gardens  about  it,  and  several  sets  of  trees  well  growne."  {Life, 
by  himself,  8vo.  1772,  p.  211.)  There  is  a  very  interesting 
plate  of  it  by  Burghers,  representing  it  as  it  appeared  at  the  end 
of  the  seventeenth  century,  in  Kennett's  Parochial  Antiquities. 
Lord  Clarendon  tells  us,  the  works  and  fortifications  were  de- 
stroyed by  the  royal  party,  and  the  house  itself  evacuated,  upon 
which  the  parliament  forces  immediately  possessed  the  place,  and 
gave  so  much  trouble  to  Oxford,  by  intercepting  the  provisions 
intended  for  that  city,  that  colonel  Gage  was  directed  to  retake 
it,  which  was  effected  with  very  little  loss,  and  proved  a  most 
important  acquisition.  Hist,  of  the  Rebellion,  fol.  vol.  ii.  p.  382. 
Of  the  story,  as  related  above  by  Hearne,  I  find  no  trace  in  any 
account  of  the  transactions  of  that  period. 

188  EELIQUIJE  [1723-24 

again  thereupon,  and  take  possession  again  of  the 
place,  the  parliament  forces  all  the  time  thinking  that 
there  had  been  treachery,  and  that  it  was  a  stratagem 
only  to  destroy  them.  This  story  I  had  to-day  from 
Mr.  Thomas  Myn,  the  joyner,  and  he  had  it  from  his 

Jan.  29.  Mr.  Josias  How,  late  fellow  of  Trinity 
coll.  Oxon,  a  famous  cavalier,  and  a  very  honest  man, 
who  printed  a  sermon  that  I  have,  in  red  letters,  was 
born  at  Lower  Winchenden,  in  Bucks,  as  Mr.  Dyer 
told  me  yesterday.  He  sold  his  hooks,  when  old, 
some  time  before  he  dyed,  being  apprehensive  that 
after  his  death  they  would  go  for  little,  it  being  usual 
to  give  but  small  prices  for  scholar's  books  when  they 
are  dead,  though  the  tools  of  other  trades  generally 
bring  a  good  sum. 

Feb.  3.  The  Scots  highlanders  call  their  pladds 
brcechams  ;  and  brech,  in  that  language,  signifies 
spotted,  as  their  plaids  are  of  many  collours.  That 
the  brachce  of  the  old  Gauls  were  not  britches,  I  pre- 
sume from  Suetonius,  who  says  in  Vit&  Caes.  "  Iidem 
"  in  curia  Galli  bracas  deposuerunt,  ct  latum  clavum 
"  sumpserunt."  p.  107,  4to.  edit.  Casaub.1 

Feb.  10.  Praying  for  the  dead  is  most  certainly  a 
very  ancient  and  primitive  custom,  as  appears  from 
the  fathers.  Our  best  English  divines  are  also  for  it, 
and  many  use  it  privately,  tho'  not  publickly.  Dr. 
Isaac  Barrow  and  Mr.  Thorndyke  were  mightily  for  it. 

1  So  my  late  friend,  Mr.  John  Urry,  in  a  loose  bit  of  paper  I 
found  in  Phil.  Holland's  Camden,  that  I  bought  out  of  Mr. 
L'rrv's  studv. 

1723-24]  HEARNIANsE.  189 

It  is  justified  from  2  Maccabees  xii.  44,  For  if  he  (Judas 
Maccabseus)  had  not  hoped  that  they  tlmt  were  slam 
shouldhave  risen  again,  if  had  been  superfluous  and  vain 
to  pray  for  the  dead.  And  in  Matt.  xii.  32,  we  have  : 
And  whosoever  speaketh  a  word  against  the  Son  of  man. 
it  shall  be  forgiven  lain:  but  whosoever  speaketh  against 
the  Holy  Ghost,  it  shall  not  be  forgiven  him,  neither  in 
this  world,  neither  in  the  world  to  come.  This  shews 
some  sins,  of  an  inferiour  nature,  are  forgiven  in  the 
world  to  come. 

Feb.  12.  As  the  old  Britains  were  a  religious  people, 
so  also  they  were  very  loyal,  and  used  to  adhere 
firmly  to  their  princes.  This  the  Romans  knew  very 
well,  and  therefore  it  was  their  interest,  after  Claudius 
had  gained  Britain,  to  make  them  have  a  good  opinion 
of  the  Roman  emperour,  and  of  such  as  were  to  suc- 
ceed him.  This  they  endeavoured  to  do,  by  repre- 
senting him  as  a  prince  mightily  in  favour  with  the 
gods,  and  that  he  would  be  deified  upon  his  death. 
Hence  the  domvs  divina,  in  the  Chichester  Inscription. 
Tho'  domvs  avgvsta  be  looked  upon  as  the  same  in 
signification,  yet  the  word  divina  was  more  proper, 
upon  account  of  the  use  it  was  to  be  of  to  the  Britains. 
This  expression  took  place  after  Julius  Caesar's  apo- 
theosis. It  is  of  something  a  more  sublime  signifi- 
cation than  avgvsta,  as  shewing  that  Claudius  was 
not  only  of  the  imperial,  but  divine,  family.  And 
were  not  the  Roman  an  elective  monarchy,  I  should 
think  it  were  to  be  restrained  to  those  of  the  right 
line,  such  as  Robert  of  Gloucester  calls  of  the  hand. 

Feb.  13.  In  the  same  Chichester  Inscription  we  have 

pro  salvte.     In  many  old  Roman  inscriptions,  per- 

.  petva  immediately  follows    saevte.     And  perhaps 

190  RELIQUIAE  [1723-24 

some  may  think  that  word  is  to  be  understood  here. 
But  had  it  been  so,  it  would  certainly  have  been  ex- 
pressed, the  authors  in  this  inscription  aiming  at  per- 
spicuity. But  leaving  this  point,  these  broken  words 
...::::::  yyctoritat  ::::::::  cl  iVD  :::  :  gidvbni 
•  m.c  :  :  :  :  :  :  lgn  briT.1  are  of  more  moment.  Indeed 
it  is  the  most  considerable  passage  in  the  whole 
monument.  Dr.  Bayly  reads  it  thus :  Ex  Auctoritate 
imp[eratoris  Cli  t  Gogidubni  regis  Tnagni  Brit[an- 

nid.~]  He  rightly  guesses  Cogidubnusto  be  the  same 
with  Tacitus's  Cogidunus.  The  words  in  Tacitus  are 
these :  "  Qiuedam  civitates  Cogiduno  regi  donatse,  is 
"  ad  nostram  usque  memoriam  fidissimus  mansit, 
"  vetere  ac  jam  pridem  recepta  populi  Romani  con- 
"  suetudine,  ut  haberct  instrumenta  servitutis  et 
"  reges."2  Mr.  Camden,  in  his  account  of  the  Regni, 
(which  he  makes  to  have  been  Surry  and  Sussex,  with 
the  sea  coast  of  Hampshire,)  had  this  passage  in  his 
view.  For  thus  he  writes  :  "  In  etymo  [vocis  regni] 
"  quae  animum  subeunt,  tacitus  prretermittam,  quia 
"  forsitan  a  veritate  non  fuerint ;  non  minus,  ac  si 
"  photoi  Ptolemoco  dictos  existimarim,  quod  regnum 
"  esset  et  sub  regio  dominatu  permanere  permiscrint 
"  Romani.  In  hoc  enim  tractu  Cogiduno  regi  Bri- 
"  tanno,  ut  habet  Tacitus,  quasdam  civitates  vetere 
"  pop.  Romani  consuetudine  donatse,  ut  haberet  in- 
"  strumenta  servitutis  et  reges."3  i.e.  "As  touching 

1  This  inscription  was  published  in  the  Philosophical  Trans- 
actions,  No.  379,  and  in  Stukeley's  Itinerary.  Hearne  afterwards 
gave  a  plate  of  it  in  Adamde  Domeram,  with  Dr.  E.  Bayly's 
remarks,  written  in  a  letter  to  a  friend, and  his  own  opinions  on 
it.  The  Rev.  Mr.  William  Clarke,  chancellor  of  Chichester,  as 
well  as  Horsley,  who  republished  it.  gave  a  different  and  more 
probable  reading  to  the  words  just  quoted,  viz.  Cogidubni  r.  leg. 
Aug.  in  Hi  it. 

2  Vita  Agric.  p.  423.  3  Britannia,  pag.  211,  ed.  fol. 

1723-24]  HEARNIAN^E.  191 

"  the  etymologie  of  this  name  [kegni]  I  will  passe 
"  over  my  conceits  in  silence,  because  peradventure 
"'  they  would  carry  no  more  truth  with  them,  than 
"  if  I  should   thinke  they  were  by  Ptolemy  called 
•'  pefnoi,  for  that  it  was  Regnum,  that  is,  aJcingdome, 
-  and  the  Romans  permitted  the  people  thereof  to  re- 
"  maine  under  a  regall  government.    For  in  this  tract 
"  it  was,  that,  as  Tacitus  writeth,  certaine  cities, 
"  according  to  an  old  custome  of  the  people  of  Rome, 
•'  were  given  to  Cogidunus,  a  British  king,  that  they 
"  might  have  even  kings  also  as  instruments  to  draw 
"  others  into  bondage  and  servitude."  So  the  words  are 
englished  by  Dr.  Philemon  Holland,  whose  transla- 
tion is  to  be  regarded,   partly  because  the  second 
edition  of  it  was  revised  and  approved  of,  long  before 
it  went  to  the  press,  by  Mr.  Camden  himself,  and 
partly  because  Dr.  Holland  had  a  most   admirable 
knack  in  translating  books,  as  appears  from  many 
instances,  several  of  the  most  obscure  books  being 
translated  by  him,  one  of  which  was  Plutarch's  Morals, 
which,  tho'  it  consisted  of  above  a  ream  of  paper  of 
Philemon's  writing,  yet  it  was  translated  and  writ  by 
him  with  one  only  pen,  which  was  so  very  remarkable 
and  wonderfull  a  thing,  that  it  occasioned  his  learned 
son  Henry  Holland  (author  of  that  curious  and  rare 
book  called  Herwologia  Angliea)  to  write  the  follow- 
ing distick  upon  the  said  pen : 

This  booke  I  wrote  with  one  poore  pen, 

Made  of  a  grey  goosse  cpiill : 
A  pen  I  found  it,  us'd  before, 

A  pen  I  leave  it  still. 

This  pen  was  afterwards  begged  by  an  ancient  gen- 
tlewoman, (mother  to  a  noble  countess,)  who  garnished 
it  in  silver,  and  kept  it  as  a  monument. 

102  RELIQUIAE  [1723-24 

Feb.  15.  The  Persians  looked  upon  their  princes 
as  friends  to  the  stars,  and  brethren  of  the  sun  and 
moon.  Hence  Sapor,  in  his  letter  to  Constantius  the 
emperour,  styled  himself  thus :  Rex  regum  Sapor, 
parHceps  syderum,  fratersolis  etlunce,  Constantio  Ccesari 
fratri  meo  salutem? 

Feb.  16.  Yesterday  Dr.  Thomas  Tanner  was  in- 
stalled canon  of  Christ  Church,  in  room  of  Dr.  Egerton, 
bishop  of  Hereford,  who  hath  resigned.  The  said 
Dr.  Egerton  was  a  noble  man  of  New  college.  He  is 
young,  and  hath  no  learning.  As  for  Dr.  Tanner,  he 
owes  this  preferment  to  the  spurious  edition  of  Ant. 
a  Wood's  Athence  Oxon.  Had  he  acted  honestly  and 
fairly,  and  given  us  the  third  vol.  of  Anthony's  book 
just  as  Anthony  left  it,  (as  he  should  have  done,)  lie 
would  not  have  been  prefer'd  in  this  manner.  He 
hath  had  two  wives,  but  both  are  dead.  He  hath  one 
child,  a  son,  about  six  years  old,  by  his  second.  His 
first  wife  was  one  of  the  daughters  of  Dr.  More,  late 
bishop  of  Norwich.  She  was  a  great  brandy  drinker, 
and  that  killed  her. 

Feb.  17.  On  Tuesday  morning  (Feb.  11)  died  in 
Newgate,  the  famous  ]\Irs.  Sally  Salisbury;  and  the 
same  evening  the  coroner's  inquest,  consisting  of  cre- 
ditable housekeepers  in  the  neighbourhood,  sate  upon 
the  body,  (as  is  always  done,  when  any  dies  in  the 
gaol,)  and  brought  in  their  verdict,  that  she  died  of 
a  fever,  having  been  ill  of  a  consumption  of  a  long 
time,  which  for  several  days  preceeding  her  death 
was  attended  with  a  violent  fever,  and  had  almost 

1  E  fragmento  quotlam  impresso  Commentationum  Apocalyp- 
ticarum  mihi  dato  a  v.  amiciss.  Tho.  Rawlinsono,  arm.     T.  H. 

1723-24]  HEARNIANjE.  193 

reduced  her  to  a  mere  skeleton.  This  is  that  most 
beautiful  w — ,  that  captivated  so  many  fine  gentle- 
men.    She  hath  been  mentioned  formerly.1 

Feb.  19.  Dr.  William  Baker,  the  present  unworthy 
bishop  of  Bangor,  hath  just  printed  a  sermon  he 
preached  before  the  house  of  lords,  last  30th  of  Jan. 
They  desired  him  to  print  it,  and  they  call  it  an  ex- 
cellent sermon.  'Tis,  on  the  contrary,  most  sorry, 
vile  stuff,  picked  up  from  newspapers  and  tittle  tattle, 
full  of  lyes,  abusing  the  rightfull  king  and  his  friends, 
and  flattering  the  usurper.  'Tis  void  of  divinity  and 
reason.  This  Dr.  Baker  was  always  looked  upon  in 
Wadham  college  as  an  ill-natured  man,  and  they  are 
glad  there  that  they  are  rid  of  him. 

Feb.  21.  This  afternoon,  upon  my  return  from 
my  country  walk,  I  had  a  great  deal  of  discourse 
with  old  Will.  Bremicham,  of  St.  Peter's  parish  in 
the  East,  now  in  the  91st  year  of  his  age,  being,  as 
he  says,  born  a  little  after  three  clock  in  the  morning, 
on  Valentine's  day  in  the  year  1632.  His  father 
was  a  cavalier,  and  a  souldier  for  king  Charles  the 
first.  He  says,  he  used  to  supply  his  father's  place 
in  the  siege  of  Oxford  sometimes,  as  a  centinel.  He 
says,  he  hath  many  times  seen  king  Charles  the  first 
as  he  was  walking,  and  that  the  generality  of  the 
pictures  of  him  represent  him  too  full  faced,  and  with 
too  much  beard,  he  being  a  thin  man,  and  of  a  little 
picked  beard,  and  little  whiskers,  though  a  strait 
man,  and  of  a  majestick  countenance.  He  says,  he 
served  as  centinel  in  that  part  of  the  fortifications, 
where  Buddard's  garden,  (as  they  call  it,)  by  Wadham 

1  See  vol.  ii,  p  159. 
11.  0 

194  RELIQUIAE  ['723-24 

college,  is  now.  He  says,  he  had  a  mighty  venera- 
tion for  that  excellent  prince,  and  that  he  received 
several  kindnesses  from  the  king's  souldiers.  This 
old  man  was  formerly  very  brisk,  and  let  horses. 
He  let  horses  to  king  Charles  the  second's  men  in 
the  parliament  of  Oxford,  in  the  latter  end  of  that 
king's  reign.  He  says,  his  wife  is  four  days  older 
then  he  is,  and  that  she  was  born  somewhere  about 
Dover.  He  says,  that  the  tradition  used  to  be,  that 
Blake's  oak  (as  we  go  to  Abbington)  was  so  called, 
because  Blake  was  hanged  there  upon  it  (he  being 
a  great  parliamentary  villain)  for  betraying  three 
Christian  kings.  He  said,  this  oak  was  older  than 
Magdalen  oak,  notwithstanding  much  smaller,  both 
being  now  in  their  decay.  He  was  born  in  Oxford, 
and  never  lived  out  of  it,  unless  it  were  before  he 
was  in  breeches,  when  he  was  not  two  years  of  age, 
that  he  staid  a  little  while  at  Norleigh. 

Feb.  22.  Upon  the  top  of  Heddington  hill,  by 
Oxford,  on  the  left  hand  as  we  go  to  Heddington, 
just  at  the  brow  of  the  branch  of  the  Roman  way, 
that  falls  down  upon  Marston-lane,  is  an  elm,  that 
is  commonly  called  and  known  by  the  name  of  Jo. 
Pullen's  tree,  it  having  been  planted  by  the  care  of 
the  late  Mr.  Josiah  Pullen,  of  Magdalen  hall,  who 
used  to  Avalk  to  that  place  every  day,  sometimes 
twice  a  day.  if  tolerable  weather,  from  Magdalen  hall 
and  back  again,  in  the  space  of  half  an  hour.  This 
gentleman  was  a  great  walker,  and  some  walks  he 
would  call  <i  mug  of  twopenny,  and  others  a  mug  of 
threepenny,  &c.  according  to  the  difference  of  the  air 
of  each  place. 

Feb,  23.   Yesterday  I  bought,  out  of  the  study  of 

1723-24]  HEARNIANsE.  195 

the  late  Dr.  Charlett,  The  Vision  of  Pierce  Plowman, 
wherevnto  is  annexed  the  Crede  of  Pierce  Plowman, 
neuer  imprinted  with  the  boolce  before.1     I  had  before 

1  The  argument  of  this  curious  poem  is  so  well  given  by  Pope, 
that  1  cannot  but  reprint  it.  "  An  ignorant  plain  man  having 
"  learned  his  pater-noster  and  ave-mary,  wants  to  learn  the 
"  creed.  He  asks  several  religious  men  of  the  several  orders  to 
"  teach  it  him.  First  of  a  friar  minor,  who  bids  him  beware  of 
"  the  Carmelites,  and  assures  him  they  can  teach  him  nothing, 
"  describing  their  faults,  &c.  But  the  friars  minors  shall  save 
"  him,  whether  he  learns  his  creed  or  not.  He  goes  next  to 
"  the  friars  preachers,  whose  magnificent  monastery  he  describes : 
"  there  he  meets  a  fat  friar,  who  declaims  against  the  Augus- 
"  tines.  He  is  shocked  at  his  pride,  and  goes  to  the  Augus- 
"  tines.  They  rail  at  the  Minorites.  He  goes  to  the  Carmes ; 
"  they  abuse  the  Dominicans,  but  promise  him  salvation,  with- 
"  out  the  creed,  for  money.  He  leaves  them  with  indignation, 
"  and  finds  an  honest,  poor  plowman  in  the  field,  and  tells  him 
"  how  he  was  disappointed  by  the  four  orders.  The  plowman 
"  answers  with  a  long  invective  against  them."  Such  is  the 
argument  of  this  curious  piece  of  satire  against  the  four  orders 
of  mendicant  friars,  who  were  peculiarly  obnoxious  from  the 
ascendancy  they  had  obtained,  and  the  authority  they  assumed, 
in  the  political,  as  well  as  the  religious,  world.  The  whole  poem 
is  extremely  interesting,  describing,  in  very  lively  colours,  the 
hypocrisy  and  covetousness,  the  magnificence  and  pride,  toge- 
ther with  the  deceptions,  of  the  religious  societies  it  professes  to 
satirize,  and  had  it  not  been  reprinted  of  late  years,  under  the 
careful  superintendence  of  Mr.  Haslewood,  would  have  formed  a 
good  subject  for  a  longer  extract.  As  it  is,  the  reader  shall 
only  have  a  description  of  the  plowman,  which  is  a  curious  pic- 
ture of  the  times. 

Thanne  turnede  I  me  forth  and  talked  to  my  selfe 

Of  the  fashede  of  this  folke,  whow  feythles  thei  weren 

And  as  I  wente  by  the  way,  weping  for  sorowe 

And  seigh  a  sely  ma  me  by,  open  the  plough  hongen 

His  cote  was  of  a  cloute  that  cary  was  ycalled. 

His  hod  was  ful  of  holes,  and  his  heare  oute. 

With  his  knoppede  shon  clouted  ful  thykke. 

His  ton  toteden  out,  as  he  the  lond  tredede 

His  hosen  ouer  hongen  his  hokshynes,  on  euerich  a  syde 

Al  beslomered  in  fen,  as  he  the  plow  folwede 

Tweye  myteynes  as  meter  maad  al  of  cloutes 

The  fyngres  weren  forwerd,  and  ful  often  honged 

196  BELIQUIJS  [1723-24 

two  copies  of  this  very  edition  of  Pierce  Plowman, 
one  given  me  by  Mr.  West,  of  Balliol  college,  the  other 
by  Mr.  Graves,  of  Mickleton,  in  Gloucestershire,  but 
in  both  of  them  the  Creed,  notwithstanding  mentioned 
as  annexed  in  the  title-page,  is  wanting,  being,  it  may 
be,  laid  aside  for  some  that  had  copies  of  a  former 
edition.  This  Crede  is  so  great  a  rarity,  that  it  was 
formerly  lent  me  by  Thomas  Rawlinson,  esq.  being 
bound  up  by  itself,  and  at  that  time  I  extracted  some 
things  out  of  it,  which  I  have  made  use  of  in  my 
edition  of  Guil.  Neubrigensis,  and  in  my  glossary  to 
Robert  of  Gloucester,  mentioning,  in  both  places,  that 
it  is  a  very  great  rarity.  And  in  Guil.  Neubrigensis 
I  have  signifyed  that  it  is  a  distinct  book  (altogether 
different)  from  the  book  in  meeter,  commonly  called 
Piers  Ploughman,  the  author  whereof  was  Robert 
Langlands.  This  book  Dr.  Charlett  procured  out  of 
the  study  of  the  late  learned  Mr.  Will.  Fulman,  who 
hath  written  the  following  particulars  at  the  end  of 
the  book  :  "  The  Creed  seems  to  have  been  written 
"  somg  yeares  after  the  Vision,  as  appeares  by  the  men- 
"  tion  of  Wicklef,  who  appeared  not  till  the  end  of  king 
"  Edward  the  third,  and  especially  of  Walter  Brute, 

This  whit  waselede  in  the  feen,  almost  to  the  ancle 

Foure  rotheren  hym  beforne,  that  f'eble  were  worthi 

Men  mighte  reknenich  a  ryb,  so  rentful  they  weren 

His  wiif  walked  hym  with,  with  a  long  gode 

In  a  eutted  cote,  cutted  ful  heoghe 

Wrapped  in  a  wynwe  shete,  to  were  hire  fro  wederes 

Barfot  on  the  bare  iis  that  the  blod  folwede 

And  at  the  londes  ende  lath  a  little  crom  bolle 

And  theron  lay  a  litel  divide  lapped  in  cloutes 

And  tweyne  of  tweie  yeres  olde,  opon  a  nother  syde 

And  al  they  songen  o  songe,  that  sorwe  was  to  heren 

They  crieden  alle  o  cry,  a  kareful  note 

The  sely  man  sighed  sore,  and  seyde,  children  beth  stille. 

This  man  lokede  opon  me,  and  leet  the  plough  honden 

And  seyde : 

1723-24]  BEABNIANJE.  197 

"  who  was  later.  Of  Walter  Brute,  mentioned  in  the 
"  Creed,  I.  1111,  vide  Fox,  Act.  Mori.  p.  56G,  ann. 
"  1391.  Bale  calls  him  Britte,  p.  503  ;  Pits,  Brithus, 
"  p.  547.  The  prayer  and  complaint  of  the  Plowman 
"  extant  in  Fox,  Act.  Mori,  seems  to  be  of  the  same 


From  what  I  have  said  in  p.  770  of  Gull.  Neubr. 
it  appears,  that  Piers  Ploughman  was  written  in  the 
year  1409,  whence  I  should  conclude  that  the  Creed 
is  older  than  Pierce  Ploughman,  and  yet,  after  all,  I 
have  there  insinuated,  that  Pierce  the  Ploughman's 
Crede  was  so  called,  as  other  satyrical  books  were, 
in  imitation  of  the  former ;  so  that  I  still  am  of  opi- 
nion and  believe,  that  Pierce  Ploughman's  Vision  is 
the  oldest,  tho'  not  so  old  as  Mr.  Fulman  seems  to 
take  it.  Towards  the  beginning  of  the  Crede  are 
some  MSS.  glosses  or  explications. 

It  cost  me  (being  prized  no  more)  one  shilling  and 
six  pence  only,  and  yet  the  book  is  well  worth  a 


March  16. ";  Mr.  Selden  was  a  great  admirer  of 
Dr.  Rob.  Flud  or  Floyd,  that  noted  Rosacrucian 
physician,  who,  as  he  tells  us,  in  his  dedication  of 
his  Titles  of  Honour,  ed.  1.  4to.  to  Mr.  Edward  Hay- 
ward,  cured  him  of  a  dangerous  and  tedious  sick- 
ness, "  being  thence  freed  (are  his  words)  by  the 
"  bounteous  humanitie  and  advice  of  that  learned 
"  phisician  doctor  Robert  Floyd,  whom  my  memorie 

1  "  Pierce  the  Ploughman's  Crede,  4to.  Lond.  1553."  Sale 
Catalogue  of  the  duke  of  Roxburghe,  Lond.  1812.  Numb.  3239, 
where  it  produced  ten  guineas :  the  Vision,  Crowley's  edition  of 
1550,  sold  for  six  guineas  and  an  half.  Lord  Spencer  has  a  mag- 
nificent copy  of  Crowley's  edit,  of  the  latter,  printed  upon 

198  RELIQUIAE  [1724 

"  ahvaies  honors."  Indeed  Selden  was  a  follower 
of  such  sort  of  learning  as  the  doctor  profest  himself, 
and  used  very  frequently  to  dive  into  the  books  of 
astrologers  and  sooth-sayers.  Whence  'tis  that  he 
so  often  quotes  Julius  Firmicus  and  Vettius  Valens, 
(both  old  writers,  and  'tis  pity  the  latter  is  not  pub- 
lished,1) and  divers  besides,  which  makes  many  of 
his  writings  hardly  intelligible,  he  being  fond  of  even 
their  very  expressions,  as  he  was  certainly  a  very 
careless  writer,  both  in  Latin  and  English,  being 
more  fond  of  variety  of  learning,  than  elegant,  or 
even  easy,  expressions. 

March  18.  Yesterday  I  bought  for  six-pence,  (tho' 
it  be  worth  five  shillings,)  out  of  Dr.  Charlett's  study, 
Prynne's  Signal  Loyalty  and  Devotion  of  God's  true- 
Saints  and  pious  Christians  towards  their  Kings,  &c. 
Lond.  1660, 4to.  in  two  parts.  It  must  be  now  noted, 
that  Mr.  Prynne's  things  beginn  now  to  be  scarce,  and 
are  picked  up  by  curious  men.  They  are  made  rare,  by 
many  of  the  copies  being  turned  to  wast  paper.  They 
are  valuable  for  the  historical  passages  (provided  his 
citations  and  transcripts  may  be  relyed  on)  out  of  a 
great  variety  of  authors,  MSS.  and  printed. 

April  1.  Travelling,  night  and  day,  in  Germany,  is 
by  waggons,  that  go  no  faster  at  most  than  a  foot- 
pace. If  travellers  in  a  winter  night  get  three  or  four 
hours  rest,  noble-men  and  persons  of  quality,  and 
those  of  the  most  inferior  rank,  (men,  women,  and 
children,)  tumble  all  together  in  one  room  upon  straw. 

Api-il  29.  Mr.  Tayler,  of  University  college,  told  me 

1  See  vol.  i.  p.  1. 

1724]  HEARNIANjE.  199 

last  night,  that  Ur.  Clavering  told  him,  that  Dr. 
Tanner,  chancellor  of  Norwich,  declared,  that  he  much 
wondered  at  the  explication  Mr.  Denison  and  his 
friends  put  upon  the  clause  about  electio  canonica,  in 
University  college  statutes.  He  said  there  were  three 
canonical  elections,  electio  per  impirationem,  electio  per 
compromissum,  and  electio  per  scrutinium.  The  two 
former  were  exploded  long  since,  the  latter  holds,  and 
Mr.  Cockman  was  therefore  legally,  fairly,  and  ca- 
nonically  elected,  as  having  the  greater  number  of 

April  30.  Formerly  it  was  usual  to  be  buried  in 
winding-sheets  without  coffins,  and  the  bodies  were 
laid  on  biers.  And  this  custom  was  practised  about 
three  score  years  agoe,  tho'  even  then  persons  of  rank 
were  buried  in  coffins,  unless  they  ordered  otherwise. 
Thomas  Neile,  of  Hart  hall,  in  queen  Elizabeth's  time, 
is  represented  in  a  winding  sheet,  in  Cassington 
church.  It  seems,  therefore,  he  was  not  buried  in  a 
coffin,  especially  since  his  effigies  in  the  winding- 
sheet  there  was  put  up  in  his  life  time.  In  the 
monkish  times  stone  coffins  were  much  in  vogue,  es- 
pecially for  persons  of  quality,  and  for  those  other  dis- 
tinguishing titles,  such  as  archbishops,  bishops,  abbots, 
abbesses,  &c.  Even  many  of  the  inferior  monks  were 
sometimes  so  buried,  tho'  otherwise  the  most  common 
way  was  a  winding  sheet.  Yet  even  many  persons  of 
distinction,  instead  of  coffins,  were  wrapt  up  in  leather, 
as  were  sir  William  Trussell  and  his  lady,  founders 
of  Shottesbrooke  church  and  chantry,  in  Berks,  as  may 
be  seen  in  my  edition  of  LelancVs  Itinerary,  and  'twas 
in  such  leathern  sheets  or  bags  that  others  were  put 
that  were  layed  in  the  walls  of  churches. 

May  10.  Yesterday  I  saw  in  Oxford  my  friend  Mr. 

200  RELIQUIAE  [1724 

Richard  Graves,  of  Miekleton,  in  Gloucestershire,  who 
told  me  that  Mr.  James  Woodman,  a  London  book- 
seller, is  going  to  reprint  Caxton's  Chronicle. 

He  also  told  me,  that  the  Lathi  Bible,  printed  in 
folio,  at  Mentz,  1462,  was  sold  in  the  sale  of  the 
Count  de  Brienne's  library,  carrying  on  at  London  by 
the  said  Woodman,  for  112  libs,  being  bought  by  my 
lord  Harley,  and  that  other  books  (the  library  being 
extraordinary  curious)  bring  vast  prizes.  The  said 
Bible  is  in  two  vols,  vellum,  and  is  noted  in  the  cata- 
logue to  be  the  first  Bible  ever  printed. 

May  20.  Yesterday,  at  two  clock  in  the  afternoon, 
was  a  convocation,  when  a  letter  was  read  from  king 
George,  (as  the  duke  of  Brunswick  is  stiled,)  offering 
the  foundation  of  a  new  professorship  to  teach  the 
modern  tongues  and  modern  history,  in  which  George 
himself  is  to  put  in  the  professor,  who  is  to  have  four 
hundred  pounds  per  an.  but  to  give  100  libs,  out  of 
it  to  two  assistants,  at  50  libs,  a  piece.  So  I  hear, 
and  I  was  told  at  the  same  time,  that  an  address  of 
thanks  was  returned  to  George,  and  that  there  was  a 
full  house,  a  matter  of  300,  nemine  dissentiente.1 

'  The  king's  letter  to  the  two  universities. 
George  R. 
Trusty  and  well  beloved,  we  greet  you  well.  We  being  greatly 
desirous  to  favour  and  encourage  our  two  universities,  those 
ancient  and  laudable  nurseries  of  piety  and  learning,  and  to 
enable  them  more  effectually  to  answer  the  end  of  their  insti- 
tution, by  sending  forth  constant  supplies  of  learned  and  able 
men,  to  serve  the  publick  both  in  church  and  state;  and  having 
observed  that  no  encouragement  or  provision  has  hitherto  been 
made  in  either  of  the  said  universities,  for  the  study  of  modern 
history,  or  modern  languages,  the  knowledge  of  which  is  highly 
necessary  towards  eompleatly  qualifying  the  youth  committed 
to  their  care,  for  several  stations,  both  in  church  and  state,  to 
which  they  may  be  called:  and  having  seriously  weighed  the 

1 724]  HEARNIAN^E.  201 

June  5.  Formerly  wearing  hats  was  looked  upon  as 
a  great  crime,  bonnets  and  thrums   being  then  in 

prejudice  that  has  accrued  to  the  said  universities  from  this  de- 
fect, persons  of  foreign  nations  being  often  employed  in  the 
education  and  tuition  of  youth,  both  at  home  and  in  their  travels ; 
and  great  numbers  of  the  young  nobility  and  gentry  being  either 
sent  abroad  directly  from  school,  or  taken  away  from  the  uni- 
versities before  the  course  of  their  studies  can  be  there  com  pleated, 
and  opportunities  frequently  lost  to  the  crown  of  employing  and 
encouraging  members  of  the  two  universities,  by  conferring  on 
them  such  employments,  both  at  home  and  abroad,  as  necessa- 
rily require  a  competent  skill  in  writing  and  speaking  the  modern 
languages.  In  order,  therefore,  to  remedy  these  and  the  like 
inconveniences,  we  have  determined  to  appoint  two  persons  of 
sober  conversation  and  prudent  conduct,  of  the  degree  of  master 
of  arts,  or  batchellor  of  laws,  or  of  some  higher  degree  in  one  of 
the  said  universities,  skilled  in  modern  history,  and  in  the  know- 
ledge of  modern  languages,  to  be  nominated  by  us,  to  be  our 
professors  of  modern  history,  one  for  the  university  of  Cambridge, 
and  the  other  for  that  of  Oxford,  who  shall  be  obliged  to  read 
lectures  in  the  publick  schools,  at  such  times  as  shall  hereafter 
be  appointed.  And  we  have  further  determined,  that  each  of  the 
said  professors  shall  have  a  stipend  of  four  hundred  pounds  per 
annum,  and  out  of  the  said  stipend  shall  be  obliged  to  maintain 
with  sufficient  salaries,  in  the  university  where  he  shall  be  esta- 
blished, two  persons  at  least,  well  qualified  to  teach  and  instruct 
in  writing  and  speaking  the  said  languages,  which  said  teachers 
shall  be  under  the  direction  of  the  professors  respectively,  and 
shall  be  obliged  to  instruct,  gratis,  in  the  modern  languages, 
twenty  scholars  in  each  university,  to  be  nominated  by  us ;  and 
each  scholar  so  nominated,  shall  be  obliged  to  learn  two  at  least 
of  the  said  languages,  both  the  professors  and  teachers  taking 
especial  care  that  the  times  and  hours  for  instructing  and  teach- 
ing the  said  scholars,  be  so  ordered,  as  not  to  interfere  with  those 
appointed  for  their  academical  studies :  which  professors  and 
teachers  shall  be  obliged,  once  every  year,  to  transmit  an  attested 
account  of  theprogress  made  by  each  scholar  committed  to  their  care, 
to  our  principal  secretaries  of  state,  to  be  laid  before  us,  that  we 
may  encourage  the  diligence  and  application  of  such  amongst 
them,  as  shall  have  qualified  themselves  for  our  service,  by  giving 
them  suitable  employments  either  at  home  or  abroad,  as  occasions 
shall  offer.  And  our  royal  will  and  pleasure  is,  that  you  forthwith, 
upon  the  receipt  hereof,  call  a  congregation,  in  order  to  commu- 
nicate these  our  royal  intentions  to  the  university.     And  so  we 

202  RE LIQUID  [1724 

fashion,  and  hats  being  of  a  late  rise.  So  that  such 
as  wore  hats  used  then  to  be  fined.  Whence  'tis  that 
some  of  the  parish  of  Marlborough,  in  Devonshire, 
were  fined  twice  for  wearing  hats,  as  appears  from  the 
register  book  towards  the  beginning  of  queen  Eliza- 
beth's reign,  as  Mr.  Dyer,  of  Oriel  college,  takes  it, 
from  whom  I  had  this  information. 

June  14.  On  Friday,  June  5,  in  the  evening,  Dr. 
Henry  Sacheverell,  rector  of  St.  Andrews,  Holbourn, 
(worth  about  700  libs,  per  an.)  departed  this  life  at 
Highgate ;  which  rectory  being  in  the  gift  of  the  duke 
of  Montague,  his  grace  has  been  pleased  to  present  the 
same  to  the  reverend  Mr.  Barton,  a  clergyman  of  the 
country.  The  said  Dr.  Sacheverell  is  the  person  that 
made  so  great  a  noise  in  the  time  of  queen  Anne.  He 
took  the  degree  of  M.  A.  March  16, 1696,  that  of  B.  D. 
Feb.  4,  1707,  and  that  of  D.D.  July  1,  1708.  He 
was  a  bold  man,  and  of  a  good  presence,  and  delivered 
a  thing  better  than  a  much  more  modest  man,  how- 

bid  you  farewel.     Given  at  our  court  at  St.  James's,  the  16th 
day  of  May,  1724,  in  the  tenth  year  of  our  reign. 

By  his  majesty's  command, 


Both  universities,  on  this  occasion,  presented  very  dutiful  and 
loyal  addresses.  That  from  Oxford  was  transmitted  to  the  lord 
viscount  Townshend,  and  by  him  presented  to  his  majesty,  who 
was  pleased  to  receive  it  very  graciously.  That  from  Cambridge 
was  presented  by  the  vice-chancellor,  (Dr.  Snape,  provost  of 
King's,)  attended  by  the  proctors  and  several  other  members, 
who  were  introduced  by  the  duke  of  Grafton,  and  received  the 
following  answer : 

I  thank  you  for  this  dutiful  and  loyal  address,  and  am  glad 
to  find,  that  what  I  proposed  to  you  in  my  letter  meets  with  your 
intiie  approbation;  and  doubt  not,  with  your  assistance,  my  in- 
tentions upon  this  occasion  will  prove  an  honour  to  the  univer- 
sity in  general,  as  well  as  an  advantage  to  the  particular  members 
of  that  learned  bodv. 

1724]  HEARNIANjE.  203 

ever  preferable  in  learning,  could  do.  He  was  but  an 
indifferent  scholar,  but  pretended  to  a  great  deal  of 
honesty,  which  I  could  never  see  in  him,  since  he  was 
the  forwardest  to  take  the  oaths,  notwithstanding  he 
would  formerly  be  so  forward  in  speaking  for,  and 
drinking  the  health  of,  king  James  III.  He  hath 
printed  several  things  ;  but  that  which  is  really  good, 
viz.  his  speech  at  his  tryal,  was  none  of  his  own,  but 
was  penned  by  Dr.  Francis  Atterbury,  the  deprived 
bishop  of  Rochester.  He  died  very  rich.  He  had  a 
complication  of  disorders. 

June  28.  When  Mr.  Wm.  Brome,  of  Ewithington, 
near  Hereford,  was  in  town,  in  his  return  from  Lon- 
don, he  told  me,  that  the  late  earl  of  Oxford,  not- 
withstanding what  had  been  reported,  had  the  true 
use  of  his  understanding  ever  since  he  was  in  the 
Tower ;  that  he  had  his  senses  intire  to  the  last ;  that 
he  died  in  a  very  quiet,  composed  manner,  and  that 
he  put  his  hand  up  and  closed  his  own  eyes,  and  fixed 
his  jaw.  Mr.  Brome  was  well  acquainted  with  him, 
rid  out  with  him  in  his  lordship's  coach  on  the  Mon- 
day to  make  a  visit,  sat  up  with  him  till  eleven  clock 
at  night,  when  his  lordship  was  well  and  cheerfull,  and 
died  on  the  Wednesday  following  of  a  pleuretick  leaver. 
He  said,  his  lordship  had  never  had  his  true  health 
since  he  was  stabbed.  He  told  me,  he  believed  he 
was  an  honest  man,  and  a  true  friend  to  king  James 
III.  but  that  he  could  do  nothing,  finding  those  to  be 
knaves  and  villains,  that  should  have  been  firm,  and 
have  been  assisting,  such  as  lord  Bullingbroke,  who 
most  certainly  is  a  R.  having  been  discarded  at  king 
James's  court  for  betraying  all  his  secrets,  and  some 
others.  I  could  not  but  give  great  attention  to  Mr. 
Brome  on  this  score,  because  he  is  a  man  of  great 

204  RELIQUIAE  [1724 

modesty  and  integrity  ;  and  indeed  I  have  heard  some 
other  honest  men  say  the  same  thing,  tho'  others  have 
asserted  the  contrary. 

July  15.  Mr.  Hinton,  rector  of  Lasham,  in  Hamp- 
shire, calling  upon  me  to-day,  told  me  that  the  place 
where  Archbishop  Abbot  killed  the  keeper  of  the 
park  with  an  arrow,  is  Bramswell,  in  Hampshire, 
where  sir  John  Cope  now  lives.  He  said,  that  the 
place  where  Walter  Tyrrell  passed  over  the  river, 
after  he  had  killed  William  Rufus,  is  to  this  day 
called  Tyrrell's  ford. 

July  19.  They  write  from  Paris,  that  on  the  14th 
of  July  sentence  was  pronounced,  and  the  same  day 
executed,  upon  Joseph  Bisseau,  who  had  taken  the 
name  of  Gratien  D'Avanelle,  merchant-jeweller,  of 
Leige,  and  Peter  Lefebvre,  merchant-jeweller,  in  the 
following  manner.  A  scaffold  being  erected  in  the 
place  called  the  Greve,  in  that  city,  they  had  their 
arms,  legs,  thighs,  and  loins  broken  upon  it ;  and 
then  laid  on  a  wheel,  with  their  faces  towards  heaven, 
where  they  remained  till  they  dyed ;  from  whence 
the  dead  bodies  were  to  be  conveyed,  viz.  that  of 
Joseph  Bisseau  to  the  highway  near  Calais,  where 
the  English  gentlemen  were  robbed  and  murthered  ;J 
and  that  of  Peter  Lefebvre  to  the  highway  near 
Peronne,  whereabouts  the  stage  coach  of  Lisle  was 
robbed,  and  two  that  followed  it  murthered,  there  to 
be  exposed  to  view,  each  upon  a  wheel,  for  which 
robberies  and  murthers  they  suffered  the  severe 
punishments  above  mentioned. 

July  21.  Old  Mr.  Bremicham,  of  Oxford,  tells  me, 

1  See  vol.  ii.  p.  173. 

1724]  HEARNIAN^E.  205 

that  he  very  well  remembers  the  siege  of  Oxford, 
and  the  hanging  up  of  one  Blake  upon  an  oak  in  the 
way  to  Abbington,  beyond  the  half-way  gate,  which 
oak  is  still  standing,  but  very  much  decayed.  This 
Blake  was  a  traytour.  Mr.  Bremicham  says,  he  be- 
trayed three  Christian  kings,  and  was  going  to  betray 
the  fourth,  viz.  king  Charles  the  first,  upon  which  he 
was  hanged,  within  two  days  after  his  design  was 
discovered,  upon  the  said  oak,  which  is  called  by  no 
other  name  than  Blake's  oak. 

This  Bremicham  says,  he  well  remembers  the  great 
house  in  St.  Clements,  that  is  now  down,  but  was 
then  called  Bole-shipton  farm.1  He  says,  he  rented 
part  of  the  grounds  formerly  himself,  that  the  farm 
was  300  libs  per  an.  and  that  all  those  grounds  on 
the  left  hand  the  way,  as  we  go  to  Heddington  hill, 
are  still  called  Bole-shipton. 

He  says,  that,  during  the  siege  of  Oxon,  all  parts 
were  drowned,  excepting  the  north  side,  which  could 
not  be  drowned,  and  the  way  from  Oxford  to  Ab- 
bington, which  lay  open  to  bring  in  provisions,  which 
were  constantly  brought  by  waggons,  &c.  from  Ab- 
bington. He  says,  Oxford  could  never  have  been 
taken,  had  not  there  been  treachery.  I  suppose  he 
thinks  there  was  treachery  in  the  surrendry,  whereas 
it  is  looked  upon  as  a  very  prudential  thing. 

Avg.  9.  Dr.  Atterbury,  the  deprived  bishop  of  Ro- 

1  At  the  very  moment  I  am  writing  this  note,  the  workmen 
are  clearing  the  ground  for  the  erection  of  new  houses,  if  not 
new  streets,  in  the  field  immediately  adjoining  the  eastern  side 
of  Cutler  Boulter's  alms  houses.  The  remains  of  an  ancient 
building  of  considerable  extent,  chimney  and  hearth  stones,  as 
well  as  many  other  evidences  of  a  former  erection,  have  already 
been  discovered  ;  and  in  one  part,  about  four  feet  under  ground, 
a  large  area  of  a  well-paved  court  yard,  or  somewhat  similar, 
was  clearly  discernible.     April  3,  1822. 

206  RELIQUIAE  [1724 

Chester,  being  now  at  Paris,  they  write  from  thence, 
that  since  his  arrival  there,  he  hath  passed  his  time 
in  examining  the  publick  libraries,  and  other  curio- 
sities of  that  city ;  and  that  he  hath  been  visited  by 
most  of  the  members  of  the  royal  academy  of  sciences, 
by  the  famous  father  Monfaucon,  and  abbe  Yertot, 
and  other  persons  of  distinction  and  learning,  who 
seem  to  pay  him  a  more  than  ordinary  respect. 

Sept.  2.  Mr.  Thomas  Kimber,  of  Holywell,  in  the 
north  suburbs  of  Oxford,  my  friend,  is  a  man  of  ex- 
cellent sense,  and  versed  in  history  and  antiquities. 
Being  some  hours  in  his  company  last  night,  and 
only  he  and  I  together,  and  happening  to  discourse 
of  the  Bodleian  and  other  libraries,  and  how  meanly 
the  Bodleian  library  is  furnished  with  curious  clas- 
sical books,  and  books  of  our  English  history  and 
antiquities,  I  told  him,  the  true  reason  was,  the 
neglect  in  former  times  that  way,  the  original  design 
of  the  library  being  chiefly  for  books  against  the  Ro- 
man Catholicks.  and  accordingly  Dr.  Thomas  James, 
Mr.  Rowse.  and  Dr.  Barlow,  (who  were  zealous 
against  the  Catholicks,)  made  it  their  business  to  get 
such  kind  of  books,  to  say  nothing  of  others.  This, 
he  said,  he  never  heard  of  before,  but  would  be  sure 
to  remember  it,  it  being  remarkable. 

Sejit.  10.  Yesterday,  in  the  afternoon,  called  upon 
me,  William  Stukeley,  doctor  of  physick,  whom  I  had 
never  seen  before.  He  told  me.  he  is  about  printing 
a  little  folio  book  about  curiosities.  It  is  to  be  in- 
titled,  Itinera r'ru in  Ouriosam  :  Centuria  prima.  Or, 
An  Account  of  the  Antiquities  in  Nature  or  Art,  ob- 
served in  Travel"  through  Great  Britain.  Illustrated 
with  one  hundred  folio  prints  in  copper.     He  told 

1 724]  HEARNIANuE.  207 

me,  he  designed  other  Centuries.  This  Dr.  Stukeley 
is  a  mighty  conceited  man,  and  'tis  observed  by  all 
that  I  have  talked  with,  that  what  he  does  hath  no 
manner  of  likeness  to  the  originals.  He  goes  all  by 
fancy.  Hence  his  cut  of  Waltham  cross  is  not  one 
bit  like  it,  whereas  that  done  by  my  late  learned 
friend,  John  Bridges,  esq.  is  exact.  Nor  indeed  is 
the  print  of  old  Verulam,  that  he  hath  given,  any 
thing  but  meer  fancy.  In  short,  as  he  addicts  him- 
self to  fancy  altogether,  what  he  does  must  have  no 
regard  among  judicious  and  truly  ingenious  men. 
He  told  me  he  had  been  at  Thame,  thinking  it  was  a 
Roman  city.  Good  God !  this  is  nothing  but  idle 
dreaming.  How  is  it  possible  to  think  at  this  rate  ? 
Had  he  said  Heddington  had  been  a  Roman  city, 
any  one  of  reason  would  have  rather  believed  him, 
there  being  a  bit  of  a  Roman  way  passing  there.  He 
said,  his  work  was  to  consist  of  every  thing  that  was 
curious,  whether  Roman,  Grecian,  ^Egyptian,  Norman ; 
and  what  not  ?  He  said,  he  should  have  in  it  monas- 
teries, and  other  religious  houses,  as  occasion  offered. 
He  pretended  to  have  discovered  a  Roman  amphi- 
theatre at  Silchester,  a  draught  of  the  walls  whereof 
he  shewed  me.  This  is  again  fancy.  I  have  been 
at  Silchester.  There  is  nothing  like  it.  The  doctor 
told  me  he  had  never  been  in  Oxford  but  once  before, 
and  that  was  fifteen  years  agoe.  Tho'  he  be  a  phy- 
sician, yet  I  am  informed  he  knows  very  little,  or 
nothing,  of  the  matter. 

Sept.  15.  Yesterday  the  right  honourable  Gerald 
De  Courcy,  lord  Kingsale,  of  the  kingdom  of  Ireland, 
did  me  the  honour  to  call  upon  me,  and  to  sit  with 
me  some  time,  after  which  I  was  with  him  at  his 
lodgings  at  the  Mitre   several  hours.     This  young 

208  RELIQUIjE  [1724 

nobleman  is  a  very  honest,  virtuous  man,  and  hath 
a  very  good  skill  in  heraldry,  history,  and  antiquities. 
There  came  with  him   to  my  room,  and  were  with 
him  afterwards,  when  I  was  there,  at  the  Mitre, 
three  other  very  worthy,  honest  gentlemen,  viz.  Mr. 
King,  of  Hertfordshire,  Mr.  Butler,  of  Ireland,  and 
Mr.  Sexton,  which  Mr.  Sexton  is  a  man  of  excellent 
learning,  and  acts  as  an  attorney  for  many  Roman 
Catholicks.     I    had    been    six  years  ago  with   this 
Mr.  Sexton  at  the  Mitre,  with  Mr.  Blount,  of  Maple 
Durham,  and  Mr.  Blount's  lady,  and  some  other  truly 
virtuous,  good  people  of  the  Roman  Catholick  pcr- 
swasion.     My  lord  Kingsale  often  mentioned  my  per- 
formances in  an  honourable   way,  and  pressed   me 
several  times  to  write  a  History  of  England,  no  one, 
says  he,  being  so  capable  on  many  accounts.     I  ex- 
cused myself,  and  told  his  lordship,  that  I  had  already 
writ  and  published  too  many  things  of  secret  history, 
since  I  had  been  so  often  troubled  on  that  score. 
He  said  (and  the  company  agreed  with  him)   that 
Dr.    Keating's  History  of  Ireland,  as  published    by 
Mr.  O'Connor,  is  a  very  poor  work,  and  does  not,  by 
any  means,  please,  being  a  poor  fabulous  thing.    His 
lordship  said,  that  captain  Stephens's  books  about  our 
monasteries  have  several  good  things  in  them,  but 
that  the  whole  work,  taken  together,  is  but  indifferent, 
and  far  from  giving  satisfaction,  and  so  the  company 
said  too.      For  my  own   part,  I   never  had  yet  an 
opportunity  of  reading  these  books  over,  and  there- 
fore I  cannot,  as  yet,  give  my  opinion  about  them. 
They  all  wished  that  the  work  had  fallen  upon  me. 
I  told  them,  if  I  had  done  it,  it  should  have  been 
done  in  the  manner  Mr.  Dodsworth  and  sir  William 
Dugdalo  followed,  and  that  I  would  have  taken  care 
to  have  given  originals,  (instead  of  translations,)  which 
is  the  excellency  of  Dodsworth  and  Dugdale. 

1 724]  HE  A  R  NIA  NjE.  209 

This  young  lord  is  not  yet  married,  but  a  fine  lady 
is  in  his  view,  as  Mr.  Sexton  told  me. 

Mr.  King  is  godson  to  king  James  III.  being  the 
very  first  the  king  stood  for.  This  Mr.  King  is  a  per- 
sonable man,  and  hath  a  fine  lady.  He  often  drinks, 
Betty  of  Hearts,  meaning,  I  believe,  king  James  the 
third's  queen,  that  most  beautifull  lady. 

Oct.  12.  Mr.  Murray,  being  in  Oxford,  told  me, 
that  he  happened  once,  with  two  or  three  gentlemen, 
to  see  the  celebrated  Sally  Salisbury,  while  she  was 
under  confinement,  being  the  only  time  he  saw  her. 
They  found  her  with  two  or  three  others  drinking  a 
bowle  of  punch,  of  about  fifteen  or  sixteen  shillings. 
Mr.  Murray  and  his  companions  sate  at  another  table. 
But  Mr.  Murray  being  a  great  lover  of  punch,  and 
expressing  himself  as  if  he  desired  to  taste  of  it,  he 
was  very  civilly  accommodated.  He  said,  she  seemed 
to  him  to  be  about  fourty  years  of  age,  tho'  she  must 
be  less,  if,  according  to  her  life,  she  was  born  about 
1690,  or  1691.  He  said,  she  dressed  plain  but  neat, 
that  she  had  the  finest  hand  his  eyes  ever  beheld,  and 
that  she  had  been  most  certainly  a  compleat  beauty.1 

Nov.  16.  Dr.  Carter,  provost  of  Oriel  college,  having 
entered  a  young  gentleman  some  time  ago  from  Hart 
hall,  the  principal  of  Hart  hall,  Dr.  Newton,  hath 
made  a  great  stir  in  the  matter,  because  the  young 
gentleman  had  no  discessit  from  the  hall,  as  the  sta- 
tutes require ;  tho',  after  all,  Dr.  Carter  forfeits  only 
40  shillings  for  such  entrance  by  the  statutes,  which 
Newton  would  have  raised  to  40  libs.  Newton  is 
famous  for  talking  much,  Carter  for  saying  nothing. 

1  See  vol.  ii.  p.  192. 
II.  P 


210  BELIQUI^J  [1724 

Somebody  upon  this  occasion  hath  made  the  following 
verses.  I  rather  think  they  were  done  by  Mr.  Jones, 
of  Balliol,  that  translated  Oppian  into  English. 

Newton,  with  open  mouth,  demands  a  stray, 
Carter  looks  wisely,  and  will  nothing  say.    ■ 
Newton  remonstrates,  Carter's  wondrous  shy  : 
Newton  then  prints,  but  Carter  won't  reply. 
O  !   endless  question,  should  it  last,  so  long, 
Till  Carter  speaks,  or  Newton  holds  his  tongue. 

Dec.  1.  On  Wednesday  last,  at  night,  died  of  the 
stone,1  my  very  worthy  friend,  the  reverend  and 
learned  Mr.  Hilkiah  Bedford,  M.A.  and  formerly 
fellow  of  St.  John's  college,  in  Cambridge.2  This 
great  and  good  man  died  one  of  the  firm  and  steddy 
confessors  of  the  church  of  England.  He  was  author 
and  translator  of  many  learned  books,  two  of  which 
deserve  a  particular  mention,  viz.  his  Vindication  of 
the  Church  of  England,  in  Defence  of  the  Clause  in  tin 
20th  Article  about  Ceremonies,  against  Mr.  Collins's 
vile  pamphlet,  called  Priestcraft  in  Perfection,  and 
his  book  called  Hereditary  Right,  printed  in  folio  in 

1  Dec.  7.  Mr.  Baker,  of  Cambridge,  writes  me  word,  that 
Mr.  Bedford  died  November  25th  last,  about  ten  at  night,  of 
the  stone.  He  had  been  probed  twice,  and  no  stone  could  be 
discovered ;  but  after  his  death,  his  body  being  opened,  a  stone 
\v;is  found  and  taken  out  larger  than  a  hen's  egg.  By  his 
will,  he  has  left  his  wife  and  eldest  son  executors.  He  was 
buried  on  Sunday,  Nov.  29,  in  St.  Margaret's,  Westminster, 
the  pall  being  held  up  by  six  friends  of  his  own  principles,  and 
the  oilice  read  by  another.     T.  II. 

2  Hilkiah  Bedford,  natu  Londino,  filius  Hilkise  B.  mathematici 
mechanici,  Uteris  institutus  in  schola  infra  Bradley  in  com.  Snff. 
sub  m'ro  Ilarwood,  retatis  10,  admissus  est  subsizator  pro  d're 
Watson,  tutore  et  fidejussors  ejus,  Oct.  S,  1679.     Jlej.  Coll.  Jo. 

MS.  note  by  Mr.  Baker  to  his  copy  of  Barwick's  Life,  in 
English,  now  in  the  Bodleian. 

1724]  HEARNIANsE.  211 

queen  Anne's  time,  which  made  a  great  noise,  and 
Mr.  Bedford  was  imprisoned  three  years  for  it,  and 
fined  high,  but  his  fine  was  at  last,  with  much  diffi- 
culty, remitted.1  His  name  is  not  put  to  any  of  his 
books,  that  I  know  of.  .Dr.  Hickes  left  him  his  own 
books  and  a  legacy  in  money,  desiring  that  Mr. 
Bedford  might  write  his  life,  which  accordingly  he 
undertook,  but  I  know  not  whether  he  finished  it. 
The  two  last  things  Mr.  Bedford  published  were,  Dr. 
John  Barwick' s  Life,  writ  in  Latin  by  his  brother  Dr. 
Peter  Barwick.  This  Mr.  Bedford  put  out  in  Latin. . 
After  which,  this  very  year,2  he  put  out  the  same 
Life,  translated  by  Mr.  Bedford  himself,  in  English, 
with  many  notes  and  illustrations,  wanting  in  the  Latin 

Dec.  4.  Tho'  king  Charles  II.  was  very  amorous, 
and  much  addicted  to  women,  (which  was  his  chief 
failing,  and  appeared  most  of  all  after  his  restaura- 
tion,)  yet  he  was  not  guilty  of  swearing,  but  on  the 
contrary  would  reprove  such  as  used  it :  an  instance 
of  which  Mr.  Blount,  in  p.  2o  of  the  second  part  of 
his  Boscobel,gives  us,  when  the  king  was  in  his  disguise 
at  Hampshire,  at  Hambledon,  at  the  house  of  Mr. 
Symonds,  who  entertained  his  majesty,  who  then 
went  under  the  name  of  Will.  Jackson,  when,  it  seems, 

1  See  vol.  ii.  p.  60,  under  April  23,  1718. 

2  London,  printed  by  J.  Bettenham,  M.DCC.XXIV.  8vo.  This 
volume,  I  know  not  why,  has  not  of  late  years  been  sought  after 
by  collectors  with  the  avidity  displayed  in  the  attainment  of 
other  works  of  a  similar  nature,  printed  at  the  same  period.  It 
is  however  a  very  valuable  book,  and  contains  a  fund  of  amuse- 
ment and  information  which  will  well  reward  the  purchaser,  even 
if  he  gives  a  trifle  more  for  his  bargain  than  has  been  usually 
required.  There  are  some  copies  on  large  paper,  and  both  papers 
should  have  portraits  of  Peter  and  John  Barwick,  engraved  by 

212  RELIQUIAE  [1724 

Mr.  Symons  letting  fall  an  oath  by  chance,  the  king 
(whom  Mr.  Symonds  did  not  know  to  be  such)  took 
occasion  modestly  to  reprove  him. 

Dec.  5.  Samuel  Gale,  esq.  writes  me  word,  in  a 
letter  dated  from  London,  the  3d  inst.  that  he  hath 
lately  and  accidentally  purchased  an  antient,  but  fine, 
picture  of  the  beautiful  Rosamond.  Tis  painted  on 
a  pannel  of  wainscott,  and  represents  her  in  a  three 
quarter  proportion,  dressed  in  the  habit  of  the  times, 
a  streight  bodyed  gown  of  changeable  red  velvet,  with 
large  square  sleeves  of  black  flowered  damask  face- 
ings,  turned  up  above  the  bend  of  her  arms,  and  close 
sleeves  of  a  pearl  coloured  sattin  puffed  out,  but  but- 
toned at  the  rist,  appearing  from  under  the  large 
ones.  She  has  several  rings  set  with  pretious  stones 
on  her  fingers.  Her  breast  covered  with  a  fine  flow- 
ered linnen,  gathered  close  at  the  neck,  like  a  ruff. 
Her  face  is  charmingly  fair,  with  a  fine  blush  in  her 
cheeks  ;  her  hair  of  a  dark  brown,  parted  with  a  seam 
from  the  middle  of  her  forhead  upwards  under  her 
coifure,  which  is  very  plain,  but  a  gold  lace  appears 
above  it,  and  that  covered  with  a  small  cap  of  black 
silk.  She  is  looking  very  intently  upon  the  fatal  cup, 
which  she  holds  in  one  hand,  and  the  cover  in  the 
other,  as  going  to  drink  it.  Before  her  is  a  table 
covered  with  black  damask,  on  which  there  lies  a 
prayer  book  open,  writtin  the  antient  black  character. 
The  whole  piece  is  ext  reamly  well  preserved.  Mr.  Gale 
takes  it  to  have  been  done  about  Harry  the  seventh's 

Dec.  12.  Magliabecchi,  the  late  duke  of  Tuscany's 
librarian,  was  a  very  strange  man.  Nobody  had  such 
a  memory  for  books.     He  was  a  common  repertory. 

1724]  HEAENIANuE.  213 

If  any  wanted  to  know  what  books  were  writ  upon 
any  subject,  he  could  tell  immediately.  He  wore  no 
shirt,  and  lived  upon  pudding  and  hard  eggs.  In  the 
latter  part  of  his  life,  he  lived  altogether  in  the  library. 
He  was  never  but  once  out  of  town,  and  that  was  but 
ten  miles  off.  .  So  I  have  heard  Mr.  Cockman,  and 
his  brother,  the  physician,  Dr.  John  Cockman,  who 
have  been  at  Florence,  say.  Magliabecchi,  however, 
(notwithstanding  the  severity  of  his  life,)  was  a  mighty 
complaisant,  civil,  obliging  man.  A  medal  was  struck 
to  him. 

Dec.  18.  In  the  year  16G0,  was  printed  in  12mo. 
at  London,  OromweWs Bloody  Slaughter-house;  or,  his 
damnable  Designes  laid  and  practised  by  him  and  his 
Negros,  in  contriving  the  murther  of  his  sacred  majesty 
King  Charles,  discovered.  By  a  Person  of  Honour. 
With  Cromwell's  picture  at  the  beginning,  offering  up 
the  royal  crown  to  the  scaffold,  on  which  scaffold  is 
the  executioner  in  a  vizard,  with  H.  P.  over  his  head, 
signifying  that  Hugh  Peters  was  the  disguised  person 
that  beheaded  the  king  ;  and  the  same  is  also  asserted 
in  p.  33  of  the  book,  where  'tis  said — "  Through 
"  that  power  and  influence,  which  by  their  lyes, 
"  soceries,  and  hypocrisies,  they  with  the  help  of  that 
"  mongrel  minister,  that  military  priest,  that  modern 
"  Simon  Magus,  that  disguised  executioner,  that 
"  bloody  butcher  of  the  king,  H —  P — ,  they  have 
"  gained  upon  the  common  souldiery/'  I  purchased 
this  book  lately,  and  tho'  it  be  but  a  very  small  thing, 
yet  I  value  it  at  least  a  crown.  I  know  not  who  was 
the  author.  This  loyal  treatise  (as  is  insinuated  in 
the  stationer's  preface  to  the  reader)  was  pen'd  many 
years  before  it  was  printed,  and  sent  over  from  the 
Hague  to  be  printed  here,  for  his  majestie's  service ;  but 

214  RELIQUIAE  [1724-25 

the  printing  of  it  was  hindered  upon  this  occasion : 
the  printer,  to  whose  care  it  was  commended,  fell  into 
some  trouble  for  some  other  acts  of  loyalty,  which 
were  then  called  treason  ;  such  as  were  the  printing 
of  king  Charles  the  first's  incomparable  book,  entituled, 
'EIKH  N  BA2IAI'KH\  in  English,  Latin,  French, 
and  Italian ;  Salmasii  Defensio  Regia ;  Elenchus 
Motuum  nuperorum  in  Anglia,  by  Dr.  Bates ;  and 
some  other  things  of  the  like  nature.  He  was  com- 
mitted to  Newgate,  his  press  and  other  materials 
seized  upon  and  carryed  away  by  Hunscott ;  his  wife 
and  children  turned  out  of  doors ;  and  threatned  to 
be  tried  by  an  high  court  of  in-justice.  This  was 
the  reason  of  letting  this  tract  lye  dormant  'till  better 

1724-25.  Jan.  1.  I  am  told  by  old  Mr.  Nich.  Cox, 
the  bookseller,  who  was  once  querister  of  New  college, 
at  least  went  to  school  there  when  a  boy,  that  he 
remembers  bishop  Ken  a  bachcllor  of  arts  of  that 
college,  and  that  he  was  even  then,  when  young,  very 
pious  and  charitable,  and  used  always  to  have  small 
money  to  give  away  constantly  as  he  walked  the 
streets,  in  pence  or  two  pences,  or  more  at  a  time,  as 
he  saw  proper  objects. 

Jan.  16.  Edge  hill  fight  happened  on  a  Sunday,  in 
the  afternoon,  Oct.  23,  1042,  the  fight  beginning 
about  the  beginning  of  evening  service,  at  two  clock, 
at  which  time  prince  Rupert  having  quite  routed  the 
enemie's  left  wing,  and  his  men  being  busy  in  the 
plunder,  he  there  found  several  letters  and  advisoes 
from  one  Blake,  then  of  his  bed-chamber,  to  the  earl 
of  Essex,  (general  of  the  parliamentarian  army,  and 
commander  of  their  main  battle  in  this  fight,)  whereby 

1724-25]  HEARNIANjE.  215 

he  understood  his  counsels  were  betrayed ;  for  which 
the  said  Blake  was  afterwards  hanged  in  the  mid-way 
betwixt  Oxford  and  Abington,  in  an  oak,  as  the  king's 
army  marched  to  a  rendezvous.1 

Jan.  19.  They  have  a  custom  at  Northmore,  near 
Witney,  in  Oxfordshire,  for  men  and  women,  every 
Easter  Sunday  after  evening  service,  to  throw  in  the 
church-yard  great  quantities  of  apples,  and  those  that 
have  been  married  that  year  are  to  throw  three  times 
as  many  as  any  of  the  rest.  After  which  all  go  to  the 
minister's  house,  and  eat  bread  and  cheese,  (he  is 
obliged  to  have  the  best  cheese  he  can  get,)  and  drink 

They  have  a  custom  in  St.  Aldgate's  parish,  Oxford, 
for  people  of  the  parish  to  eat  sugar  sopps  out  of  the 
font  in  the  church,  every  holy  Thursday,  and  this  is 
done  in  the  morning. 


Jan.  30.  Memorand.  That  Mr.  Whiteside,  keeper 
of  the  Ashmolean  museum,  went  this  morning  by 
Haynes's flying  coach,  at  four  clock,  to  London,3  about 
some  ordinary  business  relating  to  his  experiments. 

1  So  in  a  little  book,  intitled,  The  History  of  the  Commons 
Warre  of  England,  Lond.  1662,  p.  17.  N.  B.  This  oak  is  still 
in  being,  tho'  very  old,  and  many  of  the  boughs  cut  off.  It  is 
but  a  small  tree,  is  commonly  called  Blake's  oak,  and  is  within 
two  little  miles  of  Abbington.     T.  H. 

2  This  custom  still  prevails:  and  my  good  friend  the  present 
professor  of  Anglo-Saxon,  who  is  vicar  of  Northmore,  tells  me, 
that  on  Easter  Sunday  last,  (1822,)  being  ignorant  of  the  usual 
warfare,  and  so  neglecting  to  make  good  his  retreat  after  even- 
ing service,  he  came  in  contact  with  a  stray  shot  or  two,  much 
to  the  entertainment  of  his  parishioners  ;  all  of  whom,  old  as  well 
as  young,  religiously  take  part  in  the  contest. 

3  There  is  nothing  in  which  we  have  obtained  a  more  decisive 

216  RELIQUIAE  [1724-25 

I  am  well  informed,  that  the  great  and  most  cele- 
brated mathematician,  sir  Isaac  Newton,  does  not  un- 
derstand a  bit  of  classical  learning,  but  hath  apply'd 
himself  altogether  to  the  mathematicks,  only  some- 
times for  diversion,  and  for  relaxation  of  his  spirits, 
he  hath  studied  chronology.1 

I  heard  a  man,  who  bears  a  good  character,  and 
lives  now  at  Horton,  near  Oxford,  say  yesterday,  that 
Mr.  Edward  Eustace,  formerly  of  University  college, 
and  lately  minister  of  Beckley,  a  man  well  beloved  in 
his  parish,  being  once  to  preach  a  funeral  sermon  at 
Beckley,  happened  to  forget  his  sermon,  and  thereupon 
went  home,  at  some  distance,  to  fetch  it  just  as  the 
psalm  was  begun  to  be  sung,  upon  which  he  desired 
the  clarke  to  keep  on  singing  till  his  return,  so  that 
the  whole  119th  psalm  was  sung  out,  a  thing  never, 
I  believe,  heard  of  before. 

Feb.  7.  By  our  letters  from  Rome,  we  are  advised, 

advantage  over  our  predecessors,  than  in  the  expedition  and 
convenience  with  which  we  now  travel.  At  the  present  time  we 
are  conveyed  from  Oxford  to  London  with  ease  and  safety  in 
somewhat  less  than  seven  hours,  a  journey  performed,  not  quite 
a  century  since,  in  two  days.  The  coach,  from  Michaelmas  to 
Lady  Day,  started  at  four  o'clock  in  the  morning,  and  was  to 
reach  Oxford  in  the  evening  of  the  second  day.  During  the 
summer  half  year,  they  ran  only  three  days  a  week,  leaving 
Oxford  and  London  at  nine  o'clock,  and  performing  the  distance 
in  one  day  only.  The  same  improvement  manifests  itself  in 
every  species  of  public  conveyance.  In  1707,  the  only  regular 
carriage  between  Oxford  and  Bath  was  by  a  carrier  once  a  fort- 
night; the  same  to  Birmingham  and  to  Beading:  to  Shrewsbury 
once  in  a  month;  to  Exeter  once  in  five  weeks;  and  to  West- 
moreland thrice  a  year. 

1  Pope  said  of  sir  Isaac  Newton,  that  though  so  deep  in  algebra 
and  fluxions,  he  could  not  readily  make  up  a  common  account: 
and,  when  he  was  master  of  the  mint,  used  to  get  somebody  to 
make  up  his  accounts  for  him.     Speuce's  Anecdotes,  p.  175. 

1724-25]  HEARNIAN^E.  217 

that  the  pope  has  not  only  commanded  the  inferior 
clergy  to  recommend  to  the  people  the  reading  of  the 
holy  scriptures  in  the  vulgar  tongue,  but  that  he 
designs  to  employ  men  of  skill  and  learning  in  making 
a  more  correct  translation  of  the  holy  Bible  than  is 
yet  extant.  It  is  said,  that  he  has  also  declared,  that 
as  customs  and  ceremonies  are  not  matter  of  faith, 
he  is  willing  the  church  should  lay  aside  part  of  her 
drapery,  that  the  reformed  may  no  longer  have  a  pre- 
tence of  quarrelling  with  their  ancient  mother,  (as 
they  call  her  at  Rome,)  nay,  some  have  gone  so  far  as 
to  say,  that  he  has  some  design  of  calling  a  general 
council,  and  that  thus,  by  meeting  the  protestants,  as 
it  were,  half-way,  he  is  not  without  hopes  of  drawing 
all  Christendom  under  one  form  of  church  discipline. 
So  that  tho'  he  is  a  person  of  singular  piety,  he  appears 
to  be  no  bigot.  This  unexpected  news  has  made  so 
much  noise  in  the  world,  that  in  the  protestant  courts 
of  Europe  it  is  the  common  saying  now,  that  the  pope 
is  turned  protestant.  It  is  certain,  that  for  a  time 
there  has  been  a  chappel  allowed  in  the  palace  of  the 
chevalier  de  St.  George,  where  divine  service  is  regu- 
larly performed  according  to  the  rites  of  the  church 
of  England,  and  that  two  ministers  of  good  reputation 
for  learning,  officiate  there.  It  is  observed  also,  that 
the  frightful  notion  the  common  people  entertained  of 
a  heretick  is  quite  worn  off,  and  that  when  a  pro- 
testant now  dies  in  Rome,  he  is  admitted  to  be  bury'd 
in  consecrated  ground,  which  is  a  new  privilege.  This 
favour,  as  well  as  the  kind  dispositions  the  pope  him- 
self seems  to  entertain  of  a  union  amongst  theChristian 
churches,  is  supposed  to  come  from  the  influence  of 
the  English,  who  reside  in  the  Roman  territories.1 

1  The  substance  of  this  is  taken  from  Mist's  Journal,  No.  328, 
Feb.  6,  1724-25. 

218  RELIQUIAE  [1724-25 

Feb.  9.  At  Sunningwell,  near  Abbington  in  Berks, 
they  have  a  custom,  (which  I  suppose  was  formerly 
in  other  places,  tho'  I  do  not  know  of  any  else  where 
it  is  now,)  every  Shrove  Tuesday,  at  night,  in  the  dusk 
of  the  evening,  for  the  boys  and  girls  to  say  these 
verses  about  the  village, 

Beef  and  bacon's 

out  of  season, 
I  want  a  pan 

to  parch  my  peason. 

which  they  repeat  several  times,  and  then  throw  stones 
at  all  people's  doors,  which  makes  the  people  generally 
to  shut  up  their  doors  that  evening,  the  custom  begin- 
ning much  about  the  dusk  thereof. 

Feb.  17.  My  friend  Mr.  James  West,  in  a  letter 
of  the  11th  inst.  from  London,  told  me  he  had  met 
with  John  Fox's  Book  of  Martyrs,  in  Latin,  printed 
at  Basil,  1559,  fol.  which  (says  Mr.  West)  contains 
many  things  not  in  the  English  editions,  and  is  ex- 
ceeding scarce.1 

1  Feb.  18.  To  James  West,  esq.  at  No.  7,  in  Fig-tree  court,  in 
the  Inner  Temple,  London. 

Dear  Sir,  If  John  Fox's  Commentaries  he  a  hook  that  is  scarce, 
'tis  grown  so  of  late.  For  some  few  years  ago  it  was  very  com- 
mon and  very  cheap.  Yet  I  never  endeavoured  to  make  myself 
master  of  it,  thinking  that  the  English  book,  which  I  have, 
would  serve  my  turn.  I  never  had  the  curiosity  of  comparing 
the  Latin  with  any  English  edition  ;  and  therefore  cannot  of 
myself  account  for  the  differences,  which,  however,  I  have  been 
told  are  very  great,  and  indeed  the  first  English  edition  (which 
is  in  Magdalen  college  library,  of  the  author's  own  gift,  with  a 
Latin  epistle  before  it,  of  his  own  penning,  never  yet  printed)* 
varies  very  much  from  those  that  were  set  out  afterwards.     Mr. 

*  Hearne  afterwards  printed  it  in  Adam  de  Domerham,  append, 
ad  prajf.  num.  v.  p.  lxiv. 

1724-25]  HEARNIANJE.  219 

Feb.  23.  Last  night  I  received  a  letter  of  the  20th 
inst.  from  Mr.  Ward,  of  Longbridge,  near  Warwick,  in 
which  he  desires  my  opinion  about  organs,  he  having 
lately  met  with  the  following  remark,  which  he  was 
glad  of  the  opportunity  to  communicate  to  me,  viz. 
"  That  there  never  were  any  organs  in  cathedrall  or 
"  collegiate  churches  in  England  before  king  Henry 
"  VIII.  altho'  there  were  vicar  choralls,  clerks,  (or 
"  singing  men,)  and  choristers  :  for  no  organists  are 
"  foundation  men,  (but  only  as  informator  choris- 
"  tarum,)  and  are  admitted  as  clerks,  and  not  as 
"  organists  in  those  churches."  I  am  since  informed, 
(saith  Mr.  Ward,)  there  was  provision  made  for  an 
organist  at  All-Souls,  Oxon,  long  before  that  time.  But 

Fox  was  a  diligent  learned  man ;  but  being  calvinistically  in- 
clined, and  too  zealous  against  those  of  another  perswasion,  he 
imployed  a  good  part  of  his  time  in  collecting  stories,  that  served 
any  way  to  lessen  the  credit  of  such  as  he  looked  upon  as  enemies ; 
and  being  of  a  very  credulous  temper,  he  very  easily  believed 
the  reports  that  were  sent  in  to  him ;  so  that  the  credit  of  his 
work  hath  been  deservedly  called  in  question  by  many  learned 
and  judicious  men,  protestants  as  well  as  papists,  who  were  all 
very  sensible  that  as  he  was  withall  of  a  very  great  memory, 
so  he  trusted  too  much  to  it,  and,  in  putting  down  stories,  would 
wholly  depend  upon  that,  even  at  such  times  as  he  might  have 
transcribed  immediately  from  books  and  papers ;  a  fault  which 
several  other  great  men  have  been  guilty  of,  not  excepting  the 
famous  John  Tzetzes,  who  after  he  had  read  over  a  great  variety 
of  authors,  was  so  far  nevertheless  from  extracting  from  them 
verbatim,  (as  Photius  did,  who  is  therefore  the  more  valuable,) 
that  he  rely'd  intirely  upon  his  memory,  which  was  prodigious, 
in  the  many  curious  historical  passages  (from  those  authors)  in 
his  Chiliads;  and  he  is  very  full  of  himself  for  having  such  a 
memory,  as  it  he  endeavoured  thereby  to  recommend  his  work 
the  better  to  posterity,  which  certainly  would  have  been  of  greater 
esteem  if  he  had  heen  a  faithfull  transcriber.  For  tho'  after  he 
had  read  the  books  he  tells  us  several  times  that  he  was  afiifiXog, 
yet  this  was  only  to  shew  what  a  memory  he  had,  there  being  no 
doubt  but  he  might  have  had  constant  access  to  the  very  same 
books  he  had  already  perused.     But  tho'  it  would  have  been  a 

220  RELIQUIAE  [1724-25 

you  may  soon  learn  the  truth  of  this,  which  will  in- 
finitely oblige,  Sir,  your  very  humble  servant, 

Tho.  Ward. 

As  for  this  notion  of  there  being  no  organs  in 
cathedral  and  collegiate  churches  'till  Hen.  VIHth's 
time,  it  is  very  odd  and  groundless.  I  know  not  the 
provisions  in  colleges  and  cathedrals  on  that  account, 
but 'tis  certain,  that  organs  in  churches  were  very  early, 
as  Durantus  hath  shewed,  De  Ritibus  Ecclcsiw,  1.  1,  c. 
13.  King  Edgar  founded  many  churches,  and  organs 
were  placed  in  them  ;  particularly  in  his  time  organs 
are  mentioned  to  be  in  the  church  of  Glastonbury,  by 
John  of  Glastonbury,  in  his  MS.  Chronicle  ;  and  since 
Glastonbury  was  the  mother  church  of  this  isle,  there 

more  valuable  work  had  he  been  an  exact  transcriber,  yet  most 
of  his  authors  being  lost,  as  it  is,  it  is  of  great  account,  and  I 
could  wish,  for  that  reason,  that  it  were  reprinted,  it  being  become 
now  exceeding  scarce.  Such  works  would  be  more  for  the  credit 
of  scholars  to  set  out,  than  books  that  are  very  common,  and 
whereof  there  are  daily  editions  coming  out.  And  methinks 
societies  should  engage  in  some  great  works,  either  never  yet 
printed,  or,  if  printed,  are  become  either  almost  or  quite  as  rare 
as  MSS.  This  I  mention  upon  account  of  two  prints  you  lately 
mentioned,  the  publishing  of  which  might  have  been  proper 
enough  for  some  single  person,  whose  abilities  would  not  reach 
higher,  but,  I  think,  they  do  not  redound  much  to  the  honour 
of  the  members  that  jointly  concerned  themselves,  unless  they 
had  published  them  in  some  great  work,  such  as  a  continuation 
of  Weever,  in  which  all  monuments  of  this  nature  might  be  in- 
serted. Neither  would  the  Arundelian  statues,  in  my  lord 
Lempster's  gardens,  be  improper  for  them,  especially  if  they 
would  undertake  to  illustrate  them  with  other  pieces  of  anti- 
quity. For  to  print  them  alone  without  improvements,  might 
he  more  lit  for  a  single  person  than  a  body  of  men.  I  am  glad 
Mr.  Anstis's  book  is  out,  and  am, 

Dear  Sir, 
Your  most  obliged  humble  servant, 
Edm.  Hull.  Oxford,  TlIO.  HEAKNE. 

Febr.  18,1724. 

My  service  to  Mr.  Murray. 

1724-25]  HEARNIANsE.  221 

is  no  doubt  but  other  churches  followed  her  in  in- 
strumental musick,  as  well  as  other  things. 

Feb.  28.  Mr.  now  Dr.  Ralph  Bridges  informed  me 
by  letter  from  South  weald,  in  Essex,  April  10,  1724, 
his  late  brother  John  Bridges,  esq.'s  collections,  about 
Northamptonshire,  are  very  large  and  curious,  and 
could  a  workman  be  found  of  abilities  equal  to  the 
materials,  the  publick  might  some  time  or  other  hope 
to  be  the  better  for  them,  he  having  by  his  last  will 
ordered  them  to  be  carefully  preserved  in  his  family. 
But  his  library  is  appointed  to  be  sold. 

March  1.  Wm.  Budaeus  did  not  learn  Greek  'till  he 
was  of  an  advanced  age,  but  when  he  engaged  in  that 
study  he  became  very  eminent,  so  as  to  be  deservedly 
looked  upon  as  one  of  the  best  Grecians  that  latter 
times  have  produced.  Tho'  Erasmus  exceeded  him 
in  Latin,  yet  Budaeus  was  far  superior  to  Erasmus  in 
Greek.  He  could  both  speak  and  write  it  elegantly, 
as  if  it  were  his  mother  tongue.  He  was  extremely 
critical  in  it,  and  to  know  the  various  ways  of  writing 
and  pronouncing,  he  was  very  inquisitive  after  old 
MSS.  and  inscriptions.  But  inscriptions  were  not  so 
common  then  as  now,  when  great  treasures  have  been 
discovered  in  Asia  Minor,  which  have  illustrated  many 
things  relating  to  the  ancient  magistrates,  and  to  the 
Greek  customs,  as  also  have  coyns,  though  coyns  are 
not  so  serviceable  as  the  former,  by  reason  of  the 
little  room  on  them  for  expressing  any  circumstance 
in  history. 

March  7.  Memorandum.  That  in  the  Oxford  Alma- 
nack for  the  year  1725,  there  is  a  catalogue  of  the 
deans  of  Christ  Church,  in  which,  however,  is  very 

222  RELIQUIAE  [1725 

partially  left  out  Mr.  Dean  Massey,  who  nevertheless 
was  as  much  a  dean  of  that  house  as  ever  any  one 
was,  he  having  been  appointed  by  a  rightful  king, 
king  James  II.  and  being  installed  and  lived  amongst 
them  with  great  respect,  (for  he  was  an  ingenious, 
good  natured  man,)  'till  he  was  forced  to  go  off.  He 
hath  not  been  dead  long,  if  he  be  indeed  dead  yet.  A 
few  years  since,  Mr.  Middleton,  chaplain  of  Merton 
college,  (of  which  college  dean  Massey  had  been,)  told 
me  he  saw  him  in  France,  at  Paris,  in  a  very  chcarfull 

May  29.  On  Monday  last  (May  24)  was  hanged  at 
Tyburne,  Mr.  Jonathan  Wylde,  the  famous  thief- 
taker.  This  man  was  looked  upon,  and  deservedly,  as 
one  of  the  greatest,  if  not  the  very  greatest,  rogue  in 
England.  He  was  the  prince  of  thieves  and  villains. 
Oaths  were  taken  to  him,  and  all  things  were  at  his 
direction.  He  knew,  and  had  hand  in,  all  robberies, 
thefts,  &c.  and  had  his  proportion ;  but  then  'twas 
usual  with  him  to  discover  many  a  man,  and  to  get 
them  taken  off,  such  as  he  did  not  like,  or  proved 
otherwise  than  he  would  have  them.  He  helped 
many  to  their  own  again,  but  not  without  great  re- 
wards, and  'twas  this  that  brought  him  to  the  gallowcs. 

June  13.  Dr.  John  Wallis,  tho'  he  used  no  exercise, 
(at  least  very  little,)  was  however  very  healthy,  and 
died  in  the  87th  year  of  his  age.  He  was  a  very  hard 
student  even  to  the  last,  and  (which  is  remarkable) 
used  no  spectacles,  insomuch  that  I  saw  him,  a  little 
before  he  died,  in  the  Bodleian  library,  (in  one  of  the 
darkest  places  thereof,)  reading  a  book  of  a  small 
letter  without  spectacles,  at  which  time  he  writ  the 
note  mentioned  in  vol.  i.  p.  14,  about  the  Madrid  Index 

1725]  HEARNIANuE.  223 

Expurgatorius.     He  would  usually  sit  at  his  studies 
12  or  14  hours  together. 

July  15.  On  this  day  se'nnight  (viz.  Thursday,  July 
8)  died  at  London,  the  Rev.  Dr.  Richard  Fiddes,  rector 
of  Halsham,  near  Hull,  in  Yorkshire,  and  author  of 
A  Body  of  Divinity,  in  two  folios,  of  An  Annual  Course 
of  Sermons,  in  one  folio,  of  the  Life  of  Cardinal  Wolsey, 
in  one  folio,  and  of  some  books  in  8vo.  one  whereof 
is  an  Essay  concerning  Homer.  He  was  originally  of 
University  college,  in  Oxford,  and  was  collector  for 
the  Lent  disputations.  He  left  the  college,  took  holy 
orders,  and  married,  and  hath  left  several  children 
and  his  wife  behind  him.  Some  years  since,  he  lost 
the  use  of  his  voice,  and  dedicating  some  sermons  to 
Dr.  Smalridge,  printed  in  8vo.,  the  doctor  got  him 
the  degree  of  bachellor  of  divinity  (tho'  he  was  not 
master  of  arts)  conferred  on  him,  which  was  done 
with  difficulty,  there  being  great  opposition  in  the 
convocation  house,  and  afterwards  he  was  created 
doctor  in  the  said  faculty.  He  had  a  living  also  given 
him  by  the  university,  but  that  he  could  not  hold,  by 
reason  the  person  (who  was  pretended  to  be  a  Roman 
cathoiick,  and  therefore  not  qualified  to  present)  con- 
tested the  matter,  and  was  too  hard  for  Fiddes.  He 
was  a  man  that  had  a  good  command  enough  of  Eng- 
lish, but  had  not  much  learning,  especially  in  our 
history  and  antiquities,  (to  which  he,  at  last,  meerly 
to  get  a  penny,  for  his  wife  and  children  reduced 
him  to  penury,  addicted  himself,)  for  which  reason 
his  Life  of  Cardinal  Wolsey  is  a  very  poor,  injudicious, 
weak  performance,  as  would  also  (without  doubt)  have 
been  his  Life  of  bishop  Fisher,  and  his  Life  of  sir 
Thomas  More,  both  of  which  he  had  also  undertaken, 
but  I  know  not  what  progress  he  had  made  in  them,  tho' 

224  RELIQUIJE  [1725 

he  had  excellent  materials  from  Mr.  Baker  of  Cambridge, 
Mr.  Anstis,  and  some  others.  The  doctor  was  little 
more  than  fifty  years  of  age.  'Tis  thought  his  heart 
was  broke  with  the  troubles  of  his  family,  and  some 
other  misfortunes,  and  it  may  be  he  was  affected  not 
a  little  to  find  his  Life  of  Cardinal  Wolsey  slighted,  as 
it  deserves.  I  was  told  one  remarkable  thing  of  this 
doctor,  namely,  that  he  could  write  (and  did  therefore 
use  to  write)  as  well  in  company  as  out  of  company.1 

Jul//  22.  Sir  Philip  Sydenham  has  part  of  a  letter 
wrote  by  Oliver  Cromwell  himself,  in  these  words,  to 
general  Monk.  'Tis  said  there  is  a  cunning  fellow  in 
Scotland  called  George  Monk,  who  lyes  in  wait  there  to 
serve  Charles  Stuart;  pray  use  your  diligence  to  take 
him,  and  send  him  up  to  me. 

In  the  same  letter  sir  Philip  observes,  that  general 
Monk's  lady,  sister  to  Dr.  Clarges,  (tho'  sir  Philip 
believes  he  never  was  doctor,)  had  a  gown  called  the 
treason-gown,  which  she  often  put  on,  and  had  the 
liberty  to  paint  out  the  tyrants  of  Westminster  in 
their  bloudy,  rebellious  colours,  and  this  she  did,  says 
the  historian,  (so  sir  Philip  writes.)  with  a  great  deal 
of  wit,  and  often  influenced  her  husband. 

1  Aug.  8.  I  had  made  enquiries  after  Dr.  Fiddes  at  Oxford  for 
Mr.  Baker,  who  had  lent  him  two  MSS.,  hut  could  not  tell 
where  he  was  any  otherwise  than  at  London,  and  at  last  I  un- 
derstood he  was  dead.  Mr.  Baker,  in  a  letter  of  July  31,  thanks 
me  for  these  enquiries,  and  tells  me,  he  hath  an  account  of 
Dr.  Fiddes's  death,  from  Mr.  Anstis,  at  whose  house  at  Putney 
he  died,  being  invited  thither,  upon  Dr.  Mead's  advising  him 
to  use  the  country  air,  in  hopes  of  relief.  He  came  in  a  weak 
condition,  walked  in  the  garden  that  day,  and  went  out  in  the 
chariot;  the  next  day  walked  again,  and  died  in  the  evening, 
lie  was  buried  at  Fulham,  betwixt  two  bishops,  Compton  and 
Kobinson.   T.  II. 

1725]  HEARNIANjE.  225 

July  31.  My  friend  Thomas  Rawlinson,  esq.  writ 
me  word,  a  little  more  than  a  week  since,  that  his 
wife  x  is  "a  poor,  good-natured,  honest,  persecuted 
"  creature,"  alluding  to  the  troubles  in  which  they 
are  both  involved,  occasioned  by  his  creditors. 

He  hath  but  an  indifferent  opinion  of  my  friend 
John  Murray,  whom  I  and  others  look  upon  as  a  very 
honest  man,  as  without  doubt  he  is,  but  my  friend 
Mr.  Rawlinson  is  disgusted.  Mr.  Rawlinson  calls 
him,  immcaic  quoddam  monstrum,  says  he  only  knows 
how  to  be  sly,  and  that  he  was  educated  under  his 
Houndsditch  pawn-broking  father. 

At  the  same  time  he  tells  me,  John  Bagford,  as  he 
takes  it,  was  a  much  honester  man  than  John  Murray, 

and  more  knowing,  and  that  the  other  has 

instead  of  it.2 

Mr.  Rawlinson,  at  the  same  time,  hinted,  that 
Dr.  Mead,  <fec.  are  only  my  pretended  friends,  "  and 
"  have  encouraged  my  studies  seemingly  to  make 
"  themselves  glory."  3 

He  says,  "  the  lord  Oxford,  that  fat  booby  calf,  as 
"  they  call  him,  is  a  rascall :  that  he  knew  Mr.  Raw- 
"  linson  meant  an  epitaph  on  poor  John  Bagford,  yet 

1  Tom  Rawlinson  married  his  servant,  Amy  Frewin,  who  had 
been  his  housemaid  for  some  years.  He  did  not  own  his  mar- 
riage till  about  twelve  months  after  it  had  taken  place,  when,  to 
the  dismay  of  his  brother,  and  the  entire  dissatisfaction  of  his 
creditors,  who  had  justcompleated  an  arrangement  astohis  affairs, 
he  confessed  the  union. 

2  N.B.  Mr.  Rawlinson  owes  Mr.  Murray  money,  an  hundred 
pounds  I  am  told,  upon  bond,  which  Mr.  Murray  is  urgent  now, 
upon  Mr.  Rawlinson's  marriage,  to  have  again,  which  puts  my 
friend  Mr.  Rawlinson  out  of  humour.    T.  H. 

3  I  must  beg  his  pardon.  Dr.  Mead,  &c.  profess  true  friend- 
ship, and  I  have  received  signal  instances  of  it,  and  I  have  not 
as  yet  found  any  cause  to  be  jealous.    T.  H, 

ir.  a 

226  BELIQUIJE  [1725 

"  slighted  him,  (Mr.  R.)  and  has  given  none  him- 
"  self."  » 

Mr.  Rawlinson  says,  he  "  doubts  Lenthall's  pic- 
"  ture  of  sir  Thomas  More's  family  (mentioned  in 
"  my  preface  to  Roper)  for  an  original,"  and  signifies, 
that  "  a  pretty  picture  is  in  a  drunken,  sorry  wretche's 
"  hand ;  one  Souther  by  he  thinks  they  call  the  crea- 
"  ture."  ~ 

Sept.  4.  On  Friday,  Aug.  6,  1725,  about  ten  a 
clock  in  the  morning,  died  in  London  my  dear  friend 
Thomas  Rawlinson,  esq.  (and  not,  as  the  printed 
papers  have  it,  on  Thursday,  Aug.  5,)  and  was  buried 
on  Thursday  night  following,  Aug.  12,  as  I  am  in- 
formed, by  letter  of  the  said  12th  of  Aug.  written  by 
Mr.  Sam.  May,  of  London  house,  (in  Aldersgate- 
street)  in  which  Mr.  Rawlinson  died,  he  having  for 
several  years  before  rented  lodgings  there.  Mr.  May, 
(who  is  a  wealthy  druggist,)  added,  "  it  is  not  easy 
"  to  tell  his  distemper,"  but  Mr.  Murray,  from  whom 
I  had  a  letter  from  London  of  the  same  date,  viz. 
Aug.  12,  said  that  he  died  "  after  a  languishing  ill— 
"  ness."  Mr.  Murray,  in  the  same  letter,  said  that 
Mr.  Rawlinson  "  made  a  will  two  days  before  he 
"  died,  wherein  it  is  said  he  has  ordered  his  debts 
"  to  be  paid,  and,  in  order  to  it,  his  books  are  to 
"  be  sold  as  soon  as  possible.  I  hear  (adds  he),  he 
"  has  left  his  wife  150  pounds  a  year  for  life."    Tho' 

1  My  lord  hath  shewed  me  many  particular  instances  of  friend- 
ship, and  I  am  willing  to  believe  him  sincere.    T.  H. 

'2  This  is  Mr.  James  Sotheby,  whom  I  have  mentioned  in  my 
books  more  than  once,  as  an  ingenious  man  ;  and  indeed  he  was 
curious  formerly,  and  was  much  assisted  L>y  Mr.  Bagford;  but 
it  seems  he  is  grown  an  idle,  useless  sot,  as  1  have  been  also  in- 
formed by  Mr.  Murray.   T.  H. 

1725]  HEAENIANJE.  227 

Mr.  May  observed,  as  I  have  noted,  that  'tis  not  easy 
to  tell  his  distemper,  yet  I  believe  the  immediate 
cause  of  it  was  a  great  concern  he  had  upon  account 
of  his  debts,  which  were  very  considerable.  For 
after  his  marrying  Mrs.  Amy  Frewin,  that  was  a  ser- 
vant to  him,  his  creditors  were  very  angry  with  him, 
and  united  to  give  him  trouble,  particularly  Dr.  Mead, 
(whom  he  owed,  as  I  have  been  informed,  live  hundred 
pounds,)  and  Mr.  John  Murray,  (whom  he  owed  upon 
bond  lOOlibs.)  were  very  clamorous,  which  affected  him 
so  much,  that  he  broke  into  such  language,  as  perhaps 
will  not  be  looked  upon  as  decent,  considering  that 
'twas  a  very  great  obligation  that  he  owed  to  them 
for  lending  him  money  in  his  want,  and  staying  many 
years  for  it. 

At  the  same  time  that  his  creditors  came  upon 
him,  I  was  also  desired  to  joyn  with  them  for  what 
he  owed  me,  which  was  a  pretty  many  pounds,  but 
this  I  absolutely  declined,  notwithstanding  he  left 
me  at  liberty  (for  I  informed  him  what  I  had  been 
moved  to)  to  do  as  I  pleased,  which  he  took  extreme 
kindly,  and  I  could  wish  that  Dr.  Mead  and  Mr.  Mur- 
ray had  acted  with  the  same  moderation,  since 
Mr.  Rawlinson  was  all  along  contriving  and  endea- 
vouring to  do  the  best  that  every  one  should  be  paid, 
as  himself  told  me,  and  he  assured  me  in  parti- 
cular, that  he  never  designed  (nor  did  I  ever  think 
he  did)  that  I  should  lose  anything  by  him,  and  so 
he  said  in  effect  with  respect  to  others. 

But  notwithstanding  the  justness  of  the  debts,  I 
am  of  opinion,  that  such  as  were  not  under  an  urgent 
necessity,  should  have  been  less  violent  towards  him, 
especially  booksellers,  for  whom  he  had  done  eminent 
service.  For,  being  a  man  of  a  brave,  noble  spirit, 
and  being  a  great  lover  of  books,  in  wdiich  I  never 

228  RELIQUIAE  [1725 

knew  any  one  whatsoever  better  skilled,  he  took  all 
opportunities  of  being  present  at,  or  at  least  giving 
commissions  at  sales  and  auctions,  and  by  his  high 
bidding  he  strangely  advanced  the  prices  of  books, 
which  he  likewise  did  in  booksellers  shops,  so  that 
I  have  heard  it  said  long  ago,  (and  I  am  of  the  same 
mind,)  that  the  booksellers  ought  to  erect  a  statue 
to  him.  And  yet  so  ingratefull  were  they,  that  one 
of  them  arrested  him  for  an  inconsiderable  sum 
(and  yet  he  was  a  person  that  Mr.  Rawlinson  had 
particularly  obliged.)  which  was  the  beginning  of  his 
troubles,  and  occasioned  him  to  keep  in,  so  that  he 
hath  hardly  been  out  many  years,  and  during  that 
time  he  wore  his  beard  for  the  most  part  long,  and 
appeared  very  negligent  of  himself,  which  conduced 
in  no  small  measure  to  the  impairing  of  his  health. 

When  he  was  a  school-boy  at  Eaton  school,  his 
grandfather,  by  the  mother's  side,  Richard  Tayler,  esq. 
settled  upon  him  an  annuity  of  fourteen  pounds  per 
annum  for  his  life,  to  buy  books  with,  which  he  not 
only  fully  expended,  and  nobly  answered  the  end  of  the 
donor,  but  indeed  laid  out  his  whole  fortune  this  May, 
so  as  to  acquire  a  collection  of  books  both  for  number 
and  value,  harldly  to  be  equalled  by  any  one  study  in 
England,  which  was  what  really  run  him  aground, 
and  brought  him  at  last  into  so  much  trouble.  For 
he  was  not  a  lewd  vicious  man,  but,  on  the  contrary, 
very  virtuous,  temperate,  and  sober,  and  never  mar- 
ried till  a  little  before  he  died.  Had  he  lived  some 
years  longer,  (which  he  might  have  done  by  the 
course  of  nature,  for  he  was  not,  I  think,  more  than 
forty-five  or  forty-six  years  of  age.)  'tis  probable  he 
might  have  extricated  himself,  and  lived  comfortably. 
For  an  estate  (I  am  told  of  six  hundred  pounds  per 
an.)  came  to  him  a  few  months  since  by  the  death  of 

1725]  IIEARNIAN.E.  22'.) 

his  mother,  and  he  had  begun  to  sell  his  books  in 
order  to  pay  his  debts,  and  printed  several  catalogues 
(six  octavo  little  volumes,  the  last  of  which  was  printed 
just  as  he  died,)  in  which  are  many  rare,  excellent, 
and  uncommon  books,  tho'  the  chief  of  his  collection 
was  not  comprehended  in  these  catalogues. 

Mr.  Rawlinson  was  a  man  of  very  great  integrity 
and  honour,  and  so  loyal,  that  he  would  have  done  any 
thing  for  the  interest  of  king  James,  that  now  lives  in 
exile  beyond  sea;  he  died  in  communion  of  the  non- 
juring  Church  of  England,  being  a  perfect  hater  of  all 
new-fangled  doctrines.  And  'twas  the  happiness  of 
•his  father,  (to  whom  he  was  eldest  son,)  sir  Thomas 
Rawlinson,  kt.  who  was  sheriff  and  lord  mayor  of 
London,  to  be  also  very  honest  and  loyal,  insomuch 
that  sir  Thomas  Kensey  (who  had  married  the  sister 
of  Mr.  Rawlinson's  grandmother  by  the  mother's  side) 
and  Mr.  Rawlinson's  father,  spent,  in  two  years' 
space,  ten  thousand  pounds  to  keep  king  James  II. 
on  the  throne.  Mr.  Rawlinson  had  seen  his  father's 
expence  under  his  own  hand,  and  it  amounted  to 
4(J00  libs.  Sir  Thomas  Kensey  was  sheriff  of  London 
in  king  James  the  second's  time,  the  year  before 
Mr.  Rawlinson's  father,  and  as  he  was  a  great  friend 
to  the  said  king,  so  he  was  personally  acquainted  with 
him,  and  was  a  brave,  bold  man,  till  he  broke  his 
health,  by  breaking  his  leg,  when  he  languished  till 
the  time  of  his  death. 

Mr.  Rawlinson  loving  to  be  free  in  his  discourse, 
(for  as  he  was  born  to  the  freedom  of  an  Englishman, 
so  he  said  he  would  make  use  of  it,)  it  proved  of  no 
small  disservice  to  him,  because  he  did  not  observe 
the  wise  man's  caution,  There  is  a  (hue  to  keep  silence, 
and  a  time  to  speak.  Insomuch,  that  Avhen  he  was 
among  such  as  were  of  different  principles  from  him- 

230  BE  LIQUID:  [1725 

self,  (and  could  do  him  much  mischief,)  he  would, 
without  distinguishing  the  seasons,  make  use  of  such 
girding  expressions,  as  made  the  persons  touched  take 
all  opportunities  of  shewing  their  resentment,  and 
giving  him  trouble,  tho'  some  did  it  in  a  sly  way. 
Hence  'twas  that  even  Dr.  Mead,  who  had  otherwise 
shewed  himself  a  friend  to  Mr.  Rawlinson,  discovered 
a  great  deal  of  indifference  towards  him  for  a  good 
while  before  his  death,  and  avoyded  his  conversation  ; 
which  is  purely  owing  to  the  too  great  freedom  of 
Mr.  Rawlinson.  For  the  doctor  having  been  bred  a 
presbyterian,  (as  his  brothers  were  also,  his  elder 
brother  Samuel  Mead  having  been  a  tub-preaeher, 
tho'  they  are  otherwise  now,)  Mr.  Rawlinson,  who 
was  the  doctor's  companion,  and  used  to  dine  and 
sup  at  his  house,  and  to  go  up  and  down  in  the 
doctor's  coach  with  him,  (such  an  affection  did  the 
doctor  shew  towards  him.)  took  all  occasions  what- 
ever of  twitting  him  with  this,  and  that  too  before 
company,  and  of  adding  other  occasional  reflections, 
by  no  means  prudent,  as  made  the  doctor  withdraw 
his  kindness,  and  to  express  himself  in  a  different 
manner  from  what  he  had  done.  This  I  have  heard 
spoke  of  by  some  of  Mr.  Rawlinson's  friends  with  a 
sort  of  concern  :  and  truly  'twas  with  no  small  con- 
cern that  I  heard  thereof  at  first,  easily  perceiving 
what  the  consequence  would  be. 

Some  gave  out,  and  published  it  too  in  printed 
papers,  that  Mr.  Kawlinson  understood  the  editions  and 
the  title-pages  of  books  only,  without  any  other  skill 
in  them, and  thereupon  they  stiled  himToii  Folio.  But 
these  were  only  buffoons,  and  persons  of  very  shallow 
learning.  'Tis  certain  that  Mr.  Rawlinson  understood 
the  editions  and  titles  of  books  better  than  any  man 
I  ever  knew,  (for  he  had  a  very  great  memory,)  but 

1 72  5]  HEARNIANsE.  231 

then  besides  this,  he  was  a  great  reader,  and  had 
read  abundance  of  the  best  writers,  ancient  and  mo- 
dern, throughout,  and  was  intirely  master  of  the 
learning  contained  in  them.  He  had  digested  the 
classicks  so  well  as  to  be  able  readily  and  upon  all 
occasions  (what  I  have  very  often  admired)  to  make 
use  of  passages  from  them  very  pertinently,  what  I 
never  knew  in  so  great  perfection  in  any  other  person 

On  Friday,  August  27, 1725,  after  I  had  writ  down 
the  foregoing  particulars,  Mr.  William  Oldisworth  told 
me,  that  Mr.  Rawlinson  (what  I  had  not  heard  of 
before,  nor  could  I  have  imagined  it,)  had  put  his 
money  into  the  South  Sea  stock,  and  was  one  of  those 
that  lost,  all  by  that  wicked  scheme,  in  which  so  many 
thousands  were  utterly  undone,  whilst  others  were  as 
great  gainers.  He  said  this  was  certainly  true,  (for  I 
doubted  about  it.) and  was  what  ruined  his  fortune  and 
forced  him  to  run  so  much  in  debt,  and  was  the  prin- 
cipal occasion  of  all  his  miseries.1 

Sept.  10.  Mr.  Anstis  (garter  king  of  arms)  being  in 
Oxford,  (with  Mr.  Maittaire,)  I  spent  the  evening  with 
them  last  night,  and  Mr.  Burton,  of  Corpus  Christi 
college,  (who  is  tutor  to  a  son  of  Mr.  Anstis's  just 
entered  gentleman  commoner  of  that  college.)  and 
Mr.  West,  of  Balliol  college,  were  with  us,  Mr.  Mait- 
taire then  told  me,  that  Mr.  Rawlinson  made  his  will 
in  June  last ;  that  one  Mr.  Ford  is  his  executor ;  that 
he  hath  ordered  all  his  books  to  be  sold  in  order  to 
pay  his  debts ;  that  he  hath  left  120  (I  had  before 

1  Upon  inquiry  since,  I  am  apt  to  think  (and  indeed  am  pretty 
well  assured  of  it)  that  Mr.  Oldisworth's  information  is  wrong. 
T.  H. 

232  RELIQUIAE  [1725 

been  told  150)  libs,  per  an.  to  his  wife  during  life ; 
that  he  hath  left  on  two  legacies,  viz.  150  libs,  to  Mr. 
John  Griffin,  of  Saresden,  in  Oxfordshire  (the  person 
who  married  them,)  and  100  libs,  to  Mr.  Clavell,  (I 
suppose  Walter  Clavell,  of  the  Inner  Temple,  esq.)  and 
that  he  hath  died  (the  interest  and  principle  being  to 
be  reckoned  together)  ten  thousand  libs,  in  debt,1 
Mr.  Maittaire  said.  Mr.  Rawlinson  was  apprehensive 
and  spoke  of  it,  (at  least)  a  year  before,  that  he  should 
live  but  a  little  while.  He  said  he  was  perfectly 
raving,  and  in  a  strange  delirium  for  many  hours  be- 
fore he  died.  Neither  Mr.  Anstis  nor  Mr.  Mattaire 
seem  to  have  any  good  opinion  of  Mr.  Rawlinson's 
widow.  Mr.  Rawlinson,  however,  spoke  well  of  her, 
and  I  see  no  reason  (as  yet  at  least)  to  think  any  thing 
ill  of  her.  Mr.  Rawlinson  owed  Mr.  Anstis  something 
more  than  30  libs.  Mr.  Anstis  does  not  seem  to  think 
that  he  shall  ever  be  paid.  What  must  I  then  think 
of  mine,  which  is  more  than  twice  30  libs.  tho'I  had  left 
part  of  it  to  Mr.  Rawlinson's  liberty,  considering  what 
circumstances  he  was  in  ;  and  yet,  if  there  be  enough, 
there  is  no  reason  but  I  ought  (and  Mr.  Rawlinson 
assured  me  he  never  designed  I  should  be  a  looser  by 
him,  and  he  was  certainly  very  honest,)  to  be  paid  the 
whole,  and  some  would  insist  too,  upon  interest,  which 
I  never  thought  of.  Mr.  Maittaire  said  Mr.  Rawlinson 
was  grown  (and  I  have  reason  to  think  it  very  true) 
so  very  satyrieal  and  free  with  his  tongue,  that  he 
spoke  ill  of  every  body  whatsoever,  excepting  only 
Dr.  Richard  Hale,  and  yet  of  him  too,  at  last  he  began 
to  find  fault. 

Sept.  12.  Last  night  Mr.  Anstis  (garter  king  of 

1   Of  this  it  was  said  he  had  borrowed  three  thousand  of  his 
brother  Richard  upon  mortgage. 

1725]  HEARNIANjE.  233 

arms)  called  upon  me  at  Edmund  hall,  with  Mr.  Mat- 
taire and  Mr.  West,  and  we  afterwards  went  out  and 
spent  the  evening  together  with  Mr.  Whiteside,  in 
Cat-street.  Mr.  Anstis  said,  he  was  of  Exeter  col- 
lege, and  was  entered  there  almost  fourty  years  ago. 
Mr.  Mattaire  told  us  (and  he  said  he  did  not  care 
how  publick  it  was  made,)  that  Roger  Gale  (who  in- 
deed is  but  a  poor  stingy  man,)  served  him  a  very  dirty 
trick.  Mr.  Hare,  it  seems,  had  undertaken  to  publish 
The  Honour  of  Richmond,  from  a  MS.  in  the  Cotton 
library.  But  upon  his  death  Mr.  Gale  undertook  it, 
and  accordingly  had  it  printed  very  pompously  in  folio, 
in  the  manner  Mr.  Hare  proposed  it,  and  to  the  whole 
is  prefixed  a  large  preface  of  about  seven  or  eight 
sheets  of  paper,  which  Mr.  Anstis  said  last  night  was 
handsomely  done  in  good  Latin,  but  as  for  the  book 
itself,  he  observed  that  'twas  no  great  matter,  being 
what  any  one  else  could  have  done  in  that  manner. 
Upon  this  Mr.  Mattaire  said,  that  the  said  preface 
was  writ  in  English,  and  that  he  (the  said  Mr.  Mat- 
taire,) by  the  interest  of  the  earl  of  Pembroke,  trans- 
lated it  into  Latin  for  Mr.  Gale  ;  that  it  being  desired 
to  be  done  with  speed,  he  did  it  in  about  a  fortnight's 
time,  (tho'  it  was  a  piece  of  learning  out  of  his  way, 
his  studies  not  lying  in  English  history  and  antiqui- 
ties,) and  that  Mr.  Gale,  to  whom  he  carried  it,  upon 
delivery,  put  into  his  hand  a  paper,  with  somewhat  in 
it,  that  Mr.  Mattaire  did  not  look  upon  till  he  came 
home,  when  he  found  it  to  be  only  three  guineas, 
whereas  he  said  'twas  worth  ten  to  write  it,  and  he 
declared  now,  that  he  would  not  do  the  same  again 
for  twenty  guineas.  What  Mr.  Mattaire  resents  the 
more  is,  that  Mr.  Gale  did  not  so  much  as  give  him 
a  book,  which  indeed  is  very  mean.  This  Roger  Gale 
(however)  hath  shewed  himself  in  several  respects  to 

234  RELIQUIAE  [1725 

be  a  friend  to  the  writer  of  these  matters,  in  commu- 
nicating- his  Fordun,  and  several  particulars  relating 
to  learning,  tho'  'tis  very  well  known  that  he  is  a  very 
great  whig,  a  man  of  a  very  stingy  temper,  notwith- 
standing he  be  very  rich,  and  is  in  a  wealthy  post. 
I  before  thought  that  he  could  have  writ  Latin  him- 
self, I  find  now  he  cannot. 

Sept.  13.  At  the  same  time  Mr.  Mattaire  told  us, 
that  Dr.  Atterbury,  the  deprived  bishop  of  Rochester 
(who  was  my  very  good  friend  and  acquaintance,)  was 
always,  both  at  Christ  Church  and  afterwards,  his 
bitter  enemy,  and  that  'twas  chiefly  by  his  contrivance 
that  he  (Mr.  Mattaire)  was  turned  out  from  being 
second  master  of  Westminster  school  to  make  way  for 
Mr.  now  Dr.  Robert  Friend.  His  enemies  gave  out 
that  Mr.  Mattaire  was  a  whig,  but  were  forced  to  be 
silent,  when  he  appeared  to  be  as  he  is,  a  non-juror. 
They  would  have  had  Mr.  Mattaire  to  resign,  but 
this  he  declined,  and  told  them,  he  would  not  leave 
the  place  unless  he  were  turned  out,  and  if  they  did 
turn  him  out,  that  he  would  then  publickly  declare  it  to 
the  world,  which  accordingly  he  did  in  the  beginning 
of  his  Vitce  Stephanorum.  Upon  occasion  of  which,  I 
cannot  but  here  mention  what  I  spoke  of  formerly, 
viz.  that  Dr.  Hudson  and  others  would  have  had  me 
to  resign  my  post  of  second  librarian  of  the  Bodleian 
library,  but  this  1  would  not  do,  (to  their  great  vexa- 
tion,) upon  which  they  proceeded  violently,  and  1  was 
not  only  debarred  that  place,  (for  I  have  still  the  old 
keys  by  me,)  but  deprived  of  whatever  belonged  to  me 
there,  and  all  was  given  to  others. 

Sept.  18.  On  Wednesday  night.  Sept.  8.  L725,  be- 
tween eleven  and  twelve  a  clock,  the  people  were 

1 72  5]  IIEARNLANJE.  235 

greatly  alarmed  at  a  fire,  which  broke  out  at  the  south 
end  of  London  bridge,  where  the  houses  being  all  of 
wood,  burned  with  uncommon  vehemence  on  both 
sides,  till  about  fifty  or  sixty  were  laid  in  ashes,  eighteen 
whereof  were  upon  the  bridge,  and  the  rest  in  Tooley- 
street ;  and  if  a  stop  had  not  been  put  to  it  by  the  old 
stone  gate,  which  stood  between  the  second  and  third 
arches,  the  flame  must  have  unavoidably  extended  as 
fur  as  the  draw-bridge  at  least.1  We  do  not  hear  of 
any  lives  lost,  but  the  damage  in  merchandizes  is  very 
great.  Some  compute  the  loss  at  a  hundred  thousand 
pound;  but  most  of  the  houses  and  goods  being  in- 
sured, it  will  tall  very  heavy  upon  the  insurance.  The 
bridge,  we  are  told,  has  suffered  but  little  damage ; 
however,  it  is  at  present  impassable  for  carts  and 
coaches,  which  are  obliged  to  ferry  over  the  river  at 

Colonel  Turner,  about  18  years  ago,  having  received 
a  hurt  on  his  forhead,  a  bunch  grew  thereon,  which 
was  supposed  to  have  occasioned  the  distemper  of  the 
falling  sickness ;  he  had  been  for  late  years  importuned 
to  have  it  opened,  but  would  not  consent  to  it,  'till  a 
few  days  ago,  when  an  eminent  surgeon  made  an 
operation  with  that  success,  that  he  found  the  point 
of  a  sword  in  his  skull  of  an  inch  long,  which  he  took 
out,  and  since  that  the  colonel  is  very  easy,  and  in  a 
fair  way  of  recovery.  Mr.  Whiteside  tells  me,  he 
knows  the  colonel,  and  that  the  hurt  happened  at  the 
battle  of  Almanza,  when  he  had  a  fall  from  his  horse.2 

1  This  intelligence  is  copied  from  the  Northampton  Mercury, 
a  provincial  newspaper  of  uncommon  merit  in  its  day,  and  appa- 
rently a  great  favourite,  particularly  with  the  honest  party,  in 
the  university. 

2  From  the  Northampton  Mercury  of  Sept.  20.     "  Whereas  it 

236  RELIQUIAE  [1725 

Sept.  22.  The  street  which  goes  from  Christ  Church, 
by  Christ  Church  almeshouse  to  Littlegate,  is  com- 
monly called  Brewer's-lane.  and  oftentimes  Slaughter- 
lane.  The  people  commonly  say  'twas  called  Slaugh- 
ter-lane from  the  scholars  being  killed  there  ;  but 
that  is  a  mistake.  'Twas  so  denominated  from  slaying 
the  cattle  there,  as  being  removed  from  the  body  of 
the  university.  The  true  name  of  this  lane  or  street, 
when  the  Dominican  and  Franciscan  frieries  nourished, 
and  after,  was  Friers-street,  or  Friers-lane,  tho'  that 
name  be  now  quite  forgot,  the  Dominican  friery  being 
on  the  south,  and  the  Franciscan  on  the  west,  side  of 
it ;  and  indeed  both  these  houses  were  brave  places, 
and  many  noble  and  very  excellent  personages  were 
buried  in  the  churches  of  each,  and  even  to  this  day, 
in  the  place  where  the  Dominican  church  stood,  are 
bones  dug  up.  I  heard  of  some  very  lately,  and  of  a 
piece  of  gold,  (I  know  not  what,)  but  I  do  not  hear 
that  such  are  so  frequently  dug  up  at  the  place  of  the 
Franciscan  church.  Nor  have  any  reliques  been  dis- 
covered for  many  years  at  the  place  where  the  Peni- 
tentiarian  friery,  (commonly  called  the  friers  of 
penance,  of  sackcloth,  &c.)  stood,  which  was  at  the 
west  end  of  Paradice-garden,  and  'twas,  when  dissolved 
in  1307,  united  to  the  Franciscan  friery,  in  which 
year  all  the  friers  of  penance  were  abolished. 

"  was  said,  that  Edmund  Turner,  esq.  late  lieutenant-colonel  of 
"  the  second  troop  of  horse  grenadiers',  received  his  wound  by  a 
"  fall  from  his  horse  at  the  battle  of  Almanza,  Ave  are  since  in- 
"  formed,  that  it  happened  near  the  end  of  Pail-Mall  in  a  ren- 
"  counter;  and  that  the  piece  of  sword  extracted  from  within 
"  his  scull,  was  one  inch  and  |ths  of  an  inch  long."  N.  B. 
Shewing  this  passage  yesterday  to  Mr.  Whiteside,  who  knows 
the  colonel,  he  told  me  'twas  false,  and  that  the  collonel  received 
his  damage  at  Almanza,  and  he  thinks  this  passage  is  inserted, 
that  it  might  not  be  believed  that  the  collonel  fled  at  Almanza. 
T.  H. 

i725]  IIEABNIANsE.  237 

Lond.  Sept,  25,  1725.  We  hear,  that  the  famous 
ostrich  died  a  few  days  ago  at  Sturbridge-fair  ;  and 
that  his  body  was  afterwards  dissected  at  Cambridge 
by  Mr.  Warren,  the  surgeon.  He  cut  above  six 
inches  deep  in  fat.  Many  stones,  and  nails,  and  half- 
pence, and  some  small  pieces  of  silver,  all  turned  black, 
were  taken  out  of  the  crop  and  gizzard.  The  silver 
and  copper  pieces  were  very  visibly  wasted,  especially 
about  the  edges.1 

Oct.  22.  This  morning  called  upon  me,  which  he 
had  never  done  before,  Mr.  Henry  Dodwcll,  of  Mag- 
dalen hall,  son  of  the  late  very  learned  Mr.  Henry 
Dodwell.  He  called  about  Mr.  Vansittart's  subscribing 
to  Peter  Langtoft  and  John  of  Glastonbury.  He  told 
me  he  was  almost  three  years  standing.  I  got  him  to 
stay  almost  a  quarter  of  an  hour.  I  had  discoursed 
him  before.  I  had  heard,  and  so  it  appeared  to  me, 
that  he  is  a  changeling.  He  is,  however,  good  na- 
tured,  and  may,  and  I  hope  he  will,  make  a  good  man  ; 
but  having  not  (most  certainly  as  I  take  it,)  a  capa- 
city, I  cannot  see  how  he  can  make  any  thing  of  the 
nsmre  in  learning  that  his  father  did.  But  I  must 
suspend  my  opinion  and  leave  it  to  after  times.  I 
asked  him  about  his  father's  MSS.  He  said  he  had 
not  seen  them,  nor  did  I  find  that  he  had  seen  or 
knew  much  of  his  printed  books.  He  mentioned  Dr. 
Heywood  and  Mr.  Parker,  the  former  about  his  father's 
copy  of  Thomas  a  Kempis,  the  latter  about  his  father's 
Dissertation  upon  Ireneeus.     He  had  heard,  he  said, 

1  Northampton  3Iercury,  Sept.  27.  N.  B.  This  ostrich  was  in 
Oxford,  this  last  summer,  and  was  there  shewed  for  many  d;i\  s. 
What  killed  it,  was  cramming  of  it  too  much,  particularly  with 
iron,  stones,  &c.  which  (notwithstanding  what  they  say)  it  could 
not  digest.     T.  H. 

238  BE  LIQUID  [1725 

Dr.  Heywood  speak  of  Kempis.  I  told  him  I  had 
seen  it,  and  that  I  had  made  publick  mention  of  it. 
He  said  Mr.  Parker  had  told  him  the  Dissertation  upon 
Irenaeus  would  bear  reprinting.  I  told  him  I  had 
heard  his  father's  lectures  were  reprinted.  He  said 
he  had  heard  (he  knew  not  from  whom)  the  same. 
After  this  I  met  Mr.  Leake  and  Mr.  Parker.  The 
former  said  he  was  not  at  all  acquainted  with  this  young 
man,  naj-  did  not  know  him  by  sight.  Mr.  Parker 
said  he  knew  him,  but  had  not  seen  him  of  late  ;  (in- 
deed he  hath  been  in  the  country,  coming  up  yester- 
day;) but  they  both  agreed  (Mr.  Leake  only  from 
what  he  had  heard)  that  he  would  never  make  a 
scholar,  whatever  he  might  with  respect  to  being  a 
good  man.  Mr.  Leake  observed,  that  he  understood 
he  wanted  both  parts  and  application. 

Nov.  1.  On  Friday  last  (Oct.  29)  were  planted  four 
j-ew  trees  upon  the  top  of  Heddington  hill,  round  the 
elm  tree  which  is  commonly  called  Jo.  Pullen's  tree.1 

1  This  tree,  mutilated  though  it  be,  is  still  (1S56)  standing, 
and  may  in  every  sense  be  deemed  university  property.  First, 
from  the  associations  belonging  to  it,  and  the  numerous  visitants 
of  early  days,  as  well  as  of  modern  times,  who  have  made  it  their 
almost  daily  boundary  of  exercise:  next,  because  the  late  Mr. 
Whorwood  of  Ileadington  House  gave  it,  although  informally, 
to  the  university  authorities,  which  to  the  credit  of  the  present 
owner  of  the  property,  Mr.  Davenport,  was  no  sooner  made  known 
to  him,  than  he  declared  nothing  should  induce  him  to  destroy 
it,  (it  had  been  doomed  to  the  axe,)  and  there  it  remains  still, 
an  illustration  to  these  Remains.  The  property  at  Headington, 
as  did  that  at  Hoi  ton  Park,  belonged  for  a  long  period  to  the 
old  family  of  the  Whorwoods,  one  of  the  most  ancient  and  re- 
spectable in  the  county  of  Oxford,  and  was  severed  from  its  ori- 
ginal lords,  owing  to  a  series  of  improvident  proprietors.  Not 
so  however  the  last  owner,  the  Rev.  Thomas  Henry  Whorwood, 
fellow  of  Magdalen  college,  who  disposed  of  the  remnant  of  this 
fine  estate  from  a  nice  sense  of  honour,  ami  from  a  desire  to  get 

1725]  HEARNIAN^E.  239 

They  are  given  by  Mr.  Tilman  Bobart,  brother  of  the 
late  Mr.  Jacob  Bobart. 

Nov.  15.  About  Thursday  last  Dr.  Francis  Gastrell 
canon  of  Christ  Church,  of  the  seventh  stall,  and  bishop 
of  Chester  was  seized  very  violently  with  the  gout  in 
his  head.  He  was  told  that  if  he  would  take  a  bottle 
of  Port  wine  it  would  drive  it  back,  but  this  he  abso- 
lutely declined,  saying  he  had  much  rather  die  than 
drink  a  whole  bottle  of  that  wine.  Accordingly  he 
died  some  time  last  night  at  his  lodgings  in  Christ 
Church,  and  the  bells  went  for  him  this  morning, 
being  much  lamented.  Indeed  he  was  the  very  best 
of  all  the  bishops,  excepting  Dr.  Hooper  bishop  of  Bath 
and  Wells,  and  had  many  excellent  qualities,  among 
some  bad  ones.  I  am  told  he  died  in  the  sixty  third 
or  grand  climacterical  year  of  his  age.  He  took  the 
degree  of  M.  A.  April  the  20th,  1687,  that  of  B.  D. 
June  23,  1G94,  and  that  of  D.  D.  July  13, 1700.  On 
Jan.  5, 1702,  he  was  instituted  canon  of  Christ  Church, 
and  on  April  4,  1714,  he  was  consecrated  bishop  of 
Chester.  He  hath  written  and  published  several  books, 
and  was  looked  upon  as  a  man  of  a  good  rational  head, 
and  in  several  things  he  shewed  himself  honest,  not- 
withstanding he  was  a  complyer. 

Nov.  20.  Yesterday  at  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon 
was  buried  in  Christ  Church  cathedral  Dr.  Gastrell 
bishop  of  Chester,  when  Mr.  George  Wigan  spoke  the 

rid  altogether  of  incumbrances  laid  on  the  estate  by  those  who 
had  gone  before  him,  and  which,  at  the  moment,  he  saw  no  other 
means  of  surmounting,  but  by  a  sacrifice  painful  to  himself,  and 
regretted  by  all  his  friends ;  by  none  more  than  the  writer  of 
this  note. 

240  RELIQUIAE  [1725 

Nov.  22.  Tho'  Mr.  Willis  of  Whaddon  be  justly 
blamed  for  some  indiscreet  things  he  hath  published 
full  of  gross  blunders  and  mistakes,  yet  he  hath  done 
many  things  that  deserve  commendation,  and  par- 
ticularly what  he  is  endeavouring  now  to  have  done, 
viz.  the  erecting  a  church  or  chapell  at  Fenny  Strat- 
ford, in  reference  to  which  I  had  a  letter  from  him 
yesterday,  dated  at  Whaddon  hall  the  19th  instant, 
which  he  tells  me  came  to  give  thanks  for  my  gene- 
rous gift  to  their  chapell,  that  they  doubt  not  of  my 
good  offices  in  the  university,  and  hope  I  spoke  to 
Mr.  Whiteside,  to  whom,  he  saith,  he  hath  wrote  two 
letters  without  answers,  and  so  desires  me  to  jogg  his 
memory,  and  begg  him  to  favour  him  with  aline.  He 
hopes  he  will  follow  my  example,  for  they  are,  as  he 
says,  a  true  object  of  charity.  This  week,  he  says, 
they  shall  get  up  a  bell  in  the  tower ;  and  a  clock 
they  hope  for  by  Christmas :  if  he  is  pretty  well,  he 
says,  he  shall  go  in  about  a  fortnight  to  London  to  put 
his  eldest  son  to  Westminster  school. 

Nov.  23.  The  answer  I  writ  to  Mr.  Willis  was  as 

Honoured  Sir, 
What  you  are  doing  for  the  town  of  Fenny  Stratford 
(and  indeed  for  the  Church  of  England)  is  very  gene- 
rous, and  can  never  be  sufficiently  commended.  What 
Mr.  Whiteside  and  others  do  in  it,  I  know  not,  farther 
than  that  I  have  several  times  heard  them  speak  very 
honourably  of  it.  Some  ages  ago  affairs  of  this  nature 
did  not  require  such  earnest  petitions.  They  were  then 
as  willing,  as  they  arc  backward  now.  to  promote  such 
good,  Christian,  charitable  offices.  I  wish  you  would 
not  mention  my  little  mite.  As  small  as  it  was,  I  hope 
a  blessing  will  attend  it.      I  am  glad  you  are  going  to 

1 725J  REARNIANM.  241 

put  your  eldest  son  to  Westminster  school,  under  so 
truly  excellent  a  master  as  Dr.  Freind,  for  whom  I  have 
always  had  a  very  great  honour,  though  I  am  an  utter 
stranger  to  him.  I  wish  your  son  all  possible  success, 
that  he  may  prove  a  good  scholar,  and  (which  is  far  above 
all  learning)  a  good  honest  man. 

I  am,  dear  honoured  sir, 

your  most  humble  servant, 

Tho.  Hearne. 

Edm.  Hall,  Oxford, 
Nov.  21,  1725. 

Nov.  27.  Tho'  what  Mr.  Willis  is  doing  for  Fenny 
Stratford  towards  the  building  of  the  chapell,  whereof 
he  hath  himself  given  an  hundred  pounds,  (as  he  laid 
out  some  years  ago  five  hundred  pounds  at  least  upon 
Bletchley  church,  in  procuring  a  good  ring  of  bells 
and  repairing  and  beautifying  the  chancell,)  be  very 
generous,  laudable,  and  charitable,  yet  Mr.  West  tells 
me  that  he  is  maligned  and  ridiculed  for  it,  and  not 
thanked,  and  even  Mr.  West  himself  seems  mightily 
to  blame  him  for  it,  saying  that  his  children  (which 
are  eight  in  number,  four  boys  and  four  girls,  the 
two  eldest  of  which  girls,  now  about  seventeen  years 
of  age,  are  twins)  will  be  bound  to  curse  him  for  giving 
away  that  hundred  pounds  out  of  their  fortunes,  his 
estate  being  not,  as  Mr.  Willis  says,  hardly  a  thousand 
pounds  per  annum.  But  let  them  say  what  they  will, 
'tis  a  commendable  undertaking,  and  I  cannot  think 
Mr.  Willis  or  his  children  will  be  ever  a  whit  the 
poorer :  on  the  contrary,  I  hope  God  Almighty  will 
bless  them  on  this  account. 

Dec.  6.  Somner's  Saxon  Dictionary  is  now  reck- 
oned cheap  at  three  guineas,  or  three  pounds  three 
shillings,  which  is  the  price  Fletcher  Gyles  puts  it  at 

II.  e 

242  RELIQUIAE  1725-26 

in  his  sale,  that  he  is  now  carrying  on  at  London.  I 
bought  one  some  time  since  for  forty-five  shillings. 
I  remember  one  sold  for  a  crown. 

Dec.  8.  There  is  printed  and  published  at  London 
;in  Svo.  pamphlet  every  month  called  Memoirs  of 
Literature,  the  author  whereof.  I  am  told  by  Mr.  John 
Innys  of  London,  bookseller,  who  with  his  elder 
brother  Mr.  William  Innys  prints  it,  is  Mr.  la  Roch. 
Mr.  John  Innys  informs  me  by  letter  of  the  1st  in- 
stant that  that  for  November  was  then  published, 
and  that  in  it  is  an  account  of  Peter  Langtoft's  Chro- 
nicle, that  I  put  out,  and  that  they  have  desired 
Mr.  la  Roch  always  to  give  an  account  of  what  books 
I  shall  favour  the  world  with. 

Dec.  9.  "  London,  Nov.  30  (Tuesd.)  1725.  This 
"  day  Mr.  Curl,  the  bookseller,  was  found  guilty  in  the 
"  King's  bench  court,  of  two  indictments,  for  printing 
<<  obscene  pamphlets."  (Northampton  Mercury  for 
Monday,  Dec.  6th,  1725). 

N.B.  This  is  that  villain  Curl,  that  was  so  severely 
whipt  some  years  since,  for  his  rogueries,  in  West- 
minster school,  by  the  schoolboys  of  that  place. 

Dec.  29.  I  am  told  Fletcher  Gyles  asks  3/.  10s.  for 
the  Dauphin  Cicero  de  Orat.  I  know  not  what  should 
make  the  Dauphin  books  so  dear,  there  being  nothing 
hardly  of  learning  in  any  of  them,  but  Pliny's  Nat. 
History,  which  indeed  was  done  for  glory,  and  much 
pains  and  learning  (tho'  the  old  ed.  exceeds  it  in 
some  respects)  are  shewed  in  it,  and  it  made  the 
editor  Harduin  distracted. 

1725-26.  Jan.  12.  The  famous  Mr.  Thomas  Creech 
took  the  degree  of  M.  A.  as  a  member  of  Wadham 

1725-26]  HEARNIAN^.  243 

college,  June  13, 1683,  after  which  he  became  fellow  of 
All  Souls'  college,  as  a  member  of  which  he  proceeded 
to  B.D.  March  18th,  1690,  and  after  that  hanged 
himself  at  Mr.  Ives  the  apothecary's,  where  he  lodged. 
He  was  found  dead  in  a  garret  there  on  July  19th, 
1700,  (the  day  Dr.  White  Kennett  went  out  Dr.  of 
Div.)  but  he  had  hung  some  days,  as  was  guessed,  for 
the  body  then  stunk.  He  is  said  to  have  been  me- 
lancholy for  some  time  before,  occasioned  (as  'tis  dis- 
coursed) upon  account  of  a  mistress.  He  was  cer- 
tainly a  most  ingenious  man,  as  appears  from  his 
incomparable  English  translation  of  Lucretius,  and 
from  many  other  pieces.  And  when  he  was  of  Wad- 
ham  college  (where  he  was  chum  with  Mr.,  afterwards 
Dr.  Humphrey  Hody)  he  was  observed  to  be  a  most 
severe  student,  as  he  was  afterwards  for  some  time 
at  All  Souls,  tho'  he  grew  lazy  at  last.  He  had  pro- 
mised an  edition  of  Justin  Martyr's  works,  in  order 
to  which  many  sheets  (above  fifty)  of  notes  were  found 
among  his  papers  after  his  death,  which  Dr.  Grabe 
borrowed,  and  I  have  heard  him  say  they  were  excel- 
lent, tho'  some  things  were  amiss  in  them.  This 
Mr.  Creech  was  a  very  proud,  morose,  sour  man,  and 
no  good  company. 

Feb.  15.  My  late  friend  John  Bridges  esqr.'s  books 
being  now  selling  by  auction  in  London,  (they  began 
to  be  sold  on  Monday  the  7th  inst.,)  I  hear  they  go 
very  high,  being  fair  books,  in  good  condition,  and 
most  of  them  finely  bound.  This  afternoon  I  was 
told  of  a  gentleman  of  All  Souls'  college,  I  suppose 
Dr.  Clarke,  that  gave  a  commission  of  8s.  for  an  Homer 
in  2  vols.,  a  small  8vo.  if  not  12mo.  But  it  went  for 
six  guineas.  People  are  in  love  with  good  binding 
more  than  good  reading. 

244  RELIQUIAE  [1725-26 

Feb.  23.  Mr.  Upton,  a  schoolmaster  in  the  West 
of  England,  in  which  country  he  was  born,  was  of 
Eaton  School,  and  afterwards  fellow  of  King's  college 
in  Cambridge.  His  father  was  gardiner  to  old  sir 
Philip  Sydenham,  father  to  the  present  sir  Philip 
Sydenham.  I  am  told  his  father  designed  him  to  be 
an  hostler,  or  for  some  mean  imployment,  and  was 
going  towards  London  with  that  intent,  when  sir 
Philip  was  carrying  his  son  to  Eaton.  Sir  Philip 
understanding  his  mind,  told  him  he  should  have 
some  better  business,  viz.  that  he  should  be  servant 
to  his  son  at  Eaton  school,  which  accordingly  he  was, 
and  so  became  a  scholar  in  the  school  himself,  though 
many  years  older  than  sir  Philip's  son,  (I  have  heard 
it  said  he  was  25  when  he  came  to  Eaton,  which  I 
suppose  is  a  mistake,  it  may  be  he  was  so  old  when 
he  went  from  it  to  King's,)  and  grew  a  good  gram- 
matical scholar,  and  young  Mr.  Sydenham  proved  his 
true  and  great  friend.  At  length  he  became  one  of 
the  masters  at  Eaton,  and  marrying,  was  afterwards, 
as  now,  an  eminent  schoolmaster  in  the  west,  and 
was  preferred  to  a  living  by  his  patron  sir  Philip 
Sydenham,  to  whom  Mr.  Upton  had  dedicated  Dio- 
m/sius  Halicamass.  de  Structura  Omtlonis.  Mr.  Upton, 
who  is  a  very  good  scholar,  hath  also  published 
Aseham's  /Schoolmaster,  with  notes,  but  he  hath  altered 
the  language.  He  is  upon  an  edition  of  Hephcestion, 
which  Mr.  Steers  of  Christ  Church  (who  was  his 
scholar)  told  me  last  night  is  to  be  a  thin  folio  at  20s. 
per  book,  and  that  Mr.  Upton  shewed  him  a  printed 
specimen  of  it  this  last  summer.  Mr.  Mattaire  hath 
likewise  a  design  to  print  Hephcesthon.  It  should  be 
a  small  book,  being  but  little  itself. 

April  2.  Yesterday  about  three  clock  in  the  after- 

1 726]  1IEARNIANJE.  245 

noon  fell  down  the  tower  of  St.  Peter's  church  in  the 
Bailly,  Oxon,  and  beat  down  the  church  with  it,  es- 
pecially all  the  north  part,  leaving  only  part  of  the 
walls  of  the  south  side,  and  all  the  east  walls  of  the 
chancell,  which  chancell,  at  least  the  east  part  of  it, 
had  been  repaired  or  indeed  rather  rebuilt,  within 
these  thirt}'  years,  by  contributions  raised  chiefly 
from  scholars,  but  as  for  the  whole  church  itself,  I 
take  it  to  be  the  same  mentioned  by  me  lately  in  my 
notes  to  Guil.  Neubrigensis,  from  an  old  MS.  Chro- 
nicle. In  which  notes,  pag.  710,  is  this  remark, 
MCXIIII.  Hie  f nit  fun  data  nova  ecclesia  Sancti  Petri, 
Oxon.  This  was  in  the  fifteenth  year  of  K.  Hen.  I. 
They  have  expected  the  tower  to  fall  for  some  years, 
and  'tis  pity  therefore,  that,  since  'twas  very  plain 
it  could  not  stand  long,  they  had  not  pulled  it  down, 
by  which  many  things  would  have  been  saved.  The 
tower  stood  in  the  middle  of  the  church. 

April  7.  I  was  told  last  night  by  Mr.  Whiteside, 
and  I  suppose  'tis  what  others  think  and  say  also, 
that  sir  Isaac  Newton  took  his  famous  book  called 
Pnncipia  Mathematica,  another  edition  whereof  is 
just  come  out,  from  hints  given  him  by  the  late  Dr. 
Hook  (many  of  whose  papers  cannot  now  be  found) 
as  well  as  from  others  that  he  received  from  sir 
Christopher  Wren,  both  of  which  were  equally  as 
great  men  as  sir  Isaac,  who,  by  the  way,  understands 
not  one  bit  of  classical  learning,  nor  can  he,  as  I 
hear,  write  Latin,  but  is  beholden  to  others  to  do  that 
for  him,  although  his  books  be  only  mathematical 

Jtme  4.  On  Thursday  last,  in  the  afternoon,  called 
upon  me,  father  Cuthbert  Parkinson,  who  came  from 

246  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

East  Hendred  in  Berks  on  purpose  to  see  me.  His 
nephew  Mr.  Fetherstone  came  along  with  him,  and 
yesterday  I  spent  the  greatest  part  of  the  day  with 
them.  Mr.  Parkinson  told  me,  that  he  himself  is  the 
author  of  Collectanea  Angb-Minoritica,  or,  a  Collection 
of  the  Antiquities  of  the  English  Franciscans,  or  Friers 
Minors,  commonly  called  Gray  Friars,  in  two  parts.  With 
an  Appendix  concerning  the  English  Nuns  of  the  order 
of  Saint  Clare.  Lond.  1726.  4to.  He  compiled  this 
work,  as  he  told  me,  by  the  help  of  books  in  the  study 
of  my  late  excellent  friend  Charles  Eyston  of  East 
Hendred,  esq.  Mr.  Parkinson,  (who  is  a  Franciscan 
himself)  is  now  in  the  59th  year  of  his  age,  as  he 
told  me  himself.  He  is  a  very  worthy  learned  man, 
and  of  an  excellent  good  natured  temper.  The  said 
book  is  what  my  letter x  of  May  22  relates  to  ;  which 

1  To  Mr.  Parkinson,  at  Mr.  Eyston's  at  East  Hendred, 

near  Wantage  in  Berks. 
I  thank  you  very  kindly  for  your  valuable  present  of  the  An- 
tiquities of  the  English  Franciscans.  The  excellent  author  (to 
whom  my  very  humble  service)  hath  taken  a  great  deal  of 
pains,  and  shewed  much  skill  in  compiling  this  work,  which  I 
peruse  and  read  with  much  delight.  I  cannot  think,  that  anv 
one  can  be  against  it,  that  hath  any  regard  for  true  devotion. 
'Tis  from  such  books,  that  we  learn  the  piety,  sanctity,  and 
generosity  of  our  ancestors.  And  'tis  therefore  a  very  useful 
piece  of  service  to  collect  anything  upon  such  subjects."  When 
I  had  the  happiness  of  seeing  you  last  here,  I  mentioned  to  you 
a  MS.  of  John  of  Glastonbury,  that  belonged  formerly  to  sir 
Richard  Tycheburn.  I  know  not  whether  you  have  thought  of 
it  since.  This  author  I  am  now  printing,  and  the  work  is  prettv 
near  being  finished.  I  was  very  sorry  to  hear  some  time  since  of 
the  death  of  Mr.  Robt.  Eyston.  I  am,  with  my  respects  to  my 
friend,  Sir, 

your  obi.  and  most 

faithfull  humble  servt. 
Edm.  Hall,  Oxford,  Tho.  Hearne. 

May  22,  1726. 

1726]  HEARNIAN^E.  247 

letter  they  are  urgent  with  me  to  give  leave  to  be 
printed,  to  be  prefixed  to  some  of  the  copies.  Ac- 
cordingly I  gave  them  liberty  to  do  with  it  as  they 

June  13.  There  are  such  differences  now  in  the 
university  of  Oxford,  (hardly  one  college  but  where 
all  the  members  are  busied  in  law  businesses  and 
quarrels,  not  at  all  relating  to  the  promoting  of 
learning,)  that  good  letters  miserably  decay  every 
day,  insomuch  that  this  last  ordination,  on  Trinity 
Sunday,  at  Oxford,  there  were  no  fewer  (as  I  am 
informed)  than  fifteen  denied  orders  for  insufficiency, 
which  is  the  more  to  be  noted,  because  our  bishops, 
and  those  employed  by  them,  are  themselves  generally 
illiterate  men. 

June  22.  On  Friday,  June  10,  about  11  o'clock,  as 
the  Rev.  Mr.  Anthony  Alsop,  prebendary  of  Win- 
chester, and  rector  of  Brightwell,  near  Wallingford,  in 
Berks,  was  walking  by  a  small  brook  called  the  Lock 
Bourne,  near  the  college  of  Winchester,  the  ground 
gave  way  under  his  feet,  which  threw  him  into  the 
brook,  where  he  was  found  dead  the  next  morning. 
The  rectory  of  Brightwell  being  in  the  gift  of  the 
bishop  of  Winchester,  his  lordship  has  been  pleased 
to  give  it  to  the  Eev.  Mr.  Morgan,  one  of  his  lord- 
ship's chaplains  ;  a  living  worth  about  500  libs,  per 
annum.  As  for  Mr.  Anthony  Alsop,  he  was  one  of 
the  oldest,  and  one  of  the  most  ingenious  acquaint- 
ance I  had.  He  was  a  man  of  a  most  ready  wit,  of 
excellent  learning,  a  fine  preacher,  and  of  rare  good 
nature.  He  was  looked  upon  to  be  the  best  writer 
of  lyrick  verses  in  the  world.  He  was  a  Derbyshire 
man,  was  bred  up  at  Westminster  school,  and  from 

248  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

thence  elected  student  of  Christ  Church.  He  took 
the  degree  of  master  of  arts  March  23,  1696,  and 
that  of  bach,  of  div.  Dec.  12,  1706.  Many  years 
agoe  he  published,  from  the  Theater  Press,  in  Greek 
and  Latin,  ^Esop's  Fables  in  8vo.,  which  is  an  ex- 
cellent edition.  He  was  a  neat  writer  of  Epitaphs, 
and  did  many  things  that  way  and  in  poetry,  most  of 
which  are  unknown.  He  was  about  55  years  of 
age  when  his  unfortunate  death  happened,  which  was 
occasioned  by  the  workmen's  having  loosened  the 
ground,  in  order  to  new  pitch  it,  what  Mr.  Alsop  did 
not  know  of.  He  was  going  that  by-way  to  his 
lodging,  having  parted  (I  am  told)  with  a  friend  at 
the  college  great  gate,  which  being  not  readily  opened, 
Mr.  Alsop  said,  he  would  not  stay,  but  go  the  by-way, 
which  he  unhappily  did.  His  death  is  much  la- 

July  8.  St.  Grymbald's  obit.  The  said  St.  Grym- 
bald  is  the  same  that  was  monk  and  prior  of  the  fa- 

1  In  a  former  volume  (for  1717)  Hearne  gives  the  following 
account  of  the  action  against  Alsop  which  is  mentioned  in  Bp. 
Atterbury's  letters,  which  compelled  him  for  a  time  to  leave 

"  Mr.  Alsop,  rector  of  Brightwell  in  Berks,  being  married  to 
"  the  widow  of  Dr.  Bernard,  late  rector  of  that  place,  one  Mrs. 
"  Astrey  commences  a  suit  against  him,  as  having  made  a  con- 
"  tract  of  marriage  with  her.  The  matter  hath  been  tryed  at 
'"  London,  and  given  against  Mr.  Alsop,  who  is  to  allow  her  two 
"  thousand  pounds  damage,  and  to  pay  all  charges.  The  said 
"  Mrs.  Astrey  is  daughter  in  law  to  Dr.  Smith,  late  principal  of 
"  Hart  hall.  Some  merry  letters  of  Mr.  Alsop's  were  produced. 
"  She  is  a  very  light  body,  as  some  say,  and  the  witnesses  were 
"  suborned,  and 'tis  look'dupon  by  honest  men  as  a  party  business, 
"  carryed  on  chiefly  by  one  Dr.  Lasher  a  notorious  Whigg,  who 
"  is  uncle  to  the  girl  Which  Dr.  Lasher  hath  been  also  a  very 
"  loose  man.  Yet  it  must  not  be  denyed  but  that  Mr.  Alsop  is 
"  to  be  blamed  for  having  had,  even  in  an  innocent  wav,  any 
"  thing  to  do  with  her."     (July  18,  1717.) 

Dr.  Pearson,  Princ.  of  Edm.  hall,  told  me  last  night  that  the 

1 726]  HE  A  R  NIA  NJE.  249 

mous  monastery  of  St.  Bertin  in  Flanders,  and  being 
sent  for  over  by  K.  Alfred,  assisted  that  great  king  in 
the  restoring  of  learning  at  Oxford,  being  one  of  the 
first  professors  in  that  place,  and  'twas  at  Oxford  that 
he  built  the  famous  church  of  St.  Peter's  in  the  East, 
under  which,  at  the  east  end,  he  made  a  vault,  with 
a  design  to  have  been  buried  in  it  himself,  but,  upon 
account  of  the  great  disturbance  between  the  old 
scholars  and  the  new,  he  retired  to  Winchester,  and 
died  there  on  July  8,  A°.  904,  and  was  buried  in  the 
abbey  there,  (built  by  K.  Alfred,)  of  which  he  was 
abbat,  according  to  William  of  Malmsbury,  as  I  have 
cited  him  in  sir  John  Spelman's  Life  of  K.  iElfred. 

July  10.  On  Wednesday  morning  last  (July  6th1) 
died  at  London  Mr.  Humphrey  Wanley  of  a  dropsy. 
He  was  born  at  Coventry  on  March  21,  1671,  being 
the  son  of  the  Rev.  Mr.  Nath.  Wanley,  that  writ  the 
history  of  Man,  and  some  other  books.  He  was  put 
an  apprentice  at  Coventry,  I  think  first  to  a  limner, 
and  afterwards  to  some  other  trade,  as  I  have  heard, 
but  the  late  bishop  of  Worcester,  Dr.  William  Lloyd, 
at  that  time  bishop  of  Litchfield  and  Coventry,  under- 
standing that  he  had  some  skill  in  MSS.,  and  that  he 
writ  an  excellent  hand,  as  he  came  once  thro'  Co- 
ventry, he  had  a  mind  to  try  him.  And  finding  what 
was  reported  to  be  true,  he  took  care  to  take  him 
from  his  trade,  and  to  send  him   to  Oxford  to  his 

original  of  the  proceedings  against  Mr.  Alsop  was  purely  malice, 
and  that  no  wise  man  believed  any  thing  of  a  real  serious  con- 
tract of  marriage,  but  the  contrary.     (July  19.) 

The  jury  against  Mr.  Alsop  were  most  of  them,  I  hear,  pres- 
byterians.  The  judge  was  Ld.  ch.  Justice  Parker,  a  notorious 
Whigg.     (July  20.) 

1  The  newspapers  say  July  5th  being  Tuesday,  but  Mr.  Mur- 
ray's letter  to  me  said  July  6th. 

250  RELIQUIjE  [1726 

friend  Dr.  John  Mill,  principal  of  Edmund  hall,  thinking 
that  the  Dr.  by  his  care  might  make  him  a  useful 
serviceable  man  in  matters  relating  to  learning.      He 
was  entered  batler  of  that  hall,  but  becoming  soon 
acquainted  with  that  busy  man  Dr.  Charlett,  master 
of  University  college,  Dr.   Mill  could  not  have  his 
design,   which  was  to  have  well  grounded  him    in 
Greek  and  Latin,  (what  Wanley  wanted  much,)  and 
in  some  academical  learning.     But  Charlett  wheedling 
him,   and  Wanley  being  naturally  of  an   unsettled 
temper,  presently  left  Edmund  hall,  having  been  but 
at  one  lecture  with  his  tutor,  and  that  was  in  logic, 
which  he  swrore  he  could  not  comprehend,  saying, 
"  By  G —  Mr.  Milles.  (for  he  was  then  vice-principal 
"  under  Dr.  Mill,)  I  do  not,  nor  cannot  understand 
"  it,"  and  so  came  no  more,  and  entered  himself  of 
University  college  under  Dr.  Charlett,  in  whose  lodg- 
ings he  lay.     Being  now  at  Dr.  Charlett's  command, 
he  was  employed  in  writing  trivial  things,  and   in 
talking  big,  (for  Wanley  was  very  impudent  with 
Charlett,)  so  that  he  got  no  true  learning.     After  a 
little  time  he  was  made  an  assistant  keeper  of  the 
Bodleian  Library,  where  he  did  a  vast  deal  of  mis- 
chief, which  I  had  much  ado  to  rectify  after  Dr.  Hud- 
son became  librarian,  and  I  was  employed  for  that 
purpose.     After   a  while  he  left  Oxford,   went   to 
London,  and  became  secretary  to  the  religious  so- 
cieties, and  at  length  librarian  to  secretary  Harley, 
he  that  was  afterwards  earl  of  Oxford,  which  post  he 
held  even  under  the  present  earl  of  Oxford,  son  to 
the  other,  to  his  dying  day.     He  was  a  man  of  good 
parts,  and  might  have  been  considerable,  had  he  stuck 
to  any  one  thing,  but  then   he  very  much  wanted 
steadiness  and  judgment.     He  was  employed  by  Dr. 
Hi  ekes  to  draw  up  the  catalogue  of  Saxon  and  other 

1 726]  HEARNIANJE.  251 

Northern  MSS.  in  the  said  Dr.'s  Thesaurus,  which 
Wanley  accordingly  did,  and  dedicated  it  to  secretary 
Harley,  but  his  Remarks  were  writ  in  English,  and 
translated  into  Latin  by  the  care,  as  I  remember,  of 
Mr.  Thwaites,  who  got  it  done  for  Wanley,  tho'  per- 
haps some  things  were  done  in  Latin  by  Wanley  him- 
self, who,  however,  was  very  meanly  skill'd  in  that 
business,  as  may  appear  from  his  preface  to  the  Ox- 
ford Catalogue  of  MSS.  relating  to  the  Indexes  of  that 
work,  which  Wanley  did  ;  tho'  the  Index  to  the  Cat. 
of  Bodleian  MSS.  is  built  upon  an  index,  now  in  MS. 
far  better  done   by  Mr.  Emanuel  Pritchard,  janitor 
of  the  Bodleian  Library.     Mr.  Wanley,  besides  what 
hath  been  mentioned,  published  one  book,  a  transla- 
tion, for  the  use  of  the  religious  societies.    He  was  a 
very  great  sot,  and  by  that  means  broke  to  pieces  his 
otherwise  very  strong  constitution.     He  married  a 
widow  woman  in  London  (that  had  several  children) 
who  died  a  few  years  since  suddenly,  but  Wanley  had 
no  child  by  her.     He  had  begun  a  catalogue  of  the 
earl  of  Oxford's  MSS.  but  he  took  such  an  injudicious 
method,  that,  had  he  lived  many  years  longer,  it 
would  never  have  been  finished.     He  had  completed 
six,  if  not  seven  vols,  in  folio,  taking  in  whole  pas- 
sages out  of  the  respective  pieces,  on  purpose  to  swell 
the  work,  for  which  he  was  often  in  my  hearing  much 
blamed,  and  an  epitome  of  what  he  had   done  was 
intended,  and   another  method  design'd  for  what  re- 
main'd.     He  married  another  wife   (a   very  young 
creature)  just  a  fortnight  before  he  died,  and  by  that 
means  she  had  what  he  had,  which  was  considerable. 
He  is  buried  in  Marybone  church. 

July  23.  Yesterday,  as  I  was  walking  to  Godstowe, 
near  St.  John's  college  I  met  with  Mr.  Anderson,  a 

252  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

Scottish  man,  whose  brother  is  professor  of  divinity 
at  Aberdeen.  He  is  related,  he  told  me,  to  Mr.  James 
Anderson,  the  Scottish  historian  and  antiquary.  I 
have  seen  this  gent,  several  times  some  years  ago. 
Saith  he,  "  Mr.  James  Anderson  often  asks  after  yon, 
"  and  what  you  are  doing.  Be  sure,"  saith  he,  "  when 
"  you  go  to  Oxford,  always  inquire  how  Tom  Hearne 
"  does,  and  what  he  is  upon."  This  gent,  told 
me,  that  the  said  Mr.  James  Anderson  is  upon  pub- 
lishing a  collection  of  all  things  pro  and  con  relating 
to  Mary  queen  of  Scots,  and  that  his  other  great 
work,  being  a  sort  of  Formulare  Seoticanum,  as  yet 
in  MS.,  is  prodigious. 

Just  as  I  was  parting  from  this  Mr.  Anderson,  he 
whispers  me  in  the  ear,  in  the  hearing  however  of 
another  Scottish  gentleman  that  was  with  him,  "  You 
"  are  the  only  honest  man,"  saith  he,  "in  Oxford. 
"  You  want  a  larger  gullet  to  swallow  damned  cramp 
"  oaths." 

July  27.  This  is  the  day  kept  in  honour  of  the 
Seven  Sleepers,  so  called,  because  in  the  reign  of 
Theodosius  the  second,  about  the  year  449,  when  the 
resurrection  (as  we  have  it  from  Greg.  Turon.)  came 
to  be  doubted  by  many,  seven  persons,  who  had  been 
buried  alive  in  a  cave  at  Ephesus  by  Decius  the  em- 
peror, in  the  time  of  his  persecution  against  the  Chris- 
tians, and  had  slept  for  about  200  years,  awoke  and 
testified  the  truth  of  this  doctrine,  to  the  great  amaze- 
ment of  all.  But  Baronius  does  not  seem  to  approve 
of  this  account,  but  to  lean  rather  to  those  who  will 
have  them  so  called,  from  their  being  shut  in  a  cave 
by  Decius,  where  they  died  or  slept  (for  the  death  of 
the  martyrs  is  called  sleep),  and  near  200  years  after 
were  found,  their  bodies  incorrupt  and  fresh  as  if 

i726J  HEARNIANJE.  253 

alive,   when  in  the  time  of  Theodosius  II.  the  cave 
was  opened. 

Aug.  4.  These  verses  following  were  communicated 
to  me  by  Edward  Prideaux  Gwyn,  esq. 

Upon  sir  James  Baker's  death. 

Here  lies  a  knight  who  now  is  dead, 
But  when  alive  wore  ribband  red  ; 
In  grief  for  which  his  brethren  two 
Have  turn'd  their  red  ones  into  blue. 

Upon  sir  Robert  Walpole's  being  made  knight  of  the 


Sir  Robert,  his  credit  and  int'rest  to  shew, 
Has  drop't  his  red  ribband,  and  took  up  a  blue. 
To  two  strings  already  the  knight  is  preferr'd  ; 
Odd  numbers  are  lucky — we  pray  for  a  third. 

Aug.  6.  Yesterday  my  friend  the  hon.  B.  Leonard 
Calvert,  esq.  left  Oxford  for  Ditchley  to  see  his  uncle 
and  aunt,  the  earl  of  Litchfield  and  his  countess. 
Mr.  Calvert  gave  me  a  medal  of  the  famous  Maglia- 
bechi,  which  is  an  extraordinary  curiosity.  This 
Magliabechi  was  a  very  great  man,  and  was  librarian 
to  the  great  duke  of  Florence.  He  was  never  (as  I 
have  been  told)  above  ten  miles  out  of  Florence  in 
his  life,  and  then  he  walked.  He  lived  upon  hard 
eggs,  and  wore  no  shirt.  He  used  to  lie  in  the  li- 
brary at  last,  and  he  dined  at  the  duke's  table.  His 
memory  was  so  prodigious,  that  he  could,  (when  at 
any  time  consulted)  immediately  tell  what  authors 
had  writ  upon  any  subject.  He  did  not  understand 
Greek,  and  I  am  told  could  not  write  Latin.  He  was, 
notwithstanding  his  severe  way  of  living,  a  man  of 

254  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

great  humanity  and  complaisance,  and  particularly 
civil  to  strangers. 

Aug.  15.  Last  night  came  to  Oxford  from  War- 
wickshire, where  he  hath  been  to  view  his  estate,  my 
friend  Dr.  Richard  Rawlinson,  and  I  was  with  him 
at  the  Miter  several  hours.  He  hath  been  travelling 
several  years.  He  was  four  years  together  at  Rome. 
He  was  present  at  the  queen's  delivery  of  her  first 
child  the  prince  of  Wales,  and  was  then  very  near 
the  queen.  This  prince  is  an  extraordinaiy  fine  child. 
The  duke  of  York  is  too  young  to  judge  of  him  yet. 
The  king  is  a  man  that  is  by  no  means  a  bigot  to  the 
church  of  Rome.  He  is  a  man  of  an  excellent  un- 
derstanding. Yet  he  is  unfortunate  in  making  Scotch 
and  Irish  his  confidents,  and  those  too  of  the  meanest 
sort.  Which  thing  is  of  very  great  disservice.  The 
queen  is  a  zealous  Roman  Catholic,  but  hath,  as  well 
as  the  king,  a  prodigious  affection  for  the  English. 

Aug.  23.  Yesterday  morning  came  to  Oxford,  with 
Mr.  John  Murray,  Mr.  Thomas  Granger  of  London. 
The  said  Mr.  Granger  is  a  curious  good-humoured 
gentleman,  and  hath  an  excellent  collection  of  books 
in  English  history  and  antiquities,  as  well  as  a  fine 
collection  of  coins  and  medals.  Mr.  John  Sturt  of 
London  is  also  now  in  Oxford  with  Mr.  Bateman  and 
Mr.  Granger.  This  Mr.  Sturt  hath  been  one  of  the 
most  eminent,  indeed  the  eminentest  engraver  for 
writing  of  this  last  age.  He  is  a  man  now  (as  he 
saith)  of  sixty-eight  years  of  age.  His  own  writing 
is  also  as  good  as  his  engraving.  The  things  he  hath 
done  are  prodigious.  Mr.  Murray  told  me  formerly 
that  he  (Mr.  M.)  began  to  collect  books  at  eleven, 
now  he  says  at  thirteen,  years  of  age.     I  thought 

1 726]  HEABNIANjE.  255 

Mr.  Murray  had  kept  all  his  curiosities  together,  ever 
since  he  began  collecting,  excepting  duplicates ;  but 
he  tells  me  now,  that  besides  duplicates,  he  hath 
parted,  upon  occasion,  with  a  vast  number  of  things, 
and  I  find  he  lets  any  one  that  wants  have  what  books 
he  hath,  and  'tis  this  way  that  he  gets  his  support. 
Mr.  Christopher  Bateman  is  a  Westmorland  man  by 
birth.  Mr.  Thomas  Granger  was  born  at  Brayles  in 
Warwickshire.  Mr.  Murray  told  me,  that  formerly 
he  gave  10s.  for  Barnabee's  Journal,  which  was  after- 
wards (a  few  years  since)  reprinted,  and  sold  for  very 

Aug.  28.  At  Campden  in  Gloucestershire  lives  one 
Mr.  Ballard  a  taylor,  who  hath  a  daughter,  a  very 
pretty  girl,  of  about  fourteen  years  of  age,  that  hath 
an  extraordinary  genius  for  coins,  and  hath  made  an 
odd  collection  of  them.  Mr.  Granger  (who  came 
from  thence  last  night  in  his  return  to  London)  saw 
her,  and  speaks  much  of  her,  which  I  took  the  more 
notice  of,  because  he  is  himself  a  good  judge  of  coins, 
and  hath  an  admirable  collection  of  them,  especially 
of  English  ones.  But,  it  seems,  this  young  girl  is 
chiefly  delighted  with  those  that  are  Roman. 

Sept.  8.  When  Mr.  Murray  and  Mr.  Bateman  were 
lately  in  Oxford,  Mr.  Murray  put  into  my  hands,  for 
a  few  days,  a  paper  MS.  in  fol.  with  the  arms  of 
England  and  France  on  both  sides  of  the  binding, 
being  Norden's  Description  of  Cornwall.  He  desired 
me  to  look  it  over,  and  to  give  my  opinion  of  it,  it 
being,  he  said,  Christopher  Bateman's,  who,  he  said, 
gave  20  libs,  for  it,  and  he  added  that  Kit,  being  in 
but  bad  circumstances,  would  print  it,  to  raise  some 
money,  and  had  been  at  the  charges  of  engraving  the 

256  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

draughts  in  it,  of  which  proofs  lay  in  the  book,  tho' 
I  found  the  engravings  wrong  in  many  particulars. 
But  the  maps  were  wanting  in  the  MS.,  I  mean  the 
county  maps.  I  do  not  know  but  this  is  the  MS.  that 
belonged  to  St.  James's  library.  Yet  there  being 
several  faults  in  the  writing,  I  cannot  tell  whether 
it  be  the  original.  Roger  Gale,  esq.  hath  a  MS.  of 
this  work,  but  Mr.  Murray  said,  'tis  only  a  copy  of 
this  MS.  of  Mr.  Bateman's.  He  confessed,  however, 
that  Mr.  Gale  hath  the  maps,  but  added  that  he 
would  lend  them  Kit  Bateman  to  be  published. 

Copy  of  my  letter  to  Mr.  Murray,  when  I  returned 
the  MS.  to  Norden. 

Mr.  Norden's  character  is  well  known  from  what  is 
already  printed  of  his  Speculum  Britannia.  Yet  I  think 
nothing  of  his  that  I  have  seen  equals  his  Topographical 
and  Historical  Description  of  Cornwall,  that  you  lodg'd 
with  me  for  a  few  days.  But  the  mapps  being  wanting 
in  the  MS.  I  cannot  imlrre  of  the  whole.  He  took  a  right 
method  to  trace  the  originall  of  places,  by  making  him- 
self acquainted,  in  some  degree,  with  the  Saxon  tongue. 
Nor  did  he  neglect  even  the  Brittish  language.  Even 
Geffry  of  Monmouth  was,  in  many  respects,  a  favourite 
author  with  him.  And  that  justly,  since  'tis  certain,  that 
Geffry  is  in  many  things  an  author  of  credit.  The  most 
early  accounts  in  other  countries,  as  well  as  our  own,  were 
brought  down  by  tradition.  And  therefore  'tis  rather  a 
wonder,  that  there  are  no  more  inconsistencies  in  Geffry. 
Mr.  Norden  being  sensible  of  this,  hath  modestly  apolo- 
gized for  him.  And  so,  without  doubt,  had  he  seen  it,  he 
would  have  done  for  the  British  Chronicle  in  Jesus  Colleire 
Library,  which  contains  more  historical  facts  than  arc  in 
Geffry,  and  ought  to  be  printed  by  such  as  are  versed  in 
the  British  language.    There  are  many  other  pieces  as  yet 

1 726]  HEARNlANsE.  257 

unpublished  of  Norden.  I  hope  these  may  be  retrieved 
also,  and  I  think  his  Preparative  to  the  whole  should  be 
reprinted,  as  it  was  first  published  at  London  in  1596  in 
31  pages  in  8vo.  But  this  little  thing  I  never  yet  saw, 
only  I  have  some  MSS.  extracts  from  it,  that  were  given 
me  by  a  friend.  But  I  leave  this,  and  other  matters  of 
this  kind,  to  more  proper  judges  than,  Sir, 

your  most  obliged 

humble  servant, 

Edmund  Hall,  Oxford,  Tho.  Hearne. 

Sept.  6.  1726. 

Sept.  9.  Yesterday  Mr.  Layng  of  Balliol  college 
gave  me  a  fine  copy  of  Coryat's  Crudities,  which  is 
a  most  rare  book.  As  there  are  abundance  of  very 
weak,  idle  things  in  that  book,  so  there  are  withal 
very  many  observations  that  are  very  good  and  use- 
full,  as  was  long  since  noted  by  Purchas  and  some 
others.  The  author  kept  a  diary,  in  which  he  en- 
tered whatever  notes  he  thought  memorable,  for  many 
years,  but  what  became  of  it  after  his  death  is  un- 
certain, tho'  'tis  probable,  that  his  mother  Gertrude, 
who  lived  divers  years  after  his  death,  and  died  at  an 
extreme  old  age,  destroyed  it.  One  would  wish 
to  have  seen  that*  Diary,  in  which,  without  doubt, 
were  many  remarks  of  English  affairs,  particularly 
before  he  travelled  beyond  sea,  which  was  not  till  he 
was  turned  of  thirty. 

Sept.  14.  (From  the  Reading  Post,  Sept.  12, 172(3.) 
"  Lisbon,  Aug.  31,  1726,  N.  S.  One  Welton,  a  non- 
"  juring  English  clergyman,  who  some  time  ago  ar- 
"  rived  here  from  Philadelphia,  died  lately  of  a  dropsy. 
"  During  his  illness  he  refused  the  assistance  of  the 
"  English  minister  here,  alledging  he  was  not  of  his 
"  communion,  though  as  for  himself  he  declared  he 

II.  s 

25S  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

"  was  of  the  church  of  England  as  reformed  hy  arch- 
"  bishop  Cranmer.  After  his  death,  among  his  things 
"  were  found  an  episcopal  seal,  which  he  had  made 
"  use  of  in  Pensylvania,  whereas  he  assumed  and 
"  exercised  privily  and  by  stealth  the  character  and 
"  functions  of  a  bishop.  Information  of  such  his 
"  practices  having  been  transmitted  from  Pensylvania 
"  last  year  to  the  Lords  Justices  of  Great  Britain, 
"  they  ordered  a  writ  of  privy  seal  to  be  sent  to  him, 
"  commanding  him  to  return  home;  which  writ  being 
"  served  upon  him  in  January  last  at  Philadelphia, 
"  he  chose  rather  than  pay  obedience  to  it,  to  retire 
"  hither." 

N.  B.  This  is  the  famous  Dr.  Welton,  minister  of 
White-chappel,  who  suffered  much  for  his  honesty, 
and  was,  it  seems,  a  bishop,  and  is  now  above  the 
malice  of  all  his  enemies. 

Sept.  28.  Mr.  Roger  Bourchier,  fellow  of  Worcester 
college,  is  a  man  of  great  reading  in  various  sorts  of 
learning.  He  hath  been  always  of  that  place,  having 
been  entered  there  when  it  was  a  hall,  at  his  first 
coming  to  Oxford.  He  is  not  in  orders.  Mr.  Colley 
of  Christ  Church  says  he  is  the  greatest  man  in  Eng- 
land for  divinity.  This  Mr.  Colley  is  an  apocalyptical 
man,  being  much  given  to  books  upon  the  Revelation, 
reading,  besides  Mede,  other  things  that  he  meets 
with  upon  that  subject,  and  he  is  particularly  strangely 
taken  with  a  great  folio  upon  the  Revelation,  written 
by  Mr.  Daubuz  (that  same  that  wrote  a  Latin  8vo. 
book  upon  the  passage  in  Josephus  relating  to  our 
Saviour)  and  published  since  his  death,  which  Mr. 
Colley  saith  is  the  most  learned  book  by  much  that 
ever  he  read.  I  have  not  seen  this  book  of  Daubuz's, 
but  Mr.  Colley  having  recommended  it  to  Bourchier, 

1726]  HEARNIANJE.  259 

the  said  Bourchier  also  now  mightily  commends  it. 
By  this  you  may  guess,  that  these  two  gentlemen  are 
fanciful,  as  they  are  also  esteemed  to  be.1 

Oct.  5.  The  following  paper  was  communicated  to 
me  yesterday  by  Mr.  Isham,  fellow  of  Lincoln  college, 

In  the  register  of  St.  Martin's  parish,  Leicester,  Feb. 
5,  18  Eliz. : — "  Tho.  Tilsly  and  Ursula  Russet  were 
"  married,  and  because  he  was  and  is  naturally  deaf 
"  and  dumb,  could  not  for  his  part  observe  the  order 
"  of  the  form  of  marriage,  after  the  approbation  had 
"  from  Thomas  the  bishop  of  Lincoln,  John  Chippen- 
"  dale,  LL.D.  and  commissary,  and  Mr.  Rich.  Davys, 
"  mayor  of  Leicester,  and  others  of  his  brethren  with 
"  the  rest  of  the  parish ;  the  sayd  Thomas  for  ex- 
"  pressing  of  his  mind  instead  of  words,  of  his  own 
"  accord  used  these  signs  ;  first  he  embrae'd  her  with 
;'  his  arms,  took  her  by  the  hand  and  put  a  ring  on 
"  her  finger,  and  laid  his  hand  upon  his  heart,  and 
"  held  up  his  hands  towards  heaven,  and  to  shew  his 
"  continuance  to  dwell  with  her  to  his  lives  end,  he 
"  did  it  by  closing  his  eyes  with  his  hands  and  digging 
"  the  earth  with  his  feet,  and  pulling  as  tho'  he  would 
"  ring  a  bell,  with  other  signs  approv'd." — Concordat 
cum  originali. 

Oct.  G.  Lond.  Sept.  29.  Thursd.  the  rev.  Mr.  Francis 
Wise  was  lately  presented  to  the  vicarage  of  Harlow 
in  the  county  of  Essex.  (This  from  the  Reading- 
Post  for  Oct.  3.     N.  B.  This  Wise  hath  a  donative 

1  Roger  Bourchier,  son  of  Thomas  B.  a  poor  person  of  the  city 
of  Oxford,  was  matriculated  as  servitor  of  Gloucester  hall,  July 
14,  1695,  being  then  fourteen.     Reg.  Matric.  AZ. 

260  EELIQUIjB  [1726 

besides,  and  is  fellow  of  Trinity  coll.  Oxon.  Gustos 
archivorum  of  the  university,  and  the  intruding  second 
librarian  of  the  Bodleian  library,  which  is  really  my 

Oct.  12.  In  August  last  past  a  person  unknown  came 
to  Cutt-IIedge-Inn  in  the  liberty  of  Long-parish  near 
Andover,  Hampshire,  very  well  drcst,  and  mounted 
on  a  steed  worth  20  guineas,  and  having  two  small 
twigs  in  his  hand,  he  came  in  and  desired  the  land- 
lord (Mr.  Robert  Webb)  to  give  him  correction,  which 
the  landlord  at  first  seemed  unwilling  to  comply  with, 
but  at  the  gentleman's  further  intreaty,  he  called  in 
a  lusty  porter,  which  was  at  the  house,  and  the  gen- 
tleman (having  himself  untrust  his  breeches)  caused 
the  porter  to  take  him  at  his  back,  and  the  landlord 
with  the  twigs  aforesaid  paid  him  on  the  bare  buttocks 
until  the  blood  ran :  for  which  the  gentleman  was 
very  thankful ;  which,  the  better  to  express,  he  treated 
the  landlord  and  porter,  and  so  went  off  unknown.1 

Oct.  19.  Wedn.  14°  Kal.  Nov.  Oxonii  in  Anglia 
Sanctae  Fredesuuindre  virginis.  Mart.  Rom.  St.  Frides- 
wide  flourished  about  the  year  740.  She  was  the 
ornament  and  patroness  of  the  most  illustrious  city 
and  university  of  Oxford.  Her  father's  name  Didan, 
a  person  of  noble  quality,  and  her  mother's  Safrida. 
From  her  infancy  she  had  an  aversion  from  all  deli- 
cacies. She  usually  lay  upon  the  hard  pavement.  A 
great  part  of  the  night  she  spent  upon  her  knees,  or 

1  In  the  collection  of  letters  attributed,  although  falsely,  to 
lord  Lyttelton,  the  following  singular  narrative  is  recorded.  It 
forms  a  fitting  companion  to  Hearne's  Cutt-IIedge-Inn  story, 
from  which  it  may  probably  have  taken  rise. — See  Appendix, 
No.  XVI. 

1 726]  II  EARN  I  AN JE.  261 

prostrate  upon  the  ground.     Her  ordinary  diet  was 
barley-bread,  with  a  few  herbes  and  roots,  and  her 
drink  only  water.      By  her  example    twelve   other 
virgins    forsook   the  world.     She    dedicated   herself 
wholly  to  religion  by  her  parents'  leave.    By  the  muni- 
ficence of  the  king  she  built  a  monastery,  into  which 
she   entred   with  her    companions,  and    passed    the 
greatest  part  of  her  time  in  prayer  and  fasting.    Alard 
or  Algar,   a  young  prince,  being  smitten  with  her 
beauty,  she  leaves  the  monastery,  and  flies  to  Oxford, 
whither  Algar  pursued  her,  but  was  struck  blind  as  he 
entered  the  city,  but  restored  to  sight  by  her  means, 
at  his  repentance.     Princes  were  afterwards  scrupu- 
lous about  entering  the  city  at  that  gate.     Out  of 
thankfulness  she  built  another  monastery,  in  which 
she  spent  the  remainder  of  her  life  in  purity  and 
divine  contemplation.     This  was  at  Oxford,  and  there 
she  was  buried,  and  after  her  death  her  immaculate 
body  reposing  there,  became  the  principal  ornament 
of  the  city.     There  is  a  shrine,  called  St.  Frideswide's 
shrine,  now  at  Christ  Church. 

Plate  in  the  treasury  of  the  Monastery  of  Faversham. 
(From  a  MS.  in  the  hands  of  i\lr.  West.) 
1.  One  piece  of  the  holy  crosse  closed  in  gold,  and  set 
with  stones. 

•2.   A  crucifix  silver  and  gilt  weight  50  5 . 

3.  A  mitre  with  pearl. 

4.  A  staffe  with  a  crosse.     The  staffe  silver  parcel 
gilt.      The  crosse  silver  gilt  and  enamel'd. 

5.  A  pontifical  ring  of  gold  with  4  other  gold  rings, 
3  iii  et  dimid. 

6.  II  ouches  of  silver  set  with  pearl. 

7.  IX  chalices  with  their  patents  of  silver  gilt,  pond. 
150  5. 

202  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

8.  II  censers  of  silver  and  gilt,  pond.  140  5. 

9.  A  navet  of  silver,  pond.  5  16. 

10.  A  bell  of  silver.     II  paxes  of  silver  parcel  gilt, 
5  x.  and  IV  crewets  of  silver,  pond.  26  5. 

Plate  in  the  Abbots  chamber. 

1.  A  standing  peice  all  gilt  with   a  cover,  pond.  5 


2.  A  flat  peice  of  silver  with  a  cover,  pond.  5  xii. 

3.  A  salt  of  silver  with  a  cover,  3  16. 

4.  II  gilt  spoons,  pond.  5  i. 

5.  VI  spoons  of  silver  with  knobs  like  strawberryes, 
pond.  5  vi. 

6.  V  niasors  with  covers,  pond.  5  xiiii. 

Plate  in  the  f rater  ij. 

1.  VII  masors  with  III  covers,  pond.  5  i.xxxi. 

2.  VI  silver  spoons,  pond.  5  iiii. 

Plate  in  the  portery. 

1.  A  masor,  pond,  q  ii. 

2.  A  salt  of  silver  with  a  cover,  pond.  5  vi. 
Summe  total  of  the  silver  plate  was  5  454~. 
Of  gold  in  rings,  5  iii. 

Besides  the  piece  of  the  Holy  Crosse,  the  Crucefix, 
mitre,  staff  and  2  ouches  of  silver  set  with  pearl. 

The  price  of  the  Horses  in  the  Stables. 

In  ye  first  stable  VI  horses,  price 
In  ye  2d  stable  V  horses,  price 
In  ye  3d  stable  V  horses,  price 
In  ye  4th  stable  IV  horses,  price 
Item  2  mures  price 

2  mares  price 

Horses  and  mares  24  price        14     6     8 






















1726]  HEARNIANJE.  263 

Oct.  20.  This  being  the  coronation-day  of  George 
duke  of  Brunswick,  commonly  called  king  George, 
there  was  mighty  jambling  of  bells  very  early  in  the 
morning  at  several  places  in  Oxford. 

To  James  West,  esq.  at  N°.  7  in  Figtree  court,  in  the 
Inner  Temple,  London. 

Dear  Sir, 

I  hope  after  you  went  from  Oxford'  on  Thursday  last, 
you,  and  the  young  gentleman  that  accompanied  you,  met 
with  a  pleasant  entertainment  at  Tetsworth,  and  that 
the  next  day,  after  you  had  parted  with  that  young 
gentleman,  you  got  safe  to  London.  I  fear  'twill  be 
long  before  I  shall  have  the  happiness  of  seeing  you 
again.  I  have  paid  the  four  shillings  you  left  with  me 
for  Jerry  at  Godstow,  and  the  same  day  (as  I  often  do) 
I  drank  (as  I  most  heartily  wish  and  desire)  your  health 
at  that  place. 

The  little  book  you  gave  me  of  the  third  order  of  St. 
Francis,  called  the  order  of  Poenance,  is  a  curiosity.  But 
then  'tis  nothing  near  so  rare  as  the  little  book  of  three 
sheets  of  paper,  De  Scriptorum  Britannicorum  paucitate, 
written  by  Nic.  Carr,  which  you  shew'd  me  at  Godstowe, 
and  which  I  looked  over  with  much  pleasure.  This  Can- 
was  an  elegant  writer,  and  'tis  a  curious  subject  that  this 
little  book  treats  of.  But  I  was  disappointed  in  reading 
it ;  for  I  expected,  that  he  would  have  spoken  of  the 
havock  made  of  our  writers  at  the  dissolution  :  but  this, 
as  I  remember,  he  does  not  so  much  as  touch  upon.  At 
that  time  perished  also  a  great  many  Tabulce,  in  which 
were  recorded  the  foundations  and  transactions  in  several 
religious  houses.  They  used  to  be  hung  up  either  in  their 
refectories,  or  some  other  publick  places,  where  they  might 

Oct.  21.  Yesterday  I  delivered  back  into  Mr.  West's  own 
hands,  his  MS.  Brute  of  England,  after  which  Mr.  West  went 
for  London  in  the  afternoon,  lying  last  night  at  Tetsworth. 

264  RELIQUIJE  [1726 

be  seen  and  read  by  those  of  the  respective  societies,  as 
well  as  by  strangers.  Of  this  kind  were  the  tabula  of  St. 
Frideswide,  formerly  much  read  by  the  scholars  and 
townsmen  of  Oxford,  of  which  place  she  was  the  ornament 
and  patroness. 

Y\  hen  you  see  Mr.  Granger  and  Mr.  Murray,  pray  give 
them  my  humble  service,  and  be  pleased  to  accept  the 
same  yourself  from,      Dear  Sir, 

your  most  obliged 

and  most  humble  servant, 

Edm.  Hall,  Oxford,  Tho.  Hearne. 

Oct.  23,  1726. 

Oct.  29.  On  Thursday  night  last  Mr.  Graves  of 
Mickleton  in  Gloucestershire,  who  is  now  in  Oxford, 
shewed  me  a  copper  coin  of  Theodora,  the  second 
wife  of  Constantius  Chlorus.  It  is  small.  He  said 
he  was  told  it  was  found  near  Campden  in  Glouces- 
tershire. It  is  a  great  rarity ;  all  her  coins  are  scarce. 
On  one  side  is  FL-  MAX  THEODORA  AYG  Theodora; 
caput  diad.  On  the  reverse  PIETAS  ROMANA 
Figura  muliebris,  stans  cum  puerulo  lactente:  infra 

My  friend  Mr.  Graves  was  born  on  April  22, 1677, 
as  he  told  me  last  night.  He  hath  an  aunt,  that  is 
an  hundred  and  one  years  of  age,  as  I  heard  him  say. 
She  is  still  a  woman  that  is  vigorous,  and  hath  her 
senses  perfect.  She  is  a  tall  upright  woman,  and 
still  comely,  she  having  been  formerly  very  handsome. 
Mr.  Graves  said,  that  Dr.  Knight  (if  he  survives  her) 
is  to  preach  her  funeral  sermon,  he  being  very  great 
with  her. 

The  said  Dr.  Knight  is  different  from  Dr.  Knight 
that  was  of  St.  John's  college,  Oxford.  He  was  a 
Cambridge  man,  and  hath  published  one  vile  whiggish 

1726]  HEARNIANJE.  265 

sermon,  if  not  more.  He  hath  likewise  scriblecl  and 
published  the  lives  of  Dean  Colet  and  Erasmus,  both 
in  8vo.  volumes,  and  are  but  miserable  stuff.  There 
are  indeed  divers  cuts  in  them,  but  they  are  to  please 
women  and  children.  The  life  of  Erasmus  is  worse 
than  that  of  Dean  Colct. 

Nov.  2.  Valerius  Andreas  in  BibUotheca  Belgica,  p. 
866,  ed.  Lovanii,  1643,  4°.  gives  an  account  of  Richard 
Whyte  of  Basingstoke  and  his  writings,  but  mentions 
no  more  than  nine  books  of  his  History,  so  that  even 
then  the  tenth  and  eleventh  books,  which  my  friend  Mr. 
West  hath,  were  extremely  scarce. 

Dr.  Rawlinson  (in  a  letter  from  London  of  Nov.  1) 
tells  me  that  my  reflections  on  Mr.  Moyle,  at  the  end 
of  John  of  Glastonbury,  have  raised  on  me  a  nest  of 
hornets,  but  he  says,  by  what  is  already  printed,  their 
satyr  is  as  edgeless,  as  their  endeavour  strong,  to  say 
something  spiteful  and  unreasonable :  such  a  Cory- 
phaeus of  the  party  must  be  defended  at  all  events, 
and  every  thing  sacrificed  to  such  an  occasion  to 
spleen.  "  Some  pretended,"  says  the  Dr.,  "  to  affirm 
"  that  there  was  not  only  venom  in  your  works,  but 
"  rank  treason.  One  La  Roche,  a  French  Huguenot, 
"  who  patches  for  the  booksellers  a  piece  he  terms 
"  Memoirs  of  Literature,  I  am  informed,"  continues 
the  Dr.,  "  intends  not  to  let  you  pass  by  unremarked 
"  in  his  next  labours  for  bread,  but  hackney  writers, 
"  and  such  kind  of  cattle,  are  mushrooms  of  an  hour's 
"  growth,  and  forgot  almost  as  soon  as  born.  These," 
adds  the  Dr.,  "  are  some  notices  I  picked  up  in  con- 
"  versation,  as  one  cannot  always  chuse  one's  com- 
"  pany,  and  one  lays  under  obligations  to  bear  with 
"  impertinencies." 

266  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

Mr.  Creech,  fellow  of  All  Souls'  college,  hanged 
himself  in  the  year  1700.  He  was  one  of  the  most 
applauded  wits  we  had,  and  for  several  curious  pieces 
deserved  well  of  the  commonwealth  of  learning.  By 
the  coroner's  inquest  he  was  found  non  compos  mentis. 
The  evidence  for  it  was  very  good,  being  such  as  had 
observed  him  to  be  melancholly  for  a  some  considerable 
time.  He  was  upon  a  new  edition  of  the  ancient 
father  Justine  Martyr,  and  had  prepared  several  ma- 
terials for  it. 

Nov.  5.  Sir  Norton  Knatchbull  had  a  folio  MS. 
which  must  be  of  great  use,  thus  intit.  in  sir  Norton's 
Auction  Catalogue,  "  Dr.  Rich.  Zouehe's  Privileges 
"  of  the  University  of  Oxford,  collected  into  a  body, 
"  1659."  And  in  p.  8,  there  is  mentioned  to  be  among 
his  MSS.  "  A  Chronicle  of  England  in  English  verse," 
on  paper,  fol.  and  num.  157,  "John  Norden's  Ab- 
stract of  the  General  Survej'  of  the  Soke  of  Lindesey 
in  the  county  of  Lincoln,  with  all  the  mannors,  town- 
ships, lands  and  tenements,  within,  or  belonging  to 
the  same,  being  a  parcel  of  the  dutchy  of  Cornwall, 
1616,  fol.1 

Nov.  6.  Mr.  Willis  of  Whaddon-hall  told  me  last 
night,  that  Mr.  Francis  Peck,  who  is  printing  the 
antiquities  of  Stanford  in  Lincolnshire,  which  he  calls 
Accidentia  tertia  Anglicana,  was  formerly  his  servant. 
For  being  a  poor  servitor  of  St.  John's  coll.  in  Cam- 
bridge (I  think  Mr.  'Willis  said,  his  mother  was  a 
poor  woman,  that  worked  for  her  bread,  being  a  sort 
of  semstrcss),  Mr.  Willis  took  him  to  his  house  at 

1  The  original  MS.,  or  a  contemporary  copy,  is  among  the 
Moore  MSS.  in  the  Public  Library  at  Cambridge.  E.  Peacock, 

1 726]  HEABNIANJE.  267 

Whaddon,  before  Slyford  was  with  him,  where  he 
wrote  for  him,  and  drew  some  things,  he  being  an 
expeditious  scribe,  and  good  at  drawing.  After  some 
time  Mr.  Willis  discovered  him  to  be  a  *******  ; 
for  he  not  only  preached  in  a  certain  church  without 
being  in  orders,  but  betrayed  the  family  concerns  of 
Mr.  Willis,  who  thereupon  quite  discarded  him.  He 
is  a  batchelour  of  arts,  and  is  now  a  clergyman.  He 
hath  got  some  good  papers  of  other  men's,  particu- 
larly of  one  that  is  dead,  and  formerly  undertook  the 
antiquities  of  Stanford,  and  by  the  help  of  these  he 
may  make  a  good  book,  he  being  himself  (what 
Mr.  Willis  acknowledges)  a  man  of  parts,  and  no 
mean  scholar,  tho'  very  conceited.1 

Mr.  John  Dryden,  the  great  poet,  was  buried  in 
Westminster  abbey  among  the  old  poets  in  May  1700, 
being  carried  from  the  college  of  Physicians,  where 
an  oration  was  pronounced  by  the  famous  Dr.  Garth, 
in  which  he  did  not  mention  one  word  of  Jesus 
Christ,  but  made  an  oration  as  an  apostrophe  to  the 
great  god  Apollo,  to  influence  the  minds  of  the  audi- 
tors with  a  wise,  but,  without  doubt,  poetical  under- 
standing, and,  as  a  conclusion,  instead  of  a  psalm  of 
David,  repeated  the  30th  ode  of  the  third  book  of 
Horace's  odes,  beginning,  Exegi  monument um,  &c.  He 
made  a  great  many  blunders  in  the  pronunciation.2 

1  For  an  account  of'Peck  see  Nichols's  History  of  Leicestershire, 
and  Anecdotes  of  TAterature,  as  well  as  some  additional  particu- 
lars in  Chalmers's  Biographical  Dictionary.  Neither  of  these 
writers  was  aware  of  Peck's  obligations  in  early  life  to  Browne 
Willis,  nor  of  their  subsequent  disagreement.  Peck,  in  after 
life,  mentions  Willis  with  respect,  dedicating  a  plate  in  his 
History  of  Stanford  to  him,  in  which  he  is  termed  "  that  curious 
"  and  communicative  antiquary  Browne  Willis,  esq." 

2  See  au  interesting  account  of  Dryden's  funeral  in  Malone's 

268  RELIQUIJE  [1726 

Nov.  13.  On  Thursday  the  3d  of  this  month  was 
hanged  at  Tyburn e  Anthony  Drury,  for  robberies  on 
the  highway,  (he  having  particularly  robbed  the  Bis- 
seter  waggon  of  a  great  sum  of  money,  &e.)  in  the 
28th  year  of  his  age.  After  the  death  of  Mr.  Har- 
rison, late  chaplain  of  Christ  Church  and  minister  of 
Magdalen  parish  in  Oxford,  his  widow,  (an  elderly 
body,  though  Mr.  Harrison  was  a  young  man,)  who 
was  daughter  of  Mr.  Arthur  Violet,  (who  had  been 
esq.  Beadle  of  Div.  of  the  univ.  of  Oxford.)  was  mar- 
ried to  this  Drury,  who  married  her  purely  for  her 
money,  a  great  deal  of  which  he  soon  spent,  and  so 
left  her.  He  was  a  person  of  good  natural  under- 
standing, and  might  have  lived  in  great  reputation, 
and  very  happily,  he  being  very  famous  for  curing 
smoaky  chimnies,  for  which  reason  he  was  commonly 
called  the  Chimney  Doctor,  and  got  considerably  by 
this  practise.  But  after  he  was  married  to  Mrs.  Har- 
rison, she  thought  such  a  profession  too  low,  and 
would  therefore  have  had  him  to  leave  it,  which  he 
declined.     This  and  the  difference  of  their  age,  (she 

Life  prefixed  to  the  Prose  works  of  that  illustrious  writer.  The 
extract  from  Hearne  given  above  corroborates,  in  great  mea- 
sure, Malone's  confutation  of  the  false  statements  of  what  took 
place  on  that  occasion,  related  in  one  of  Curll's  compilations 
(the  Memoirs  of  Congreve),  said  to  have  been  written  by  a 
Charles  Wilson,  esq.,  but  really  penned  by  Mrs.  Elizabeth 
Thomas.  Hearne,  who  jvas  no  admirer  of  Garth,  would  have 
delighted  in  the  story  of  the  grave  physician's  falling  into  the 
"  old  beer  barrel  "  in  the  midst  of  his  oration,  had  such  an  event 
ever  taken  place.  See  Malone's  Life  of  Dr;/il<>i,p.  361.  In  a  sub- 
sequent vol.  (1 15,  p.  17)  Hearne  write-,  on  Tuesday,  April  30th, 
1  700,  about  nine  o'clock  in  the  evening  died  John  Dryden,  esq. 
the  celebrated  poet,  aged  69,  leaving  behind  him  80  libs,  per 
annum  to  his  wife,  and  as  much  to  his  son,  with  a  new  comedy 
in  MS.  About  two  days  before  his  death  he  finished  a  satyr 
against  sir  Richard  Blackmore,  with  as  much  spirit  and  vigour, 
as  if  it.  had  been  wrote  in  the  flower  of  his  age. 

1 726]  1IEARNIANJE.  269 

being  an  old  woman  to  him.)  as  well  as  her  cross 
ugly  humours,  (which  killed  her  first  husband,  who 
was  a  mighty  goodnatured  man,)  made  him  very  un- 
easy, and  conduced  to  his  ruin,  to  say  nothing  of  his 
having  another  wife,  with  which  he  was  charged  in 
Newgate  by  the  minister,  but  waved  it,  and  would 
not  give  a  direct  answer.  He  was  born  at  Norwich 
of  honest  creditable  parents,  who  gave  him  good 
education  for  business,  and  instructed  him  in  the 
principles  of  religion.  At  the  place  of  execution  he 
appeared  with  abundance  of  courage ;  he  said  King 
the  waggoner  was  the  only  person  who  put  him  upon 
robbing  the  Bisseter  waggon,  as  also  the  Banbury 
waggon,  and  his  own  wife  of  £4,  but  that  he  only 
got  two  or  three  shillings  from  her.  He  complained 
of  his  wife's  unkindness,  but  forgave  her.  He  called 
to  a  gentleman  at  the  place  of  execution,  and  gave 
him  some  directions  relating  to  his  estate.  He  also 
gave  several  advices  to  the  spectators,  desiring  them 
to  live  holy,  virtuous,  and  godly  lives ;  and  he  hoped 
to  be  saved  thro'  the  merits  of  Jesus  Christ,  and  died 
apparently  penitent. 

About  the  year  1704  a  young  gentleman  (a  com- 
moner) of  Magd.  hall  in  this  university,  who  was  son 
to  the  learned  Dr.  Inett,  being  drinking  with  three 
others,  after  they  had  drunk  ale  for  some  time  'twas 
concluded  to  drink  brandy  upon  it ;  which  they  did 
in  such  a  quantity,  that  they  all  fell  asleep.  After 
some  time,  three  of  them  awoke,  and  found  the  other, 
Inett,  quite  dead,  and  he  could  never  be  recovered, 
the  strength  of  both  liquors  exhausting  his  spirits. 
Richard  Barlow  of  the  parish  of  White  Waltham  died 
a.d.  1705  suddenly,  having  before  drunk  consider- 
able quantity  of  ale  and  brandy. 

270  RELIQUIjE  [1726 

Nov.  15.  On  November  9th  last  called  upon  me 
Edward  ITarley  esq.  late  gentleman  commoner  and 
master  of  arts  of  Christ  Church,  (son  of  auditor 
Harley,)  he  being  going  with  his  lady  (sister  of  Mr. 
Morgan  of  Tredegar)  into  Wales.  This  Mr.  Harley 
is  a  fine  gentleman,  being  much  given  to  books,  and 
a  friend  to  scholars.  He  hath  one  son  (being  his 
first  child)  about  a  quarter  of  a  year  old,  by  his  lady, 
who  is  a  very  great  fortune  to  him.  [He  hath  an- 
other son  since,  December  6,  1727.] 

Nov.  19.  "  Some  days  since  died  at  his  chambers 
"  in  Gray's  Inn,  the  Rev.  Mr.  Bishop,  a  nonjuring 
"  clergyman."  N.B.  This  Mr.  Bishop,  whose  Christian 
name  was  William,  was  a  very  honest  man,  and  was 
of  Trinity  college  Oxford,  as  a  member  of  which  he 
took  the  degree  of  M.A.  Feb.  19,  1683.  Dr.  Charlett 
used  to  call  him  his  cousin  Bishop.  He  did  not  like 
Anthony  Wood's  way  of  writing  lives,  so  that  being 
once  talking  with  Anthony,  Anthony  told  Mr.  Bishop 
he  would  write  his  life.  Prithee,  Anthony,  says 
Mr.  Bishop,  hast  a  mind  to  have  a  good  cudgel  ?  upon 
which  Anthony  forebore. 

Nov.  21.  Mr.  West  tells  me,  in  a  letter,  that  he 
had  seen  that  day  a  noble  book  finely  printed,  with 
a  great  number  of  beautiful  cutts,  in  a  large  folio, 
which  because  he  takes  it  to  be  a  very  great  rarity, 
he  hath  sent  the  title,  vk.  Succint  genealogies  of  the 
noble  and  antient  house*  of  Alno  or  deAlneto.  Brocof 
Shephale.  Latimer  of  Duntish.  Drayton  of  Drayton. 
Mauduit  of  Wermin&ter.  (/now  of  Drayton.  Vere 
of  Addington.  Fitz  Lewes  of  Westhomedon.  Howard 
of  Effingham,  and  Mordannt  of  Turvey  justified  by  public 
records,  antient  and  extant  charters,  histories  and  other 

1 726]  HEARNIANJE.  271 

authentic  proofs,  and  enrichted  with  divers  sculptures  of 
tombs,  images,  seales  and  other  curiosities  by  Robert 
Halstead."  London,  printed  in  the  year  of  our  Lord 
MDCLXXXV.  Mr.  West  judges  rightly  that  the  said 
book  is  a  very  great  rarity.  I  do  not  remember  any 
thing  distinctly  about  it ;  but  I  think  I  have  seen  it. 
I  would  fain  have  some  short  account  of  this  Hal- 
stead,  who  and  what  he  was,1  and  whether  he  was  a 
man  of  learning. 

iVTor.  30.  One  Mrs.  Anne  Toft,  wife  of  William 
Toft  clothworker  of  the  town  of  Godliman  within 
three  miles  of  Guilford  in  Surrey,  was  delivered  of 
nine  creatures  resembling  rabbits  at  several  times  in 
the  month  of  October  last,  and  since  that  time  she 
hath  been  delivered  of  eight  more,  in  all  seventeen. 
All  papers  are  full  of  this,  as  are  also  many  private 
letters,  and  'tis  so  well  attested  by  several  chirurgeons, 
physicians,  and  others,  (among  which  is  Mr.  John 
Howard,  chirurgeon  and  man-midwife  in  Guilford, 
who  delivered  her,  women  midwives  being  after  one 
rabbit  came  from  her  afraid  to  proceed.)  that  no 
doubt  is  made  about  the  truth  of  the  fact.2  Dec.  8. 
The  woman  that  has  been  delivered  of  seventeen  rab- 

1  This  Halstead  is  supposed  to  be  a  fictitious  name;  and 
the  book,  in  reality,  to  have  been  compiled  by  Henry  earl  of 
Peterborough.  See  a  good  account  of  it  in  Lowndes'  Biblio- 
grapher's Manual  11,  862.  The  British  Museum  certainly 
has  two  copies,  one  of  which  came  amongst  the  library  formed 
by  that  zealous  book  collector  king  George  the  Third,  and 
given  to  the  nation  by  king  George  the  Fourth :  the  second 
by  the  late  Mr.  Grenville.  For  further  mention  of  this  rarity, 
and  the  libraries  in  which  it  may  be  found,  see  Gough's  British 
Topograph)/,  and  that  most  useful,  but  now  nearly  forgotten, 
book  the  Censura  Literaria. 

s  Hearne  concludes  this  subject  Apr.  21,  1727.  Mary  Toft, 
the  Godalmin  rabbit  woman  was  (April  8)  discharged  from  her 
recognizance  at  the  quarter  sessions,  Westminster,  there  being 
no  prosecution. 




bits  at  Godalmin  is  come  to  town  by  order  of  his  ma- 
jesty, and  is  lodged  in  the  Bagnio  in  Long  Acre, 
where  there  is  a  great  resort  to  see  her.  Dec.  23. 
Mary  Toft,  the  rabbit-woman  from  Godliman,  is 
ordered  to  be  prosecuted  upon  the  statute  of  Edw.  III. 
for  being  a  vile  cheat  and  impostor.  There  is  a  very 
great  resort  of  all  manners  of  people  to  see  her  in 
Tothill  Fields,  Bridewell. 

Dec.  5.  On  Friday  last  in  the  afternoon  was  a 
convocation  for  electing  a  minister  of  some  west 
country  living,1  which  falls  to   the  university  upon 

1  This  was  the  rectory  of  Loxore  in  Devonshire.  Hearne's 
account  is  curious,  as  shewing  us  the  combinations  of  colleges  in 
his  day.  It  will  be  interesting  to  Oxford  men  if  I  take  this 
opportunity  of  recording  the  results  of  a  few  elections  in  the 
university  which  I  have  casually  met  with  in  my  academical 

University  contests  f 
1759.  Lord     Westmore- 


1750.  Sir  R.  Newdigate 
Mr.  Harley     .     . 
Sir  E.  Turner 




land  .... 

Bp.  of  Durham     . 
1762.  Lord  Litchfield     . 

Lord  Foley      .     . 
1809.  Lord  Grenville     . 

Lord  Eldon 

Duke  of  Beaufort. 



1768.  Sir  R.  Newdigate 
Mr.  Page    .     .     . 
Mr.  Jenkinson 
Dr.  Hay     .     .     . 

1806.  Sir  Wm.  Scott      . 
Rt.  Hon.  C.  Abbot 
Mr.  Heber       .     . 



1821.  Mr.  Heber       .     . 


1679.  Dr.  Perrott      .     . 


Sir  John  Nicholl . 


Sir   Leoline   Jen- 

1829. Sir  R.  II.  Inglia  . 


kins  .... 


Rt.  Hon.  R.  Peel. 


Dr.  Oldys  .     .     . 


1847.  Sir  K.  II.  Inglis    . 


Hon.  Mr.  Lane    . 


Rt     Hon.   W.    E. 

1705.  Mr.  Bromley 




Sir  Win.  W'hitloek  214 

Mr.  Round 


Sir  Hugh   Mack- 

1852.  Sir  R.  II.  Inglis  . 




Rt.   Hon.   W.   E. 

1721.  Mr.  Bromley  . 


Gladstone    . 


Dr.  Clarke  "   . 


Dr.  Marsham 


Dr.  King    .     . 


1853.  Rt.  Hon.    W.   E. 

1736.  Mr.  Bromley  . 


Gladstone    .     . 


Mr.  Trevor 


Mr.  Perceval  .     . 





account  of  the  patron's  being  a  Roman  catholic,  in 
the  room  of  Mr.  Charles  Reeve   M.A.  late  of  New 

Margaret  Professor. 

1691.  Dr.  Maurice     .     .  40 

Mr.  Sykes  ...  35 

1705.  Mr.  Wynne     .     .  33 

Dr.  Baron  ...  27 

1728.  Mr.  Jenner     .     .  34 

Dr.  Leigh  ...  24 

1783.  Dr.  Neve    ...  77 

Dr.  Bandinel  .     .  53 

1827.  Mr.  Faussett  .     .  42 

Dr.  Nares  ...  33 

Mr.  Shuttleworth  19 

1833.  Mr.  Heurtley  .     .  53 

Mr.  Woodgate     .  46 

Mr.  Hansell     .     .  22 

Mr.  Foulkes    .     .  20 

Camden's  Professor  of  History. 

1688.  Mr.  Dodwell   .     .  104 

Hon.  Mr.  Finch  .  98 

Dr.  Aldworth  .     .  86 

1720.  Dr.  Harrison  .     .  177 

Mr.  Denison    .     .  104 

Mr.  White       .     .  92 

1772.  Mr.  Scott   ...  140 

Mr.  Bandinel       .  115 

Mr.  Napleton       .  99 

1785.  Mr.  Warton     .     .  186 

Mr.  Wiustanley  .  107 

Bodleifs  Librarian. 

1701.  Dr.  Hudson     .     .  194 

Dr.  Wallis       .     .  173 

1719.  Mr.  Bowles      .     .  106 

Mr.  Hall    ...  77 
1768.  Mr.  Price        .     "1 

Mr.  Cleaver    .     /  e(*ual 

Custos  Archivorum. 

1777.  Dr.  Buckler     .     .  266 

Mr.  Raw  bone       .  97 

Mr.  Price  ...  26 
1781.  Hon.  T.  F.  Wen- 

man  ....  221 

Dr.  Monkhouse    .  191 

1818.  Mr.  Cooke  .  .  180 
Mr.  Bliss  ...  122 
Mr.  Heyes       .     .     107 

Professor  of  Poetry. 

1741.  Mr.  Lowth       .     . 


Mr.  Lisle    .     .     . 


1751.  Mr  Hawkins  .     . 


Mr.  Thompson 


1793.  Mr.  Hurdis     .     . 


Mr.  Rett     .     .      . 


1842  (no  poll    but   on  a 


statement  of  votes 



Mr.  Garbett     .      . 


Mr.  Williams 


Vinerian  Professor. 

1777.  Mr.  Woodeson 


Mr.  Kooke       .     . 


Clinical  Professor. 

1785.  Dr.  Wall    .     .      . 


Dr.  Vivian 


Aldrichian  Physic. 
1803.  Dr.  Bourne      .     .     323 
Dr.  Williams        .     238 

Curator  of  the  Tlteatn 


Dr.  Butler       .     . 


Dr.  Shippen    . 


Public  Orator. 

1697.  Mr.  Wyatt      .     . 


Dr.  Penton      .     . 


Mr.  Waple      .     . 


Mr.  Manningham 


1745.  Mr.  Lisle  .     . 


Mr.  Hind        .     . 


1760.  Mr.  Nowell     .     . 


Mr.  Vivian 


1784.  Mr.  Crowe       .     . 


Mr.  Tatham    .     . 


Mr.  Burrington    . 


Mr.  Sergrove 


274  RELIQUIJ5  [1726 

college,  who  is  dead.  This  Mr.  Reeve  took  the  said 
degree  of  M.A.  June  14,  1707.  He  married  one 
Mrs.  White,  sister  of  Mr.  White  the  chymist  of  Holy- 
well in  Oxford.  He  drank  very  hard,  which  ended 
his  life.  His  wife  is  living.  Candidates  were  Mr. 
Bourn,  chaplain  of  Corpus  Xti.  coll.,  and  Mr.  Quicke 
of  Christ  Church.  Mr.  Bourn  is  much  the  senior. 
They  are  both  masters  of  arts.  Mr.  Bourn  had  130 
votes  and  Mr.  Quicke  only  98.  Magd.  coll.  and  Univ. 
coll.  struck  in  with  Corpus.  Mr.  Bourn  had  been 
formerly  of  Univ.  coll. ;  Dr.  Charlett  being  his  uncle. 
Balliol  coll.  struck  in  with  Christ  Church. 

A.D.  1698.  A  charter  passed  the  seals  for  the 
making  Gloucester  hall  in  Oxford  a  college,  by  the 
name  of  Worcester  college.  Sir  Thos.  Cook  gave  for 
that  end  £10,000,  and  Dr.  Woodrof  pretended  to  be 
a  great  benefactor.  Sir  Thos.  committed  the  care  of 
that  business  to  the  bp.  of  Worcester,  Dr.  Stilling- 
fleet,  but  Dr.  Woodrof  put  into  the  charter  that  the 
king  should  have  liberty  to  put  in  and  turn  out  the 
fellows  at  his  pleasure,  which  displeased  the  bishop 
very  much,  who  said  that  kings  have  already  had 
enough  to  do  with  our  colleges.  Upon  this  it  was 
reported  the  bishop  would  alter  his  purposes,  and 
give  the  money  to  some  other  place  in  this  university. 
And  Dr.  Mill,  principal  of  Edmund  hall,  said,  that  if 
it  should  so  fall  out,  he  did  not  question  but  that  he 
should  get  it  for  Edm.  hall ;  for  bp.  Stillingfleet  no- 
minated that  place  at  first  as  most  fit ;  and  Dr.  Mill 
had  abundance  of  more  interest  too  with  the  bp.  than 
Dr.  Woodrof.  But  soon  after  I  heard  that  things 
were  settled  again  between  the  bp.  and  Dr.  Woodrof, 
by  reason  of  a  paper  drawn  up  which  annulled  what 
was  inserted  in  the  charter  with  relation  to  the  king  ; 

1726]  HEABNIANJE.  275 

and  thereupon  the  business  went  forward,  and  after 
some  years  it  was  fully  ended,  and  Gloucester  hall 
became  a  college,  notwithstanding  the  contrivances 
of  the  late  Dr.  Lancaster  to  have  it  at  Magdalen 

Dec.  15.  Sept.  26th  Mr.  Calvert  told  me  that  he 
hath  an  uncle  called  Mr.  Paston,  who  is  a  very  curious 
gentleman.  He  is  a  Roman  catholic.  He  lives  at 
Pauntly  in  Gloucestershire.  He  married  Mr.  Cal- 
vert's aunt,  viz.  the  lady  Anne  Calvert.  She  is  his 
second  wife.  His  estate  (at  least  the  greatest  part) 
is  abbey  lands,  and  thrives  with  him,  as  it  is  a  gene- 
ral observation  that  abbey  lands  thrive  in  Roman 
catholic  hands,  though  not  in  others.1  Mr.  Charles 
Hyde  is  chaplain  to  him.  Mr.  Paston's  son  married 
Mrs.  Courtney,  a  lady  of  great  understanding  and 
virtue.  They  were  married  in  1725.  Her  brother 
(who  is  a  protestant)  hath  many  old  valuable  writings. 

1  Hearne's  remark  on  the  prosperity  attending  the  possession 
of  abbey  lands  by  Roman  catholic  proprietors  is  rather  unfortu- 
nate in  this  instance.  The  Paston  name,  at  once  one  of  the 
most  ancient  and  respectable  in  England,  is,  I  fancy,  now  ex- 
tinct. The  last  of  the  family  lived  at  Horton,  and  becoming 
involved  fell  into  the  hands  of  an  attorney  in  the  neighbour- 
hood, to  whom  he  ultimately  became  so  indebted,  that  dving, 
he  paid  his  debt  by  leaving  the  estate  to  this  gentleman.  There 
was,  if  I  remember  rightly,  a  suit  at  law  in  consequence,  which 
at  the  time  occasioned  a  great  sensation  in  the  county,  and  on 
the  production  of  the  will,  which  (having  been  proved  in  some 
consistory  court  in  the  country,  and  erroneously  sought  for  in 
the  prerogative  court  in  London  only)  was  supposed  not  to  exist, 
the  cause  was  immediately  decided  in  favour  of  the  attorney. 
Hearne,  subsequently,  gives  many  extracts  from  charters  and 
other  documents,  relative  to  the  Pastons,  which  I  only  omit  as 
not  being  of  general  interest.  Thev  may  however  be  found  in 
the  Diary,  under  1726,  by  the  curious  inquirer.  See  a  reference 
to  a  sir  William  Paston  in  Russell's  Memorials  of  Thomas  Fuller, 
Lond.  Pickering,  1844,  page  32.  I  cannot  refer  to  a  more  in- 
teresting or  accurate  little  volume. 

276  RELIQUIAE  [1726 

Mr.  Calvert  then  told  me  that  the  great  tithes  of 
Kissling  near  Richmond  in  Yorkshire  belonged  to  the 
priory  of  St.  Agatha,  i.  e.  Richmond  juxta.  The  fore- 
said young  Mr.  Paston  (William  Paston  esq.)  lives  at 
Horton  near  Badminton  in  Gloucestershire.  This 
Horton  belonged  to  the  church  of  Salisbury. 

Dec.  23.  "  London  Dee.  13.  On  Friday  night  the 
"  vestry  of  St.  Martin's  in  the  Fields  chose  the  Rev. 
il  Mr.  Horseley  their  second  reader  to  succeed  Mr. 
"  Ellison,  deceased,  as  clerk  of  the  said  parish,  which 
"  is  returned  worth  about  £300  per  annum."  Reading 
Post,  Dec.  19,  1726. 

"  London,  Dec.  13.  Dr.  John  Cockman  of  Maid- 
•'  stone  was  lately  marryed  to  Mrs.  Dyke,  sister  to 
"  sir  Thomas  Dyke  of  Sussex,  bart.  This  Dr.  Cock- 
man,  who  is  younger  brother  to  Mr.  Thomas  Cock- 
man,  master  of  University  college,  is  a  man  of  a 
sweet  temper,  and  is  ingenious.  He  had  a  great 
practice  in  his  profession  of  physick  at  Maidstone, 
but  his  first  wife  being  a  great  fortune  to  him,  upon 
her  death,  or  rather  before,  he  left  off  his  practice, 
and  came  and  lived  in  Univ.  college  in  Oxford,  of 
which  he  had  been  formerly  a  member.  By  the  said 
first  wife  (a  pretty  woman)  he  had  only  one  child,  a 
daughter,  (a  pretty  young  girl,)  now  living.  As  for 
sir  Thomas  Dyke's  sister,  she  is  not  very  young,  but 
very  agreeable,  both  in  her  person  and  temper,  and 
though  younger  than  the  doctor,  who  is  about  forty- 
six  years  of  age,  yet  she  is  of  an  age  suitable  to  his. 
Sir  Thos.  Dyke  was  a  young  nobleman  of  Christ 
Church  a  few  years  since. 

Dec.  25.   One  Mr.  Zachary  Pearce,  a   Cambridge 
gentlemaDj  who  some  time  since  put  out  a  piece  of 

1 726]  HEABNIANJE.  277 

Tally  with  a  fulsome  dedication,  hath  just  published 
a  sermon  in  Svo.  preached  by  him  at  London  at  the 
consecration  of  some  new  church  there  (viz.  in  London) 
by  bp.  Gibson,  at  the  end  of  which  he  hath  added  an 
essay  about  the  original  of  temples.  In  which  essay 
he  often  quotes  Dr.  Potter  bp.  of  Oxford's  Antiquities 
of  Greece,  as  if  Potter  had  anything  extraordinary, 
not  observed  before  by  Meursius,  whereas  indeed 
Potter  is  nothing  but  Eouse  improved  from  Meursius, 
as  any  one  may  immediately  perceive  that  will  give 
himself  the  trouble  of  considering  impartially.  And 
whereas  many  very  curious  new  observations  might 
have  been  made,  (several  relating  to  the  Greek  coins,) 
Potter  hath  not  made  so  much  as  one ;  the  study  of 
those  coins  &c.  being  quite  out  of  his  way.  This 
Pearce  also  speaks  of  sir  Isaac  Newton  as  the  genius 
and  glory  of  this  isle,  and  makes  him  as  great  a 
chronologer  as  he  is  a  mathematician.  There  is  no 
doubt  that  sir  Isaac  is  a  very  great  mathematician, 
but  in  chronology  he  advanced  paradoxes  and  new 
opinions,  and  being  no  classical  scholar,  (as  I  am  well 
assured  he  is  not,)  he  must  be  at  a  loss  for  reading, 
to  know  what  the  ancients  delivered  of  such  and  such 
affairs,  and  'tis  too  late  to  begin  reading  now  at  his 
great  age,  though  I  cannot  find  that  he  thinks  much 
of  death. 

1727.  Yesterday  I  was  told  by  Mr.  Francis  Gwyn 
of  All  Souls  college,  that  Dr.  Pearce  Dod  told  him, 
that  when  the  college  of  physicians  at  London  waited 
lately  in  a  body  on  the  queen,  as  they  call  George  the 
present  elector  of  Hanover's  wife,  she  said,  in  the 
hearing  of  the  said  Dr.  Dod,  to  one  by  her,  by  way 
of  sneer,  enough  to  kill  a  whole  nation,  which  words 
are  much  resented,  especially  by  some,  and  indeed 

278  RELIQUIyE  [1726-27 

many,  particularly  the  tories,  are  much  nettled  at 
the  present  proceedings,  this  George  II.  continuing 
things  as  they  were  before,  and  in  all  probability 
will  act,  if  we  may  judge  from  his  beginning,  with 
an  higher  hand  than  George  I.  His  late  speech  to 
the  parliament  gives  great  offence  to  the  tories,  be- 
cause he  commends  the  last  parliament,  and  would 
have  such  another  chosen,  speaks  well  of  the  dis- 
senters, &c.  But  king  James  may  be  glad  of  this, 
since,  if  matters  go  on  so,  his  interest  must  needs  be 
thereby  much  strengthened.  For  the  tories  will  be 
thereby  forced  to  be  for  him,  whereas  if  they  should 
be  now  put  in  place,  they  would  be  all  against  him, 
as  I  heard  one  of  them  say  myself  very  lately.  As 
for  George  I.  'tis  very  remarkable  that  he  died  on  the 
10th  of  June  (the  21st  in  that  country),  being  the 
birthday  of  king  James,  and  not  at  one  clock  in  the 
morning  on  June  11th,  as  the  world  is  made  to  be- 
lieve on  purpose  that  it  might  not  be  thought  he  went 
out  of  this  life  on  so  remarkable  a  day  as  king  James's 
birthday,  whose  kingdoms  he  had  so  long  and  so  un- 
justly usurped.  The  said  George  I.  was  quite  rotten 
and  eat  up  with  whoring. 

172G-27.  Jan.  3.  Dr.  Humphry  Hody  died  on  Jan. 
21,  170G,  in  the  45th  year  of  his  age,  at  which  time  I 
heard  Dr.  Grabe  say  that  he  was  an  older  man  than 
Dr.  Hody.  so  that  Dr.  Grabe  must  have  been  at  least 
51  years  of  age  when  he  died.  The  said  Dr.  Grabe 
was  a  Prussian  by  birth,  and  in  his  own  country 
a  Lutheran,  but  disliking  some  tilings  of  that  persua- 
sion, he  writ  a  book  or  two  in  his  own  language, 
shewing  his  dissent  from  some  particulars,  which,  as 
I  think,  being  answered,  and  he  being  uneasy,  he 
came  into  England,  and  coming  acquainted  with  Dr. 

1726-27]  HEARNIANsE.  279 

Mill,  principal  of  Edmund  hall,  he  proposed  to  publish 
several  books,  one  of  which  was  to  shew,  that  the 
church  of  England  excells  all  other  churches.     But 
Dr.  Mill  and  others  put  him  by  this  design,  as  think- 
ing (and  very  rightly)  that  he  was  very  unqualified 
for  such  an  undertaking,  as  he  was  a  foreigner  not 
thoroughly  acquainted  with  our  affairs,  and  being  still 
in  some  things   a   Lutheran.     Instead  therefore  of 
writing  upon  the  church  of  England,  they  put  him 
upon  Spicileg'mm  Patrum,  which  he  had  also  proposed, 
and  accordingly  he  printed  two  vols,  of  that  work  in 
8vo.  during  his  residence  at  Edmund  hall.     After 
which,  being  made  chaplain  of  Christ  Church,  he  laid 
by  that  design,  (for  he  was  a  very  fickle,  unsettled 
whimsical  man,)  and  put  out  an  8vo.  vol,  of  a  piece 
of  Justin  Martyr,  and  intended  other  parts,  but  did 
not,  leaving  the  rest  for  others,  which  accordingly 
was  done,  and  then  he  set  upon  an  edition  of  Irenaeus, 
and  finished  it,  though  had  it  been  to  consist  of  several 
volumes,  he  would  certainly  have  laid  it  aside.  After 
this,  leaving  his  chaplainship,  he  settled  at  London, 
and  put  out  bp.  Bull's  works  in  folio,  but  without 
the  bp.'s  leave,  adding  many  things  of  his  own,  which 
are  far   inferior  to  the  bp.'s.      Then   he   set  upon 
the  Septuagint  according  to  the  Alexandrian   MS., 
and  printed  some  parts  of  it,  and  prepared  the  rest 
for  the  press,  which  hath  been  since  published  by 
Mr.  George  Wigan,  now  principal  of  New  Inn  hall. 
But  Dr.  Grabe  was  so  weary  of  this  work  of  the  Sep- 
tuagint, that  I  have  often  heard  him  say,  he  wished 
he  had  never  undertaken  it.     However,  his  friends 
prevailed  with  him  to  go  on,  though  during  his  being 
upon  it  he  made  an  excursion  into  matters  of  contro- 
versy, and  writ  and  published  a  little  8vo.  book  against 
Mr.  Whiston,  printed  first  in  the  Theater  at  Oxford, 

280  RELIQUIuE  [1726-27 

and  since  the  Dr.'s  death  at  London.  In  order  to  the 
writing  of  which  book  against  Mr.  Whistoii,  (which 
was  afterwards  answered  by  Mr.  Whiston,)  he  was 
obliged  to  take  one  or  more  journeys  to  Oxford  to 
consult  MSS.,  in  one  of  which  journeys  he  happened 
to  receive  a  bruise   in   his  breast  from  the  coach, 
which  occasioned  his  death.     The  Dr.,  after  he  had 
left  his  chaplainship  of  Christ  Church,  where  he  never 
officiated,   had  an   hundred  a  year  pension   settled 
upon  him  from  queen  Anne,  but  'twas  very  rarely 
paid  him,  as  I  have  heard  him  complain  more  than 
once,  in  so  much  that  he  wanted  money,  and  would 
often  borrow  of  friends,  and  'twas  his  general  com- 
plaint that  he  could    not  get  generous  subscribers 
heartily  to  promote  and  encourage  his  learned  la- 
bours.    Tis  certain  he  was  a  worthy  man,  and  what 
he  hath  done  in  ecclesiastical  affairs  is  extraordinary. 
Yet  he  was  far  from  being  that  great  man  some  have 
extolled  him  for.     He  had  no  classical  learning.    His 
judgement  was  not  great;  his  stile  was  poor.     He 
received  orders  as  of  the  church  of  England,  of  Dr. 
Wm.  Lloyd,  bp.  of  Worcester,  but  he  did  not  then 
receive  the  sacrament,  nor  did  the  bp.  offer  it  him. 
Indeed  Dr.  Grabe  (who  was  intircly  for  consubstan- 
tiation)  never  communicated  with  us.    When  he  was 
of  Edm.  hall  and  of  Christ  Church,  lie  would  frequent 
(lie  ehapell  prayers,  as  he  would  constantly  go  to  the 
publick  churches,  but  then  he  would  never  receive 
the  sacrament  at  any  of  those  times,  but  he  used 
to  go  to  London,  and  for  some  time  he  received  at 
the  hands  of  Mr.  Edward  Stevens,  after  the  manner 
of  the  Greek  church,  and  after  Stevens'  death,  I  have 
been  told,  from  some  Lutheran  ;  but  how  he  received 
at  his  death,  I  have  not  learned,  tho'  some  have  said 
he  received  from  Dr.  Hickes.      In  short,  I   could 

1726-27]  HEARNIANJE.  281 

never  understand  otherwise,  but  that  Dr.  Grabe  was 
very  unsettled,  and  was  for  setting  up  a  religion  of 
his  own  framing.  In  some  things  he  was  a  Lutheran, 
in  others  for  the  church  of  England,  in  others  a 
papist ;  I  mean  he  was  for  some  of  the  errours  of  the 
church  of  Rome,  though  at  the  same  time  I  have 
heard  him  at  a  public  coffee  house  bitterly  rail  (for 
which  he  was  checked)  against  the  pope,  calling  him 
antichrist  &c.  He  was  in  many  things  very  credulous 
and  very  superstitious,  and  for  some  time  (though  he 
changed  his  mind  afterwards)  he  used  to  keep  saints' 
days  as  strictly  as  Sundays,  and  was  unwilling  to 
work  himself  or  to  let  others  work  for  him  on  those 
days.  He  had  strange  fancies  about  spirits,  and  when 
he  heard  of  a  fire,  (as  there  was  one  at  Edm.  hall 
while  he  was  there,)  he  would  presently  cry  out  that 
there  were  spirits.  His  way  of  writing  was  to  have 
a  bottle  of  ale,  brandy,  or  wine  stand  by  him,  and 
every  three  or  four  lines  of  his  writing  he  would 
drink  thereof.  He  was  a  man  that  mightily  delighted 
in  women's  company,  and  he  was  very  sweet  upon 
them,  in  so  much  that  at  last  he  mightily  desired  a 
wife,  and  he  had  made  his  addresses  to  a  daughter  of 
sir  Sebastian  Smith's  of  Oxford,  but  she  was  married 
to  Dr.  Gardiner  of  All  Souls'  instead  of  Dr.  Grabe, 
who  had  then  other  young  women  in  his  view.  Dr. 
Grabe  died  (as  I  have  noted  elsewhere)  in  a  dubious 
condition,  and  cowardly,  if  what  Mr.  Samuel  Gale 
told  me  be  true.  The  earl  of  Oxford  sent  him  money 
upon  his  death-bed.  What  he  did  for  him  before,  I 
know  not ;  it  hath  been  said,  very  little.  The  erect- 
ing a  monument  is  popular,  befitting  such  as  make 
court  to  the  house  of  Hanover.  I  have  heard  Dr. 
Grabe  say,  that  he  preached  and  read  lectures,  though 
not  in  orders,  for  about  eleven  years  before  he  came 

282  RE  LIQUID  [1726-27 

to  England.  When  he  was  here  I  very  much  assisted 
him  in  things  relating  to  MSS.,  and  transcribed  from 
old  MSS.  a  vast  number  of  sheets  for  him,  some  of 
which  he  printed,  and  some  are  now  among  his  MS. 
papers  in  the  Bodleian  library.  At  the  same  time  I 
was  also  a  great  assistant  to  Dr.  Mill,  Dr.  Hudson, 
&c.  When  Dr.  Grabe  came  first  to  Oxford,  he  had 
not  much  Greek,  but  at  length,  by  Dr.  Mill's  help,  he 
became  well  versed  in  such  Greek  as  is  used  in  eccle- 
siastical writings.  So  I  have  often  heard  Dr.  Mill 
say.  He  was  withal  a  man  of  so  much  vanity  as 
mightily  to  court  and  desire  applause,  and  would  talk 
of  obelisks  and  asterisks,  and  of  his  own  undertakings 
before  all  persons,  even  such  as  were  perfectly  igno- 
rant and  illiterate,  on  purpose  that  he  might  be  com- 
mended by  them.  He  always  wore  a  wig  while  he 
was  with  us,  at  least  as  long  as  I  knew  any  thing  of 
him,  which  I  note,  because  Mr.  West  hath  observed, 
that  he  is  in  the  statue  represented  in  his  own  hair. 
He  was  a  man  of  a  mean  presence,  and  by  no  means 
personable.  His  eyes  were  so  fixed  as  rf  he  looked 
two  ways  at  once.  Yet  he  would  fain  be  thought  an 
handsome  man.  These  are  many  of  the  severe  re- 
marks that  used  to  be  made  upon  Dr.  Grabe,  and 
among  the  rest  even  by  his  friend  Dr.  John  Mill,  to 
whom  (what  I  should  have  observed  before)  he  wrote 
a  letter  that  is  printed  in  4to.  about  the  Septuagint. 
Notwithstanding  all  which,  Dr.  Grabe  was  certainly 
a  good,  pious  man,  and  what  he  did  with  respect  to 
ecclesiastical  learning  is  prodigious. 

Jan.  4.  Last  Friday  was  a  tryal  ( that  lasted  several 
hours)  at  St.  Mary's  in  Oxford  about  presenting  to 
Cherlebury  in  Oxfordshire,  vacant  by  the  death  of 
Dr.  Brabourn.     Upon  which  vacancy  St.  John's  col- 

1726-27]  H EARN IAN JE.  283 

lege  put  in  their  claim,  though  they  had  never  pre- 
sented before,  it  belonging  (it  seems)  to  them  after 
such  a  number  of  years  had  been  expired,  which 
happened  now  to  be  the  case.  Dr.  Heywood  of  St. 
John's  college  was  presented  by  the  college  soon 
after  Dr.  Brabourn's  death.  But  a  caveat  was  put  in 
against  his  institution  by  one  Saunders  of  Glouces- 
tershire, who  pretended  to  the  right  of  presentation 
because  they  had  had  it  before,  and  Brabourn's  wife 
was  a  Saunders,  and  would  fain  have  had  it  in  behalf 
of  her  son,  young  Brabourn.  On  Friday  morning 
the  said  Turner  presented  one  Allen  in  opposition  to 
St.  John's  college.  Both  the  bp.  of  Oxford  and  his 
archdeacon,  as  well  as  Dr.  Irish,  judge  of  the  court, 
sate.  There  was  a  great  auditory.  Council  from 
London  for  both  sides  came  down,  viz.  Dr.  Wills  for 
St.  John's  college,  and  serjeant  Hawkins  for  Turner. 
Many  gave  out  that  'twould  certainly  go  for  Turner 
in  behalf  of  Brabourn.  But  the  matter  appeared  too 
plain  for  the  college,  and  the  jury  brought  it  in  for 
St.  John's  college,  to  the  confusion  of  Brabourn  and 
all  that  were  for  him. 

Jan.  5.  Memorand.  that  formerly  the  Theater 
printers  at  Oxford  kept  no  other  holydays  at  Christ- 
mas but  the  three  daj^s  immediately  following  Christ- 
mas day,  and  the  Circumcision,  commonly  called 
New  Year's  day.  The  other  days,  excepting  Christ- 
mas day  itself,  they  used  to  work,  not  so  much  as 
keeping  Epiphany,  or  Twelfth  day,  holy  day,  only  at 
night  they  did  not  use  candles,  a  thing  of  note, 
because  the  custom  hath  of  late  been  altered,  so  as 
little  work  is  done  during  the  12  days. 

Jan.  7.  The  parsonage  of  Blechingdon  near  Wood- 

284  RELIQUIyE  [1726-27 

stock  was  given  to  Queen's  coll.  in  Oxford  at  the 
request  of  the  founder,  Robt.  Englefield,  by  king 
Edw.  III.  9  Jul.  anno  regni  17,  a.d.  1343,  and  the 
year  following  27th  March  (viz.  a.d.  1344)  he  gave 
the  said  college  the  wardenship  of  the  Hospital  of  St. 
Julian  at  Southampton,  commonly  called  God's  house. 
This  hospital  was  almost  destroyed  by  fire  by  the 
rebels  temp.  Car.  I.  Robt.  Englefield  himself  was 
warden  of  that  hospital. 

Wm.  Muskham,  rector  of  the  church  of  Dereham 
in  Cumberland,  built  Queen's  coll.  gate  next  Edm. 
hall,  and  certain  chambers  on  the  north  side  of  the 
said  gate  temp.  Edw.  III.  before  the  year  1352 : 
the  said  gate  is  still  standing,  as  also  the  chamber 
over  it,  built  likewise  by  Muskham,  which  chamber 
was  the  very  chamber  in  which  prince  Henry  (after- 
wards Henry  V.)  lived  when  he  was  a  member  of 
that  college.  John  Ross  in  his  history  of  England, 
that  I  printed,  hath  noted  this.  And  there  is  a  note 
about  it  in  one  of  the  windows  of  the  chamber.  My 
late  friend,  Charles  Eyston  of  East  Hendred  in 
Berks,  esq.,  not  long  before  he  died,  being  in  Oxford 
with  one  or  two  other  honest,  wrorthy  gentlemen, 
and  understanding  from  me  that  that  was  king 
Henry  Vth's  chamber,  had  a  mighty  desire  of  seeing 
the  inside,  which  accordingly  I  obtained,  and  Mr. 
Eyston  earnestly  desired  of  the  gentleman  then  re- 
siding in  it,  that  he  would  use  his  interest  that  this 
chamber  might  not  be  pulled  down  with  the  rest, 
now  at  this  time  of  erecting  new  buildings  in  the 
college.  But  what  will  be  done  I  know  not,  though 
I  fear  the  worst ;  especially  since  they  have  pulled 
down  the  old  refectory  which  was  on  the  west  side 
of  the  old  quadrangle,  and  was  a  fine  old  structure 
that  I  used  to  admire  much,  and   should  have  ad- 

1726-27]  II  EARN  IAN  yE.  285 

mired  it  the  more  had  I  seen  the  old  ^enigmatical  in- 
scriptions, and  the  arms  of  the  several  benefactors  of 
the  college,  with  which  it  was  once  adorned.  But 
these  were  destroyed  long  before  the  refectory,  whicli 
was  lately  pulled  down,  and  the  name  of  Muskham 
(who  gave  1G0  marks  for  building  it)  quite  forgot, 
as  is  also  that  of  one  John  Wharton,  who  gave  4 
pounds  to  the  refectory,  in  order  to  repair  and  adorn 
it,  in  the  time  of  King  Henry  Vllth. 

Jan.  9.  The  abbat  of  Abington  used  to  keep  court 
in  an  house  on  Grandpont  bridge  in  St.  Aldate's 
parish,  Oxford.  St.  Aldate  was  bishop  of  Gloucester, 
and  cut  Hengist  king  of  the  Saxons  in  pieces. 
Grandpont  bridge  consists  of  above  forty  stone  arches. 
Brian  Twyne  looks  upon  Friar  Bacon's  study  on 
Grandpont  bridge  as  a  fiction.  Without  doubt  he 
had  an  observatory  in  that  place.  The  lower  part  is 
very  old,  though  the  upper  part  be  new.  It  is  now 
the  waterworks.  I  have  spoke  of  this  study  in  my 
glossary  to  Peter  Langtoft.  East  Bridge  street  in 
St.  Clement's  parish,  by  Oxford.  Magdalen  bridge, 
Oxon,  was  built  by  Wm.  Waynfleet,  founder  of  Magd. 
coll.,  yet  there  was  an  older  bridge  according  to 
Twyne,  who  tells  us  from  the  book  of  the  hospital 
of  St.  John  Baptist,  that  king  Henry  III.  founded 
the  said  hospital,  not  far  from  the  bridge.  He  con- 
firms it  from  Florilegus.  But  Leland  tells  us  of  a 
ferry  only  then.  If  there  was  a  bridge,  'twas  only 
a  foot-bridge,  as  indeed  there  is  a  tradition  that  for- 
merly there  was  only  a  foot-bridge  there. 

Jan.  10.  Yesterday  morning  died  old  Mr.  Michael 
Burghers,  of  St.  Peter's  parish  in  the  East,  Oxford. 
He  was  born  at  Amsterdam  in  Holland,  and  being 

286  RELIQUIAE  [1726-27 

an  engraver,  when  young  he  came  into  England,  and 
after  some  time  settling  in  Oxford,  he  worked  as  a 
journeyman  to  Mr.  David  Loggan  the  university  en- 
graver. Upon  Loggan's  death  Burghers  himself  was 
made  the  university  engraver.  He  was  looked  upon 
as  the  best  general  engraver  in  England,  and  had 
always  till  very  lately,  within  these  two  or  three 
years,  a  vast  deal  of  business,  so  that  being  withal  a 
very  industrious  man,  he  got  a  vast  deal  of  money, 
and  purchased  a  pretty  estate  in  Oxford.  His  wife 
hath  been  dead  several  years.  His  only  daughter 
(and  I  think  only  child  now  living)  is  the  wife  of  one 
Welman  a  barber  in  St.  Peter's  parish.  The  old 
man  was  so  foolish  as  to  make  all  he  had  over  to 
them  some  time  ago,  whereupon  they  wanted  to  be 
rid  of  him,  and  for  some  time  they  kept  him  a 
prisoner  in  his  own  house  ;  for  he  and  the}7  lived 
all  together  in  a  house  of  his  by  East  gate ;  and  gave 
out  one  while  that  he  was  gone  to  Holland,  and  an- 
other that  he  was  at  Hackbourne  in  Berks,  where 
his  son  in  law  Welman  hath  some  estate,  and  all  this 
that  he  might  not  come  out  to  pay  his  debts.  For 
they  having  got  all,  the  old  man  was  reduced  so  as 
to  borrow  money,  and  run  in  debt  other  ways.  It  is 
true,  the  old  man  was,  in  many  respects,  a  great 
villain,  and  a  very  debauched  person.  Yet  for  all 
that,  they  should  have  taken  all  possible  care  of  him, 
and  not  have  starved  him  as  they  did.  Had  he  had 
the  comforts  of  life,  he  might  have  held  out  (as  all 
think)  ten  or  a  dozen  years  longer,  and  yet  was 
about  fourscore  when  he  died.  He  was  a  very  strong 
man,  and  had  a  vast  stomack.  He  was  struck  with 
a  palsy  a  few  days  before  he  died,  which  if  it  had 
been  known  to  physicians  and  apothecaries  in  good 
time,  they  might  (as  I  am  well  assured)  in  all  pro- 

1726-27]  IIEABNIAN^E.  287 

bability  have  recovered  him  so  as  he  might  have  held 
out  a  good  while  longer,  but,  it  seems,  they  thought 
their  father  had  lived  too  long  already. 

Jan.  14.  In  an  old  imperfect  Psalter  in  English 
which  I  have  in  4to.  used  in  the  2nd  year  of  Queen 
Elizabeth's  reign,  is  this  written  at  the  beginning : 

"  Popery  was  not  quite  downe,  till  the  third  yeare 
of  Qu.  Eliz.  This  Psalter  was  the  Liturgy  used  in 
the  second  yeare  of  her  reigne." 

"  The  papists  frequented  the  churches  untill  her 
seventh  yeare." 

Jan.  24.  The  famous  Dr.  Pocock  assisted  Mr.  Sel- 
den  very  much,  as  Selden  himself  is  pleased  to  ac- 
knowledge in  several  places,  particularly  in  his  edi- 
tion of  Eutychius'  Oriyines  Ecclesiai  Alexandrine, 
which  Origines  is  only  a  small  inconsiderable  frag- 
ment of  Eutychius'  Annales  that  Pocock  himself 
afterwards  published  in  Arabic  and  Latin.  Indeed 
Selden,  notwithstanding  his  great  pretences,  had  but 
little  skill  in  Arabic,  and  he  made  use  of  others' 
help  in  that,  as  in  many  other  things.  His  design 
of  printing  these  Annals  was  purely  out  of  his  hatred 
to  episcopacy.  His  Commentary  upon  them,  which 
is  large,  is  a  mere  rhapsody,  learned  indeed  and  full 
of  reading,  but  generally  like  his  other  performances 
injudicious.  His  efforts  against  episcopacy  are  but 
weak,  and  yet  he  did  what  he  was  able. 

Jan.  25.  On  the  5th  July  1724,  Dr.  Rawlinson 
writ  me  a  letter  from  Rome,  at  which  time  my 
friend  the  Honble  Benedict  Leonard  Calvert,  esq.  was 
there  also,  to  whom  the  Dr.,  as  Mr.  Calvert  hath 
since  told  me,  was  antiquary  at  Rome.     The  Dr. 

288  RELIQUIAE  [1726-27 

speaks  of  that  great  variety  of  agreeable  objects 
which  daily,  not  to  say  hourly,  are  the  entertain- 
ments at  that  place  of  the  curious.  Books  indeed 
describe,  and  travellers  talk,  but  Horace's  rule,  he 
observes,  is  exactly  true,  that 

"  Segnius  irritant  amnios  demissa  per  aures, 
"  Quam  qua?  sunt  oculis  subjecta  fidelibus." 

The  Dr.  roved,  as  himself  says,  out  of  the  common 
road  of  travellers.  He  made  excursions  into  Sicily, 
where  every  spot  of  ground,  every  rock  or  wave  of 
the  sea,  recalled  to  his  mind  either  Homer,  Virgil, 
Claudian  tfcc.  If  I  admire,  says  he,  the  grandeur  of 
old  Rome  in  its  great  remains,  I  pity  the  fate  of 
more  antient  and  more  spacious  Syracuse,  whose 
ruins  and  vast  circumference  strike  with  terrour,  and 
in  viewing  Rome  I  only  review  Sicily  plundered  of 
her  treasures  by  Marcellus,  who  by  the  spoils  carryed 
thence  enriched  and  adorned  this  capital.  With 
what  astonishment  do  we  behold  the  subterraneous 
grottos  and  catacombs  of  Rome  ?  No  less,  continues 
the  Doctor,  am  I  amazed  in  curiously  prying  into 
those  of  the  Syracusan  tyrant,  where  he  spent  a  life 
in  the  greatest  profuseness  and  luxury,  but  alass  ! 
this  city,  this  wonder  of  the  world,  has  suffered 
more  from  violence  than  time.  The  frequent  earth- 
quakes and  convulsions  of  nature  may  be  added  as  a 
melancholy  circumstance.  In  those  countries  the 
works  of  nature  are  equal,  if  not  superior,  to  those 
of  art.  Mount  ^Etna  is  to  be  seen,  not  described. 
Heights  almost  inaccessible,  precipices  horrible,  and 
streams  of  fire  which  strike  terrour  into  the  hardest. 
The  condition  the  Dr.  saw  it,  when  thereon,  gave 
reason  to  fear  to  forty  miles  around.  Of  the  ravage 
and  destruction  which  attend  those  dreadfull  erup- 

1726-27]  HEARNIANJE.  289 

tions  the  antient  and  modern  story  is  full.  All  the 
country  around  abounds  with  fabulous  history,  the 
rape  of  Proserpine,  the  planting  of  corn  by  Ceres  &c. 
are  too  trite  but  barely  to  mention.  Old  Homer's 
Cyclops  seem  still  to  sweat  at  their  forges,  and  the 
Cyclopum  scopuli  near  Catania  remind  the  famed 
escape  of  Ulysses.  The  doctor  goes  still  on,  and 
speaks  of  his  brother's  going  into  Arabia,  of  the 
pleasures  in  travell,  and  of  the  satisfaction  himself 
enjoyed  on  that  score.  This,  says  he,  and  much 
more  was  not  able  to  satisfy  the  appetite  of  my  more 
curious  brother,  who  now  perhaps  traverses  the  burn- 
ing sands  of  Arabia,  or  rather  visits  some  sacred 
ruin  recorded  in  holy  writ.  It  is  his  good  fortune 
to  see  some  at  least  of  those  seven  golden  candle- 
sticks whose  lights  once  shone  so  bright  as  to  dazzle 
and  confound  errour  and  paganism.  Constantinople, 
the  seat  of  the  Eastern  empire,  he  has  viewed  doubt- 
less with  pleasure,  though  quantum  mutatus  ab  ilia  as 
in  the  time  of  Constantine.  I  cannot  but  own,  I 
innocently  envy  him  the  pleasure  one  must  naturally 
receive  from  a  visit  to  parts  of  the  world,  from  what 
we  see  here  so  widely  different,  and  with  much  im- 
patience I  await  his  return  here  for  the  holy  year,  to 
gratify  my  curiosity  with  the  bare  repetition.  The 
itch  of  curiosity  none  know  but  those  who  feel  it, 
and  none  feel  it  more  terribly  than  the  traveller  :  at 
first  setting  out,  foreign  countries  are  only  a  change 
of  air,  but  when  a  little  language  is  attained,  and 
some  knowledge  of  the  customs  &c.  of  the  nations 
we  converse  with,  the  terrible  notion  of  absence 
gradually  wears  off,  and  we  only  admire  the  folly  of 
our  former  way  of  thinking  :  Omne  solum  forti  patria 
est  may  be  applyed  to  the  contented  and  easy,  as  well 
as  the  heroes,  and  the  notion  of  banishment  only  is  a 
11.  v 

290  RELIQUIAE  [1726-27 

sting  to  us :  this  consideration  will  sweeten,  and  a 
due  reflexion  will  render  not  only  easy,  but  delight- 
ful, even  such  a  state  of  life  to  those  whose  unhappy 
circumstances  oblige  it.  As  to  myself,  continues  he, 
a  voluntary  absence  is  highly  agreeable,  a  few  books, 
and  fewer  friends  occupy  all  my  hours :  sometimes  I 
retire  to  some  shady  ruin,  and  frame  ideas  of  its 
anticnt  grandeur,  or  with  father  Kircher  build  an 
imaginary  palace  in  the  air  ;  other  times  read  a  page 
in  an  old  author,  and  force  a  stone  or  two,  the 
slender  remains  of  what  he  enlarges  on,  to  speak 
perhaps  even  more  than  ever  he  designed,  or  so  much 
as  dreamt  of.  Dr.  Rawlinson  tells  me  that  my  ob- 
servations at  the  end  of  John  of  Glastonbury  on  Mr. 
Moyle's  works  have  raised,  he  hears,  a  nest  of  hornetts, 
or  rather  waspes  against  me ;  such  are  the  antagonists 
of  our  *  *  *  *  and  the  patrons  of  Moyle,  from  Avhom, 
the  Dr.  says,  I  may  expect  severity,  though  probably 
no  shadow  of  arguments ;  the  poyson  such  sort  of 
creatures  spit.  Mr.  Serjeant  of  the  tower  published 
two  vols,  of  Moyle's  works,  as  he  is  informed,  (and 
indeed  I  had  been  told  so  before  by  Dr.  Woodward, 
Mr.  Serjeant's  name  being  also  subjoyned  to  the 
preface.)  though  contrary  to  the  knowledge  say  some, 
others  against  the  consent  of  Moyle's  son,  now  on 
his  travels.  Arthur  Hammond  (known  formerly  for 
his  noisy  tory  eloquence,  since  a  Proteus,  since  a 
beggar,  said  to  have  attempted  the  life  of  the  chevalier 
on  his  Scotch  cmbarcation,  at  present  a  prisoner  for 
debt  in  the  King's  Bench,  and  prostitutor  of  his  pen 
for  bread)  has  added  a  third  of  Mr.  Moyle's  works  by 
himself  formerly  reprinted.  The  Dr.  at  the  same 
time  takes  notice,  that  they  see  there  lately  published 
I  he  Memoirs  of  John  Kerr,  esq.,  an  honest  Scott,  or, 
in  Burnett's  phrase,  a  true  Scott,  in  which  he  severely 

1726-27]  IIEARNIANJE.  291 

lashes  a  German  ministry  which  he  with  great  as- 
surance affirms  us  governed  by,  and  that  all  our 
offices  are  sold  &c,  and  many  more  reflections,  which, 
the  Dr.  says,  he  dares  not  stain  his  paper  with,  as  he 
knows  not  what  terms  like  those  of  Mr.  Kerr  might 
even  here  bear.  The  author,  says  the  Doctor,  is 
dead,  the  truth  of  the  MS.  is  sworn  to  as  left  by  him, 
and  such  a  warrant,  prefixed  to  the  first  part,  of 
leave  to  keep  company  with  the  late  queen's  enemies 
on  purpose  to  betray  them,  such  an  instance  hardly 
to  be  produced  in  history. 

Feb.  3.  I  hear  that  complaint  being  made  to  the 
Vice-Chancellour  Dr.  Mather  by  some,  particularly 
by  one  Mr.  Ayscue  of  the  Vice-Chancellour's  own 
college  (Corpus  Christi),  of  some  passages  in  Mr. 
Coningsby's  30th  of  Jan.  sermon,  there  was  a  meet- 
ing on  that  occasion  on  Wednesday  last,  of  the  Vice- 
Chancellour  and  some  other  heads  of  houses  and 
doctors,  some  of  which  I  hear  were  Dr.  Shippen, 
principal  of  Brazenose  coll.,  Dr.  Dobson  president  of 
Trin.  coll.,  Dr.  Butler  president  of  Magd.  coll.,  Dr. 
Holland  warden  of  Merton  coll.,  Dr.  Gibson  provost 
of  Queen's  coll.,  Dr.  Felton  principal  of  Edm.  hall, 
Dr.  Terry  canon  of  Christ  Church ;  and  that  Mr. 
Coningsby  being  called,  he  appeared,  but  his  notes 
being  demanded,  he  pretended  he  had  lost  them, 
upon  which  he  was  ordered  to  preach  no  more  before 
the  university  for  two  years.  What  the  passages  of 
offence  were  I  hear  no  further  than  that  he  should, 
in  commending  king  Charles  I.,  say  that  he  was  a 
prince  that  was  not  an  alien  by  birth,  and  that  he 
preferred  to  dignities  in  the  church  men  of  true 
worth  and  learning.  Also  that  he  said,  all  rebellion 
was  unlawfull.      From  such  expressions  K.  George 

292  BELIQUIJ3  [1726-27 

(^as  he  is  stiled)  was  looked  upon  as  reflected  upon 
for  preferring  such  as  he  does,  and  the  revolution  to 
he  branded.  I  am  told  Mr.  Coningsby's  sermon  was 
well  delivered,  that  'twas  a  good  honest  discourse, 
and  that  all  were  very  attentive  (that  heard  it)  with- 
out the  least  smile,  as  often  happens  when  any  sting- 
ing passage  comes  from  a  sermon. 

Yesterday  in  the  afternoon  Mr.  Prujean  of  St.  Cle- 
ment's parish  near  Oxford,  an  honest  sensible  Roman 
catholick,  telling  me  that  the  day  before,  viz.  Shrove 
Tuesday,  the  workmen,  as  they  were  digging  for 
gravell  on  the  north  side  of  Holywell  church,  in  the 
garden  between  the  holy  well  and  the  church,  they 
had  found  several  human  bones,  I  went  down  thither 
upon  that  occasion  with  him.  When  we  came  they 
had  filled  up  part  of  one  of  the  holes,  and  so  covered 
a  good  number  of  the  bones,  viz.  the  skull  and  some 
others,  but  I  saw  the  two  shank  bones  of  a  man  in 
the  gravell,  which  they  covered  Avith  it  again,  and  I 
am  of  opinion  (and  I  think  there  can  be  no  doubt 
made  of  it,  what  I  have  also  formerly  mentioned) 
that  the  north  wing  of  the  church  hath  been  down 
many  years,  which  when  standing  it  made  the  church 
(which  is  dedicated  to  the  holy  cross)  to  be  in  form 
(as  without  doubt  it  formerly  was)  of  a  cross,  and  1 
believe  that  the  said  wing  might  come  as  far  as  this 
skeleton  now  discovered,  tho'  part  of  the  churchyard 
was  also  on  this  north  side.  For  westward  under 
the  tower  in  the  same  garden,  as  the  workmen  dug 
at  the  same  time  another  hole  for  a  necessary  house 
or  house  of  ease,  they  found  other  human  bones 
in  the  gravel,  several  of  which  (one  being  a  piece 
of  a  skull)  I  saw  yesterday,  and,  two  or  three  of 
the  workmen  being  there,  I  could  not  but  exclaim 
against  this  act  of  building  an  house  of  case  upon 

1726-27]  HEARNIANsE.  293 

sacred  ground,  and  declare  my  resentment  that  part 
of  the  churchyard  should  be  turned  into  a  cabbage 
garden,  that  being  the  use  to  which  the  whole  gar- 
den is  at  present  imployed,  as  part  of  other  church- 
yards lying  to  the  north  side  of  the  respective 
churches  are  also  turned  into  cabbage  gardens,  par- 
ticularly part  of  the  churchyard  of  St.  Peter's  in  the 
East,  Oxford.  I  wish  we  could  learn  how  far  the 
churchyard  of  Holywell  extended  northward,  and 
that  care  were  taken  to  make  some  separation  from 
the  rest  of  the  ground,  that  hereafter  what  belonged 
to  the  church  and  churchyard  might  not  be  turned 
to  a  prophane  use.  But  I  fear  my  wish  is  in  vain  : 
how  long  since  the  bodies  were  buried,  to  which  the 
bones  now  discovered  belonged,  I  cannot  learn,  but 
it  could  not  be  before  Henry  Vlth's  time,  because 
till  his  time  the  inhabitants  both  of  Holywell  and 
Wolvercote  used  to  burie  their  dead  at  St.  Peter's 
in  the  East,  to  which  Holywell  and  Wolvereote  are 
chapells  of  ease.  I  well  remember  the  burying  of 
two,  viz.  old  Rich.  Heatlifield  a  shoemaker  and  his 
wife,  who  both  died  within  half  an  hour  of  one  an- 
other, in  that  part  of  the  churchyard,  that  is  on  the 
north  side  of  St.  Peter's  church,  according  to  their 
own  desire,  though  there  be  now  no  sign  of  their 
grave.  No  fragments  of  any  coffin  nor  no  stone 
coffin  appearing  where  the  bones  at  Holywell  were 
found,  I  am  of  opinion,  that  the  bodies  were  buried 
in  winding  sheets  only,  a  practice  much  in  use  for- 
merly, even  in  queen  Elizabeth's  time. 

Feb.  20.  About  ten  days  since  I  met  with  and 
purchased  for  2d.  (though  for  its  rarity  and  curiosity 
it  be  worth  a  crown)  a  little  printed  thing  in  English 
verse  with  a  dedication  in  prose  before  it,  intituled 

294  RELIQUIsE  [1726-27 

In  honour  of  Abingdon,  or  on  the  seaventh  day  of  Sep- 
tember's solemnization  1641.  By  John  Richardson 
serjeant  of  Abingdon  in  the  county  of  Berks.  Printed 
in  the  yearc  1641,  4to.  It  is  dedicated  to  the  wor- 
shipful the  major,  bayliffs,  and  burgesses  of  Abingdon. 
The  king  and  parliament  had  published  and  decreed, 
that  on  the  said  7th  of  Sept.  1641,  every  parish 
should  keep  a  festival  (religiously  to  be  performed) 
in  honour  of  the  great  peacemaker,  upon  account 
of  an  accommodation  with  the  Scots.  Calena  is 
here  made  to  be  Oxford.  K.  Cissa  is  made  to  be 
founder  of  the  abbey.  Many  of  the  ruined  battle- 
ments of  the  abbey  then  (1641)  to  be  seen.  The  then  standing,  which  is  here  called  nnparralleled 
and  harmless,  but  threatned  to  be  destroyed.  St. 
Helen's  bells  (what  I  never  heard  before)  are  called 
Aaron's  bells.  Christ's  hospitall  near  the  churchyard 
wall.  Where  were  also  Royse's  fruitfull  nurseries, 
out  of  which  the  carle  of  Pembroke's  gardens  were 
supplied.  There  is  now  no  nursery,  nor  any  tradition 
of  one.  The  said  7th  day  was  a  Tuesday.  The  festival 
was  proclaimed,  because  a  joyfull  peace  was  concluded 
betwixt  the  Scots  and  us.  St.  Nicholas'  bells  called 
honest  Nick's  low  bells.  The  hundred  and  sixth  Ps. 
sung  by  two  thousand  quoristcrs  at  the  crosse.  The 
figure  of  K.  David  upon  the  crosse,  though  afterwards 
destroyed  by  hairbrained  separatists,  an  epithet  mado 
for  that  crew  by  the  author.  Mention  of  the  skilfull 
serjeant  Corderoy.  Mention  of  the  well-known  ante- 
lope in  Abingdon.  A  great  deal  of  money  collected 
that  day  for  the  poor.     The  author  a  cavalier. 

Feb.  21.  Mr.  Baker  sends  me  in  a  letter  the  title 
of  the  first  edit,  of  Fox's  Martyrs,  as  he  took  it  from 
a  perfect  copy,  viz. : 

1726-27]  HEARNIANYE.  295 

"  Actes  and  monuments  of  these  latter  and  perilous 
"  days  touching  matters  of  the  churche,  wherein 
"  are  comprehended  and  described  the  great  per- 
"  secuting  and  horrible  troubles  that  have  bene 
"  wrought  and  practised  by  the  Romishe  prelates, 
"  speciallye  in  this  realme  of  England  and  Scotland 
"  from  the  yeare  of  our  Lorde  a  thousande,  unto  the 
"  time  now  present  <fcc,  gathered  and  collected  ac- 
"  cordinge  to  the  true  copies  and  wrytinges  certifi- 
"  catorie,  as  well  of  the  parties  themselves  that  suf- 
"  fered,  as  also  out  of  the  bishops'  registers,  which 
"  were  the  doers  thereof;  By  John  Fox.  Imprinted 
"  at  London  by  John  Day,  dwelling  over  Aldersgate 
"  beneth  St.  Martins',  Anno  1563,  the  20  of  March. 
"  Cum  gratia  et  privilegio  Regise  Majestatis." 

Mr.  Baker  never  saw  more  than  one  perfect  copy 
of  this  book,  and  that  among  the  late  bishop  of  Ely's 
(Dr.  Mora's)  books,  now  out  of  its  place,  for  he  can- 
not find  it,  as  before.1 

Feb.  23.  John  Ward  of  Hackney,  esq.,  having  on 
the  11th  instant  received  his  sentence  at  the  King's 
Bench  bar,  Westminster,  to  pay  a  fine  of  500/.,  to 
stand  an  hour  in  the  pillory,  and  to  give  security  for 
his  good  behaviour  for  seven  years,  accordingly  he 
stood  in  the  pillory  on  Friday  the  17th  before  West- 
minster Hall  gate,  pursuant  to  his  sentence.  It  seems 
it  was  for  forgery  ;  being  prosecuted  by  the  duchess 
of  Buckingham,  he  having  added  to  some  writing  a 
cipher  too  much.     A  vast  concourse  of  people  was 

1  The  copy,  given  by  the  author,  at  Magdalen  college  has 
been  already  noticed  at  p.  218.  There  is  a  copy  among  arch- 
bishop Wake's  books  at  Christ  Church,  aud  others  will  be  found 
in  Douce's  collection  in  the  Bodleian. 

296  RELIQUIAE  .    [1726-27 

assembled  on  this  occasion,  and  a  soldier  was  sent  to 
the  house  of  correction  for  throwing  an  egg  at  him. 
At  his  being  taken  down  he  fainted,  being  extremely 
weak.  I  have  been  told  he  had  been  before  expelled 
the  Parliament  house. 

Feb.  26.  The  following  extracts  from  a  register  at 
Abingdon  were  sent  me  by  Mr.  James  West  of  Balliol 
coll.  on  Feb.  17,  1726.  He  being  then  at  London. 
Who  made  them  I  know  not,  but  they  were  taken 
anno  1638. 

Abingdon  com.  Berkes. 

Taken  out  of  a  kind  of  legger  booke  remayning  in 
the  New  Hospitall  of  Christ  in  Abingdon  upon  the 
xiiiithday  of  Sept.  1638,  which  booke  was  written  by 
one  Francis  Little,  sometymes  maior  there,  the  20th 
of  September,  Anno  Domini  1627. 

The  monastery  of  the  Blessed  Virgin  St.  Mary  of 
Abingdon  was  buylt  by  Cissa.  king  of  the  West 
Saxons  about  the  veare  of  our  Lord  Christ  600.  It 
was  destroyed  by  the  Danes  Ingor  and  Hubba  about 
the  yeare  871.  It  wasreedified  by  Edrcd  thexxviith 
king  of  the  West  Saxons  about  the  yeare  926.  [F.  956 
vel  potius  955.] 

It  was  dissolved  by  king  Henry  the  Eight  in  the 
yeare  1538  in  the  xxixth  yeare  of  his  raigne.  The 
revenewes  thereof  were  yearely  20421.  iis.  Sd.  }. 

In  the  12th  yeare  of  Rychard  the  second,  the 
brotherhood  of  the  Holy  Crosse  in  St.  Helen's  was 
at  Abingdon.  It  is  supposed  the  inhabitantes  of 
Abingdon  founded  it  very  antiently.  It  was  first  a 
fratcrnitye  and  an  hospitall  of  the  Hoi)-  Crosse,  then 
after  the  suppression  it  was  made  the  hospitall  of 

1726-27]  HEARNIANsE.  297 

Borford  and  Culham  bridges  were  remade  over 
Teames  by  licence  of  king  Henry  the  fift  in  the  fourth 
yeare  of  his  raigne,  Ano.  1416. 

John  Huchion  and  John  Banbury  compounded 
with  the  abbot  of  Abingdon  for  the  ground  whereon 
to  buyld  the  bridges  and  to  make  the  waye.  Upon 
St.  Alban's  daye  John  Huchion  layed  the  first  stone 
in  the  king  Henry  the  fifte's  name,  witnes  the  west 
windowe  in  St.  Katharines  Isle  in  St.  Helen's  church. 
King  Henry  the  fift  was  founder  of  the  bridges. 

Jeffrey  Barbour,  a  marchant  of  Bristoll,  was  a 
benefactor  to  the  buylding  of  the  bridges.  This 
Jeffrey  Barbour  was  buried  on  the  xxist  day  of  Aprill, 
1417,  in  the  monastery  of  the  blessed  Virgin  Mary 
of  Abingdon. 

At  the  dissolution  of  the  abbey  the  brethren  of  the 
Holy  Crosse  perceaving  that  amongst  the  rest  of  those 
strong  and  statlye  buyldinges  the  fayre  and  goodly 
church  of  the  sayd  monastery  should  be  throwen 
down,  and  the  monuments  therein  utterly  defaced, 
they  therefore,  out  of  a  thankful  and  Xtian  respect 
to  the  memory  of  this  bountifull  benefactor  to  the 
buylding  of  the  bridges,  removed  the  monument  of 
stone  under  which  his  body  had  layne  buried  121 
yeares,  and  translated  his  bones  with  great  solemnitye 
unto  St.  Helen's  church,  and  there  interred  them  in 
St.  Katharynes  ile  with  the  former  monument  over 
them  which  remayneth  to  this  daye  with  this  inscrip- 
tion. "  Hie  Jacet  Galfridus  Barbour  mercator  de 
"  Abendon  quondam  Balivus  Bristolise  qui  obiit  vi- 
"  cesimo  primo  die  Aprilis  An".  Dn1  1417,  cujus 
"  anime  propitietur  Deus." 

Sir  Peter  Besils  of  Besils  leigh  com.  Berk,  knight, 
a  principal  benefactor  to  the  buylding  of  the  bridges, 
by  his  will  dated  the  xxiiird  of  October,  1424.  3rd 

298  RELIQUIAE  [1726-27 

Henry  vith.  gave  landes  to  the  maintenance  of  the 
sayd  bridges.  He  gave  his  executors  60CU.  to  make 
restitution  for  any  wrong  that  lie  or  his  ancestors 
had  done  to  any  man,  and  if  nothing  was  required, 
then  that  mony  to  be  given  to  the  poore  and  to  re- 
payre  high  wayes  ;  he  appoynted  his  body  to  be 
buried  in  the  church  of  the  preching  friars  in  Ox- 
ford, unto  which  church  he  gave  120^.  to  make  six 
windowes  in  the  north  ile. 

Sir  John  Golafre  was  a  principall  benefactor  to  the 
fraternitye  of  the  Holy  Crosse,  for  xiii.  Henry  vith, 
1434,  he  gave  his  manor  of  St.  Helen's  and  divers 
other  lands  com.  Berks,  for  the  relief  of  the  pooro 
and  other  workes  of  mercye. 

Henry  the  sixt,  20th  of  October,  in  the  20th  yeare 
of  his  raygne  1441,  by  his  letters  patentes  appoynted 
the  sayd  John  Golafre  amongst  others,  to  be  one  of 
the  founders  for  making  the  fraternity  a  corporation. 
This  John  Golafre  builded  at  his  owne  charges  the 
new  bridge  in  Oxfordshire ;  his  fame  grew  princi- 
pally by  martiall  deedes,  but  spread  and  settled  itself 
by  good  workes,  and  not  long  before  his  death  was 
knighted.  He  was  owner  of  seventene  manors  in 
Oxford  and  Berkes.  He  lyeth  buried  in  Fyfeild 
church,  com.  Berkes,  in  a  monument  of  stone  as  a 
warelik  knight,  he  had  issue  one  only  daughter  and 
hcyre  maried  to  John  de  la  Pole,  erle  of  Lyncolne, 
sonne  to  John  de  la  Pole,  duke  of  Suffolk,  and  Eliza- 
beth, sister  to  Edward  the  fourth  and  Rychard  the 
third,  who  proclaymed  the  sayd  erle  his  nephew  heyre 
apparent  to  the  crowne  of  England  after  the  death  of 
his  owne  sonne.  It  is  very  probable  that  in  the  tyme 
of  Henry  vi.  the  fraternitye  of  the  Holy  Crosse  built 
the  crosse  now  standing  in  the  market  place  as  a 
monument  of  theyre  name,  and  for  an  ornament  of 

1 726-2  7]  11  EARN 1 'AN '  SE.  299 

the  towne.  And  it  is  the  more  likely,  for  that  at 
the  late  repayring  thereof  the  eoate  of  armes  be- 
longinge  to  sir  John  Golafre,  knight,  who  lived  about 
those  tymes,  was  found  in  a  scutchion  upon  the  sayd 
crosse.  and  no  doubt  at  the  buylding  thereof  was  a 
speciall  benefactor  thereunto,  and  had  his  armes 
placed  there  to  honor  his  name,  and  to  retayne  his 
memory  for  his  bounty  and  liberalitye.  Besides  he 
was  one  of  the  commissioners  which  were  appoynted 
by  Henry  vi.  his  letters  patentes  to  found  and  make 
the  sayd  fraternitye  a  corporation  as  before  declared, 
which  crosse  or  monument  was  repayred,  gilt  and 
garnished,  an.  1605,  (3rd  Jacobi)  in  the  tyme  of 
Thomas  Mayot,  gent.,  maior  of  the  towne,  fey  the 
benevolence  of  the  knightes,  esqres  and  gentlemen 
of  Berkes  and  other  countyes  (whose  coates  of  armes 
are  set  up  in  sehuehions  upon  the  sayd  monument) 
together  with  some  contribution  of  the  inhabitantes 
of  the  townes  and  other  country  villages  adjoyning, 
by  the  paynes  of  the  relater,  vizt.  Francis  Little,  with 
the  expence  of  more  than  thirty  poundes  of  his  owne 
mony,  about  the  cost  and  charge  thereof. 

The  fraternitye  of  the  Holy  Crosse  in  Abingdon 
in  Henry  vi.  tyme,  being  there  where  now  the  hos- 
pitall  is,  did  every  yeare  keepe  a  feast,  and  then  they 
used  to  have  twelve  preistes  to  singe  a  dirige,  for 
which  they  had  geven  them  four  pence  a  peece.  They 
had  also  twelve  minstrells,  some  from  Coventrye  and 
some  from  Maydenhith,  who  had  two  shillinges  three 
pence  a  peece  besides  theyre  dyet  and  horse  meat ; 
this  was  in  the  raigne  of  Henry  vi.  Observe  that  in 
those  dayes  they  payd  theyre  minstrells  better  then 
theyre  preistes. 

Theyre  feast  they  kept  yearely  on  the  Invention  of 
the  Holy  Crosse,  vizt.  the  third  of  Maye.     They  had 

300  RE  LIQUID  [1726-27 

at  theyre  feast  six  calves  Ms.  Md.  a  peace  ;  sixteen 
lambes  xiicZ.  a  peace ;  80  geese  2d.  ob.  a  peece  ;  800 
egges  which  cost  five  pence  the  hundred,  and  many 
marrowe  bones,  much  fruit,  spice,  a  great  quantity 
of  mylk,  creame  and  floure  (wheat  was  then  at  xiicZ. 
the  quarter  in  the  23rd  of  Henry  vi.)  besides  what 
theyre  servantes  and  others  brought  in,  and  pageantes 
and  playes  and  May  games  to  captivat  the  sences  of 
the  zelous  beholders,  and  to  allure  the  people  to  the 
greater  liberalitye,  for  they  did  not  make  theyre 
feastes  without  profit,  for  those  that  sate  at  dyner 
payed  one  rate  and  those  that  stood  payed  another. 

Sir  John  Mason,  knight,  whose  father  was  a  cow- 
herd of  Abingdon,  and  his  mother  sister  to  a  monke 
of  Abingdon  abbey,  which  monke  brought  him  up  a 
scholler,  provided  him  a  place  in  Oxford  in  All  Soules, 
where  he  was  fellowe,  procured  the  erection  of  the 
hospitall  and  the  incorporation  of  the  towne  as  at 
large  is  set  downe,  with  his  risinges  and  the  great  ad- 
vancementes  he  had  under  king  Henry  viii.  and  other 
the  kings  and  queens  succeeding.  He  was  chancellor  of 
Oxford,  embassador  twice  or  thrice,  imprisoned  once 
upon  suspition  of  treason,  sett  free  by  Henry  the 
eight,  and  in  great  favour,  and  a  privy  counsellor ; 
excellently  well  learned,  much  liked  of  by  sir  Thos. 
More,  who  entreated  king  Henry  viii.  to  place  him 
at  Paris  in  the  university  there  out  of  hope  he  had 
he  would  prove  a  great  commonwealth's  man,  and  so 
he  did.  He  was  master  of  the  hospitall  twelve  yeares 
eleven  moneths  and  three  dayes,  he  lived  sixty-three 
yeares,  sawe  five  princes  reigning  in  this  realme,  viz. 
Henry  vii.,  Henry  viii.,  Edw.  vi.,  Mary  and  Elizabeth. 
He  died  the  xxth  day  of  April,  1566,  8th  of  Eliza- 
beth, and  lieth  buried  in  the  north  chancell  of  St. 
Paules  in  London. 

1726-27]  HEABNIANjE.  301 

Jeffrey  Barbour  and  sir  John  Mason,  two  especiall 
benefactors,  died  both  upon  the  same  day  of  the 
moneth,  149  yeares  asunder. 

Barbour  gave  money  to  buyld  the  bridges,  and 
Mason  procured  meanes  to  maynteyne  them. 

Upon  Mason's  tombe  are  engraven  certeyne  verses 
in  Latin  which  this  relator  hath  caused  to  be  Englished 
thus : 

If  ere  a  wise  and  faythful  statesman  were, 
If  any  to  his  countrymen  were  deare, 
If  ere  were  fit  ambassador  elected, 
Who  truth  and  goodnes  for  themselves  respected, 
Mason  was  he.     All  England  can  this  prove, 
By  the  nobles'  favour,  and  the  comons'  love. 
Five  several  princes  in  his  time  did  live, 
To  some  of  which  good  counsell  he  did  give : 
Threescore  and  three  he  lived  :   his  ashes  rest 
Here  in  this  earth  ;  his  soule  in  heaven  blest.        \ 
An°.  1566. 

His  wif  for  Mason  did  this  tombe  ordayne, 
Where  after  death  she  shall  be  joyned  agayne  : 
A  son  and  nephew  did  these  verses  make 
For  both  his  father  and  his  uncle's  sake. 

March  1.  Dr.  William  Nicholson  having  been  lately 
made  archbp.  of  Cashel,  died  a  few  days  afterwards  as 
he  sate  in  his  chair  in  his  study.  He  was  a  bold, 
confident  man,  and  his  historical  libraries  are  full  of 
gross  mistakes,  which  however  he  cared  not  to  ac- 
knowledge. He  was  of  a  large  size  as  to  his  person. 
Dr.  Hickes  complimented  him  much  for  his  skill  in 
the  Runic  language. 

302  RELIQUIJS  [1726-27 

March  2.  On  Tuesday  last  called  upon  me  Mr. 
Wilson,1  bach,  of  arts  of  Christ  Church,  son  of  Dr. 
Wilson  bp.  of  Man.  He  is  lately  come  from  that 
island,  where  he  hath  been  detained  a  good  while, 
(almost  two  years,)  which  hindered  him  (he  having 
been  like  to  have  been  drowned)  from  coming  to 
Oxford  to  determine  last  year,  for  which  reason  he 
determines  this  Lent.  He  told  me  of  a  new  sort  of 
money,  (silver  and  brass,)  coyned  lately  for  that 
island.  It  seems  before  they  had  only  brass,  of  which 
there  was  only  three  hundred  pound  worth  coyned, 
which  makes  it  scarce.  He  told  me  that  his  father 
is  about  publishing  the  N.  T.  in  Manks  and  English, 
a  thing  never  done  before.  He  told  me  his  father 
sent  bp.  Gibson  a  compleat  tract  of  the  Isle  of  Man 
written  by  himself,  but  that  'tis  strangely  mangled 
by  Gibson  in  his  late  second  ed.  of  Camden's  Brit. 
I  wish  the  bp.  of  Man  would  give  it  separately. 

March  3.  The  Friers  of  Brethren  of  the  Holy  Tri- 
nity, for  the  redemption  of  Captives.  This  order  had 
its  beginning  A°.  1198  under  the  pontificate  of  pope 

1  See  p.  170.  This  Mr.  Wilson,  after  be  had  graduated  as 
a  D.  D.  at  Christ  Church,  removed  to  St.  Mary  hall,  where  is  a 
good  whole  length  portrait  of  him.  lie  was  an  eccentric,  but 
very  benevolent  man,  a  furious  politician,  tfie  friend  of  Wilkes, 
and  a  great  admirer  of  Mrs.  Macaulev.  See  an  account  of  him 
in  Nichols's  Literary  Anecdotes.  I  believe  he  ended  his  days  at 
Bath,  where  his  valuable  library,  which  abounded  in  curious 
books,  was  afterwards  dispersed.  There  is  a  very  pleasing 
anecdote  of  him  on  record.  Hearing  of  a  clergyman  in  distress, 
he  gave  some  friend  a  sum  of  money  for  his  relief.  "  Thank  you, 
"  Dr.  Wilson,  for  your  liberality  ;  I  will  go  the  first  thing  in  the 
"  morning,  and  this  will  indeed  be  a  consolatory  message  to 

c:  poor ."    "  In  the  morning,  my  dear  ?"  said   Dr. 

Wilson ;  "  think  how  many  hours  of  painful  suffering  his  mind 
"  mav  endure  through  the  night,  if  you  delay  your  visit;  no, 
"  my  kind  friend,  go  this  very  evening ;  go  at  once  !  " 

1726-27]  IIEARNIAN^.  303 

Innocent  III.,  St.  John  de  Marta  and  St.  Felix  de 
Valois  being  the  founders.     They  seem  to  have  been 
first  brought  into  England  by  Robert  Rokesley,  who 
built  them  a  monastery  at  Motinden  in  Kent  a.d. 
1224.     Edm.   Plantagenist  or   Plantagenet,  (son   of 
Richard  king  of  Almain  ifcc.,)  earl  of  Cornwall,  was  a 
great  patron  of  the  religious,  particularly  of  the  Trini- 
tarian friers,  who  came  to  and  settled  at  Oxford  a.d. 
1291,  19  Edw.  I.,  being  mightily  encouraged  thereto 
by  the  said  earl  of  Cornwall,  who  obtained  for  them 
at  Oxford  certain  tenements  of  the  brethren  of  St.  John 
Baptist's  hospital,  on  condition  that  they  gave  yearly 
one  pound  of  incense.     These  tenements  stood  be- 
tween East  gate  and  St.  Frideswide's  gate,  on  the 
way  that  leads  into  Merton  coll.  fields,  which  way  is 
now  called  Trinity  lane,  though  more  commonly  Rose 
lane,  from  one  Rose  dwelling  there  formerly.     Earl 
Edmund's  charter  bears  date  at  Beckley,  on  St.  John 
Baptist's    day,    An°.  21    Edw.    I.   a.d.    1293.     He 
founded  this  place  (dedicated  to  St.  Mary)  for  them 
to  pray  for  his  soul,  the  souls  of  his  father  Richard, 
and  his  mother  Schenchia,  and  for  the  health  of  the 
soul  of  king  Edw.  &c.     William  de  Hamine  was  at 
that  time  provincial  of  the  order.     Earl  Edmund  or- 
dained that  the  provincial  and  his  brethren  should 
find  five  chaplains  for  ever.     Soon  after  this  the  inn 
and  chapell  being  quite  built,  king  Edw.  I.,  at  the 
request  of  Edmund,  confirmed  the  grant  to  the  fore- 
said brethren  and  their  successors  for  ever.     About 
the  same  time,  the  warden  and  fellows  of  Merton 
coll.,  and  the  vicar  of  St.  Peter's  parish  in  the  East, 
(in  which  parish  the  inn  and  chappell  stood,)  gave 
them  liberty  of  having  an  oratory,  a  chantry  and  a 
cemetery,  to  bury  the  bodies    of  the  fraternity  in, 
which  was  confirmed  by  the  bp.  of  Lincoln.     After 

304  BELIQUIsE  [1726-27 

this,  being  desirous  to  enlarge  their  hounds,  they 
obtained  of  the  mayor  and  townsmen  of  Oxford  a 
small  piece  of  ground,  with  the  houses  upon  it,  upon 
this  condition,  that  they  should  pay  yearly  13s.  4dJ. 
to  them.  Cut  this  rent  being  not  paid  for  some 
years,  a.d.  1314,  8  of  king  Edw.  II.,  an  agreement 
was  made,  that  if  it  were  afterwards  neglected,  the 
mayor  and  townsmen  might  have  power  to  seize  their 

It  must  now  be  known,  that  within  East  gate  on 
the  north  side,  was  a  very  old  chappel  dedicated  to 
the  Holy  Trinity,  which  the  friers  very  much  ho- 
noured, and  for  that  reason  they  had  a  great  desire 
to  go  thither,  and  to  leave  their  first  habitation  as 
too  narrow.  It  belonged  to  the  prior  and  canons  of 
St.  Frideswide,  who  at  first  were  against  their  having 
it,  but  at  last  they  obtained  their  desire,  and  got 
moreover  two  or  three  plots  of  ground  besides.  This 
was  a  good  accession,  and  was  confirmed  to  them  bjr 
k.  Edw.  II.  in  the  2nd  year  of  his  reign.  But  not 
long  after,  viz.  in  the  fourth  year  of  the  same  king's 
reign,  they  procured  a  greater  addition,  and  that  was 
from  the  mayor  and  townsmen  of  Oxford,  viz.  three 
plots  of  ground  lying  under  the  walls  of  the  town. 
The  first  of  which  plots  extended  from  a  postern  gate 
near  Smith  gate  to  the  area  or  court  of  Trinity  chapell, 
near  East  gate,  which  area  or  court  was  annexed  to 
the  said  chappell,  and  was  given  to  the  friers  for 
ever  by  the  prior  and  canons  of  St.  Frideswide.  And 
as  for  the  said  postern  gate,  it  was  opposite  to  the 
present  refectory  of  Hart  hall,  or  rather  to  Black  hall 
lately  pulled  down.  The  other  two  plots  lay  on  the 
south  side  of  the  area  or  court  of  the  said  chap- 
pell, and  reached  a  little  tower  or  turret  that  was 
the  boundary  of  the  court  of  Runcevall  hall,  for  all 

1726-27]  HE  A  R  XI A  NJE.  305 

which  three  plots  or  pieces  of  ground  they  gave 
13s.  4d.  per  annum  to  the  prior  and  canons  of  St. 
Frideswide.  Some  time  after  this,  by  the  licence  of 
king  Edw.  II.  confirmed  by  king  Edw.  III.,  they 
translated  themselves  thither ;  but  then  this  licence 
Mas  granted  them,  on  condition  that  they  built  a 
chantery  in  the  foresaid  chappel  for  their  founder 
and  benefactors,  &c.  So  that,  going  to  this  new  place, 
the  friers  let  the  area  or  court  lying  on  the  south 
side  of  the  former  chappell  to  the  warden  and  fellows 
of  Merton  coll.  for  50  years.  Which  area  or  court  or 
plot  of  ground  extended  in  length  from  the  front  of 
Runeevall  hall  southwards,  to  a  little  tower  or  turret 
near  the  end  of  the  area  or  court  of  the  said  hall, 
and  in  breadth  between  the  area  or  court  of  the  said 
hall  on  one  side,  and  the  wall  of  the  village  of  Oxford 
on  the  other.  These  friers  flourished  very  much  after 
this,  'till  about  the  year  1351.  When  a  pestilence 
happening,  they  were  all  cut  off  to  a  man,  and  so  the 
inn  and  chappell  without  East  gate  escheated  to 
k.  Edw.  III.,  in  whose  time  and  afterwards  the  mi- 
nister of  these  friers  at  Hundeslowe  (for  at  Hundes- 
lowe  on  the  west  side  thereof  they  had  an  house) 
transmitted  hither  one  frier  to  read  prayers  and  to 
perform  other  sacred  offices.  But  after  this,  William 
of  Wickham  intending  to  build  a  college  at  Oxford, 
bought  these  two  plots  of  ground  of  the  Friers,  which 
they  had  before  purchased  of  the  town  of  Oxford ; 
viz.  An°.  3°.  Rich.  II.  Dom.  1379.  I  mean  those 
two  plots,  one  of  which  lay  under  the  walls  of  the 
town  on  the  inside  of  the  same,  and  reached  from 
the  postern  gate  opposite  to  Smith  gate,  to  the  N.  E. 
corner  of  the  said  walls,  extending  from  thence 
southwards  to  Trinity  chapell.  But  the  other  reached 
from  the  said  chapell  southwards  to  the  area  or 
11.  x 

306  RELIQUIAE  [1726-27 

court  that  had  been  formerly  let  to  the  warden  and 
scholars  of  Merton  coll.  The  first  of  these  plots 
therefore  being  inclosed  by  the  founder  of  New 
coll.  (viz.  that  on  which  is  built  the  wall  that  sur- 
rounds the  college)  and  the  other  lying  on  the  south 
side  of  the  chappel  being  restored  by  the  same 
founder  to  the  mayor  and  townsmen  of  Oxford,  upon 
some  agreement  the  12th  year  of  k.  Richard  II., 
(1  mean  that  plot  on  which,  within  East  gate  botli 
on  the  right  and  left  hand,  houses  are  now  built,)  as 
many  of  the  friers  as  remained,  because  they  had  a 
chappell  only  within  the  walls,  having  first  of  all 
obtained  power  of  the  king,  transplanted  themselves 
to  the  old  inn  and  chappel  situated  beyond  the  gate, 
both  which  had,  as  escheats,  belonged  to  the  king 
for  the  space  of  forty  years,  viz.  from  25  Edw.  III. 
Dom.  1351,  to  the  15th  of  Rich.  II.  Dom.  1391. 
But  now  the  mayor  and  townsmen  layd  a  heavy 
complaint  before  the  king,  that  the  friers  had  not 
for  many  years  paid  them  the  yearly  rent  of  13s.  4d. 
The  king  therefore  ordered  in  the  15th  year  of  his 
reign  his  escheator  Thos.  Barentine  to  permit  the 
mayor  and  burgesses  to  seize  the  inn  and  chappell, 
which  accordingly  they  did,  and  after  that  time  both 
of  them  belonged  to  them,  notwithstanding  when 
the  founder  of  New  coll.  purchased  the  foresaid  area 
or  plots  within  the  wall,  they  had  remitted  to  the 
friers  the  aforesaid  13s.  4d.  The  friers  afterwards 
endeavoured  to  recover  them,  and  for  that  end  ap- 
plyed  to  the  university  ;  but  the  town  kept  what 
they  had  got,  and  afterwards  reserved  only  one 
dwelling  for  a  single  priest  to  perform  divine  offices 
in,  and  the  resl  of  the  chambers  the)- let  out  to  scho- 
-  who  studied  there  under  a  principal,  and  it  went 
by  the  name  of  Trinity  hall,  under  which  denomina- 
i  ion  it  paid  certain  nuts  to  the  town. 

1726-27]  H  EARN  I  AN  J?.  307 

Now  as  to  the  two  mansions  or  dwelling  houses  of 
these  friers  at  Oxford,  I  have  already  noted  that 
Edmund  earl  of  Cornwall  founded  the  first  which 
adjoyned  to  the  lane  that  leads  from  Magdalen  coll. 
to  the  field  behind  Merton  coll.  This  was  by  the 
papal  indulgences  exempt  from  tithes  and  offerings. 
But  as  to  the  other  dwelling  house,  I  know  not  who 
was  the  founder  ;  but  it  fell  to  ruin  after  the  founder 
of  New  coll.  had  procured  the  neighbouring  spots  of 
ground.  I  doubt  not  but  once  there  was  some  brass 
lamina  in  it  to  signify  who  the  founder  both  of  the 
inn  and  chapell  here  was,  much  such  another  as  that 
at  Glastonbury,  at  least  the  founder,  according  to  an 
antient  laudable  custom,  now  laid  aside,  used  to  be 
commemorated  in  some  Prone.  As  to  the  two  chap- 
pels,  the  most  antient  of  them,  viz.  that  Avithout 
East  gate,  was  built  by  Edm.  earl  of  Cornwall,  where 
for  some  time  certain  chaplains  celebrated  mass  for 
his  soul.  After  it  came  to  the  town  of  Oxford,  it 
was  used  for  the  new  mayor  every  year,  when  he  re- 
turned home  from  being  sworn  in  the  exchequer  at 
London,  (for  in  old  time  that  was  customary,)  to 
stop  at  this  chapell  and  return  thanks  to  God  Al- 
mighty for  his  safe  return,  and  to  give  an  alms  to 
the  person  who  read  the  office,  after  which  he  was 
received  by  the  townsmen,  and  conducted  into  the 
city  with  great  huzzaings  and  rejoicing.  At  the 
altar  of  this  chapell  a  lamp  or  wax  candle  continually 
burned.  And  this  chapell  was  an  asylum  or  refuge 
for  criminals.  But  as  for  the  other  chapell,  I  know 
not  who  built  it,  though  it  belonged  originally  to  St. 
Frideswide's,  but  after  the  Trinitarian  friers  begun 
to  dwindle,  and  theadjoyning  area  or  plots  of  ground 
fell  to  New  coll.,  it  quite  sunk  by  degrees,  and  the 
very  place  where  it  stood  is  now  altogether  forgot. 

308  RELIQUIAE  [1726-27 

When  it  was  that  this  fraternity  was  dissolved,  I 
know  not  for  certain.  For  it  does  not  appear  among 
the  convents  that  were  destroyed  in  the  time  of 
Henry  Y1IL,  it  being  very  probable  that  it  escaped 
then,  upon  account  of  it's  being  called  an  hall.  How- 
ever it  be,  this  is  certain,  that  when  the  other  fra- 
ternities were  destroyed.  John  Amery,  a  Trinitarian 
frier,  was  principal,  and  at  that  time  certain  poor 
scholars  were  here  educated  from  stipends,  that,  ac- 
cording to  an  old  custom,  they  received  of  the  col- 
leges in  Oxford,  and  here  then  lived  an  old  hermit  or 
priest,  where  also  he  afterwards  died.  Cut  at  last, 
towards  the  end  of  k.  Henry  Vlllth's  reign,  Robert 
Perrot,  bachelor  of  musick,  was  principal  of  this  hall, 
at  which  time  the  mayor  and  townsmen  letting  him 
the  hall  and  ehappell,  he  pulled  both  down,  and  in 
the  same  place  built  a  barn,  a  stable  and  hogstie. 

March  16.  Last  Monday  (13th)  the  honble  Dr. 
Henry  Bridges,  visitor  of  Balliol  coll.,  gave  judge- 
ment about  the  mastership  of  that  college ;  when  he 
declared  his  nephew  Dr.  Theopliilus  Lee  duly  elected, 
to  the  great  confusion  of  Mr.  Best  and  his  friends  r, 
but  Mr.  Best  &c.  may  thank  Dr.  Bourchier  for  this, 
whom  they  employed  on  this  occasion  as  a  coun- 
sellor, and,  he  advising  them  to  a  new  May  of  elect- 
ing, by  that  means  Mr.  Best  (who  took  that  way) 
lost  his  point,  whereas  Mr.  Lee's  friends,  following 
the  old  method,  (which  was  to  go  out  of  the  chappel, 
and  so  to  come  in  again  one  by  one  and  vote,  and 
after  voting  to  recede.)  thereby  obtained  the  cause 
for  him.  Nor  do  I  doubt  but  this  was  the  old  way 
in  other  elections.  I  find  it  was  so  in  the  abbies, 
when  in  elections  in  their  chapter  houses  they  used 
to  retire,  when  they  had  severally  given  their  votes, 

1726-27]  HEARNIANjE.  309 

that  thereby  matters  might  be  carried  on  (as  they 
ought)  secretly.  This  I  told  Mr.  Sandford  of  Balliol 
coll.  and  some  other  of  Mr.  Lee's  friends  of,  and  I 
hear  they  made  use  of  what  I  said,  and  I  am  in- 
formed, that  my  book  of  Adam  de  Domerham  (in 
which  is  the  form  of  electing  an  abbat  of  Glaston- 
bury) was  quoted  on  the  occasion,  I  having  men- 
tioned to  Mr.  Sandford  &c.  that  form,  who  therefore 
made  some  application  to  me  for  the  first  volume,  in 
which  this  form  is,  but  the  book  being  still  under  the 
press,  I  could  not  grant  this  favour.  This  Mr.  Theo- 
philus  Lee  bears  the  character  of  a  good  honest  man. 
I  wish  he  may  prove  such.1 

Sir  Isaac  Newton  was  certainly  a  very  great  ma- 
thematician, and  he  is  justly  famed  for  his  Principia 
Mathematiea  &c,  but  I  cannot  learn  that  he  had  any 
other  learning,  unless  it  be  that  he  made  some  sallies 
by  way  of  diversion  into  chronology,  though  I  fear 
his  chronological  knowledge  was  no  better  than  Dr. 
Wallis's,  which  was  but  mean,  considering  his  great 
skill  in  mathematicks,  and  many  other  branches  of 
learning,  as  appears  by  what  he  hath  done  at  the  end 
of  bp.  Fell's  St.  Cyprian.  When  I  came  first  to 
Oxford,  Mr.  Francis  Thompson,  fellow  of  Queen's 
coll.,  was  much  cried  up  by  many  in  that  college  for 

1  Hearne  afterwards  (March  22nd)  says,  "I  hear,  that  when 
'•judgement  came  to  be  given  on  the  said  13th  March,  the 
'•judge  and  both  the  assessors  agreed  that  Mr.  Best's  election 
'•'  was  invalid,  and  that  one  of  the  assessors  would  not  allow 
"  Mr.  Lee's  election  good,  but  that  the  judge  (viz.  Dr.  Bridges) 
"  and  the  other  assessor  agreed  that  it  was  valid,  and  thereupon 
"  the  judge  declared  him  duly  elected.  Mr.  Best  desired  the 
"judge's  reasons;  but  the  judge,  as  he  ought,  declined  giving 
"  any.  This  business  being  over,  Mr.  Lee  came  into  Oxford, 
"March  21,  (being  Tuesday,)  about  five  o'clock,  with  a  vast 
"  attendance,  and  immediately  took  possession." 

310  EEL  I  QUI  sE  [1727 

understanding  the  foresaid  sir  Isaac  Newton's  Prin- 
cipia  Maihematiea,  some  maintaining  that  he  under- 
stood them  better  than  the  author  then  did  himself. 
This  Mr.  Thompson  was  a  sober  man,  and  a  great 
tutor.  He  did  the  college  several  signal  services. 
The  statutes,  which  I  have  seen,  require  an  actual 
fellow  to  be  head,  and  accordingly  he.  being  actual 
fellow,  stood,  upon  the  death  of  Dr.  Timothy  Halton, 
but  instead  of  an  actual  fellow  they  chose  Dr.  Lan- 
caster, that  had  left  his  fellowship  many  years.  This 
election  occasioned  a  pamphlet,  printed  by  Leonard 
Litchfield,  drawn  up  partly  by  honest  Dr.  Crosthwayt 
(who  always  maintained  that  none  but  an  actual 
fellow  ought  to  be  elected  provost.)  and  partly  by 
Mr.  Thompson  himself.  Some  time  after  a  parsonage 
fell  to  Mr.  Thompson,  and  he  retired  to  it,  and  I 
think  he  is  still  living  at  it,  free  from  the  noise, 
trouble,  and  mischiefs  of  elections.  Sir  Isaac  New- 
ton was  formerly  fellow  of  Trinity  coll.  in  Cambridge. 
He  died  a  batehelour.  Some  years  since  I  heard  an 
eminent  mathematician  (since  deceased)  say,  that  he 
could  mention  another  person  then  living,  every  way 
equal  in  mathematicks  to  sir  Isaac  Newton,  though 
he  had  not  published.  We  asked  him  (for  there  was 
one  more,  a  very  virtuous  gentleman,  with  us)  who 
this  should  be.  He  replied,  sir  Christopher  Wren, 
who  was  indeed  a  very  extraordinary  man,  being  an 
admirable  architect,  a  profound  mathematician,  and 
well  versed  (what  sir  Isaac  was  not)  in  classical 
learning.  It  is  remarkable,  that  sir  Isaac  owed  much 
to  some  papers  he  had  got  of  Dr.  Hooke's. 

March  28.  Dr.  Rawlinson  in  a  letter  from  Rome 
(July  18th  0.  S.  but  July  7  N.  S.  1724)  told  me, 
that  among  a  great  quantity  of  history  and  antiquities 

1727]  HEARNIAN2E.  311 

which  he  had  collected  in  all  parts  where  his  cu- 
riosity led  him,  it  is  highly  probable  some  duplicates 
will  arise  to  gratify  friends.  The  money  others 
lavish  in  equipage,  coaches,  and  embroidery,  he  put 
to  use  this  way,  and  deprived  of  those  gaudy  appear- 
ances, he  had  notwithstanding  entered  as  far,  and 
seen  as  much,  perhaps  more,  than  some  of  our  pea- 
cocks. Of  the  remarkable  accidents  that  happened 
within  four  years  past,  which  were  very  extraordi- 
nary, he  had  been  a  witness.  The  holy  year  then 
approaching,  he  said,  would  put  an  end  to  his  cu- 
riosity as  to  Rome.  He  said,  he  highly  approved 
the  foundation  of  the  new  professorships  at  Oxford 
and  Cambridge  for  the  modern  languages,  as  certainly 
useful,  if  for  nothing  but  to  curtail  the  benefit  of 
tutorage  to  our  young  nobility  and  gentry,  from  im- 
pudent and  ignorant  French  Hugonots  and  Scotch 
pedlers.  With  the  languages  they  will  come  out  with 
great  advantage.  For,  to  our  shame  at  present  be  it 
spoken,  both  tutors  and  pupils  come  and  go  very  little 
skilled  in  the  languages,  and  that  little  they  often 
know  of  the  learned  languages  is  useless,  as  the 
pronunciation,  especially  in  Italy,  is  widely  different 
from  ours,  in  a  manner  unintelligible  to  us  and 
them,  as  the  Dr.,  he  says,  found  by  experience. 

April  4.  I  hear  sir  Isaac  Newton  died  intestate, 
tho',  besides  a  considerable  paternal  estate,  he  was 
worth  in  money  twenty-seven  thousand  pounds.  He 
had  promised  to  be  a  benefactor  to  the  Royal  society, 
but  failed.  Some  time  before  he  died,  a  great  quarrel 
happened  between  him  and  Dr.  Halley,  so  as  they 
fell  to  bad  language.  This,  'tis  thought,  so  much 
discomposed  sir  Isaac  as  to  hasten  his  end.  Sir  Isaac 
died  in  great  pain,  though  he  was  not  sick,  which 

312  RELIQUIAE  [1727 

pain  proceeded  from  some  inward  decay,  as  appeared 
from  opening  him.  lie  is  buried  in  Westminster 
abbey.  Sir  Isaac  was  a  man  of  no  promising  aspect. 
He  was  a  short  well-set  man.  He  was  full  of  thought, 
and  spoke  very  little  in  company,  so  that  his  conver- 
sation was  not  agreeable.  When  he  rode  in  his 
coach,  one  arm  would  be  out  of  the  coach  on  one  side, 
and  the  other  on  the  other.  He  hath  left  behind  him 
a  MS.  chronology  compleat,  and  ordered  it  to  be 
printed.  Some  years  ago  sir  Isaac  was  much  troubled 
with  a  lethargy,  occasioned  by  too  much  thinking, 
but  he  had  got  it  off  pretty  well  before  he  died. 

From  the  Reading  Post  for  April  3rd.  "The 
"  corpse  of  sir  Isaac  Newton,  which  was  buried  on 
"  Tuesday  (March  28)  in  the  abbey,  from  the  Jeru- 
"  salem  chamber,  was  followed  to  the  grave  by  a 
"  great  many  persons  of  quality  and  distinction,  to 
"  shew  the  respect  they  bore  to  that  unquestionably 
"  great  man,  and  six  noble  peers  supported  the  pall. 
"  Yesterday  (March  29)  John  Conduit,  esq.,  M.P. 
"  for  Whitchurch,  received  his  patent  constituting 
"  him  master  worker  of  his  majesty's  mint  in  the 
"  Tower,  in  the  room  of  sir  Isaac  Newton  deceased." 

April  24.  There  being  a  great  flaw  in  the  east  end 
of  Carfax  church,  Oxon,  this  day  they  began  to  pull 
part  of  the  said  east  end  down,  in  order  to  repair  it. 

April  25.  Mr.  West  tells  me,  in  a  letter  from 
London  of  the  22nd  inst.,  that  being  lately  in  Cam- 
bridgeshire, he  spent  two  days  in  that  university,  both 
which  times  he  had  the  pleasure  of  seeing  my  friend 
Mr.  Baker,  who  was  pleased  to  walk  with  him.  and 
shew  him  his  college,  the  library,  &c.  What  hath 
been  given  to  the  library  by  Mr.  Baker  himself,  is  no 

1727]  HEARNIANsE.  313 

small  addition  to  it ;  Mr.  Baker  being  turned  out  of 
his  fellowship  for  his  honesty  and  integrity,  (as  I 
have  also  lost  my  places  for  the  same  reason,  in  not 
taking  the  wicked  oaths,)  writes  himself  in  all  his 
books  socius  ejectus.  His  goodness  and  humanity  are 
as  charming,  to  those  who  have  the  happiness  of  his 
conversation,  as  his  learning  is%  profitable  to  his  cor- 
respondents. The  university  library  is  not  yet  put 
into  any  order.  They  just  saw  it  in  heaps.  The 
college  libraries  make  a  very  indifferent  show,  com- 
pared with  our  Oxford  ones.  Mr.  West  had  not  time 
to  see  abp.  Parker's  MSS.  in  Corpus  college,  but  what 
he  was  most  pleased  with,  was  Mr.  Secretary  Pepys' 
library  given  to  Magd.  coll.  There  is  a  very  pretty 
collection  of  English  history,  among  which  is  great 
store  of  antient  ballads,  several  vols,  of  English  heads 
of  learned  men,  3  large  vols,  of  original  letters  of  our 
great  men  in  the  reigns  of  Henry  VIII.,  Edw.  VI., 
queen  Mary  and  queen  Elizabeth.  The  whole  con- 
tains about  2700  books.  He  has  left  them  under 
severe  restrictions.  They  are  kept  in  a  room  sepa- 
rate from  the  college  library,  and  are  not  on  any 
account  whatever  to  receive  the  addition  of  one  book, 
which  in  case  they  do,  the  whole  collection  is  forfeited 
to  Trinity  coll.  Cant. 

May  4.  Anno  1074,  sir  Robert  Doilley  built  the 
collegiate  church  of  St.  George,  in  the  castle  of 
Oxford,  for  secular  canons  of  the  order  of  St.  Austin. 
They  were  afterwards  translated  to  Osney  abbey,  and 
then  the  house  in  the  castle  became  an  inn  for  scholars, 
who  were  subject  to  the  chancellour  of  Oxford.  Many 
brave  persons  were  buried  both  at  St.  George's  and  at 
Osney  ;  but  alas  !  no  notice  is  now  taken  of  them,  but 
they  are  utterly  forgot. 

314  UELIQUIsE  [1727 

May  5.  Yesterday  Mr.  Graves  of  Mickleton  called 
upon  me.  He  told  me  that  young  Ballard  the  taylor 
of  Campden  is  out  of  his  time,  and  hatli  very  good 
business  at  his  trade,  but  that  he  is  now  learning 
Latin,  going  twice  a  day  for  that  end  to  the  school- 
master there,  and  that  he  hath  a  great  mind  to  come 
and  enter  of  some  college  or  hall  in  Oxford,  but  Mr. 
Graves  gives  him  no  encouragement :  judgeing  it  better 
(and  I  think  so  too)  to  keep  to  his  trade.  This  young 
Ballard's  great  uncle  was  a  doctor  of  physick.  '  Mr. 
Graves  hath  promised  to  send  me  some  account  of 

May  0.  About  the  year  1075  the  Jews  began  to 
come  much  to  Oxford.  After  they  were  settled,  they 
procured  a  great  many  houses,  particularly  in  the 
parishes  of  St.  Martin,  St.  Edward,  and  St.  Aldate, 
and  heaped  up  vast  wealth.  Their  dwellings  in  St. 
Edward's  and  St.  Aldate's  were  so  considerable  as  to 
be  stiled  the  old  and  new  Jewry,  and  in  St.  Aldate's 
parish  they  had  a  synagogue,  where  they  had  masters 
that  taught  the  Hebrew  tongue,  to  the  great  advan- 
tage of  the  university;  as  there  were  scholars  that 
afterwards  taught  in  Jewish  houses,  stiled  from  thence 
Lombard  hall,  Mossey  hall,  Jacob  hall  &c.,  having  their 
names,  without  doubt,  from  Jews  to  whom  they  had 
formerly  belonged. 

May  21.  Dr.  Tanner  told  me  on  Thursday  last. when 
I  called  upon  him,  that  he  had  never  seen  Thos.  Key's 
defence  of  his  Assertio  Antiquitatis  Academice  Oxon.  I 
told  him  I  had  it,  and  that  Anthony  Wood  had  seen 

1  I  lie  best  account  of  Ballard  (including  Hearne's  memoranda) 
will  be  found  in  Dr.  Iiloxa.m'&Magdalen  College  Register,"  Clerks," 

pp.  95-102. 

1 727]  HEARNIANyE.  315 

it,  and  mentions  it  under  the  title  of  Examen  &c,  but 
that  he  could  not  tell  what  became  of  it  afterwards. 
The  Dr.  said  'tis  very  probable  Anthony  had  it,  but 
perhaps  did  not  care  to  own  it,  Anthony  being  shy  of 
letting  people  know  what  he  had  about  Oxford,  that, 
it  might  not  be  discovered  what  assistance  he  had  re- 
ceived from  others,  which  certainly  were  very  great. 
The  Dr.  said,  what  Anthony  had  done  ought  by  no 
means  to  be  despised,  but  Brian  Twyne  (he  said,  and 
indeed  very  justly)  was  far  superior  to  him. 

May  22.  Anno  1076  Wm.  the  Conqueror  was  at 
the  abbey  of  Abingdon  for  some  time,  with  which 
place  (especiall  the  isle  of  Andersey,  so  called  from 
it's  being  sacred  to  St.  Andrew)  he  was  wonderfully 
delighted,  and  therefore  both  he  and  his  son  William 
Kufus  came  there  often.  Here  some  tell  us  he  first 
heard  of  exhibitions  settled  by  k.  Alfred  on  the  univ. 
of  Oxford,  with  which  he  was  much  displeased,  and 
therefore  took  them  away,  for  fear  they  might  en- 
courage the  scholars  to  keep  still  to  the  Saxon  tongue. 
But  this  I  look  upon  as  a  poor  occasion  for  his  with- 
drawing them,  since  he  had  confirmed  k.  Edward's 
laws,  by  which  it  was  established  that  no  scholars  nor 
those  of  the  clergy  for  any  cause  should  be  injured. 
I  look  upon  the  scholars'  firmness  to  Edgar  Atheling 
to  be  the  true  reason.  As  for  Andersey  at  Abingdon, 
there  was  in  old  time  a  church  in  that  isle,  dedicated 
to  St.  Andrew,  and  there  was  in  the  Saxon  times  also 
a  royal  palace. 

May  29.  This  being  the  Restoration  of  k.  Charles 
II.,  there  was  very  great  and  very  good  ringing  of 
bells  in  Oxford,  but  very  little  and  very  poor  yester- 
day, which  was  the  birth-day  of  the  duke  of  Bruns- 

316  RELIQUIAE  [1727 

wick,  commonly  called  king  George.  The  sermon 
this  day,  before  the  university  at  St.  Mary's,  was 
preached  by  Mr.  Greenaway  of  Hart  hall.  Mr.  Jona- 
than Colley  being  chanter  of  Christ  Ch.,  he  yesterday 
set  a  penitential  anthem,  which  enraged  the  dean, 
Dr.  Bradshaw,  to  that  degree,  that  after  service  he 
sent  for  and  reprimanded  him. 

May  30.  There  is  just  come  out  in  8vo.  an  English 
book,  being  the  life  of  Robert  Dudley,  earl  of  Ley- 
cester ;  the  author's  name  is  not  added,  but  I  am 
well  assured  'tis  Mr.  Jebb.  who  hath  done  in  the  same 
manner  (without  putting  his  name)  the  life  of  Mary 
queen  of  Scots,  and  that  of  sir  Thos.  More.  This  Mr. 
Jebb,  who  pretends  to  many  parts  of  learning,  and  is 
a  pretended  non-juror  also,  though  'tis  feared  he  is 
far  from  being  sincere,  (which  I  am  very  sony  for,) 
is  a  man  that  bears  but  an  indifferent  character.  He 
is  turned  a  meer  hackney  writer.  His  collection 
called  Sedecim  Scriptores,  about  Mary  q.  of  Scots,  is 
not  much  inquired  after,  as  I  am  told.  He  makes  use  of 
several  things  from  my  books,  some  with,  and  others 
(as  if  he  had  been  the  first  discoverer)  without  ac- 


June  12.  On  the  10th  of  May  last,  came  on  in 
Westminster  hall  the  final  hearing  of  Univ.  coll.  case, 
and  after  a  whole  day's  examining  into  that  affair,  'twas 
declared  by  the  judges  that  the  king  is  visitor  of  that 
college,  and  that  consequently,  what  the  Viee-Chanccl- 
lor.  proctors,  and  drs.  of  div.  lately  did.  under  pretence 
of  being  visitors,  is  null  and  void;  so  that  Mr.  Denison's 
plea  of  being  put  in  by  the  visitors  is  quite  extin- 
guished, and  Mr.  Coekraan,  having  been  duly  elected 
and  duly  admitted,  is  head,  and  accordingly  came 

1727]  HE  All  XI  AN 2E.  317 

down  on  Wednesday  last,  and  the  next  day  and  since 
hath  in  every  point  acted  as  head,  and  so  will  do. 
His  enemies,  who  made  a  most  wretched  injudicious 
defence  in  Westminster  hall,  are  so  strangely  exaspe- 
rated and  nettled  at  this  victory,  that  yesterday  morn- 
ing Mr.  George  Ward,  commonly  called  Jolly  Ward, 
('tis  supposed  by  the  direction  of  Dr.  Bourchier  and 
Mr.  Denison,)got  into  chappell  sooner  than  ordinary  in 
his  surplice,  usurped  the  master's  seat,  read  prayers, 
and  afterwards  sent  for  the  buttery  book,  struck  Mr. 
Cockman's  name  out  from  being  master,  and  convej'ed 
away  out  of  the  hall  or  publick  refectory  the  master's 
chair,  and  this  he  did  as  senior  resident  fellow,  which 
piece  of  villainy  makes  many  people  laugh,  who  now 
plainly  see  the  weakness  of  Denison's  cause,  when 
they  come  to  such  tricks  as  this.     Mr.  Denison  does 
not  now  seem  to  stir  in  the  college,  he  having  cut 
himself  out   from  be'ng  fellow,  and   his  fellowship 
being  also  vacant,  as  he  is  married.    Yet,  I  hear,  my 
lord   Arran,  as    chancellor    of  the   university,   hath 
entered  a  caveat  directed  to  the  duke  of  Newcastle, 
secretary  of  state,  petitioning  his  grace  that  he  would 
not  admit  Mr.  Cockman  (now  k.  George,  as  they  stile 
the  duke  of  Brunswick,  is  beyond  sea)  as  master,  till 
the  university  hath  tryed  their  right  of  a  visitorial 
power  of  that  college.     But  I  understand  this  caveat 
is  only  laughed  at,  as  being  ridiculous,  this  matter 
having  been  already  tryed  in  Westminster  hall,  and 
the  king  proved  to  be  visitor. 

June  25.  I  was  told  last  night  that  Jolly  Ward  of 
Univ.  coll.  did  on  Sunday,  June  18th,  usurp  the 
master  of  Univ.  coll.'s  seat  again,  and  read  prayers, 
insisting  to  have  Mr.  Cockman  shew  something  signed 
either  by  the  king  or  by  the  university  or  some  body 

313  RELIQUIAE  [1727 

else  before  he  submits,  and  this  he  had  also  told  Mr. 
Cockman  the  master  before.  As  for  the  university, 
Mr.  Cockman  hath  denyed  the  doctor's  power,  and 
the  matter  hath  been  tryed  in  Westminster  hall,  and 
the  king  is  declared  visitor.  As  Mr.  Cockman  was 
statutably  elected  and  statutably  admitted,  there  is 
no  occasion  for  the  visitor's  hand,  tho',  I  suppose,  if 
they  continue  refractory  and  disobedient  a  proper 
method  will  be  taken  to  reduce  them  to  good  manners; 
indeed  Ward  and  such  debauchees  are  not  fit  for  any 

July  1st.  Yesterday  I  walked  from  Oxford  through 
Bagley  Wood  to  Bagworth,  which,  though  it  be  a  very 
pleasant  place,  yet  the  old  house  of  the  Baskervilles 
is  now  almost  quite  gone  to  ruin,  the  family  of  the 
Baskervilles  being  (as  I  have  noted  formerly)  exstinct. 
Thence  I  walked  (leaving  Beaulieu  farm  on  the  right 
hand)  to  Norcot,  where  are  two  old  barns,  one  of 
which  hath  several  buttresses,  and  on  both  at  the 
cast  end  are  the  remains  of  a  cross,  whence  I  gather 
that  they  have  been  formerly  ehappels,  at  least  I  take 
that  with  buttresses  to  have  been  a  chappell,  and  per- 
haps the  other  might  have  been  an  infirmary.  This 
Norcot  is  very  pleasant,  and  the  prior  and  sometimes 
the  abbat  of  Abingdon  used  to  be  here.  Thence  I 
walked  to  Abingdon,  from  Abingdon  I  walked  to 
Radley  or  Rodley,  where  sir  John  Stonehouse  hath 
built  a  new  brick  house,  but  'tis  nothing  near  so 
pleasant  nor  snug  as  the  old  large  house,  most  of 
which  (they  say)  is  to  he  pulled  down.  The  inside 
and  the  gardens  &c.  of  the  new  house  are  not  quite 
finished.  An  old  woman  told  me  that  sir  John  ami 
his  lady  are  very  charitable  to  the  poor,  though  I  had 
heard  the  contrary  from  others.     Sir  John's  eldest 

1727]  HEABNlANsE.  319 

daughter  by  this  lady,  (whose  maiden  name  was 
Penelope  Dashwood,)  viz.  Mrs.  Penelope  Stonehouse, 
(a  fine  creature,)  is  married  to  sir  Henry  Adkins. 
Walking  from  Radley  I  overtook  a  man  with  hoops 
on  his  back,  who  told  me  he  had  been  at  work  at 
Radley,  and  that  he  was  going  to  Sunningwell,  where 
(he  said)  he  lives.  I  understood  afterwards  that  'twas 
Mr.  Thomas  Ellys  who  was  prenticed  to  a  wine- 
cooper  in  London,  where  he  lived  till  very  lately, 
when  he  came  into  the  country  for  his  health,  he 
being  consumptive.  He  is  a  mighty  sober  young 
man,  and  is  brother  to  the  late  Mr.  William  Ellys,  of 
whom  I  have  made  mention  formerly.  Parting  with 
the  said  Mr.  Thomas  Ellys  I  walked  to  Sandford 
ferry,  and  crossing  the  water,  after  some  little  re- 
freshment at  Sandford  mill,  I  walked  to  Mr.  Powell's 
at  Sandford,  but  I  did  not  speak  with  him,  as  I  de- 
signed, he  being  private  in  a  room  by  himself  taking 
a  knap  (tho'  his  lady  being  in  the  country  (Worces- 
tershire) where  she  hath  been  at  least  two  months, 
I  looked  upon  this  as  the  most  proper  time  for  some 
conversation  with  Mr.  Powell,  who  is  a  very  worthy 
good  man,  and  much  beloved).  From  Sandford  I 
walked  to  Iffley  and  so  to  Oxford. 

Sept.  16.  On  Thursday  last  (Sept.  14)  St.  Marie's 
great  bell  rang  out  in  the  evening,  as  did  some  other 
bells,  for  Mr.  Stephen  Fletcher  of  the  said  parish  of 
St.  Marie's,  in  Oxford,  bookseller,  who  died  (I  think 
on  Tuesday  last)  at  London  of  a  violent  feaver,  aged 
47,  being  born  a°.  1080.  He  had  lived  for  some 
time  at  London,  coming  down,  however,  sometimes 
to  Oxford,  where  his  wife  and  five  children  lived  in 
his  shop.  And  he  kept  a  shop  in  Westminster,  he 
having  in  all  a  great  stock  of  books,  the  best  of  which 

320       RELIQUIsE   HEARNIANsE.     [1727 

he  had  removed  to  London.  About  a  month  since  he 
was  in  Oxford,  and  went  thence  about  three  weeks 
ago ;  but  being  ill,  his  wife  went  up  to  him  about  a 
fortnight  since.  He  was  born  at  Salisbury,  was 
prenticcd  to  old  Mr.  Oxland  of  St.  Peter's  in  the 
East,  Oxford,  as  a  bookbinder  (Mr.  Oxland  being  both 
a  bookbinder  and  bookseller),  but  being  out  of  his 
time,  he  never  followed  the  binding  trade,  but  wholly 
betook  himself  to  bookselling,  and  marrying  a  good- 
natured  young  woman,  he  first  lived  by  the  Turl 
gate  in  Oxford,  and  afterwards  removed  to  St.  Marie's 
parish.  He  was  a  very  proud,  confident,  ill-natured, 
impudent,  ignorant  fellow,  peevish  and  froward  to  his 
-wife  (whom  he  used  to  beat),  a  great  sot,  and  a 
whoring  prostituted  -wretch,  and  of  no  credit,  though 
he  always  made  a  great  stir  and  bustle. 

END    OF    VOL.    II. 





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